Memorial of the Hawaiian People, 1893.

PETITION

—OF THE—

Hawaiian Natives.

A Committee of 5 members was chosen to take the Petition [Memoriala] of the Hawaiian People which was unanimously passed by the Delegates sent by all of the Districts from all over the Archipelago to the Convention of Delegates, before the Honorable James H. Blount, by the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina]; and it was divided thusly, with one member from each Island, like this.

COMMITTEE.

John Richardson     Island of Maui.

S. H. K. Ne     ″ Hawaii.

J. K. Kaiheopulani     ″ Molokai.

Ben Naukana     ″ Oahu.

J. A. Akina     ″ Kauai.

John Richardson was the Chairman [Lunahoomalu] of the Committee. It was exactly at 3 o’clock when it was first announced that the Committee arrived; they were cordially welcomed and the petition of the Lahui was read and it was left with the Honorable James H. Blount. The Commissioner conversed briefly with the Representatives, and at their leave, they expressed their appreciation for their treatment; and that the conversation between the commissioner and the committee was congenial.

Memorial of the Hawaiian People to the American People.

Whereas his Excellency [ka Mea Mahaloia] Grover Cleveland, President of the United States of America, has honored the Hawaiian Nation by sending to us the Hon. James H. Blount as a Special Commissioner [Komisina Wae], to find out the true wishes of the Hawaiian People as to the proposed annexation of their country to their great friend the United States, therefore;

We, the people of the Hawaiian Islands, through the delegates of the branches of the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina] of all the districts throughout the kingdom, in convention assembled, take this mode of submitting our appeal and expression of our unanimous wishes to the people of our great and good friend, the Republic of the United States of America, with whom we always entertained the most cordial relations, whom we have learned to look upon as our patrons and most reliable protectors, and whose honor, integrity, and sense of justice and equity we have ever confidently relied for investigation into the grievous wrongs that have been committed against us as a people, against the person of our sovereign, and the independence of our land.

And While we are anxious to promote the closest and most intimate political and commercial relations with the United States, we do not believe that the time has yet come for us to be deprived of our nationality and of our sovereign by annexation to any foreign power.

And Therefore we do hereby earnestly and sincerely pray that the great wrongs committed against us may be righted by the restoration of the independent autonomy and constitutional government of our Kingdom under our beloved Queen Liliuokalani, in whom we have the utmost confidence as a conscientious and popular ruler.¹

SIGNED BY THE REPRESENTATIVES FROM ACROSS THE ARCHIPELAGO

North Hilo—D. Hoakimoa

Central Hilo—K. M. Koahou

Hilo Town—Henry West

Puna—S. T. Piihonua

North Kona ————

″     ″—W. E. N. Kanealii

South Kona—C. G. Naope

North Kohala—S. H. K. Ne

Hamakua—J. H. Halawale

Maui.

Lahaina—R. H. Makekau

Waihee—J. K. Kealoalii

South Wailuku—W. B. Keanu

North Wailuku—Thomas Clark

″     ″—T. B. Lyons

″     ″—D. Kanuha

″     ″—J. Richardson

Makawao—J. Kaluna

″    —J. Kamakele

Honuaula—S. D. Kapono jr.

Hana—S. W. Kaai

Molokai.

Kaunakakai—J. N. Uahinui

Pelekunu—D. Himeni

Wailau—Kekoowai

Ualapue—J. K. Kaiheopulani

Kalaupapa—S. K. Kahalehulu

Halawa—A. P. Kapaehaole

Kainalu—S. K. Piiapoo

Oahu.

District One—F. S. Keiki

″ Two—Charles Keawe

″ Three—J. K. Prendergast

″ Four—E. Johnson

″ Five—S. K. Pua

Ewa—J. K. Kauku

″     —D. W. Keliiokamoku

Waianae—S. W. Kailieha

Waialua—Bejamin Naukana

Waimanalo—J. Kimo

Kauai.

Hanalei—Charles Kahee

Kilauea—George W. Mahikoa

Hanapepe—D. W. Kamaliikane

Waimea—J. A. Akina

Wainiha—S. K. Kaleikini

Waioli—J. Molokai

Joseph Nawahi,

President.

J. K. Kaulia

Secretary.

[See also mention of a picture taken of the committee that took the Memoriala to Blount from an earlier post here.]

¹Taken from p. 504 of the Blount Report.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 5/3/1893, p. 2)

MEMORIALA A KA Lahui Hawaii.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 697, Aoao 2. Mei 3, 1893.

Great rally against annexation, 1897.

GREAT GATHERING OF THE PEOPLE

—:FOR THE:—

PROTESTING OF ANNEXATION!

AT THE

Palace Square

ON THIS

FRIDAY NIGHT, OCTOBER 8

7 O’CLOCK p. m.

By this, summoned are all those who are against annexation to gather at the Palace Square, Honolulu, in the evening of Friday, Oct. 8, 1897, at 7 o’clock, to pass a Memorial (Petition) protesting the passing of the bill of annexation, by which they want to join Hawaii to the United States of America.

The invitation is extended to all of the makaainana.

By the summons of the Citizens’ Committee [Komite o ka Lehulehu],

F. J. Testa,
J. K. Kahookano,
C. B. Maile,
S. K. Kamakaia,
S. K. Pua.

—————

We are the two whose names appear below, and from the side of the Hawaiian Patriotic League and Hawaiian Political Association, by this we support and approve the call above, and we summon all the members of those associations mentioned above to go.

James Keauiluna Kaulia,
President of the Hawaiian Patriotic League.

David Kalauokalani,
President of the Hawaiian Political Association.

(Aloha Aina, 10/9/1897, p. 7)

HALAWAI LAHUI NUI

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 41, Aoao 7. Okatoba 9, 1897.

PETITION OF THE PEOPLE PROTESTING AGAINST ANNEXATION, 1897.

PALAPALA HOOPII KUE HOOHUI AINA A KA LAHUI.

PALAPALA KUE HOOHUIAINA.

I ka Mea Mahaloia WILLIAM McKINLEY; Peresidena, a me ka Aha Senate, o Amerika Huipuia.

Me ka Mahalo:—

No ka Mea, ua waiho ia aku imua o ka Aha Senate o Amerika Huipuia he Kuikahi no ka Hoohui aku ia Hawaii nei ia Amerika Huipuia i oleloia, no ka noonoooia ma kona kau mua iloko o Dekemaba, M. H. 1897; nolaila,

O Makou, na poe no lakou na inoa malalo iho, na Hawaii oiwi, a me na kupa makaainana a poe nooho hoi no ka Apana o …………………….Mokupuni o ……………………., he poe lala no ka Ahahui Hawaii Aloha o ko Hawaii Paeaina, a me na makaainana e ae i like ka manao makee me ko ka Ahahui i oleloia, ke kue aku nei me ka manao ikaika loa i ka hoohuiia aku o ko Hawaii Paeaina i oleloia ia Amerika Huipuia i oleloia ma kekahi ano a loina paha.

IKEA—ATTEST:

…………………….

Kakauolelo—Secretary:

INOA—NAME.     Ι AGE.

PROTEST AGAINST ANNEXATION.

To His Excellency WILLIAM McKINLEY, President, and the Senate, of the United States of America.

Greeting:—

Whereas, there has been submitted to the Senate of the United States of America a Treaty for the Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands to the said United States of America, for consideration at its regular session in December, A. D. 1897; therefore,

We, the undersigned, native Hawaiian subjects and residents of the District of …………………… Island of ……………………., who are members of the Hawaiian Patriotic Leagues of the Hawaiian Islands, and other citizens who are in sympathy with the said League earnestly protest against the annexation of the said Hawaiian Islands to the said United States of America in any form or shape.

…………………….

Presidena—President.

INOA—NAME.     Ι  AGE.

This is the heading of the petitions protesting the annexation of Hawaii to the United States of America in the original language, and translated into English, and as per the instruction and direction coming from America, we waited patiently until this proper time.

Therefore, there is nothing for the lahui to be suspicious about, or to be wary when the voice from the sea beckons. Stand up and do what is pono for the land and the people.

The person who denies that of the Alii denies that of the Alii [this is probably a typo that should have read, “O ka mea hoole i ka ke Alii, ua hoole oia i ka ke Akua,” The person who denies that of the Alii denies that of God]. Listening and acting is the way to survival.

[Check here for the images of the anti-annexation petitions put up by the University of Hawaii, Hamilton Library, Hawaiian Collection.]

(Aloha Aina, 9/18/1897, p. 5)

PALAPALA HOOPII KUE HOOHUI AINA A KA LAHUI.

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 38, Aoao 5. Sepatemaba 18, 1897.

Name song for David Kawananakoa, 1893.

HE INOA NO KAWANANAKOA.

He inoa nou e Kalani Kawika
No ka pua i mohala i Makanoni,
Nau i hoolana me ka wiwo ole
Ka manao haaheo i ka puuwai
Hoouna ia oe maka mikiona
I wahaolelo no ka Lahui
Haulani aku oe a oia loa
Na kai ehuheu o ka Moana
Na kilihune ua o ka Hooilo
Hau iniki ili a o Kaleponi
Ka makani hui koni o ka Akau
O ka noe halii ma ka Hikina;
Mea ole wale no i ka uilani
Ka uwila hoohana a o Hawaii
E ake no a hookoia
Na kikoni wela a ka puuwai
I ka hapai mai a ke aloha
O ka ewe hanau o ka Aina
Aia ka palena o Wakinekona
Kapikala kaulana a o Nu Ioka
Ike i ka nani a o Amerika
I ka uluwehi o ka Hale Keokeo
Ilaila olu pono kahi manao
Lana malie iho me he wai ala
Launa oluolu me ke aloha
Me ka manao lana o ka lanakila
Ninau mai e ka Pelekikena
Pehea Hawaii Nui o Keawe
Oia mau no o ke onaona
Ka pua nani o ka Pakipika
E popohe ana ia me ka nohea
E hooheno ia ai e ka malihini
Ina no oe a e ike ana
I ka lihilihi ula o ka Lehua
Aole e nele kou awihi
I ka ui kaulana o ke Ao nei
A oia no hoi Ko’u manao
A i alo mai nei o ke Kai loa
Eia ka Elele o ke Kuini
Puuwai Hao Kila Makeneki
Ua ino na hana a ke Koae
Kahi manu aea pili pohaku
E ake ana no a hoopunana
Malalo o ka malu lau laau
I malumalu ai kana punua
I manao ai e hoolaukoa
A piha i ka hulu owala mai
Kapapa hewa ana ma ke kuono
I ka ono i ka hua Ohelopapa
O ke kihapai o Elenale
Hookaha i ka nani o ka Aina
Ke Gula hu wala a o Hawaii
Pehea la ia i kou manao
Me nei oe la noonoo mai
E wiki oiai ka manawa pono
Aia Enelani ua enaena
Kulou ke poo o ka Aeko
I ka ea ana mai puua ka waha
Ua hewa na hua a ke Koae
Aohe moneka nana e kala
Ua pono kou manao e Kalani
E hoi no oe me ka hanohano
Lawe ae no oe a kiekie
He loaa mai na kupuna mai
Me oe ke aloha o ke Kahikolu
E ka Iwakiani o Hawaii
A he lei Mokihana onaona Oe
I pilia me ka Lauae o Makana
E o e Kalani pua laha ole
O Kawananakoa kou inoa.

Miss. Kekoaohiwaikalani

Puahaulani Hale

Honolulu, March 1, 1893.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 3/7/1893, p. 3)

HE INOA NO KAWANANAKOA.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 656, Aoao 3. Maraki 7, 1893.

David Kawananakoa speaks on annexation, 1893.

WILL APPEAL TO CONGRESS.

Ex-Queen Liliuokalani’s Commissioner Arrives at the National Capital.

Washington, Feb. 18.—Paul Neuman, the envoy of Queen Liliuokalani to the United States, accompanied by Prince David, of the royal family, and two servants, reached the city late last night, and took apartments at the Richmond. To-day Mr. Neuman held a conference with acting Secretary of State Wharton, with whom he had a long talk concerning the object of his visit. Mr. Wharton could, of course, do nothing, and Mr. Neuman expressed himself as satisfied that his only chance for successfully representing the claims of the ex-Queen lay through the medium of Congress. Prince David said: “We do not intend to make a struggle against annexation. If the United States government sees fit to annex Hawaii we shall make no complaints.”

[I am not sure if this statement was ever published in any Hawaii newspaper.]

(Indianapolis Journal, 2/19/1893, p. 4)

WILL APPEAL TO CONGRESS.

The Indianapolis Journal, Page 4. February 19, 1893.

Morning Call and Princess Kaiulani’s protest, 1893.

WAIL OF A PRINCESS.

Kaiulani Will Come to America in Her Own Interest.

She Was Sent Away to Be Educated, and Now She Is Kept In Ignorance.

Special to The Morning Call.

London, Feb. 18.—The Princess Kaiulani sends the following address to the American people:

“Four years ago, at the request of Thurston, the Hawaiian Cabinet Minister, I was sent away to England to be educated privately and fitted  for the position which, by the constitution of Hawaii, I was to inherit.

“All these years I have patiently and in exile striven to fit myself for my return this year to my country.

“I am now told that Thurston is in Washington asking you to take away my flag and my throne. No one tells me even this officially. Have I done anything wrong that this wrong should be done me and my people?

“I am coming to Washington to plead for my throne, my nation and my flag. Will not the great American people hear me?

“Kaiulani.”

Washington, Feb. 18.—While the annexation commissioners were paying their respects to Secretary Elkins at the War Department this morning their diplomatic antagonist, Paul Neumann, the ex-Queen’s representative, was in another part of the building in consultation with acting Secretary Wharton of the State Department, with whom he had a long talk concerning the object of his visit. Wharton, of course, could do nothing, and Neumann expressed himself as satisfied. His chance for successfully representing the claims of the ex-Queen lay through the medium of Congress.

Prince David said: “We do not intend to make a struggle against annexation. If the United States Government sees fit to annex Hawaii we shall make no complaint.”

[Although the same quote was printed in newspapers across America, what each newspaper did with the title varies. Also, what they put next to the article should be looked at as well. The Morning Call was printed in San Francisco.

The quote by David Kawananakoa at the bottom is interesting.]

(Morning Call, 2/19/1893, p. 1)

WAIL OF A PRINCESS.

The Morning Call, Volume LXXIII, Number 81, Page 1. February 19, 1893.