On Independence, 1893.


It is Restoration Day, and the 50th year since the forceful seizure by Admiral Lord George Paulet [Lo Keoki], and this is the Jubilee of the Restoration of our Independence. The Hawaiians are commemorating this day with the death of pigs to remember their land and their Beautiful Hawaiian Flag fluttering proudly with great majesty.

[Perhaps the reference to the death of pigs is related to the Hawaiian pronunciation of “P. G.”]

(Hawaii Holomua, 7/31/1893, p. 2)


Hawaii Holomua, Buke III, Helu 272, Aoao 2. Iulai 31, 1893.

The marriage of Kauikeaouli to Kalama Kapakuhaili, 1837.


Honolulu, Feb. 2, 1837.

KAUIKEAOULI the King of the Hawaiian archipelago and KALAMA, the daughter of Naihekukui was wed by Mr. Bingham [Binamu].

At the stone house of Kekauluohi and Kanaina, the aunty and uncle [makua] of that girl, is where their marriage took place, and the wedding reception of the Alii, and the singing of the marriage hymn. After that, they went to pray at the church that night at the great assembly. “Marriage is honourable in all.” And this marriage is greatly respected by their true friends.

Long live the King!

May his kingdom have great peace.

(Kumu Hawaii, 2/1/1837, p. 72)


Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 2, Pepa 18, Aoao 72. Feberuari 1, 1837.

Political mele by Samuel Lia Kalainaina for Prince Kuhio, 1916.



E ho mai i na pua nani o ka wao,
Wehi lei no Kalanianaole,
Elele i Wakinekona.
E kui mai no a lawa,
Hiiia mai no Kalani.


E Hawaii Mano o Kalanipo,
Kui mai i lei no ke Alii,
Elele i Wakinekona.
Ohu lei mokihana,
Kau papahi lei nona.


E Niihau e, e o mai oe,
O kau lei no Kalanianaole,
Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei rube,
I pulu-pe i ka hunakai.


E Oahu i ke kaona nui,
Ho mai i lei no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei carnation,
I wiliia me ka ilima.


E o e Molokai nui a Hina,
O kau lei no Kalanianaole,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei kukui,
Kau ohu ia no Kalani.


Eaha ana hoi oe e Lanai,
E wiki, i ohu no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I lei pua hinahina,
I pulupe i ka hunakai.


E Maui i ka Honoapiilani,
O kau lei hoi no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei roselani,
Moani aala i ka poli.


E Hawaii nui Moku o Keawe,
Kui ae i wehi no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I na lehua o Panaewa,
I wiliia me ka maile.


Hainaia mai ana ka puana,
Na wehi lei o Kalanianaole,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
Kii mai no e lei,
I ohu nou e Kalani.


By Samuel L. Kalainaina.

[A Lei of Affection for Kalanianaole.

1 Bring forth the beautiful flowers of the forests,
A lei to adorn Kalanianaole,
Representative to Washington.
String them and bind fast,
To be carried for the Heavenly One.

2 O Hawaii of Manokalanipo,
String a lei for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of mokihana lei
Your lei to honor him.

3 O Niihau, answer,
Your lei for Kalanianaole,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of rubies,
Drenched by the sea spray.

4 O Oahu of the great town,
Bring forth a lei for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of carnation lei,
Entwined with ilima.

5 Answer, O Great Molokai of Hina,
Your lei for Kalanianaole,
Representative to Washington.
An decoration of kukui lei,
Your adornment for the Heavenly One.

6 What are you doing, O Lanai,
Be quick, for an adornment for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
A hinahina blossom lei,
Drenched by the sea spray.

7 O Maui with the bays of Piilani,
Your lei for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of roselani lei,
Fragrantly wafting in the bosom.

8 O Great Hawaii, Island of Keawe,
String an adornment for the Alii,
Representative to Washinton.
The lehua of Panaewa,
Entwined with maile.

9 Let the story be told,
Kalanianaole’s lei of adornment,
Representative to Washington.
Come take and wear these lei,
As an adornment for you, O Kalani.

Composed by the HENE WAI O HIILAWE.

By Samuel L. Kalainaina.

I was reminded of this mele after watching the video documentary “Liʻa” by Eddie Kamae.]

(Kuokoa, 11/10/1916, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LIV, Helu 45, Aoao 3. Novemaba 10, 1916.

Coconut grove of Kamehameha V at Kalamaula, Molokai, 1923.

[Found under: “NA ANOAI”]

Those who did not know before of the coconut grove planted by Kamehameha V in 1871 now know. These coconut trees were planted that year, and when he returned here to Honolulu, he died a year later in 1872. This coconut grove has grown very tall, and because they were planted close together, there are not much fruit. But it stands as a monument to this Alii, and is called by his name because it was planted by his own hands.

[Check out Nanea Armstrong-Wassel’s post on more famous ulu niu!

It is also interesting to note that in the article “KA HUAKAI MAKAIKAI IA MOLOKAI” by W. J. Coelho, describing a trip around Molokai, found in Kuokoa, 7/6/1922, p. 3, it says:

I spoke of the coconut grove of Kamehameha V in Kalamaula. It is said that it was Kamehameha V who planted that coconut grove in 1864. The truth is that it was Meyer senior [Maea makua]—during the time of the King, Kamehameha IV who planted it. That was when Meyer married the mother of the Meyer family. When they were wed, they went upland of Kalae, and built a little house. It was a grass hut. Meyer began to work hard and peddled butter. After, Meyer was granted the care over the lands of Kamehameha IV, he planted coconuts by the beach, as a place to go for his lord the alii. It was Meyer who planted them, and not anyone else. Meyer himself told an important man of Honolulu, and it was from him I got this information.]

(Kuokoa, 4/26/1923, p. 2)

Ua ike aku na kanaka i ike ole mamua...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXII, Helu 17, Aoao 2. Aperila 26, 1923.

Kamehameha Day proclaimed, 1871.


We, Kamehameha V., by the Grace of God, of the Hawaiian Islands, King, do hereby proclaim, that it is OUR will and pleasure that the Eleventh day of June of each year be hereafter observed as a Public Holiday in memory of OUR Grandfather and Predecessor, KAMEHAMEHA I, the founder of the Hawaiian Kingdom.

Given at Iolani Palace, under OUR hand and the Great Seal of OUR Kingdom, this 22nd day of December, A. D. 1871.

[Legal Seal] KAMEHAMEHA R.

(Hawaiian Gazette, 12/27/1871, p. 2)


Hawaiian Gazette, Volume VII, Number 50, Page 2. December 27, 1871.

The first Kamehameha Day, 1872.

On this past Tuesday, in accordance with the royal proclamation, the 11th of June was celebrated as a day of remembrance of Kamehameha I, the Royal Ancestor who conquered our aina. This is a new day included in the circle of holidays, and the minds of the populace are happy about this type of day set aside to remember our cherished one of days gone by. The day dawned beautifully; there were no droplets to interfere with those who skillfully took care of the day. From early morning the doors of the shops of the town, both large and small, were shut. And when the sun came all the way out, there were not many people seen on the streets of town, and the great work places were deserted. All things meant to entertain themselves were prepared—some people made parties while others rode horses; however, it seemed as if most of the people were all at the races organized at Kulaokahua, the usual place for all types of entertainment.

The atmosphere of the race tracks that day seemed better than all previous days. Lanai and tents were set up impeccably, and those that undertook that task received much appreciation. The lanai, fields, and hills were filled with thousands who amused themselves with the events of the day. If an observer stood and watched from afar, it was as if he were seeing a picture of a race day somewhere like in Europe. The events of the day started at 10 or so, and after watching all the day’s activities, it was truly wonderful. There were no great commotions to disturb the peace among the crowd–this is something unfamiliar on special days like these.

At 10 o’clock sharp, Queen Emma arrived with her guests, and King Kapuaiwa with his entourage. At the appearance of the King, the activities of the day commenced, and all of the crowd joined in the gaieties that were set up. Below, you will find the races and those that won.

[Various horse races, winners, and prizes are listed.]

The final race, the wheelbarrow race was the most humorous. This entertainment marked the close of the festivities of the day. And everyone left with hearts filled with much glee. We are greatly pleased with one thing, and that is the decrease in the number of outbreaks of various sorts. There were no big riots thought to be related to the events of the day.

(Au Okoa, 6/13/1872, p. 2)

Ma ka Poalua iho nei...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke VIII, Helu 9, Aoao 2. Iune 13, 1872.

Maunaala, 1899.




(This paper, February 16, 1891.)

On a beautiful lawn at the entrance of Nuuanu valley, overlooking this city, the harbor and ocean beyond, stands the Royal Mausoleum, erected by the Hawaiian Government, as the resting place of the remains of the Royal Family of Hawaii and a few of their greatest benefactors. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture, of concrete stone, with the lawn handsomely laid out with walks and studded with trees, the whole presenting from the avenue an attractive appearance. Continue reading