Kamehameha III’s new royal standard, 1845.

Foreign Office, May 14th, 1845.

Sir,—I am commanded by the King, to make known to you His Majesty’s thanks for the kind courtesy with which you have allowed one of your men to prepare his Royal Standard, according to the national devices arranged at the Herald’s Office, in London. Continue reading


The Hawaiian flag in British waters, 1853.

A Maritime Novelty.—The arrival of the Hawaiian brig Magdalia, Capt. Taber, exhibited quite a Fourth of July novelty in our harbor. It was the first time that the royal flag of the far-off kingdom in the Pacific had ever been displayed in these waters, and a very good-looking flag it is, blending the main features of the American, British, and French national colors. The union is a mixture of St. George’s cross with some other devices which we do not understand, and look at a casual view almost identical with that of the British flag, while the body of the Kanaka ensign shows eight stripes, alternately of white, blue, and red; and, as it flung its folds to the breeze it seemed an appropriate emblem of independence, and a fitting accompaniment of our own rejoicings on the glorious day we were celebrating. Continue reading

Peleioholani’s response to the Queen? 1902.


A Hawaiian Chief Who Fought in Africa.


Decapitated Morrocan of High Rank—Was Owner of Famous Feather Cloak.

WITHIN THREE months a stalwart Hawaiian will leave Honolulu and journey to London to attend the reunion of the survivors of one of England’s wars of conquest fought more than thirty years ago. Upon the Hawaiian’s body are the scars inflicted by sword, spear and bullets, received while he was fighting under the flag of St. George in the service of Queen Victoria upon the battlefields of Southern Africa. According to a romantic story which the Hawaiian tells, few amongst the veterans who will gather in the capital of the British nation will have more honorable records for bravery and conspicuous gallantry in the face of a dark-skinned enemy than he, and few will there be whose entire lives are so wrapped in a halo of romance. Linked with this Hawaiian’s life are those of Kings and Queens, Dukes and Admirals, Generals and Captains, and yet today he is an humble resident of the Hawaiian Islands. Continue reading

Just because something appears in a newspaper doesn’t necessarily make it true, 1865.

[Found under: “NOTES OF THE WEEK.”]

News from a Far Country.—The following item is clipped from the Weekly London Times:

An Irish Queen in the Sandwich Islands.—The fact that Queen Emma of the Sandwich Islands is expected in Europe gives interest to the following details:—The Sandwich Islands were thus named in 1778, by Captain Cook, in honor of Lord Sandwich, then First Lord of the Admirality. The inhabitants are of the Polynesian race, and were long governed by a number of native chiefs perpetually at war with each other. In 1784 one of them, Kamehameha I., subjected all the islands to his authority, established a monarchy, took up his residence in the town of Honolulu, in the island of Oahu, and reigned until his death in 1819. His dynasty is still on the throne. The present King, Kamehameha V., aged thirty-five, succeeded his brother, who had left no children, in 1863. He has reformed the constitution of the State, favoured trade, manufactures, and the settlement of foreigners, and has acquired the love of his people. The Minister of Finance, M. Crosnier de Varigny, is a Frenchman; the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Wilkie, was born in Scotland; and the Minister of Interior, Mr. Hopkins, is a native of London; the Minister of Justice and the Chancellor, Mr. Harris and Mr. Allen, are both citizens of the United States. This Cabinet is much esteemed by the Chambers. Queen Emma is a native of Ireland, and is aged twenty-nine. She married in 1856 Kamehameha IV., the late King, but lost her only son in 1862, and her husband in the following year. Queen Victoria has placed a ship of war at her disposal for her voyages to Europe, where she intends to visit successively England, France and Germany.

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 9/30/1865, p. 2)

News from a Far Country...

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume X, Number 13, Page 2. September 30, 1865.

A protest by the United States of America, 1843.


In the name and on behalf of the people of the United States of America and their Government, which the undersigned has the honor to represent, and in order to explain clearly for the information of all concerned, is issued, A PROTEST.

Whereas a provisional cession of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Islands was made by His Majesty Kamehameha III., King, and Kekauluohi Premier thereof, unto the Honorable George Paulet, Commanding Her Britannic Majesty’s Ship Carysfort, (to wit) on the twenty fifth day of February, eighteen hundred and forty three;—and whereas, the United States’ interests and those of their citizens resident in the aforesaid Hawaiian Islands are deeply involved in a seizure of His Majesty’s Government under the circumstances; as well as in the act of the aforesaid King and Premier acceding thereto under protest or otherwise, to affect the interests before cited: Now therefore be it known, that I solemnly Protest against every act and measure in the premises; and do Declare that from, and after the date of said cession until the termination of the pending negotiations between His Majesty’s envoys and the Government of Her Britannic Majesty, I hold His Majesty Kamehameha III., and Captain Lord George Paulet answerable for any and every act, by which a citizen of the United States, resident as aforesaid, shall be restrained in his just and undisputed rights and privileges, or who may suffer inconvenience or losses, or be forced to submit to any additional charges on imports or other revenue matters, or exactions in regard to the administration of any municipal laws whatever, enacted by the “Commission” consisting of His Majesty, King Kamehameha III., or his Deputy of the aforesaid Islands, and the Right Hon. Lord George Paulet, Duncan Forbes Mackay, Esq., and Lieut. Frere, R. N.

Given under my hand, on board the U. S. Ship Constellation, at anchor off Honolulu, Oahu, this eleventh day of July, eighteen hundred and forty three.

LAWRENCE KEARNEY, Commander in Chief of the U. S. Naval Force in the E. Indies.

(Nonanona, 7/25/1843, p. 21)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 5, Aoao 21. Iulai 25, 1843.

Palapala hoole na Amerika Huipuia, 1843.


Ma ka inoa, a ma ka aoao hoi o na kanaka o Amerika Huipuia a me ko lakou aupuni, (owau, ka mea i kakauia ka inoa malalo, he luna au no ia aupuni) a i mea hoi e hoakaka aku i na kanaka a pau i kuleana ma keia mea, ua hoopukaia’ku nei,


No ka hoolilo ana o Kamehameha III, ke alii, a me Kekauluohi ke kuhina, i keia pae aina o Hawaii nei ia George Paulet, kapena o ka moku Beritania, Carysfort, ma ka la 25 o Feberuari, 1843; a no ka owiliia hoi o ka waiwai a me na hana a ko Amerika poe noho maanei, i loko o ia kaili ana o keia aupuni, a iloko hoi o ia hana a ke alii, a me ke kuhina, ma ia hoolilo ana, (me ka hoole paha, me ka ole paha)—

Nolaila, ke hoike aku nei au i keia: Ke hoole ikaika aku nei au i keia mau hana a pau.

Eia hoi ka’u e hai aku ai: Mai ka la ma i lilo ai keia aupuni a hiki i ka wa e pau ai ka hana pu ana a na luna o Kamehameha III, me ko Beritania aupuni, maluna o Kamehameha III, a me Kapena Haku George Paulet e kau ai ka hewa o kela hana, keia hana e poho ai ka pono akaka o ko Amerika poe e noho nei i keia pae aina. [O laua no ke hewa] ina paha e keakeaia ke kahi kanaka o Amerika Huipuia, a ina paha e poho ko lakou waiwai, a ina paha e koiia lakou e uku i dute hooi ma ka waiwai i laweia mai, a ma na mea e paha o ke aupuni, a ina paha e hooukuia lakou ma ka hooko ana i kekahi o na kanawai a pau i hanaia e “ka poe luna Beritania,” oia hoi ke alii, Kamehameha III, a o kona pani hakahaka paha, a me Haku George Paulet, a me Duncan Forbes Mackay Esquire, a me Lieutenant Frere, no ka manuwa Beritania.

Hanaia keia ma kuu lima maluna o ka moku manuwa o Amerika Huipuia, o Constellation ka inoa, a ke ku nei ia mawaho, ma Honolulu (Oahu.) i keia la umikumamakahi o Iulai, 1843.

LAWRENCE KEARNY, aliii nui maluna o na manuwa a pau o Amerika Huipuia ma Asia.

(Nonanona, 7/25/1843, p. 21)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 3, Aoao 21. Iulai 25, 1843.

Episcopal Church in Hawaii, 1861.

[Found under: “NOTES OF THE WEEK.”]

We are frequently inquired of whether anything definite has been done towards establishing an Episcopal Church at Honolulu. By the following, which we extract from the London Examiner of March 9, our readers will be gratified to learn that the matter is in progress and has been referred to a committee consisting of responsible and intelligent men, who will probably see that it is carried to a successful issue. It will be a source of great pleasure not only to us but to all interested in the progress of religion in the Pacific, to announce that the establishment of an Episcopal Church here, has been fully decided upon: Continue reading

Queen’s Hospital news from George Pooloa, 1930.


(Written by George Pooloa)

John Young is a grandchild of Queen Emma. Here at Queen Emma Hall [Kuini Ema Holo], the precious gifts from Britain are being cared for. In this Hall you can see antiquities of times gone by along with portraits of Queen Emma; Kamehameha IV, Liholiho; and the Prince, Kahakuohawaii. The favorite of Kamehameha IV was dogs, and when he was done eating, he would say, “That tiny pig was so delicious.”

[This is one of many articles written by George Pooloa in the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers. Many of his contributions are historical accounts. See here for an excerpt of one of them speaking of the naming of Hanauma: naneaarmstrongwassel on instagram  (as well as all the other articles!)

Does anyone know what became of these portraits and the other antiquities mentioned in this article?]

(Alakai o Hawaii, 2/20/1930, p. 3)


Ke Alakai o Hawaii, Buke 2, Helu 43, Aoao 3. Feberuari 20, 1930.

The Ninth Independence Day, 1852.

Chamberlain’s Notice.

The public are hereby notified that Sunday, the 28th of this month, being the ninth Anniversary of the Joint-Declaration of Great Britain and France to respect the independence of this Kingdom, the day will be kept on Monday, the 29th, as a holiday in the usual manner.

Their Majesties, the King and Queen will hold Court in the Palace at half past 7 o’clock, in the evening, whereat there will be a public reception.

Strangers, (Ladies or gentlemen) desirous of being presented, are requested to bring with them cards signed by the Consuls of their several nations.


Chamberlain’s Office, Nov. 12, 1852.

[The 9th anniversary of La Kuokoa was celebrated under the reign of King Kamehameha III, Kauikeaouli and Queen Kapakuhaili.]

(Polynesian, 11/20/1852, p. 110)

Chamberlain's Notice.

The Polynesian, Volume 9, Number 28, Page 110. November 20, 1852.

La Kuokoa information and more… 1700–1999.

For those of you interested, i came across this British Newspaper Archive site. It is unfortunately not free access. But if you want to know what their newspapers were saying about Haalilio and Richards and Paulet and Charlton as it all was going down (or other events that occurred between 1700–1999), it might be worth paying the subscription. Here for example there seem to be some four-thousand articles in the 1840s found using the search term “Sandwich Islands”:


And for the same period, there are five hits for “Haalilio”:


[Being that it is a pay for view site, i don’t believe that i would be able to repost articles found there even if i spent the money for a subscription myself…]