Hawaiian Historical Society Calendar, 2019.

I forgot to mention when I posted the nupepa calendar for this year, that we shouldn’t forget to order the Hawaiian Historical Society Calendar. It is filled with historic happenings for practically each day of the month! And for every month there is a classic image to boot. For more information, click here.



More on Kupopolo Heiau, 1905.


A Committee From the Historical Society Views the Ruins Under the Escort of the Promotion Committee.


Did it ever fall to your lot to go on a personally conducted excursion in quest of an old Hawaiian Heiau, or temple of worship? That has fallen to my lot—and it was a most pleasantly conducted excursion. It was conducted by Mr. E. M. Boyd, Secretary of the Promotion Committee, and Mr. Fred. C. Smith, General Passenger Agent of the Oahu Railway Company, and two more efficient conductors are seldom sent out in charge of one small party. The excursion, which took place yesterday, came  about in this way: A little time ago, Mr. Thomas G. Thrum, antiquarian and historian, came upon the ruins of an old Hawaiian heathen temple at a point about four miles beyond the Haleiwa Hotel, and within plain sight from the railway and the public road. This was, in many ways, a most remarkable find. It is perhaps the closest heiau to Honolulu, since the destruction of the one at Moiliili, and the wonder is that it had been lost to knowledge so long. In fact, it would not, perhaps, save for the fact that it has been taken all these years for a cattle pen. Indeed, from the line of the railway and from the public road, too, it does look precisely like a cattle pen lying back against the steep slope of the hill.


But, when Mr. Thrum made known the facts of his find, of course the interest of all concerned with Hawaiian antiquities was aroused. The Historical Society members talked of the matter, and the Promotion Committee took the thing up. A heathen temple of the old days, a genuine antique, was worth while as a tourist asset. And out of this various interest in the matter grew the personally conducted excursion of yesterday over the Oahu railway.

For if the heiau was to be preserved, it was essential that experts should be consulted upon its preservation. No experts could be so well advised as to the proper steps to take as those of the Historical Society. Nobody had a more legitimate interest in bringing these experts to view the heiau than the Promotion Committee. Therefore, Mr. Fred Smith was called into the consultation, and Mr. Boyd sent out his invitations for the personally conducted excursion.


All those who had been invited could not go, unfortunately, but the gathering was representative. In the party were Dr. Sereno E. Bishop, Dr. N. B. Emerson, Thomas G. Thrum, Prof. William Alason Bryan, assistant curator at Bishop’s Museum, President Griffith of Oahu College, E. S. Dodge of the Bishop Estate and W. W. Hall, Treasurer of the Historical Society. The party gathered at the Oahu Railway Station, and was whirled away down the road, in a private car and a drizzle of rain. The car was most comfortable, having an observation platform and cosy chairs and all the comforts that go with modern railway travel. The drizzle of rain was not at all uncomfortable, serving to cool the air of what might otherwise have been a hot day, but it did not give promise for a successful excursion for purposes of observation. Which only goes to show that the weather is uncertain, even in Hawaii, for while the sun shone at not time during the day, the rain presently went away mauka, and the day became perfect for the purposes of the expedition. If it had been made to order, it could not have been better.


Away and away through the rice fields and the kiawe thickets that lie on this side of Pearl City, the special train sped fast, riding as smoothly as it might hav done on one of the big mainland railroads. You may not have noticed that the Oahu road is perfectly ballasted, and in fine order, and that its trains run with little jar at high speed. But that is the fact. Past the wide cane fields of Ewa and Oahu, and the sisal plantation, the train rushed onward, and around the mountains that come down close to the line at Waianae. They are rugged hills, opening back into a succession of beautiful valleys at the far heads of which tower cliffs serried with waterways dropping straight down, it seems for thousands of feet. And on the other hand, is the blue sea. It was a still sea, yesterday, until Kaena Point was passed. Then the rollers came dashing in upon the rocks.


Still on and on sped the train, and presently the cliffs fell back for the land of Waialua and, with a sugar mill in the background, there appeared the little white targets that mark the holes of the Haleiwa golf course. The train rushed by the depot at Waialua, to the amazed wonder of a lot of little Japs and Chinese and native children, and the evident amusement of a couple of very bright looking small haole boys, who waved their hands and smiled at us, on the observation platform of the special.

“Some of your caddies?” I said to Mr. Boyd.

“Not at all. One of those boys plays a very good game of golf,” replied the Secretary of the Promotion Committee in a tone of grave respect.

I don’t know that anybody has ever said that in the love of a sport the grown up and the little chap meet on a common level, but it is true.


Past the Haleiwa, too, our train rushed, and in a few minutes we saw the Heiau of Kupopolo over against the precipitous hill on the left of the track, looking exactly like a cattle pen in the distance. But we went on past it. Mr. Fred Smith desired to show his guests the beautiful gorge through which Waimea steam breaks to the sea, and the train was run to the middle of the bridge across the river. It is a wonderful gorge, wild and beautiful, and the glimpse of the valley further up is one of the best scenic bits on this island of Oahu. The stream is beautiful, too, and yesterday it was especially fine, a tawny flood pouring into the ocean a mass of water that discolored the sea for several miles. Upon the high bluff, just across this stream, are the ruins of the temple of the priests, with which ruins are associated that old tale of the massacre of the Daedelus men. You will read all about that in the histories.


The train was then run back to the Heiau that we had come to see, or that the antiquarians in the party had come to see that they might discuss its restoration intelligently, and the party left the car and made its way up the slope to the old temple.

It was a walk, perhaps, of a little less than an eighth of a mmile, climbing a gentle slope all the way. Truly those old Hawaiians chose sightly places to worship in. From the temple, the countryside sweeps away to the southward in a long stretch that would joy the soul of a painter. The sea is in front, and to the northward, where the mountain range runs down to the water, there is a variation of the prospect that is pleasing.

The Heiau, so far as any living person knows, is one of which there is no record in Hawaiian tradition. It had a local name, “Kupopolo,” but no special significance attaches to that. It is a large double structure, as shown in the diagram herewith prepared by Mr. Thrum. It lies as nearly as can be ascertained by a pocket compass, north and south in its greatest dimension, the peculiar entrance being on the northwestern corner. The temple faces west. The entrance—there is trace of but one—was a narrow way, apparently, between two walls of stone masonry. Continue reading

Book of Nationalistic Songs, 1896.

He Buke Mele Lahui.

The Editor gifted a copy of the Buke Mele Lahui, Volume 1 to this Office, and we glanced through its pages. It is a book of 112 pages aside from the advertisements, table of contents and introduction by Mr. F (riend) Joseph Testa (Hoke). There are approximately 240 or more mele within. The first mele is Ai Pohaku and the last is Ai-manu Koolau. This is a good book for the Hawaiian libraries of those who like to keep books. The price is 25 cents.

[This publication was reprinted by the Hawaiian Historical Society in 2003, and is available in hardback for $60, or if you are a member of the Historical Society, $48! Check out the many books available from the Historical Society here.]

(Kuokoa, 1/10/1896, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXV, Helu 2, Aoao 2. Ianuari 10, 1896.

Reissue of copyright for J. W. H. Kauwahi’s “Kuhikuhi o Kanaka Hawaii,” 1868.


BE IT REMEMBERED THAT, ON THE 1st day of February, A. D. 1858, J. W. H. KAUWAHI, of Lahainaluna, Island of Maui, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as author, in the words following, to wit:

“Kuhikuhi o Kanaka Hawaii.”

Now, therefore, know all men by these presents, that I, L. Kamehameha, H. H. M.’s Minister of the Interior, in accordance with a resolution of the King in Privy Council, bearing date the 15th day of February, 1858, and by virtue of the authority in me vested by Section 1st of the general provisions of Article 4. Chapter 7, of the Act to organize the Executive Departments—laws 1845 and 1846—do hereby grant unto the said J. W. H. Kauwahi, his executors, administrators and assigns, the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing and vending the said book of forms in the Hawaiian Islands, for the term of ten years from the 15th day of February, A. D. 1858.

In testimony whereof I, L. Kamehameha, His Majesty’s Minister of the Interior, have caused the seal of the Interior office to be hereunto affixed this 18th day of February, A. D. 1859.  L. KAMEHAMEHA.

Be it remembered that, on the 22d day of February, A. D. 1868, J. W. H. Kauwahi, of Lahaina, Island of Maui, in accordance with Section 3d of an Act “To encourage learning in this Kingdom, by securing the copies of charts, maps and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies,” approved on the 31st day of December, 1864, has deposited in this office a copy of his book, entitled,


The rights of which he claims as author.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Interior Department to be affixed at Honolulu, this 18th day of March, A. D. 1868.


Minister of the Interior.

[Wow. I have personally not seen a copyright issued before in the Kingdom. I wonder how many were issued total. I came across this announcement and recalled a recent post on this publication put up by the Hawaiian Historical Society. What a coincidence.]

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 4/18/1868, p. 2)


The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XII, Number 40, Page 2. April 18, 1868.

O ko’u aupuni, he aupuni palapala ko’u, 1837.

From the Salem Gazette.

Please Exchange.”—On Friday, we received a file of the “Sandwich Island Gazette and Journal of Commerce,” with a request, on the outside of the package, to “Please Exchange.” On inspection of the parcel, we find the file is complete, from the establishment of the paper, the 30th of July last, during a period of four months. It is of small size, and printed weekly, at six dollars a year. The papers affords many paragraphs which are not without interest, as showing the state of society and affairs at the Islands. For the present, we content ourselves with quoting a royal letter:—

From the Sandwich Island Gazette.

Letter from the King.—We give a translation of a letter from His Majesty Kauikeauoli [Kauikeaouli], in reply to our application to him for permission to work our press, and publish a newspaper in this place.—The translation is literal, but its import is plain.

“To Stephen D. Mackintosh.

Honolulu, Oahu.

I assent to the letter which you sent me. It affords me pleasure to see the works of other lands and things that are new. If I was there, I should very much desire to see. I have said to Kinau, make printing presses. My thought is ended. Love to you and Reynolds.

By King Kauikeauoli.”

[This was a pretty exciting find. Kamehameha III proclaimed that his kingdom would be a kingdom of reading and writing. And indeed it was. Kamehameha III encourages the printing of newspapers, and here he writes, “If I was there…” because it seems he was in Kailua, Hawaii at the time, while the newspaper was to be printed in Honolulu. Unfortunately, The Sandwich Island Gazette and Journal of Commerce which ran from 7/30/1836 to 7/27/1839 is not available online at Chronicling America as of yet.

For more on this first English newspaper in Hawaii nei, see “Hawaii’s first English Newspaper and Its Editor,” by Helen P. Hoyt, appearing in the Annual Report of the Hawaiian Historical Society in 1954.]

(Constantine Republican, 5/31/1837, p. 2)

From the Salem Gazette.

Constantine Republican, Volume I, Number 48, page 2. May 31, 1837.

Boat races celebrating the 49th birthday of King Kalakaua, 1885.

[Found under: “Ka La 16 o Novemaba.”]


1—Yacht race [Heihei moku liilii]; Healani, Kahihilani, and Pokii, the one with the first name won.

2—Four-oared boat race, stationary seats [Heihei waapa eha hoe, noho’na kupaa]; Alvina, and Pualii, the first one won.

3—Canoe race. There were two canoes in this race, Mokauea and another, and the one with the first name won.

4—Whaleboat race [Heihei waapa hueloboti], Lanai and Homai; the one with the last name won.

5—Six-oared boat race of the senior crews of the Myrtle Boat Club and the Iolani Boat Club. Alice M. and Poomaikelani are the boats that raced, and the one with the last name won.

6—Swimming race, Mahuka, David, Kuia, and Koamahu, with the one with the last name winning.

7—Single scull race [Heihei waapa pukahi], but there was no race because of a lack of good conditions at the race grounds that day, being that the ocean was blustery [e ooloku ana].

8—Six-oared boat race of the junior crews of the Myrtle Boat Club and Kaiulani Boat Club. Alice M and Kaiulani were the boats that competed with the one with the last name winning.

This was the end of the races from the morning until 12 noon. 21 guns were sounded, and the scheduled races took an intermission. At this time, the boats of the Blacksmiths [Amara] and the Mechanics [Hana Lima Akamai] arrived at the grounds; Puaala and Malia were their boats with Puaala of the Blacksmiths winning.


9—Yacht race [Heihei moku liilii], Pokii, Mabel, Pauline, Lina and Commodore; with the one with the first name winning.

10—Racine canoe race [Heihei waapa], but they did not race.

11—Four-oared boats of the senior crews of Myrtle Boat Club and Iolani Boat Club; Alf Rogers and Poomaikelani, with the one with the first name winning.

12—Canoe sailing race [Heihei waa pe-a], Fleur de Lis, Mignon, Tippecanoe, and Pokui, with the one with the last name winning.

13—Diving Contest [Heihei luu], open to all, and Pelehu won with the time of 2 min. 54 seconds.

14—Whaleboat race with five oars; Lanai, Homai, and Kawaihae; Homai won.

15—Six-oared boats of the junior crews of the Myrtle Boat Club and Kaiulani Boat Club; Alf Rogers and Kaiulani, with the one with the last name winning.

16—Single sculls race [Heihei waapa pukahi], Novice, Malolo, and Benicia, with the one with the last name winning.

17—Launch race [Heihei lana], Kuliaikanuu and Hanakeoki, with the one with the first name taking the win, although it was contested.

It was a breezy day, and the race grounds outside were blustery, but not so inside; a sudden shower sprinkled down but not so much; the citizens were filled with joy that day; some were drunk, and some fought, while some gambled, some were lucky and some were routed. In the evening the cannons again sounded.

[I was reminded of this by today’s post by the Hawaiian Historical Society of a picture of the Poomaikelani (from the Hawaii State Archives)!]

(Kuokoa, 11/21/1885, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXIV, Helu 47, Aoao 3. Novemaba 21, 1885.

Episcopal Church in Hawaii, 1861.

[Found under: “NOTES OF THE WEEK.”]

We are frequently inquired of whether anything definite has been done towards establishing an Episcopal Church at Honolulu. By the following, which we extract from the London Examiner of March 9, our readers will be gratified to learn that the matter is in progress and has been referred to a committee consisting of responsible and intelligent men, who will probably see that it is carried to a successful issue. It will be a source of great pleasure not only to us but to all interested in the progress of religion in the Pacific, to announce that the establishment of an Episcopal Church here, has been fully decided upon: Continue reading

Walking around Honolulu, 1853.


Oftentimes it is difficult to picture what places looked like and where they were situated. This paper appearing in Thrum’s Hawaiian Almanac and Annual for 1898 by Warren Goodale and supplemented by Thomas G. Thrum is an interesting read because it show buildings of old Honolulu from lithographs (in the collection of the Hawaiian Historical Society) done by Paul Emmert, and describes locations of the buildings.

[One of yesterday’s posts mentioned Kalakaua boarding a skiff makai of Halemahoe, which appears in this paper as Hale Mahoe. Luckily this volume and most years of Thrum’s Almanac and Annual are available online. For this particular article, click on the image below.]

Paul Emmert Lithograph No. 1

“HONOLULU IN 1853.” Hawaiian Almanac and Annual for 1898, pp 80-104.

Hawaiian Historical Society collection, 1892.

[Found under: “NU HOU KULOKO.”]

The number of books and documents accumulated in the library of the Hawaiian Historical Society [Ahahui Hoopaa Moolelo Hawaii] is 2,247. Mr. Hoes, the person whose duty it is to organize and care for the books, is most careful.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 12/7/1892, p. 3)

He 2,247...

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 598, Aoao 3. Dekemaba 7, 1892.

Hawaiian Historical Society seeking donations, 1892.


The HAWAIIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY [AHAHUI MOOLELO HAWAII] is looking for all the newspapers that were published in the Hawaiian language. Should a reader be in the possession of old newspapers, please donate them or sell them to us perhaps. Send correspondence regarding to this announcement to the secretary of the society. REV. C. M. HYDE. Post Office Box 67, Honolulu.

(Kuokoa, 4/9/1862, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXI, Helu 15, Aoao 3. Aperila 9, 1862.