Did you see today’s post from Bishop Museum’s He Aupuni Palapala?

A few weeks earlier that month, this appeared in the PCA and surely was one of the reasons for the meeting.

The following document, with the signatures appended, has been handed us for publication. The resolutions will doubtless be presented at the next regular meeting of the Chamber of Commerce, which occurs on the 5th instant. We will add that two members of the Chamber who are now absent from the city would in all probability sign this document:

The undersigned members of the Chamber of Commerce of Honolulu, hereby assent to the following resolutions:

Resolved, That in our opinion His Majesty’s Government in view of the condition of the business interests of this country should endeavor to negotiate a Treaty of Reciprocity with the United States.

Resolved, That we would advise the cession of Pearl River harbor [Pearl Harbor] to the United States for naval purposes it desired by the United States, to secure such a Treaty.

H. A. P. Carter, for C. Brewer & Co.; S. C. Allen, for Walker & Allen; J. B. Atherton, for Castle & Cooke; M. Louisson, for M. S. Grinbaum & Co.; A. W. Peirce; J. C. Glade, for H. Hackfeld & Co.; H. M. Whitney; J. T. Waterhouse, Jr., for J. T. Waterhouse; Afong & Achuck, per Yim Quon; B. F. Dillingham, for Dillingham & Co.; Henry May; William W. Hall, for E. O. Hall & Son; J. G. Dickson, for Lewers & Dickson; Theodore C. Heuck, per C. F. Pfluger; F. Banning, for Edward Hoffschlaeger & Co.; F. A. Shaefer; B. F. Bolles; A. S. Cleghorn, for A. S. Cleghorn & Co.; Alexander J. Cartwright; George C. McLean.

(PCA, 3/1/1873, p. 2)

Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Vol. XVII, No. 35, Page 2. March 1, 1873.

Death of Benjamin Starr Kapu, 1905.

Beniamina Starr Kapu has passed on.

Beniamina Starr Kapu, on of the Hawaiians of this town has passed on. He left this life at eight o’clock at night this Sunday at Kauluwela having no sickness; in other words he died a swift death.

That evening he prayed at Kaumakapili with his wife, and after this, they returned to their cafe at Kauluwela, where he and his “Eve” worked hard at that fine endeavor, and to sleep. They were awakened by a Japanese knocking outside of their door who wanted to drink some coffee being that their coffee is what he really wanted.

After he was refused, and that he should come back the next morning to get coffee; the Japanese’s desire for coffee was not soothed. Mr. Kapu and his wife got up, and Kapu took that Japanese to his own place, but they did not reach the home of the Japanese when the Japanese was let go, and Kapu returned home.

And it is at this time he had the problem that ended his breathing quickly, and according to the doctor’s knowledge, Kapu had a weak heart. How pitiful.

His funeral service was held at Kaumakapili, where he with his wife worked on their spiritual welfare, and they were members of that Church, and it was cared for by its Kahu, Rev. W. N. Lono. The congregation was filled with his many friends.

When his body was being prepared, Mr. Fred Weed took care of that, which was work he was used to doing. And it was there that he remained until his body was carried to be laid to rest in the usual place of all people.

Beniamina Starr Kapu was born at Leleo, in this town on the 12th of Marchi, 1863, from his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Keonekapu Starr Kapu. His young days were spent at the Anglican school Iolani where he first received his education.

And after his young days when he became an adult where he began to take care of himself and his family, and one of his occupations he was employed at in this town was as police captain during the period when the Hon. J. L. Kaulukou was the Marshal during the Monarchy.

Right after that he served as District Sheriff of Ewa, island of Oahu. He was a candidate running during the past election held for the Districts of Oahu, for the District of Ewa as the district sheriff, but his friend Mr. Fernandez won.

He left behind his “Eve,” Mrs. Kapu and his family in sudden sadness, grieving after him.

(Kuokoa, 12/29/1905, p. 5)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIII, Helu 52, Aoao 5. Dekemaba 29, 1905.

Kahookano dies at 31° north latitude, 180° east longitude, 1891.

Calling the relations of Kahookano.

The Marshal’s Office [Keena o ka Ilamuku] received notice pertaining to the death of a man named Kahookano, on the 11th of March, 1891, when he was lost in the ocean from the schooner Equator, at 31° north latitude, 180° east longitude.

At the time of his tragedy, he had remaining pay; this remaining pay was left with the Circuit Court of the United States, and it will be given to his relation who has proper claim to it, should one be found. If they are living, may those people come here to the office of Ka Leo o ka Lahui, and we will give them directions to where they will receive this remaining pay.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 5/13/1891, p. 3)

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 192, Aoao 3. Mei 13, 1891.

The sinking of the Hiram Bingham, 1909.


Vague news has been received in Boston from Sydney [Kikane] simply explaining that the schooner Hiram Bingham was smashed and sunk in the deep along with the death of its captain, the Rev. A. C. Walkup with the ship. As for where the ship was smashed and sunk and the reason for it was not fully explained. This here below was published in the newspaper the San Francisco Call of the 27th of August [p. 13]:

“The missionary schooner Hiram Bingham, word of whose loss was received at Boston in a cablegram from Sydney, was built at Anderson’s shipyard near Hunters point and sailed from here November 10, 1908, on its maiden voyage. The message conveying the news of the loss of the vessel also told of the death of Captain Alfred C. Walkup, the mariner-missionary who commanded the gospel ship.

“Captain Walkup superintended the construction of the vessel and when he sailed from here took with him his son and daughter. The boy and girl, who were born in the Gilbert Islands, came home by way of Australia and are now in this country attending college.

“No details have been learned of the loss of the vessel, which was last reported March 2r5 at Ocean Island [Banaba].

“The Hiram Bingham was built by the American board of foreign missions for work among the Gilbert islanders and cost $7,000. The vessel was 63 feet long and was equipped with a 45 horsepower gasoline engine.”

In fall of the past year, the ship docked in Honolulu on its way to the islands of Kilibati. Its captain was welcomed with great care by the missionaries here, and before it set sail for the islands of the South, a prayer assembly was held at the pier of the Alameda.

That schooner the Hiram Bingham was the second schooner by that name built for the Mission in the Southern seas; it was built to take the place of the first vessel that rotted because it was put to use for so long. [The next two lines are set in the wrong order] It was named the Hiram Bingham in honor of Rev. Hiram Bingham the pioneer missionary teacher who lived for a long time in the islands of Kiribati.

When it stopped here, also aboard were copies of the Bible which was translated into the Kiribati language by Rev. Hiram, and that was the ballast used to sail here.

(Kuokoa, 9/10/1909, p. 7)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVI, Helu 37, Aoao 7. Sepatemaba 10, 1909.

Description of Banaba, 1898


…And at 12 noon we sailed to Banaba. This is a land that is somewhat circular, and it is higher than all of the other lands of Kiribati. This land appears to be a heap of volcanic rock. There are a lot of sharp, long, and tall rocks all over on this land, and there are very few coconut trees, because of the many rocks and the heat of the sun. The fruit of the kamani and the seed within is the staple food of these people; this is eaten together with raw fish, and it is also cooked. Water that is drunk by the people is below in deep caves; the women fetch it with torches. You walk standing upright and some places you crawl. Each family are the owners of their own cave; and if someone just takes [without permission], they will die in war. There are many who die when the torch goes out in the cave.

But we are extremely joyful this year (1898) on that land, that is because we are trying once more to eat the fruits of our land of birth. Like sugarcane, banana, orange, lemon, mango, watermelon, pumpkin, and some other fruits. The reason for this is that there was a lot of rain this past year, and these things were grown; but the heat from the sun is returning and all of those things will disappear. Life is sustained with the fruit of the kamani and the fish of the sea. It was here that Itaaka Kinta used to live some years ago; and these days Rev. Taremon is the pastor of this parish. There are two fine churches, some school teachers, and the people greatly desire righteousness, and they wear clothes correctly. On Thursday, Feb. 17, we left this land, the edge of the Kiribati Archipelago, and went west for Kusaie (Ualana) in the Caroline Archipelago.

(Kuokoa, 4/22/1898, p. 4)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXVII, Helu 16, Aoao 4. Aperila 22, 1898.


Hon. Joseph U. Kawainui.

Aloha Happy New Year.

I am writing a short letter for you.

The Morning Star stopped at this land on midday Thursday, and today it sails for the islands Banaba and Nawaro and all the way to Ualana, Ponape, Ruk in the West.

The Morning Star [Ka Hoku Ao] stopped at Abaiang on Dec. 25, 1889, and now is on its way to Honolulu.

We received the letters and the bundle of Ko Hawaii Paeaina newspapers; much aloha. We saw the ideas in the letters and the newspapers as well.

I and my Beni are fine now but sick sometimes.

We are with Rev. M. Lutera [Martina Lutera] and Mrs. S. H. Lutera and Rev. Z. S. K. Paaluhi [Zadaio Solomon Kalua Paaluhi] and Mrs. Emma Paaluhi; the are returning because of health issues. Smallpox has spread on the Morning Star.

With much aloha,
J. H. Mahoe.[Joel Hulu Mahoe]
January 4, 1890.

(Ko Hawaii Paeaina, 3/22/1890, p. 4)

Ko Hawaii Paeaina, Buke XIII, Helu 12, Aoao 4. Maraki 22, 1890.

Godfrey Rose’s new two-story building under construction, 1868.

A new building being constructed.–We just saw that Kapena Loke’s new building has been started on where his work office now stands, in the famous grounds in the olden days of Mikapalani [William French]. It is being built with two stories, and will be constructed entirely of bricks. When the building is completed, it will add continuously to the beauty of Kaahumanu Street.

(Au Okoa, 3/12/1868, p. 2)

Ke Au Okoa, Buke III, Helu 47, Aoao 2. Maraki 12, 1868.

Godfrey Rose’s Liquor Business, 1868.

That oldtime kamaaina is no more.–The wholesale liquor store of Kapena Loke [Godfrey Rose] that was known to the old folks by the name of “Hale o Mikapalani,” [House of Mr. William French] was raised and in its place will be built a fine stone structure. The year that the house was built is not clearly known; but an oldtime haole kamaaina said that when he arrived in 1838, it was standing; but that oldtime kamaaina has gone.

(Au OKoa, 4/23/1868, p. 3)

Ke Au Okoa, Buke IV, Helu 1, Aoao 3. Aperila 23, 1868.

[Found under: “KA MOOLELO O NA KAMEHAMEHA. Na S. M. Kamakau.”]

The year 1828 was famous for Kaahumanu going to Hawaii and retrieving Lilinoe on Mauna Kea, who was an ancient woman; a thousand and more years she was left on the mountain of Mauna Kea, according to her sworn statement. It was said that Lilinoe remained with body unspoiled, her hair remained affixed and had not fallen out. And should you want to see her descendants, they can be found by way of Huanuiikalailai; she became a kupuna of the alii, and came forth was Umiokalani, the son of Keawenuiaumi and Hoopiliahoe. But it was stated that Lilinoe was not found by Kaahumanu and that she was hidden away. Liloa, Lonoikamakahiki, Kauhoa, and Lole are the only ones who were found by Kaahumanu at Waipio, and they were brought to Kaawaloa. The alii in Hale o Keawe were from the ancestral chiefs to Kalaniopuu and Kiwalao. Hale o Keawe was filled with the bones of the alii, they were arranged and secured in kaai. They were taken to Kaawaloa and a majority of them were burned in fire. That is a very wicked example in Boti’s mind.

Here is another, Kaikioewa was indebt to Mikapalani [William French], that being the haole trader; the other alii were greatly indebted to him, but in his transactions he was a haole who was beyond reproach. The sandalwood that was thrown away by some haole traders were purchased by Mr. French, and therefore he was also called by the name Hapuku because of he indiscriminately gathered [hapuku] the white sandalwood as well as the very small branches, and he was relied upon by the alii and greatly liked; therefore, the alii were much indebted to him. Kaikioewa was one who was indebted, and because he had no sandalwood to pay his debt, therefore Kaikioewa paid his debt with the land of Kawalo [Kewalo] and Kulaokahua which went to Mr. French. So Mr. French prepared to build wooden structures at Kulaokahua adjacent to Waikiki where the Olohe sank.

(Kuokoa, 6/13/1868, p. 1)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VII, Helu 24, Aoao 1. Iune 13, 1868.