Kea tree, 1857.

Strong Wood.

O Hae Hawaii:

Aloha oe; here is a new tree that I have seen; this tree grows in the uplands of Nuu, in Kaupo. The name of this tree is Kea; it is a fine tree. You readers will perhaps ask, “What makes this tree a fine tree?” This is why, because of its strength; it is very solid. This is the strongest tree that grows in this archipelago. Its body is black and very rigid, and its leaves are like those of the Uhiuhi This is good wood for building houses; if the wood is placed in earth, it does not rot. The kamaaina of Kaupo say that some houses are 25 years old yet have no rot; some are forty years old or more. This is a familiar tree in Kaupo; and as for the strength of this wood, it is stronger than iron. Should iron have been placed in earth many years ago, its form will change, not so with this wood. That is why I am getting this out, so that my friends may know that this wood is good for standing in…

(Hae Hawaii, 11/18/1857, p. 133)

Ka Hae Hawaii, Buke 2, Ano Hou.—Helu 34, Aoao 133. Novemaba 18, 1857.

[The last few lines above were not legible online. It will be a great day when the images digitized from the originals are uploaded on Papakilo.]

…dirt, like in Lahaina, Honolulu, Hilo, and other places.

The kamaaina say that this wood only grows in Kaupo, and not in other places here on Maui. There are other strong woods that are known: Kapua, Mamane, Aalii, but none are like this. Aloha kaua.

Kipahulu, Maui, H., Nov. 5, 1857.

[Might the Kea referred to here be talking about Uhiuhi?]

(Hae Hawaii, 11/18/1857, p. 134)

Ka Hae Hawaii, Buke 2, Ano Hou.—Helu 34, Aoao 134. Novemaba 18, 1857.


Ke Au Hou, 1910.

[Found under: “Nuhou Kuloko”]

On this Saturday, that being tomorrow, appearing will be the newspaper that is bound as a book, Ke Au Hou, from the printing office of the Hawai Shinpo, and not on Wednesday as was said earlier.

[This is not the Ke Au Hou that was published in 1896 and edited by T. P. Spencer. This is the weekly Ke Au Hou owned and edited by John H. Wise, that runs from 5/4/1910 to 2/28/1912.]

(Kuokoa, 5/6/1910, p. 8)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVII, Helu 18, Aoao 8. Mei 6, 1910.

Salt found at Ukumehame, 1858.


O Hae Hawaii,

Aloha oe:–Please spread the word about this new thing at Ukumehame, that being Salt. This Salt is in the uplands of Papalaau; it is among the high cliffs, as if man gathered it in heaps.

The nature of this Salt: it is hard and expansive like the Salt of Alia at Moanalua on Oahu. The reason that this Salt spread among the cliffs is from water that trickled over the rocks and dirt and became salt.

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Salt, 1860.

Salt from Puuloa.

From old times, Hawaiians knew how to make salt. It was used to season food and to trade with, and yet the salt from Hawaii was not very good. Beef or pork salted with this salt was not so good. If it was left for a while, it would rot. Now however, the salt made at Puuloa is very good; the bitter contents are removed, and they have a mill that grinds it like flour, and like salt from foreign lands. Therefore, the salt from Puuloa is under great demand; it is exported and the land profits.

(Hae Hawaii, 7/25/1860, p. 70)

Ka Hae Hawaii, Buke 5, Ano Hou.—Helu 17, Aoao 70. Iulai 25, 1860.

Salt from Halekou, Kaneohe, 1890.


Here at Halekou, Kaneohe, Koolaupoko, is very nice salt for sale to anyone who wants to buy. Consultation is pleasant, and prices are reasonable, whether it be for a bag, or two, or more, or a ton. I can be found at Halekou, Kaneohe, Koolaupoko, or if not me, my wife.


(Ko Hawaii Paeaina, 2/8/1890, p. 3)

Ko Hawaii Paeaina, Buke XIII, Helu 6, Aoao 3. Feberuari 8, 1890.

Salt from Kealia, Maui, 1856.


I want to tell you about the abundance of salt at Kealia here in Maui.

This year, the salt here in Kealia is very good; and there is a lot.

There has not been a year like this one where there has been so much salt, and so fine; and it appears these days when looking at the salt like there are 4,000 tents in Kealia.

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