International Hawaii, 1844.

Consulat de France, Iles
Sandwich, 12 Juillet, 1844.

Monsieur le Ministre,—J’ai l’ honneur de vous informer que je viens de recevoir des dépéches officielles, qui m’autorisent ă faire, connaitre aux Représentans des nations alliées de la France, que le Gouvernement de sa Majesté, tres Chrêtienne, á accordé en principe le Protectoral demandé par Lavelua, Roi des Wallis, et Piteto, Roi de l’ile Foutuna, et, de plus, que, par une convention conclue entre Monsieur le Commandant de la Charte, et le Roi des iles Gambier, le Protectorat de la France a été également établi sur cet archipel, sauf toutes fois, la ratification de sa Majesté le Roi des Français. Agréez, Monsieur le ministre l’ assurance de la parfaite considération avec la quelle j’ai l’ honneur d’ être

Votre tres Humble,
et tres ob’d Serv’t’r,
Jules Dudoit,
Consul de France.

G. P. Judd, Esq., a
Monsieur le Minstre
des Affaires Etrangeres.


Kahi o ke Kanikela Farani, Ko
Hawaii Pae Aina. Iulai, 12, 1844.

Monsieur le Ministre,—Ke hai aku nei au ia oe me ka mahalo, ua loaa ia’u na palapala Oihana e pono ai au ke hooakaka aku, i na Luna o na Aina e i launa pu me Farani. I ka ae ana aku o ke Aupuni o ka Moi Karisiano loa e hoomalu maopopo aku e like me ke koi ana mai o Lawelua ke ‘Lii, o Ea, (Wallis) mokupuni, a o Pileko ke ‘Lii o Foutouna Mokupuni.

Eia hoi kekahi, ma ke kuikahi i hanaia mawaena o ke ‘Lii Charte, a me ke ‘Lii o Gambier Mokupuni, ua paa loa ka hoomalu ana o Farani maluna o ia mau aina, aia no nae ka hooholoia e ke ‘Lii o ko Farani.

E ae mai oe i kuu hoike ana ia oe, ka mahalo oiaio o kuu noho ana o kau kauwa hoolohe.

(Inoa.)  J. Dudoit,
Kanikela Farani.

G. P. Judd,
Luna no ko na aina e.


Consulate of France,
Sandwich Islands, 12 July, 1844.

Monsieur le Ministre,—I have the honor to inform you that i have received Official despatches that authorize me to announce to the representatives of Nations in alliance with France, that the Government of His Most Christian Majesty, has accorded in principle the protection demanded by Lavelua, King of the Wallis Islands, and by Pileto, King of the Island Foutouna, and further that by a convention concluded between the commandant of the Frigate Charte, and the King of the Gambier Islands, the protection of France has been equally established over that Archipelago, subject always to the ratification of His Majesty the King of the French.

Accept, Sir, the Assurances of the Perfect Consideration with which I have the Honor to be

Your Very Humble,
and Obt. Servant,
(Signed,) Jules Dudoit,
Consul of France.

G. P. Judd, Esq.
Minister of Foreign Affairs.

(Polynesian, 7/20/1844, p. 2)

Consulat de France, Iles

The Polynesian, New Series, Volume 1, Number 9, Page 2. July 20, 1844.


Hawaiian medical kahuna and haole doctors, 1871.

Answer to W. P. Waha.

Mr. Editor; Aloha oe:

Perhaps it is well that I explain in your newspaper a thought responding to W. P. Waha of Honomaele Uka, Hana, Maui.

In the newspaper, Kuokoa, Buke 10, Helu 27, of the 8th of this past July, Waha published an opinion pertaining to the Practice of Hawaiian Medicine. From what I saw searching from beginning to end; this is what I mainly got out of it, that “he is jealous, malicious, and a slanderer, ” and so forth. You just chomp your mouth like a wild shark of the sea saying, “All of the Hawaiians are dying because of whom? Yes! They are dying because of you Heads of the Government!” If that is the intent of the questioner, then I ask of you, “Is that indeed true?” Let us all look at the thoughts of this malicious inciter, being that the Heads of our Nation are not looking to kill off the Hawaiian Lahui, and ways to kill them, but it is you, and it is you yourselves who offer yourselves off to die; and you enjoy grumbling to our Heads of Government. Take a short look at this, you fault finder; During the past session of the Legislature, in the year 1870, $4,000 was put to teach Hawaiian youths Medicine, and in the month of November of last year, the government chose the proper person in which they trust, as a teacher for the school, and it is being taught now. There is no other reason for this action except because of the aloha for you, O Hawaiian people.

Take another look; some Hawaiian medical kahuna are licensed, so that they can practice medicine in the country and areas where there are no doctors. The ignorant and uneducated practitioners are being sued. If you look at these actions by our Government Heads, it appears as if they are concerned that our Lahui will perish. Continue reading

Kauka Judd opens a clinic for Hawaiians, 1871.

Treatment for Hawaiians.

On the 10th of July, I will commence at my place. Number 31, Fort Street, Honolulu, a Clinic for Hawaiian, men, women, children, everyone; with any illness, from Hawaii to Kauai. These are the hours for you all to come by, from 9 o’clock in the morning until 12 on weekdays [la noa]. Therefore, come all; there is no pay for the indigent, and you will get proper medicine with enlightened treatment.

G. P. Judd, (Kauka.)

[Although the title of this advertisement, “Lapaau Hawaii,” can be seen as “Treatment for Hawaiians,” I think the first idea that comes to mind would be “Hawaiian Medicine.” I wonder if that was done on purpose…]

(Au Okoa, 7/20/1871, p. 2)

Lapaau Hawaii.

Ke Au Okoa, Buke VII, Helu 14, Aoao 2. Iulai 20, 1871.

Nawahi paints Hilo Town, 1868.

[Found under: “NU HOU KULOKO.”—”Oahu.”]

Painting of the Hilo Town.—We saw the beautiful painting of the town of Hilo of the Kanilehua rain, in the drug store of G. P. Judd [G. P. Kauka] here in Honolulu. The painting was painted by a Hawaiian boy, named Joseph K. Nawahi [Iosepa K. Nawahi], and he used his brush with detail in all the intricacies the painting. When you see it, it is so beautiful, and admiration for that Hawaiian painter wells in the hearts of all who sees it. This youth was not intensely educated in great art schools, but while he attended Lahainaluna Seminary, he was trained in that skill, drawing and painting, and his expertise in that exceptional discipline of the haole is clear for the first time. His name will become famous through his paintings.

[We all have heard about the awesome story of the 1888 painting by Nawahi of Hilo Town which was featured on Antique Roadshow, now displayed up on the campus of Kamehameha Schools, but the painting described here seems to be the one in the care of the Mission Houses Museum!

Check out this story about two more Nawahi paintings. The whereabouts of these two painting are not known (at least publicly) today… I really want to see the one with the Hiiaka sisters!]

(Kuokoa, 10/31/1868, p. 3)

Ke Kii o ke Kulanakauhale o Hilo.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VII, Helu 44, Aoao 3. Okatoba 31, 1868.

Western medical school for Hawaiians, 1870.


We understand that one of our physicians, who is thoroughly conversant with the native language, has been authorized to form a class of eight or ten Hawaiian young men, (graduates of the highest schools,) for instructions in the principles and practice of medicine.

There has never been made, that we are aware of, any systematic or earnest effort to instruct Hawaiian youth in the medical art. The knowledge that is necessary to be acquired to make a skillful and thoroughly competent practitioner is not to be obtained in this country, which as yet, does not possess medical schools and colleges, and the difficulties in the way of sending Hawaiian pupils abroad to obtain a medical education, are so various and insurmountable, as almost to preclude any hope of being overcome. Continue reading

Dr. G. P. Judd starts a medical school for Hawaiians, 1870.

Medical School.—In the English government newspaper [Hawaiian Gazette], we saw an editorial [manao pepa] pertaining to the establishing of a medical school for Hawaiian youths, perhaps eight or ten in number. After asking about, we were told that it is Dr. G. P. Judd who suggested the idea of starting that type of fine school of which we have faith that this proposed school will go well. Because these youths will be taught the haole medicine in the Hawaiian language by that elder doctor of ours, the one that is fluent in Hawaiian, and it is he in his knowledge of medicine who translated the Anatomy Book which is being taught in the high schools. Ten room are set up above the Residence of Dr. Stangenwald [Minuteole] for those ten students. We dearly hope that it goes well.

(Manawa, 11/21/1870, p. 2)

He Kula Kauka.

Ka Manawa, Buke I, Helu 3, Aoao 2. Novemaba 21, 1870.

A cure for leprosy in Hawaii? 1865.

[For the Kuokoa]

Leprosy [“Chinese Disease”]

An Answer.

To you Doctor Gulick [Kauka Kulika]; Aloha oe:—

In the Mar. 30th issue of the Kuokoa, on page 2, there is a statement, “I have been told that Doctor Baldwin [Kauka Baluina] has cured some patients of this type. Is this true? If this is true, he should tell us.” It is to this question that I am responding to. It is indeed true, some people were cured with the medicine I am administering to those with the “Chinese disease.” Five are the number of those who ingested the medicine here in Lahaina. Three of them were totally cured; two, did not follow the instructions for the medicine and followed after this medicine and that medicine Hawaiians are taking for the “mai Pake.” Therefore, I’ve given up on that medicine [for those two]. I’ve given the medicine to a woman in Koolau, Oahu and I’ve heard that her “mai Pake” is somewhat better.

I did not consider prescribing this medicine to a great number of patients from the beginning; but instead to wait, and to see the affects of the medicine and if it was effective or not. Therefore, I watched carefully the people I cared after here in Lahaina; and I am hopeful that all the leprosy patients will be cured with this medicine. Let us not boast, for medicine like this has been given in other countries, and it is said that some have been cured while the illness of other has been persistent. The “Chinese disease” is referred to amongst enlightened Doctors [Kahuna lapaau] as leprosy [lepera]; leprosy is its name; however this is not the exact same thing as the leprosy of the Israelites. Some Doctors from Europe say that if this is a new leprosy, it is curable; if it is an ancient leprosy, it cannot be cured. A skilled Doctor from France, he says, all of the leprosy patients he has seen, both the new and ancient types, are curable only with this medicine.

If we are talking about ancient leprosy, I will mention one of these maii Pake cured in Lahaina. It is a man who is over fifty years of age; he was afflicted with mai Pake for fourteen years; his eyes were swollen, and his ears were knobby, lumpy, swollen, shiny, and thick; his feet and fingers were swollen, and he could do no work. He was treated by the Doctors of Lahaina; I gave him a lot of medicine, without his illness lessening. And I came upon this medicine I am working with, and gave him a pill in the morning and one at night. That is how he took this medicine every day, and three months and a half went by. He was careful in what he ate. His illness lessened; and after those months were over, his disease was entirely cured. This is now a year that he’s been cured, and the disease has not reappeared.

This is ancient leprosy.

I will not say what the name of this medicine is, for it is a poison if an unskilled one uses it. It would not be good if a Hawaiian prescribed this medicine. It is only for educated Doctors and just for them.

I am not the only one with this medicine for leprosy. All of the Haole Doctors in Hawaii have it, and they know well how to prescribe it for leprosy patients. This medicine is made into a liquid sometimes; it is the same medicine. The doctors of Honolulu have prescribed this medicine and other medicines to some leprosy patients, and they were cured. The medicine Book speaks of this medicine as good for leprosy. Dr. Good of London, a haole that is brilliant in doctoring says, “There is no other medicine that is as powerful and good for curing leprosy in all lands.” I spoke with the doctors of Honolulu about this illness, and Dr. Judd made some medicine for me. Doctor Smith [Mika] of Koloa prescribed this drug, and told me that it is a good medicine. Doctor Wetmore [Wetemore] of Hilo assisted me greatly in this effort, and said, “Try this medicine for the leprosy patients in Lahaina.”

If this is how prepared the Haole Doctors are for this disease, where does the problem lie with leprosy amongst us? Here is the problem; most of the leprosy patients are terribly simpleminded. They want to get cured quickly and follow after this or that foolishness called a medicine that works. There are many Hawaiians, uneducated people, who are treating leprosy, prescribing this medicine and that, haole medicine as well as Hawaiian medicine. One person says, “You will be cured with awa.” There are many who are fond of pain killers [penikila]; some cut their flesh with a piece of glass; and some here in Lahaina persist in eating cat, because some Chinese said, if they eat cat meat, they will be cured. In the year 1863, there were 50 leprosy patients in Lahaina—ten of them died that year. The illness of some of them was not that severe, but they died. In my opinion, they died because of bad medical treatment. These days, some of us who have this disease, they are strong and fine; they have an appetite, and go around here and there, but while they are strong, they die all of a sudden. What is tha about? His doctor is blind. It would be good to punish them for murder.

This land will be blessed by the good law for the leprosy patients that was passed this year. Those people must be segregated, or the land will be full of that horrible thing. I do not believe that it is right to put the patients on a ship and send them to another island, or the islands will become infested. It would be better that there be some small buildings where they are to live—two on Hawaii, two on Maui, and one on Oahu, and so forth. If it is done correctly, and if it is the Haole Doctor that does the treating, I am hopeful that in less than five years’ time, leprosy will be gone from the land.

With aloha,

D. Baldwin.

[Read this article, and then read the following post…]

(Kuokoa, 4/13/1865, p. 1)

Mai Pake.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke IV, Helu 15, Aoao 1. Aperila 13, 1865.