Book of Nationalistic Songs, 1896.

He Buke Mele Lahui.

The Editor gifted a copy of the Buke Mele Lahui, Volume 1 to this Office, and we glanced through its pages. It is a book of 112 pages aside from the advertisements, table of contents and introduction by Mr. F (riend) Joseph Testa (Hoke). There are approximately 240 or more mele within. The first mele is Ai Pohaku and the last is Ai-manu Koolau. This is a good book for the Hawaiian libraries of those who like to keep books. The price is 25 cents.

[This publication was reprinted by the Hawaiian Historical Society in 2003, and is available in hardback for $60, or if you are a member of the Historical Society, $48! Check out the many books available from the Historical Society here.]

(Kuokoa, 1/10/1896, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXV, Helu 2, Aoao 2. Ianuari 10, 1896.


Reissue of copyright for J. W. H. Kauwahi’s “Kuhikuhi o Kanaka Hawaii,” 1868.


BE IT REMEMBERED THAT, ON THE 1st day of February, A. D. 1858, J. W. H. KAUWAHI, of Lahainaluna, Island of Maui, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as author, in the words following, to wit:

“Kuhikuhi o Kanaka Hawaii.”

Now, therefore, know all men by these presents, that I, L. Kamehameha, H. H. M.’s Minister of the Interior, in accordance with a resolution of the King in Privy Council, bearing date the 15th day of February, 1858, and by virtue of the authority in me vested by Section 1st of the general provisions of Article 4. Chapter 7, of the Act to organize the Executive Departments—laws 1845 and 1846—do hereby grant unto the said J. W. H. Kauwahi, his executors, administrators and assigns, the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing and vending the said book of forms in the Hawaiian Islands, for the term of ten years from the 15th day of February, A. D. 1858.

In testimony whereof I, L. Kamehameha, His Majesty’s Minister of the Interior, have caused the seal of the Interior office to be hereunto affixed this 18th day of February, A. D. 1859.  L. KAMEHAMEHA.

Be it remembered that, on the 22d day of February, A. D. 1868, J. W. H. Kauwahi, of Lahaina, Island of Maui, in accordance with Section 3d of an Act “To encourage learning in this Kingdom, by securing the copies of charts, maps and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies,” approved on the 31st day of December, 1864, has deposited in this office a copy of his book, entitled,


The rights of which he claims as author.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Interior Department to be affixed at Honolulu, this 18th day of March, A. D. 1868.


Minister of the Interior.

[Wow. I have personally not seen a copyright issued before in the Kingdom. I wonder how many were issued total. I came across this announcement and recalled a recent post on this publication put up by the Hawaiian Historical Society. What a coincidence.]

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 4/18/1868, p. 2)


The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XII, Number 40, Page 2. April 18, 1868.

O ko’u aupuni, he aupuni palapala ko’u, 1837.

From the Salem Gazette.

Please Exchange.”—On Friday, we received a file of the “Sandwich Island Gazette and Journal of Commerce,” with a request, on the outside of the package, to “Please Exchange.” On inspection of the parcel, we find the file is complete, from the establishment of the paper, the 30th of July last, during a period of four months. It is of small size, and printed weekly, at six dollars a year. The papers affords many paragraphs which are not without interest, as showing the state of society and affairs at the Islands. For the present, we content ourselves with quoting a royal letter:—

From the Sandwich Island Gazette.

Letter from the King.—We give a translation of a letter from His Majesty Kauikeauoli [Kauikeaouli], in reply to our application to him for permission to work our press, and publish a newspaper in this place.—The translation is literal, but its import is plain.

“To Stephen D. Mackintosh.

Honolulu, Oahu.

I assent to the letter which you sent me. It affords me pleasure to see the works of other lands and things that are new. If I was there, I should very much desire to see. I have said to Kinau, make printing presses. My thought is ended. Love to you and Reynolds.

By King Kauikeauoli.”

[This was a pretty exciting find. Kamehameha III proclaimed that his kingdom would be a kingdom of reading and writing. And indeed it was. Kamehameha III encourages the printing of newspapers, and here he writes, “If I was there…” because it seems he was in Kailua, Hawaii at the time, while the newspaper was to be printed in Honolulu. Unfortunately, The Sandwich Island Gazette and Journal of Commerce which ran from 7/30/1836 to 7/27/1839 is not available online at Chronicling America as of yet.

For more on this first English newspaper in Hawaii nei, see “Hawaii’s first English Newspaper and Its Editor,” by Helen P. Hoyt, appearing in the Annual Report of the Hawaiian Historical Society in 1954.]

(Constantine Republican, 5/31/1837, p. 2)

From the Salem Gazette.

Constantine Republican, Volume I, Number 48, page 2. May 31, 1837.

Boat races celebrating the 49th birthday of King Kalakaua, 1885.

[Found under: “Ka La 16 o Novemaba.”]


1—Yacht race [Heihei moku liilii]; Healani, Kahihilani, and Pokii, the one with the first name won.

2—Four-oared boat race, stationary seats [Heihei waapa eha hoe, noho’na kupaa]; Alvina, and Pualii, the first one won.

3—Canoe race. There were two canoes in this race, Mokauea and another, and the one with the first name won.

4—Whaleboat race [Heihei waapa hueloboti], Lanai and Homai; the one with the last name won.

5—Six-oared boat race of the senior crews of the Myrtle Boat Club and the Iolani Boat Club. Alice M. and Poomaikelani are the boats that raced, and the one with the last name won.

6—Swimming race, Mahuka, David, Kuia, and Koamahu, with the one with the last name winning.

7—Single scull race [Heihei waapa pukahi], but there was no race because of a lack of good conditions at the race grounds that day, being that the ocean was blustery [e ooloku ana].

8—Six-oared boat race of the junior crews of the Myrtle Boat Club and Kaiulani Boat Club. Alice M and Kaiulani were the boats that competed with the one with the last name winning.

This was the end of the races from the morning until 12 noon. 21 guns were sounded, and the scheduled races took an intermission. At this time, the boats of the Blacksmiths [Amara] and the Mechanics [Hana Lima Akamai] arrived at the grounds; Puaala and Malia were their boats with Puaala of the Blacksmiths winning.


9—Yacht race [Heihei moku liilii], Pokii, Mabel, Pauline, Lina and Commodore; with the one with the first name winning.

10—Racine canoe race [Heihei waapa], but they did not race.

11—Four-oared boats of the senior crews of Myrtle Boat Club and Iolani Boat Club; Alf Rogers and Poomaikelani, with the one with the first name winning.

12—Canoe sailing race [Heihei waa pe-a], Fleur de Lis, Mignon, Tippecanoe, and Pokui, with the one with the last name winning.

13—Diving Contest [Heihei luu], open to all, and Pelehu won with the time of 2 min. 54 seconds.

14—Whaleboat race with five oars; Lanai, Homai, and Kawaihae; Homai won.

15—Six-oared boats of the junior crews of the Myrtle Boat Club and Kaiulani Boat Club; Alf Rogers and Kaiulani, with the one with the last name winning.

16—Single sculls race [Heihei waapa pukahi], Novice, Malolo, and Benicia, with the one with the last name winning.

17—Launch race [Heihei lana], Kuliaikanuu and Hanakeoki, with the one with the first name taking the win, although it was contested.

It was a breezy day, and the race grounds outside were blustery, but not so inside; a sudden shower sprinkled down but not so much; the citizens were filled with joy that day; some were drunk, and some fought, while some gambled, some were lucky and some were routed. In the evening the cannons again sounded.

[I was reminded of this by today’s post by the Hawaiian Historical Society of a picture of the Poomaikelani (from the Hawaii State Archives)!]

(Kuokoa, 11/21/1885, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXIV, Helu 47, Aoao 3. Novemaba 21, 1885.

Episcopal Church in Hawaii, 1861.

[Found under: “NOTES OF THE WEEK.”]

We are frequently inquired of whether anything definite has been done towards establishing an Episcopal Church at Honolulu. By the following, which we extract from the London Examiner of March 9, our readers will be gratified to learn that the matter is in progress and has been referred to a committee consisting of responsible and intelligent men, who will probably see that it is carried to a successful issue. It will be a source of great pleasure not only to us but to all interested in the progress of religion in the Pacific, to announce that the establishment of an Episcopal Church here, has been fully decided upon: Continue reading

Walking around Honolulu, 1853.


Oftentimes it is difficult to picture what places looked like and where they were situated. This paper appearing in Thrum’s Hawaiian Almanac and Annual for 1898 by Warren Goodale and supplemented by Thomas G. Thrum is an interesting read because it show buildings of old Honolulu from lithographs (in the collection of the Hawaiian Historical Society) done by Paul Emmert, and describes locations of the buildings.

[One of yesterday’s posts mentioned Kalakaua boarding a skiff makai of Halemahoe, which appears in this paper as Hale Mahoe. Luckily this volume and most years of Thrum’s Almanac and Annual are available online. For this particular article, click on the image below.]

Paul Emmert Lithograph No. 1

“HONOLULU IN 1853.” Hawaiian Almanac and Annual for 1898, pp 80-104.

Hawaiian Historical Society collection, 1892.

[Found under: “NU HOU KULOKO.”]

The number of books and documents accumulated in the library of the Hawaiian Historical Society [Ahahui Hoopaa Moolelo Hawaii] is 2,247. Mr. Hoes, the person whose duty it is to organize and care for the books, is most careful.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 12/7/1892, p. 3)

He 2,247...

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 598, Aoao 3. Dekemaba 7, 1892.