A name song for Queen Kapiolani, 1893.

HE INOA NO NAPELAKAPU.

He inoa keia no Kapiolani
Napelakapu i ka Wekiu
He kuini hoi oe no Hawaii
Puuwai hamama no ka lahui
Imia ana hoi oe me ka noeau
I ka pono kau like a o Hawaii
Lohea kou leo e pae ana
Hooulu lahui ko’u makia
Hea mai ka leo Napelakapu
Me ka nawali hoi me ka nanahe
Nahenahe ko leo i pae mai
I kaui ana mai pehea wau
Pehea oukou e ka Lahui
Na ewe hanau o ka Aina
Eia Hawaii Moku o Keawe
Ke oi ku nei me ka ehaeha
Ua ike ku maka iho kakou
Na hana pakaha ke aloha ole
Ua hoonele ia kuu milimili
O Liliu o Loloku Lani ike kapu
Ua kaili ia ka Leialii
Kawalu o na Lani papahi ai
Pehea ka manao e ka Lahui
E Hawaii nui kualiholiho
Umia ke aloha paa i loko
Kaohi malie i ka puuwai
A a a he wa hiki mai ana
E lanakila ai Hawaii loa
E Lei hou ai i ka hanohano
I ka Lei Kalaunu ao Hawaii
Eia ke ola ua hiki mai
Kalamaku a o Hawaii
Ka Elele Lahui ua hoi mai
Me ka lono hauoli no ka Lahui
Kaana pono ia e ke kaulike
E Liliu o Loloku Lani i ke kapu
Makia paa ia o ka Lahui
Kawalu o na Lani i ke Kalaunu
Hea aku makou o mai oe
Napelakapu kou inoa
E ola o Kalani a mau loa
O Kapiolani i ka iu ao luna

Haku ia e

Mrs. Kala.

Honuakaha Mar. 21, 1893.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 3/22/1893, p. 3)

HE INOA NO NAPELAKAPU.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 667, Aoao 3. Maraki 22, 1893.

Kalakaua Day, 1916.

KALAKAUA DAY TO BE OBSERVED FOR FIRST TIME

Morning Reception, Appearance of Pa-u Riders and Dance at Night Make Up Program

in honor of the Kalakaua Dynasty which ruled over the Hawaiian Islands for 22 years, Honolulu will celebrate tomorrow, and the day will be filled with many pleasant features.

The big affair of the day will occur in the evening when the reception and ball at the armory will be held. Because of the illness of Queen Liliuokalani, she will not be able to attend, but in her place Prince and Princess Kalanianaole will receive the guests. After the reception three orchestras will furnish music for the dancing and a gala time is anticipated. A large number of invitations have been issued and to be sure that no one was overlooked Princess Kawananakoa chairman of the invitation committee, wishes all who have not received invitations to go to the Promotion Committee rooms on Bishop street.

The festivities of the day will begin in the morning when 21 pa-u riders will gather at Princess Auto Stand on King street and from there, headed by Princess Theresa Wilcox, president and wife of the first delegate to congress, and Mrs. J. Fern, vice-president, will march up King street to Aala park. From there the march will return on King and up Fort, to Hotel, then Bishop, King and up Richards to the residence of Queen Liliuokalani, where a short call will be made. From the queen’s residence the riders will follow Beretania street to Pensacola street to the home of Princess Kawananakoa, where a reception will be held from 9 to 12 in the morning. Here a short speech will be made by a member of the riders. In the evening the pa-u riders will attend the ball in full costume of royal purple with leis around their necks and a golden band on which is the word “Kaohelelani,” the name of a descendant of the royal house of Keoua, the father of the Kamehamehas.

The reception of Princess Kawananakoa is for Hawaiians only and therefore no one else will be permitted inside the grounds unless they have a special invitation.

(Star-Bulletin, 11/15/1916, p. 8)

KALAKAUA DAY TO BE OBSERVED FOR THE FIRST TIME

Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XXIV, Number 7674, Page 8. November 15, 1916.

Inez Ashdown and Queen Liliuokalani, 1939.

Was Friend of Liliuokalani

INEZ ASHDOWN

Ka Hoku’s Maui Corresponent.

This picture was taken at the time Mrs. Ashdown’s father Angus MacPhee was manager of the Ulupalakua ranch for Dr. Raymond. She had just returned from Dana Hall school at Wellesley and, as she says, “‘rarin’ to be a cowboy like him and all his Hawaiian paniola.”

“My people brought me here in 1907 when Dad was champion roper of the world and came to take part in Eben Low’s first wild west show,” writes Mrs. Ashdown. “Ikua went back to Cheyenne, our home town, the following year and took the title for that year, but no one has ever broken Dad’s time for that sort of roping. The first year we were here my parents were guests many times at the home of Queen Liliuokalani and I loved her very much. I was only a kid, but even then it made me boil because the people had taken her crown away.”

Mrs. Ashdown has lived on Maui most of the time since 1907, except for the years she was away at school. Her husband, C. W. Ashdown, is office manager for the Baldwin Packers at Lahaina. They have two sons and writing is Mrs. Ashdown’s hobby. She hopes some day to write some real good novels. She used to rope wild cattle, ride race horses and break colts, but says “that was a long time ago.”

(Hoku o Hawaii, 4/26/1939, p. 6)

Was Friend of Liliuokalani

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXIII, Number 52, Aoao 6. Aperila 26, 1939.

Traditional place names and the Daughters of Hawaii, 1918.

OLD HAWAIIAN NAMES TO BE PRESERVED.

This past Wednesday the Daughters of Hawaii [Ahahui o na Kaikamahine] held a meeting at the home of Queen Emma in the uplands of Nuuanu, known by all by the name Hanaiakamalama, the old home of Kamehameha IV and his queen; and at that meeting it was decided that the calling of many places in Honolulu nei by their Hawaiian names will be preserved forever.

To carry out this endeavor, the organization decided to continue calling the name “Leahi,” and not Diamond Head, as it is being called now, and so too with other names that have been changed; they will be returned to their old names that Hawaiians are familiar with.

At that meeting several things were read pertaining to the life of Queen Liliuokalani  by Mrs. Lahilahi Web, a speech by A. F. Knudsen, and Representative Kuhio, along with the singing of some old mele, just as if they were recreating memories of familiar deeds from the time of Queen Emma in that home.

For the treasury of the Red Cross, Mr. A. F. Knudsen will give a speech specifically pertaining to Hawaii nei of the olden days, at Memorial Hall of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association [Papa Hawaii], at eight o’clock on the evening of this Saturday, May 4, under the direction of the Daughters of Hawaii nei.

The entrance will be half price to go and listen to the speech and for all activities that will be put on, and being that it is a benefit for the Red Cross, and that it is beneficial to listen to this history pertaining to the Hawaiian lahui, all the people should go to hear his speech so that the new generations can get some education.

Mr. Knudsen was born on Kauai and went around amongst the Hawaiian children, and met the old people, and listened to the old stories of Hawaii nei; and because of this, the stories he tells that night will be something totally new for Hawaiians of today, the people who know hardly any of the stories of their lahui and their land.

(Kuokoa, 5/3/1918, p. 4)

E MALAMAIA NA INOA HAWAII KAHIKO.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVI, Helu 18, Aoao 4. Mei 3, 1918.

“You are not permitted to use your own judgement but are blandly told that you don’t know what you are talking about when you venture to express an opinion that is contrary to what is said to be an established fact,” Clarence E. Edwords, 1896.

The Hawaiian Situation.

They protest too much.

This is the conclusion that is reached by the careful observer who talks with the adherents of the present Government [the Provisional Government] of the Hawaiian Islands.

They seem too anxious to impress upon you the fact that it is a most serene and peaceful atmosphere. You are not permitted to use your own judgement but are blandly told that you don’t know what you are talking about when you venture to express an opinion that is contrary to what is said to be an established fact. Of course no fault can be found with such procedure. It is a part of politics. They want certain conditions to obtain and the desire is so great that by long effort to fool others the “P. G.’s” eventually fool themselves. It may seem presumptuous for one who spent but a month in the island republic to give an opinion as to the real political status of the island, but there is so much evidence obtainable that such opinion can easily be formed, even if it does happen to be against the desire of those who now hold the reins of Government.

The stranger who visits Honolulu almost immediately feels that he is surrounded by an air of uneasiness. Things evidently are not as they seem. There is an indefinable something in the atmosphere that makes one feel as if he should be watching over his shoulder. Where the impression comes from it is difficult to say, but if you will talk politics for five minutes with any resident you cannot help but notice the lowered tone of voice, the careful watch of passers-by or the graurded manner, as if there were a constant fear of spies. Nor is this noticeable alone when talking with royalists. The adherents of the Republic are just as guarded and just as careful.

It looks as if they feared a change of Government and as if their expressions might be treasured up against them.

Yet the Republicans and the papers are persistent in their declarations that the islands were never more peaceful than at present.

Perhaps this is true, but if the the present Government is not sitting over a smouldering political volcano, then the signs are wrong, and this same Government has not failed to realize this fact. Nor has it failed to prepare a soft place to light after the explosion.

What is this soft place?

When a man who had been a resident of the islands but ten months made the public announcement of a new Government, that announcement was successful because of the American Minister, who backed up the revolutionists with the force of an American warship and the naval support of the United States. Liliuokalani was dethroned and the Re-…

(Independent, 7/11/1896, p. 1)

The Hawaiian Situation.

The Independent, Volume III, Number 323, Page 1. July 11, 1896.

…public declared. It was announced to the world that the change was satisfactory to the great majority of the people of the islands, and the establishment of a new Republic in the Pacific was generally supposed to be the work of the natives, who had learned to govern themselves.

But facts are sometimes stubborn and refute false statements. The facts of the change of government are not what have been made public.

There are, in round numbers, a hundred thousand people of the Sandwich Islands. Fifty thousand are natives, thirty thousand Chinese and Japanese, nine thousand Portuguese, and eleven thousand whites of other nationality. When the men who established the provisional government broke their oath of allegiance and possessed themselves of the reins, they disfranchised all the inhabitants except the whites. They will tell you that only Japanese and Chinese were disfranchised, but by the establishment of a rigid oath of allegiance to the new government, they disfranchised the natives as well, for the native still retains enough of his primitive honor to hold himself bound by his oath, and he cannot swear that he will not try to get back that which rightly belongs to him.

The natives are not alone in their feeling of resentment at the new government. Many of the whites who have who have lived for years on the islands see how their country is being ruined by unnecessary interference, and they, too, are restive. The Portuguese have found that the change benefitted only the few who ran the machine, and they are ready to aid in bringing about a change.

The members of the present government are not as blind to the situation as they appear. When the queen was robbed of her throne and and her means of living at the same time, it would seem that common justice should have given her a pension; but the government refused to do anything of the sort. They realized, however, that they were on dangerous ground and proceeded to provide a means of safety.

The queen was imprisoned on charges of treason, and while under duress was forced to abdicate. According to the monarchical constitution the reigning soverign names his or her successor, and following this rule the queen had named her niece Princess Kaiulani, as heir to the throne. The Princess, Miss Cleghorn, is well-off in this world’s goods, yet at the same sitting of the legislature which refused to pension the queen, a bill was passed granting to the Princess Kaiulani $4,000. It was what a politician might call a very “smooth” piece of work. If abdication under duress could be held as legal, then Kaiulani is the legal sovereign of the islands. If the present government gets ousted and the monarchy re-established, Kaiulani will rule, and those who so generously donated other people’s money expect to be graciously remembered by the new queen.

In short, it is pretty well understood just now that the republican form of government under existing conditions on the Hawaiian Islands is a failure, and the men who are now at the head of the government hope, by putting Kaiulani on the throne, to save themselves and their property and avert the disaster of overthrow, which they realize is bound to come.

But they reckon without their host. The Hawaiians are not illiterate savages. Neither are they heathens. With all the boasted educational facilities of the United States the percentage of illiteracy is much higher here than on the islands. Strange as it may seem, there is but 1 percent of the natives who are illiterate. Go to the rudest hut, made of grass and occupied by fisherman, and you will find that they take and read the native paper. They not only read, but they think. They are honest and resent dishonesty in others. The natives will not be appeased by a re-establishment of the monarchy with Kaiulani on the throne. Nor would Princess Kaiulani accept the throne so long as Queen Liliuokalani is alive. The queen is still the queen to her people and they not only honor her, but love her, and treat her with as much difference and respect to-day as at any time during her reign.

 This simply means that when the change comes, and come it will as sure as the islands remain, Queen Liliuokalani will be on the throne, not through any effort of design of her own, but by the expressed will of a vast majority of the people of the islands. I say this advisedly. The queen will take no part in any attempt to recover the government. She is willing to sacrifice herself and her interests for the good of her people, but will under no consideration jeopardize the welfare of her people for her own benefit. She has persistently refused to  counsel with those who desire a change and has kept in seclusion that is painful to her friends.

Probably no woman has been more maligned than the queen. Before her overthrow her virtues and good qualities were extolled to the skies by those who lose no opportunity of slandering her in the hope of bolstering their own cause. The people of the United States have been told all sorts of malicious stories regarding the private life of the queen and she has been pictured as an untutored, uncultured, coarse woman, whose sole object in life was her personal pleasure. This is anything but the truth. She is a woman of education and refinement, every inch a queen in talk, appearance and manner. Her face, which the published pictures of her much belie, shows deep thought and delicate refinement. There is strength in every line of it and her everyday life is a counterpart of what it depicts. A member of the Episcopal church, she is a devout and sincere Christian, doing no lip service, but making her life conform to the tenets of the belief. her desire is that her people may advance and profit by the wonderful resources of the islands and reap the benefits of the improvement. In their present condition of subjection to foreign domination this is impossible as it is the policy of the Government to keep all natives from places of emolument.

The feeling of the natives could not better be illustrated than by repeating a story told me by a friend in Honolulu.

The government in its blindness to the welfare of the islands has devised registration rules and regulations that are revolting to all decent people. Among the regulations is one requiring every person on the islands to put his thumb mark on a piece of paper after the Bertillon method of identifying criminals. An old native was asked if he had registered. No. Was he going to register? No. Then he would get into trouble. What trouble? He would be fined. He had no money. Then he would be put in jail. Drawing himself up he said:

“We are all of one mind. There are not jails enough to hold us all and the government hasn’t money enough to feed us all if we go to jail.”

The thumb mark regulation will be rescinded. It cannot be enforced, especially as it applies to tourists and visitors as well as residents.

The situation in a nutshell is this: The present government is unable and cannot stand. Its adherents are hoping against hope for annexation with the United States. Failing in this they hope to place Kaiulani on the throne. Neither plan will succeed. Within two years a monarchy will be re-established and then, and not until then, will the islands progress and the people be happy and contented.

Clarence E. Edwords.
—Kansas City Journal.

(Independent, 7/11/1896, p. 4)

...public declared...

The Independent, Volume III, Number 323, Page 4. July 11, 1896.

More on Clarence E. Edwords, 1896.

SETTLES THE HAWAIIAN QUESTION.

A person who subscribes himself “Clarence E. Edwords” and bounds into fame from the columns of the Kansas City Journal has settled the perplexing Hawaiian question to the satisfaction of everybody who is willing to accept his settlement. Mr. Edwords has the advantage over all dabblers in Hawaiian affairs in that he speaks “advisedly” and admits it, and, although he spent only one month on the island, it was sufficient for a man of Mr. Edwords’ masterful spirit. It might as well be said at once that Queen Liliuokalani is to be restored to the throne. There is no use beating about the bush or following false leads as to republics or annexation because they are pleasant. Mr. Edwords has been there and returned with the facts clinched, advisedly, and Mr. Edwords knows a thing or two, and both are to the same restorative effect.

It is too late to question the quality of mercy that inhabits the breast of Mr. Edwords for waiting until he returned to Missouri to announce to the world that the Dole administration was “sitting on a smoldering volcano.” It was hardly treating Dole fairly to leave him sitting in that unpleasant position and sail away. A word of warning might have caused Mr. Dole to rise and look about him and possibly evade the volcano. But one cannot question the methods of such a man as Edwords nor expect he can bother with such trifles as warning indiscreet administrations to beware of volcanoes when he has the more weighty matter on hand to settle the fate of a nation or two. But the announcement by Mr. Edwords is hardly more remarkable than the tribute he pays to the estimable lady who by the grace of Edwords is thus to reassert her divine right. Says Edwords:

Probably no woman has been more maligned than the Queen. Before the overthrow her virtues and good qualities were extolled to the skies by those who now lose no opportunity to slandering her in the hope of bolstering their own cause. The people of the United States have been told all sorts of malicious stories regarding the private life of the Queen, and she has been pictured as an untutored, uncultured, coarse woman, whose sole object in life was her personal pleasure. This is anything but the truth. She is a woman of education and refinement, every inch a Queen in talk, appearance, and manner. Her face, which the published pictures of her much belie, shows deep thought and delicate refinement. There is strength in every line of it, and her every-day life is a counterpart of what it depicts. A member of the Episcopal Church, she is a devout and sincere Christian, doing no lip service, but making her life conform to the tenets of the belief. Heer desire is that her people may advance and profit by the wonderful resources of the islands and reap the benefits of improvement. In their present condition of subjection to foreign domination this is impossible.

President Cleveland, in his happiest mood, when Liliuokalani was his particular charge and not the particular inspiration of the muse of Edwords, never painted the dusky and somewhat bulky beauty in such glowing colors. Edwords, in a month, has advisedly solved more Hawaiian problems than all the rest of the United States and part of Europe has been able to propound for years, including the ex-Queen, and strangest of all the source of Mr. Edwords’ information comes from the Hawaiians themselves. While others have seen a people presumably glorying in their independence with perhaps a longing for annexation to the United States Edwords of Missouri in a month has found all this was but a mask to hide a burning desire to boost the retired Queen back to the throne. Says Edwords again:

Queen Liliuokalani will be on the throne, not through any effort or design of her own, but by the expressed will of a vast majority of the people of the islands.

And this is what he says “advisedly.” Who could doubt it now?

[Unfortunately, the 1896 Kansas City Journal issues are not available online. Edwords seems to have been the managing editor and owner of that newspaper.]

(Chicago Tribune, 7/7/1896, p. 6)

SETTLES THE HAWAIIAN QUESTION.

The Chicago Tribune, Volume LV, Number 189, Page 6. July 7, 1896.

Painting of lying in state of Queen Liliuokalani by Lionel Walden? 1917.

LIONEL WALDEN TO PUT CHURCH SCENE INTO COLOR

Lionel Walden, noted artist, whose representations of Hawaiian scenes met with great favor here and elsewhere, was occupied yesterday in making a sketch of the interior of Kawaiahao church. The painting on which Mr. Walden will be at work again this morning will give to posterity a vivid and realistic picture of the lying in state of the last of Hawaii’s monarchs. The somber background, setting off in brilliant contrast the many beautiful flowers that are being sent to the dead queen, the tall kahilis, the graceful palms, the waiting people, will have proper place in the picture, and dominating all will be the royal casket, with its covering of feather cape, its tabu sticks guarding the queen in death as her proud station guarded her in life, while surrounding her stand the faithful kahili-bearers, keeping the last vigil over the last ruler of a vanished kingdom.

[Wow. Does anyone know if this painting was completed and if so, where it is now?]

(Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 11/15/1917, p. 2)

LIONEL WALDEN TO PUT CHURCH SCENE INTO COLOR

Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XXV, Number 7985, Page 2. November 15, 1917.