Alii are moved from Pohukaina to Maunaala, 1865.

Found under: “HUNAHUNA MEA HOU O HAWAII NEI.”]

The transfer of the Remains of the Royal Ones who died before to the New Cemetery of the Alii.—On the night of this past Monday, the bodies of the alii who died in the past were moved, and this is the order. First was Kamehameha II; the second was Queen Kamamalu; third was Kamehameha III; fourth was Kaahumanu I; the fifth was Kinau, who was Kaahumanu II; sixth was Kamanele; the seventh was Adamu Paki [Abner Paki]; the eighth was L. Konia [Laura Konia]; the ninth was Mose Kekuaiwa [Moses Kekuaiwa]; the tenth was Davida [David Kamehameha]; the eleventh was W. P. Leleiohoku [William Pitt Leleiohoku]; the twelfth was J. P. Kinau [John William Pitt Kinau]; the thirteenth was Keola [Keolaokalani Davis Bishop]; the fourteenth was Keaweaweula; the fifteenth was Liloa and Lonoikamakahiki in one coffin. The court favorites, Kauka Luka [Thomas Charles Byde Rooke]; Keoni Ana [John Young]; Namakeha [Bennet Y. Namakeha]; Lahilahi [Jane K. Lahilahi], the daughter of Keoni Ana.

The others remaining at Pohukaina were Kekauluohi; Kaiminaauao; and Haalilio [Timoteo Haalilio], the famed emissary of the Hawaiian Islands, who faced the cold seas of the United States, Britain, and France.

(Kuokoa, 11/4/1864, p. 2)

Ka hoihoi ia ana...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke IV, Helu 44, Aoao 2. Novemaba 4, 1865.

The people speak, 1894.

PROTEST OF THE PEOPLE.

Three Thousand Hawaiians Declare Their Objection to the Republic.

A very short and a very insufficient call was made for a mass meeting on Palace Square at 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon, to protest against the promulgation of the Republic while the question of the revolution was still in the hands of the United States Executive as arbitrator. Scarcely anybody knew a meeting of the kind was intended until yesterday morning. Nevertheless, when the hour arrived there had assembled a thousand people, this number being tripled by the time proceedings began.

The premises of Mr. Nacayama were kindly allowed for the use of the meeting. In the small elevated pavilion overlooking the square were seated Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Widemann, Mr. and Mrs. James Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. John A. Cummins, Mrs. Nawahi, Mrs. Aholo, Mrs. Fernandez and Miss Peabody. In front were Messrs. J. O. Carter, J. Nawahi, J. E. Bush, R. W. Wilcox, J. K. Kaulia and press reporters. There were also stationed at the front the Government shorthand reporter, J. W. Jones, and interpreter, W. L. Wilcox, to catch any sedition that might be talked to the crowd.

Mr. Nawahi called the meeting to order and introduce in turn Mr. Kaulia to read the resolution in Hawaiian, and Mr. Carter to perform the same office in English. The resolution is a follows:

“Be it resolved, that the Hui Aloha Aina and other Patriotic Leagues, together with the Loyal subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in Mass Meeting assembled, representing by far the greater majority of the legitimate voters of this country, do hereby most solemnly protest against the promulgation of a new Constitution, formed without the consent and participation of the People, and we also protest against changing the form of government from the one under which we have lived peacefully and prosperously for many years. And that we maintain that the will of the majority of the legitimate voters of Hawaii should be the supreme power of the land, as such power is so recognized and accepted by all the enlightened countries and by all the enlightened governments of the world.”

Mr. Bush then delivered the following address in both languages:

Fellow Citizens and Friends:

We are convened here this afternoon under the broad canopy of heaven, to enunciate broad and important principles. We are not here to express any personal grievances, nor to make any personal complaints, but as a large body of the people we are here, to express our wishes in a peaceful and orderly manner, against the promulgation  of a document which we deem subversive of our rights as free citizens of this country. We are here in the interests of every individual present, and of every individual absent, whom some of us as associated bodies here represent, and of every unit of this government. We are here to set forth the inherent rights of every man and woman in Hawaii nei, and to object to any act restrictive of their rights, and are doing our duty. However, we are not unmindful of the just and legitimate authority vested in those who have assumed the governmental power to administer the affairs of the governed. We recognize the right of civil government to be, and the duty is divinely enjoined upon all rendering to the governmental power, provisional as well as permanent, that which legitimately belongs to it.

We believe that civil governments are ordained of God for the good of every man, woman and child, through the will of the people, and as long as so administered for their good and with their consent, we should give our adherence to it. We are not in sympathy with anarchy or with the creation of social disorder, believing that all our troubles can be more easily and more intelligently adjusted by the peaceful process of free and untrammeled appeal to the people, from whom all just power to govern belongs, and from whence it should emanate.

And it is because the fundamental principles of just government have been studiously and wilfully ignored by the powers that have been set up over us, through the armed intervention of the forces of a nation presumed to be on friendly intercourse with us, that we are gathered here to make protest against the further encroachment upon those principles and upon our rights as free citizens of an independent country, and especially against the promulgation of a constitution in which, by unusual restrictions, the people have been debarred from participating in, if they so desired. However, we have had other reasons for not participating in the framing of such a document, i.e., that we are pledged to respect the position of the Chief Executive of the American Nation, who, for the honor of his country, and for our benefit, is made a party to our affairs, as arbiter.

Until the United States, through its chosen head, is heard from, we find ourselves on the verge of being made a party, by tacit consent, to an act that sets aside all sense of honor, all moral obligation, yes, to participate in a flagrant insult toward and breach of confidence in a nation to whom we have submitted our differences for arbitration and readjustment. If for no other rea-

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 1)

PROTEST OF THE PEOPLE.

The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 1. July 3, 1894.

son than the last, we should all the more loudly proclaim our disapproval of the proposed institution of a new for of Government, under a new constitution formed by an oligarchy, until the arbiter of our dispute is heard from, and until if need be the voice of the people of Hawaii is heard, whose right it is to speak upon Hawaii’s future destiny.

We regret, deeply regret, the necessity that calls for this protest from us. But duty to ourselves and honor to those whom we have appealed to demand that we should give utterance to our views in brief and in unmistakable language, without being personal or vituperative. It is a God-given right, and we would be derelict in duty if we refrained from exercising it, and unanimously sustaining the resolution just read, which embodies all that is necessary to express our principles and by thus publicly and peacefully putting ourselves upon record before the world, absolve ourselves from the charge of being partakers in arbitrary and high-handed measures, the culmination of successive unprincipled acts, which began nearly two years ago.

We have met here to protest against personal government, against every act which restricts the inherent rights of the people. No one can deny that the constitution proposed by the Provisional Government is based upon a fraudulent foundation. The whole fabric from which it emanated is one of injustice, fraud and fiction, and it will end, as all such acts of Neroism should end, by disgrace to the inceptors and disaster to the State that should be unfortunate enough to have such retrogressive principles for its foundations, whereby and by which to rule and govern its people.

Mr. Bush had thrown a few impromptu remarks into his written address, which caused laughter and applause. In arguing that the Constitution of the Republic did not assure stable government, he referred to the quarrel in the Convention between “Brother Damons and Brother Smith.” He asked if men born under the free flag of America could support the conduct of the authors of the Constitution. Cries of “No” answered him.

Mr. Nawahi in a few words spoke of the action in proclaiming a republic as premature, while Hawaiian affairs were yet under consideration by the United States. If he were the American Minister he would tell those people to keep to their provisional status until the matter was settled. He called for the ratification of the resolution by three cheers.

The call was responded to by a roar of voices which could be heard a mile away.

Messrs. Cummins, Widemann and Nawahi were named as a committee to present the resolution to the foreign representatives.

[The “Nacayama” who offers his premises to be used for this meeting must be G. O. Nacayama, seen also as G. O. Nakayama, the Inspector-in-Chief of Japanese Immigrants who lived on Merchant Street near the Opera House, as per PCA article 7/11/1894, p. 3.]

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 4)

 

son than the last...

The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 4. July 3, 1894.

The great protest of July 2, 1894.

A SOLEMN PROTEST!

Five Thousand Loyalist Protest Against the So-Called Republic.

Without advertising, without preparations, a crowd of loyal citizens met yesterday on Palace Square, and then there did solemnly protest against the proclamation of a republic, not representing the people, not established for the benefit of the masses but virtually made for the sole benefit of the small and insignificant clique placed in power by J. L. Stevens and American troops in controversy of justice, honor, and popular will.

Over five thousand people gathered, among whom were all classes, all nationalities and all friends of popular government. The meeting was most orderly, and as Nawahi urged in opening the meeting, free from any undue demonstration, free from noise generally attached to a political meeting. Mr. J. O. Carter, one of the oldest and best known citizens in the country read the resolution, protesting against the so-called republic. Messrs. Bush, Nawahi and Kaulia spoke to the Hawaiians in most eloquent terns, and translated the resolution which was received with tremendous cheering by the Hawaiians. The following is the text of the resolution.

Be it resolved. That the Hui Aloha Aina and other patriotic leagues, together with the loyal subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in mass meeting assembled, representing by far the greater majority of the legitimate voters of this country, do hereby most solemnly protest against the promulgation of a new Constitution, formed without the consent and participation of the people, and we also protest against changing the form of government from the one under which we have lived peacefully and prosperously for many years. And that we maintain that the will of the majority of the legitimate voters of Hawaii should be the supreme power of the land, as such power is so recognized and accepted in all civilized countries, and by all the enlightened governments of the world.

(Hawaii Holomua, 7/3/1894, p. 2)

A SOLEMN PROTEST!

Hawaii Holomua, Volume III, Number 154, Page 2. July 3, 1894.

The call to protest in English, 1894.

A SOLEMN PROTEST.

The People of Hawaii protest against the New Constitution and Mr. Dole’s Republic.

This afternoon at five o’clock the loyal citizens of Hawaii will meet on Palace Square, and enter a solemn and earnest protest against the infamous outrage, which it is proposed to perpetuate on Wednesday—the proclaiming of a republic of filibusters, the proclamation of a constitution framed by aliens and for the sole benefit of certain classes.

The temporary power invested in the provisional government was obtained through a most contemptible conspiracy, and through underhanded tricks. The revolt of January 1893 was not the outcome of a spontaneous outburst of the popular will. It was the most contemptible act on record in history. The hired brigand John L. Stevens used his brief authority to further this scheme. The country which he represented disavowed his actions and thought that the honor of the United States was saved by dismissing him, and in six lines in a message to congress rebuking him.

The world thinks differently, and there are no reasons to believe hat President Cleveland will allow himself, and his administration to be covered with infamy by leaving an admitted wrong unrepaired.

In this, the fin de siecle, the bloody ravage of war and revolution is out of fashion and arbitration has taken the place of force. But, it is necessary to show to the world that the Hawaiian People are not participating in the revolutionary movement of the oath-breaking ex-Judge, who now maskerades as a president of a republic. The People of Hawaii believe in self-government and, by the Heavens they will have it. The people shall rule. The will of the people shall be the force which makes the government.

When, this afternoon, Hawaiians and foreigners be the Anglo-Saxons, Portuguese or Chinese, stand sholder to shoulder and listen to J. O. Carter, Hawaii’s best citizen, reading the protest of Hawaii against the usurpers the loyal men they can rest assured that their protest will be heard and echoed all over the civilized world, and that the unrelenting and solid opposition to the junta, now calling themselves a republic, will be supported and admired by every power that knows the existence of these fair isles. Let therefore every man, woman and child of every race, nationality and birth be present on Palace Square, and by their presence testify to the true desire of the people of Hawaii, and quietly, orderly and peacefully prove to the world that the new government is unpopular, detested, and created against the will of the Hawaiian nation.

(Hawaii Holomua, 7/2/1894, p. 2)

A SOLEMN PROTEST.

Hawaii Holomua, Volume III, Number 153, Page 2. July 2, 1894.

More on the protest rally of July 2, 1894.

PROCLAMATION OF THE WOMEN’S HAWAIIAN PATRIOTIC LEAGUE.

All of the members of the Hui Aloha Aina a na Wahine are directed to gather at Palace Square at 5 o’clock this evening, Monday, July 2, 1894; to support the rights of the Great Makaainana Rally of Patriots along with like-minded Organizations led by the Men’s Patriotic League [Ahahui Aloha Aina a na Kane].

And in accordance with their invitation to the Women’s Patriotic League.

Let us fill this Rally until we have 20,000 or more, so that our unity is made know.

By Order

Executive Committee of the Hui Aloha Aina a na Wahine.

Honolulu, July 2, 1894.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 7/2/1894, p. 2)

KA POLOAI A KA HUI ALOHA AINA A NA WAHINE.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 974, Aoao 2. Iulai 2, 1894.

Aloha Aina, 1894.

GREAT RALLY

OF THE

PEOPLE OF HAWAII NEI.

A great meeting of the makaainana of the lahui will be held on THIS EVENING. Monday, 2nd of July, at 5 p. m., exactly, to show their objection to the proclamation of a new Constitution and their disapproval of the changing of their form of government from what has been constant to their people from before.

This summons has been declared, calling the Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina and the like Associations of the various ethnicities who have rights under the Constitution of the land, to gather this evening. Come all people.

Under the direction of

J. Nawahi.
President of the H. H. A. A.

J. K. Kaunamano
J. E. Bush
Vice Presidents.

H. A. Wideman
J. A. Cummins
Honorary Presidents.

J. K. Kaulia
Secretary.

Honolulu, July 2, 1894.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 9/2/1894, p. 2)

HALAWAI NUI A NA MAKAAINANA O HAWAII NEI.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 974, Aoao 2. Iulai 2, 1894.

Patriotism, 1894.

Great Meeting of the People!!!

Forward O Hawaiians!!

FOR THE RIGHTS OF YOUR LAND

A Great Meeting of Makaainana will be held at Palace Square, at 5 p. m. on this very day, July2, 1894; to show our steadfastness in our patriotism.

Hawaii’s own Lahui, as well as the other ethnicities who are of the same mind, are invited to go in unity and show their insistence behind the Resolution that will be passed at that time.

Invited are the Men, the Women, and all the young people of the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Aloha Aina], and all friends, to go immediately with great enthusiasm and festivity to fill the meeting with numbers of Twenty and more thousand people.

And provided that the Marshal [Ilamuku] of the Provisional Government [Aupuni Kuikawa] has approved our meeting. Therefore, we have nothing to be concerned about. Let us however maintain the peace.

JOSEPH NAWAHI,

President of the Hui Aloha Aina.

JAMES K. KAULIA,

Head Secretary of the Hui Aloha Aina.

Honolulu, July 2nd, 1894.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 7/2/1894, p. 2)

Halawai Makaainana Nui!!!

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 974, Aoao 2. Iulai 2, 1894.