Translation of Edward Lilikalani’s response to the haole Memorial, 1876.

[Translated from the Kuokoa, of Mar. 18.]

The Memorial.

Mr. Editor:—In the Commercial of the last Saturday I observe a matter of importance emanating from foreigners of Honolulu. It is a memorial to the King in respect to repopulation, and mainly advocating the bringing hither of people from India whereby this nation shall be reinvigorated.

 Therein also the King is recommended to seek for information abroad from persons skilled in such matters. This is not, I think, good advice; the real meaning however is a contempt for the Ministers because they have done nothing.

The astonishing thing about this memorial is that the Hawaiian people are entirely left out in so important a matter as a proposition to bring people from a foreign land to increase this nation.

The idea of increasing the nation by bringing people of another country here, is a good one, but it is proper that the Hawaiians themselves should be as well consulted in the matter. But we are altogether thrown on one side; and if the foreigners wish to bring East Indians here to increase without our concurrence or knowledge, it will be altogether wrong. If this is really their intention, thus to treat us like dumb animals, then we had better arise and seriously consider this startling scheme that is being projected among the foreigners.

Know O Hawaiian People! The King’s increase of the nation is the Reciprocity Treaty. When we have got that secured and in operation, then we will consider in regard to getting people from India, Japan, China or Malaysia; provide first something for people to do when they arrive; but if you get laborers now, and East India population, where is the work for them to do or the land to give them.

The impudence and haste of these people is surprising; they appear like a lot of children, fuming and showing their teeth at the Ministers, accusing them and accusing the King of having done nothing. Indeed! and how about the Treaty?

Another surprising thing is that four members of the House of Nobles signed their names to that paper, Messrs. Rhodes, Cleghorn, Smith and Castle. Which of these labored so hard to put the King on the throne, as stated in the memorial? I am of the opinion that the names of some of these persons are those of annexationists, who were strong for the treaty when Lunalilo was King. It is certain that they did not vote for the present King, for they were not then in the Legislature, having only recently been appointed as Nobles. I am of the opinion that they having thus dragged the King’s Ministers into the memorial, it would be well for the King to withdraw their appointments, or better still that they return their patents as Nobles to His Majesty—if it was not for the fact that it would be unconstitutional.

Perhaps they want to become Ministers themselves? Yes, that is so; but if their judgments are thus perverted, they are unfit for the Ministerial office, for they would by and bye be doing something without consulting the people, and disaster might follow. Let their desires be disappointed, and let the King appoint none but native Hawaiians.

This is a matter for the Legislature to attend to; but as we have not been consulted by the memorialists, it is proper that we should stand and consider what is to be the end of this business.

Respectfully,  Edward Lilikalani.

[Here is a translation of Edward Kamakau Lilikalani’s response to the repopulation memorial that was printed in the Kuokoa on 3/18/1876.]

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 3/25/1876, p. 3)

The Memorial.

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XX, Number 39, Page 3. March 25, 1876.

A pair of patriotic mele by John G. M. Sheldon, 1893.


He malihini hoi keia,
E auwana hele ae nei,
Aihemu manienie,
Ai uhini o ka nahele.

O ke ano iho la no ia,
Malimali i kinohou,
A ku ae i ka moku,

O ko lakou ano iho la ia,
O hoolilo aina ma,
Mai punihei aku,
I ka mali hoohui aina.

[The Daily Kuokoa Newspaper¹

This is a newcomer
Wandering about
Devouring until barren
Eater of grasshoppers in the wilderness.

That’s its nature
Sweet words at first
Then taking rule of the land
“Go away you Kanaka.”

That is how they are
Those who will turn over the land
Don’t get tricked
By the sweet-talking annexationists.

¹Nupepa Puka La Kuokoa me Ko Hawaii Pae Aina i Huiia was a daily pro-annexation Hawaiian-Language newspaper that ran from 1/26/1893 through 1896.


Pehea la e hiki ai,
Ia’u ke uumi iho,
I ko’u aloha e ka aina hanau,
Nau wau i hoohua mai.

O kou kuakoko no’u ia,
Eha oe, no’u ia eha,
Mailani oe ia’u, he milimili,
I ole ai kakou, ma o ka Haku.

E ka Haku—e—Puuhonua,
Kalahea o ko ke ao nei,
Ina ua hewa au, ke noi nei au,
Ma Ou ‘la, e ola au.

Kahikina Kelekona.

[My Song

How would it be possible
For me to hold back
My aloha, O Land of my birth,
You gave birth to me.

Your birth pangs are for me
When you are pained, those pains are for me
You treasure me, as something dear
We live through the Lord.

O Lord, O Refuge
Redeemer of this world
If I am wrong, I beseech
Through You, let me live.

Kahikina Kelekona.]

(Hawaii Holomua, 1/25/1893, p. 2)


Hawaii Holomua, Buke III, Helu 446 [146], Aoao 2. Ianuari 25, 1893.

Clarence E. Edwords and the political situation in Hawaii, 1896.

Mr. Clarence E. Edwords, who recently visited these islands, has written an unusually correct and truthful account of the present situation of Hawaiian politics, etc. which we shall take pleasure in reproducing from the Kansas City Journal in our next issue. Mr. Edwords is a distinguished politician and journalist, and was one of the delegates to the St. Louis convention. He is one of the few visitors to the islands who have sized up our true conditions, and although belonging to the Republican party, is not afraid of speaking according to his honest convictions. If other prominent republicans in the United States are as upright and sincere as Mr. Edwords the prospects for annexation are very slender indeed. The Americans are more and more coming to the conclusion that the people of Hawaii do not desire to give up their independent government, of such a form as the majority may chose, and they now finally admit that the Hawaiians are not the Stevens-Wiltze-Dole filibusters, but the native owners of the country. And they will never voluntarily consent to the hoisting of the Stars and Stripes in Hawaii.

[I will try to put up the entire Clarence E. Edwords text tomorrow!]

(Independent, 7/10/1896, p. 2)

Mr. Clarence E. Edwords...

The Independent, Volume III, Number 322, Page 2. July 10, 1896.

More on Clarence E. Edwords, 1896.


A person who subscribes himself “Clarence E. Edwords” and bounds into fame from the columns of the Kansas City Journal has settled the perplexing Hawaiian question to the satisfaction of everybody who is willing to accept his settlement. Mr. Edwords has the advantage over all dabblers in Hawaiian affairs in that he speaks “advisedly” and admits it, and, although he spent only one month on the island, it was sufficient for a man of Mr. Edwords’ masterful spirit. It might as well be said at once that Queen Liliuokalani is to be restored to the throne. There is no use beating about the bush or following false leads as to republics or annexation because they are pleasant. Mr. Edwords has been there and returned with the facts clinched, advisedly, and Mr. Edwords knows a thing or two, and both are to the same restorative effect.

It is too late to question the quality of mercy that inhabits the breast of Mr. Edwords for waiting until he returned to Missouri to announce to the world that the Dole administration was “sitting on a smoldering volcano.” It was hardly treating Dole fairly to leave him sitting in that unpleasant position and sail away. A word of warning might have caused Mr. Dole to rise and look about him and possibly evade the volcano. But one cannot question the methods of such a man as Edwords nor expect he can bother with such trifles as warning indiscreet administrations to beware of volcanoes when he has the more weighty matter on hand to settle the fate of a nation or two. But the announcement by Mr. Edwords is hardly more remarkable than the tribute he pays to the estimable lady who by the grace of Edwords is thus to reassert her divine right. Says Edwords:

Probably no woman has been more maligned than the Queen. Before the overthrow her virtues and good qualities were extolled to the skies by those who now lose no opportunity to slandering her in the hope of bolstering their own cause. The people of the United States have been told all sorts of malicious stories regarding the private life of the Queen, and she has been pictured as an untutored, uncultured, coarse woman, whose sole object in life was her personal pleasure. This is anything but the truth. She is a woman of education and refinement, every inch a Queen in talk, appearance, and manner. Her face, which the published pictures of her much belie, shows deep thought and delicate refinement. There is strength in every line of it, and her every-day life is a counterpart of what it depicts. A member of the Episcopal Church, she is a devout and sincere Christian, doing no lip service, but making her life conform to the tenets of the belief. Heer desire is that her people may advance and profit by the wonderful resources of the islands and reap the benefits of improvement. In their present condition of subjection to foreign domination this is impossible.

President Cleveland, in his happiest mood, when Liliuokalani was his particular charge and not the particular inspiration of the muse of Edwords, never painted the dusky and somewhat bulky beauty in such glowing colors. Edwords, in a month, has advisedly solved more Hawaiian problems than all the rest of the United States and part of Europe has been able to propound for years, including the ex-Queen, and strangest of all the source of Mr. Edwords’ information comes from the Hawaiians themselves. While others have seen a people presumably glorying in their independence with perhaps a longing for annexation to the United States Edwords of Missouri in a month has found all this was but a mask to hide a burning desire to boost the retired Queen back to the throne. Says Edwords again:

Queen Liliuokalani will be on the throne, not through any effort or design of her own, but by the expressed will of a vast majority of the people of the islands.

And this is what he says “advisedly.” Who could doubt it now?

[Unfortunately, the 1896 Kansas City Journal issues are not available online. Edwords seems to have been the managing editor and owner of that newspaper.]

(Chicago Tribune, 7/7/1896, p. 6)


The Chicago Tribune, Volume LV, Number 189, Page 6. July 7, 1896.

Memorial of the Hawaiian People, 1893.



Hawaiian Natives.

A Committee of 5 members was chosen to take the Petition [Memoriala] of the Hawaiian People which was unanimously passed by the Delegates sent by all of the Districts from all over the Archipelago to the Convention of Delegates, before the Honorable James H. Blount, by the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina]; and it was divided thusly, with one member from each Island, like this.


John Richardson     Island of Maui.

S. H. K. Ne     ″ Hawaii.

J. K. Kaiheopulani     ″ Molokai.

Ben Naukana     ″ Oahu.

J. A. Akina     ″ Kauai.

John Richardson was the Chairman [Lunahoomalu] of the Committee. It was exactly at 3 o’clock when it was first announced that the Committee arrived; they were cordially welcomed and the petition of the Lahui was read and it was left with the Honorable James H. Blount. The Commissioner conversed briefly with the Representatives, and at their leave, they expressed their appreciation for their treatment; and that the conversation between the commissioner and the committee was congenial.

Memorial of the Hawaiian People to the American People.

Whereas his Excellency [ka Mea Mahaloia] Grover Cleveland, President of the United States of America, has honored the Hawaiian Nation by sending to us the Hon. James H. Blount as a Special Commissioner [Komisina Wae], to find out the true wishes of the Hawaiian People as to the proposed annexation of their country to their great friend the United States, therefore;

We, the people of the Hawaiian Islands, through the delegates of the branches of the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina] of all the districts throughout the kingdom, in convention assembled, take this mode of submitting our appeal and expression of our unanimous wishes to the people of our great and good friend, the Republic of the United States of America, with whom we always entertained the most cordial relations, whom we have learned to look upon as our patrons and most reliable protectors, and whose honor, integrity, and sense of justice and equity we have ever confidently relied for investigation into the grievous wrongs that have been committed against us as a people, against the person of our sovereign, and the independence of our land.

And While we are anxious to promote the closest and most intimate political and commercial relations with the United States, we do not believe that the time has yet come for us to be deprived of our nationality and of our sovereign by annexation to any foreign power.

And Therefore we do hereby earnestly and sincerely pray that the great wrongs committed against us may be righted by the restoration of the independent autonomy and constitutional government of our Kingdom under our beloved Queen Liliuokalani, in whom we have the utmost confidence as a conscientious and popular ruler.¹


North Hilo—D. Hoakimoa

Central Hilo—K. M. Koahou

Hilo Town—Henry West

Puna—S. T. Piihonua

North Kona ————

″     ″—W. E. N. Kanealii

South Kona—C. G. Naope

North Kohala—S. H. K. Ne

Hamakua—J. H. Halawale


Lahaina—R. H. Makekau

Waihee—J. K. Kealoalii

South Wailuku—W. B. Keanu

North Wailuku—Thomas Clark

″     ″—T. B. Lyons

″     ″—D. Kanuha

″     ″—J. Richardson

Makawao—J. Kaluna

″    —J. Kamakele

Honuaula—S. D. Kapono jr.

Hana—S. W. Kaai


Kaunakakai—J. N. Uahinui

Pelekunu—D. Himeni


Ualapue—J. K. Kaiheopulani

Kalaupapa—S. K. Kahalehulu

Halawa—A. P. Kapaehaole

Kainalu—S. K. Piiapoo


District One—F. S. Keiki

″ Two—Charles Keawe

″ Three—J. K. Prendergast

″ Four—E. Johnson

″ Five—S. K. Pua

Ewa—J. K. Kauku

″     —D. W. Keliiokamoku

Waianae—S. W. Kailieha

Waialua—Bejamin Naukana

Waimanalo—J. Kimo


Hanalei—Charles Kahee

Kilauea—George W. Mahikoa

Hanapepe—D. W. Kamaliikane

Waimea—J. A. Akina

Wainiha—S. K. Kaleikini

Waioli—J. Molokai

Joseph Nawahi,


J. K. Kaulia


[See also mention of a picture taken of the committee that took the Memoriala to Blount from an earlier post here.]

¹Taken from p. 504 of the Blount Report.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 5/3/1893, p. 2)

MEMORIALA A KA Lahui Hawaii.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 697, Aoao 2. Mei 3, 1893.

Great rally against annexation, 1897.





Palace Square



7 O’CLOCK p. m.

By this, summoned are all those who are against annexation to gather at the Palace Square, Honolulu, in the evening of Friday, Oct. 8, 1897, at 7 o’clock, to pass a Memorial (Petition) protesting the passing of the bill of annexation, by which they want to join Hawaii to the United States of America.

The invitation is extended to all of the makaainana.

By the summons of the Citizens’ Committee [Komite o ka Lehulehu],

F. J. Testa,
J. K. Kahookano,
C. B. Maile,
S. K. Kamakaia,
S. K. Pua.


We are the two whose names appear below, and from the side of the Hawaiian Patriotic League and Hawaiian Political Association, by this we support and approve the call above, and we summon all the members of those associations mentioned above to go.

James Keauiluna Kaulia,
President of the Hawaiian Patriotic League.

David Kalauokalani,
President of the Hawaiian Political Association.

(Aloha Aina, 10/9/1897, p. 7)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 41, Aoao 7. Okatoba 9, 1897.




I ka Mea Mahaloia WILLIAM McKINLEY; Peresidena, a me ka Aha Senate, o Amerika Huipuia.

Me ka Mahalo:—

No ka Mea, ua waiho ia aku imua o ka Aha Senate o Amerika Huipuia he Kuikahi no ka Hoohui aku ia Hawaii nei ia Amerika Huipuia i oleloia, no ka noonoooia ma kona kau mua iloko o Dekemaba, M. H. 1897; nolaila,

O Makou, na poe no lakou na inoa malalo iho, na Hawaii oiwi, a me na kupa makaainana a poe nooho hoi no ka Apana o …………………….Mokupuni o ……………………., he poe lala no ka Ahahui Hawaii Aloha o ko Hawaii Paeaina, a me na makaainana e ae i like ka manao makee me ko ka Ahahui i oleloia, ke kue aku nei me ka manao ikaika loa i ka hoohuiia aku o ko Hawaii Paeaina i oleloia ia Amerika Huipuia i oleloia ma kekahi ano a loina paha.






To His Excellency WILLIAM McKINLEY, President, and the Senate, of the United States of America.


Whereas, there has been submitted to the Senate of the United States of America a Treaty for the Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands to the said United States of America, for consideration at its regular session in December, A. D. 1897; therefore,

We, the undersigned, native Hawaiian subjects and residents of the District of …………………… Island of ……………………., who are members of the Hawaiian Patriotic Leagues of the Hawaiian Islands, and other citizens who are in sympathy with the said League earnestly protest against the annexation of the said Hawaiian Islands to the said United States of America in any form or shape.




This is the heading of the petitions protesting the annexation of Hawaii to the United States of America in the original language, and translated into English, and as per the instruction and direction coming from America, we waited patiently until this proper time.

Therefore, there is nothing for the lahui to be suspicious about, or to be wary when the voice from the sea beckons. Stand up and do what is pono for the land and the people.

The person who denies that of the Alii denies that of the Alii [this is probably a typo that should have read, “O ka mea hoole i ka ke Alii, ua hoole oia i ka ke Akua,” The person who denies that of the Alii denies that of God]. Listening and acting is the way to survival.

[Check here for the images of the anti-annexation petitions put up by the University of Hawaii, Hamilton Library, Hawaiian Collection.]

(Aloha Aina, 9/18/1897, p. 5)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 38, Aoao 5. Sepatemaba 18, 1897.