Papa holua found in Hookena by Napoleon Kalolii Pukui, 1905.


On the 6th of last month, N. K. Pukui, traveling agent of the Hawaiian Realty and Maturity Co., while on a tour of the Island of Hawaii, found the above illustrated sled in a cave at Hookena, Hawaii.

It is said that the oldest kamaainas of Hookena have heard from their parents and grandparents that sometime in the reign of King Keawenuiaumi, about two hundred and fifty years ago, a high chiefess named Kaneamuna [Kaneamama] was the living at Hookena. Her principal amusement was hee holua (coasting on a sled) and hee nalu (surfing).

She had her people make a sliding ground for her on a hill just back of the little village of Hookena, and ordered a sled, or land toboggan, called a papa holua, as well as a surfing board, or a papa hee nalu. When the slide was finished she passed many pleasant hours sliding down the steep hill. This slide was composed of smooth stones covered with rushes. After her death her sled and surf board disappeared, and the secred of their hiding place was never revealed.

It is believed the sled and board found in the cave belonged to the High Chiefess. They are made of the wood of the bread-fruit tree and at the present time are in very good condition. The cocoanut fiber ropes are still attached to the sled.

(Advertiser Photo.)


[See also the Hawaiian-Language article found in Ka Na’i Aupuni, 12/6/1905, p. 2.]

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 12/6/1905, p. 5)


The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XLII, Number 7279, Page 5. December 6, 1905.

Henry Berger’s 50th birthday, and commentary on eating stones, 1894.

Celebrating Fifty Years

This past Saturday, at 7:30, a joint concert was held with the Hawaiian Republic band and the band of the Philadelphia, on the grounds of the Hawaiian Hotel to commemorate the birthday of the bandmaster of the Government, who is 50 years old. That night was the 4664th time he gave concerts in various locations, and this is his 500th at that place. The Government band went first, and when they were through, then there were singers of haole songs chosen from a non-Hawaiian singing group from the uplands of Leiolono, and then came the boys of the sea [from the Philadelphia]. When that was over, the two groups joined together for the ending, and that was the conclusion of the activities of the night. The band stage was illuminated by electric lights and all sorts of Japanese lanterns under tree branches. Continue reading

Royal Hawaiian Band and “Kaulana na Pua,” 1893.


There were many people who arrived at the Night of Entertainment by the Royal Hawaiian Band [Bana Lahui Hawaii], at the Hawaiian Hotel on the evening of this past Tuesday. There were perhaps 5,000 people of all ethnicities who showed up to listen to those beautiful singers of Hawaii. Because of your fine work, O Patriots, therefore the lahui showed its appreciation to you all, with them always filling the audiences of all the performances you give. The singing voices were sweet, and the most acclaimed was your “Mele Ai Pohaku.” The audience went home with happy hearts because of the mele that were played, along with the singing. When will the next performance be? Send in a notice in advance, and we will inform the multitudes and the friends of the occasion.

¹”Ka Po Lea o Halalii.”

(Leo o ka Lahui, 10/12/1893, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 789, Aoao 3. Okatoba 12, 1893.

The performance of famous story of Hiiakaikapoliopele, 1880.





SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1880.

Shown will be the Famous Story of


and Lohiau on this night, like this below:


Hula Muumuu, Mokoi, Kilu, Pahu, Ka-laau, Pili, Alaapapa, Keawenuiaumi, Himeni, Uliuli and Hula Kii.

The doors will open at 7 o’clock, and begins at 8 o’clock sharp.


Front seats .. .. $1.50

Back seats .. .. $1.00

(Kuokoa, 7/31/1880, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XIX, Helu 31, Aoao 2. Iulai 31, 1880.

Hula performance, 1911.

Grand Hula

By Annie Hila and Mary Mookini

Tonight and Saturday Night

At Independent Theater, Hotel Street

Best Hula Dancers on the Islands will participate. Fancy Steps from South Se Islanders given. Hawaiian Music

Thomas Passengers! Take This In

Prices: 15c, 25c and 50c


(Evening Bulletin, 11/14/1911, p. 6)

Grand Hula

Evening Bulletin, Established 1882, Number 5083, Page 6. November 14, 1911.

Hula and the play “Umi-a-Liloa,” 1917.


The hula alaapapa will be one of the special entre act features of the performance of “Umi-a-Liloa” at the opera house next Thursday evening. This hula is danced standing in contradiction to the older hulas which is called for a sitting position. It will be interpreted by a band of four young girls, who are experts in the art of the real Hawaiian dance. They are assisted by a man who beats the hula drum in old-time style. It is only in recent years that the hula has been accompanied by the music of instruments.

The second act contains an elaborate representation of the court of the king of Hawaii in the year 1640 and during the scene of the royal festivity some of the very ancient dances are introduced. They are danced, if one may call it so, sitting cross-legged upon the floor and the beauty of the performance lies in the grace and graphic intensity of the gestures of the body and arms of the dancers. Continue reading

Hula from Kahuku at the Orpheum, 1905.


The country dancers of Kahuku came over to Honolulu to show the city folks what a real hula is. The show was at the Orpheum last night under the ponderous auspices of Haona whose hula school is the pride of Koolau. There was a good crowd out to see the performance and the people seemed to enjoy what they saw.

The first part of the exhibition was a hula paipu. Keaka, the star dancer, appeared in a red pa-u, with the appropriate leis and a fixed stare.

Madame Haona thumped a calabash and then twiddled a little rattler till her deprecatory helper, Niuolaa (k), smiled feebly and took the count with his instrument. Keaka danced gracefully and well and the applause rose heavily.

The Emerald Glee Club intermitted with some Hawaiian songs sung in conscientious style.

Hula olaapapa was the next on the program and once more Madame Haona banged the calabash and chanted voluminously while the same Keaka swung her lithe body over the stage to the uproarious joy of the gallery.

Hula uli-uli ku iluna, with the rattlers dancing on Haona’s knee followed and Niulaa, the helper, meek and mild, almost achieved vigor while he banged the cymbal and thumbed the drum.

Again the Emerald Glee Club played in lady-like style and elicited applause.

Then Madame Haona sprung her one sensation, hula uli-uli noho ilalo. The weary Keaka swung out to the resounding chant and took new life. The helper became agonized in his efforts to keep up with his superior on the drum and the roar of Haona’s singing thundered through the hall while Keaka danced deliriously, her red pa-u becoming a vibrant flame. Haona raised her voice a note and the swift swing of the hula girl took a more furious speed until every shout of the chant came with a bellow that raised the audience from their seats and made the atmosphere tense with expectancy.

But this was the end of the performance. Keaka sank exhausted and Haona voluminously and coughingly announced that the show was pau.

Haona had five other girls in training for the hula but did not think them equal to the strain of a metropolitan exhibition. Consequently the whole show lacked vim and life except for the one dance in which Keaka, the star dancer, forgot her sedateness.

The audience was rather a representative one and included several parties of fashionable people who professed to be duly shocked and amused.

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 10/15/1905, p. 1)


The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume III, Number 146, Page 1. October 15, 1905.