Reversed column rules, signaling the mourning of the nation.

Just like wearing black while in mourning, the newspapers showed the mourning of the nation with dark black margins, called “reversed column rules”.  This happened in both the English as well as the Hawaiian language newspapers.

The Kuokoa was printed once a week. Why are there reversed column rules used in this 12/5/1863 issue?

Kuokoa_12_5_1863_1.png

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke II, Helu 49, Aoao 1. Dekemaba 5, 1863.

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