Anna Berry, daughter of Kentucky congressman, speaks on annexation, 1898.


As Viewed by an American Woman Miss Anna E Berry of Newport—The Kentucky Congressman’s Daughter Writes Entertainingly of the Native Hawaiians—A Petition to the President.

[Among the ladies who accompanied the congressional party to Hawaii in September was Miss Anna Berry, daughter of Congressman Berry of Kentucky, who has written charmingly of the islands. She brought back many souvenirs of her visit, which are to be seen in her Newport home. The best of all is the Royal Hawaiian standard, the flag which was floating over Queen Liliuokalani when she was deposed. It is to be noted that Miss Berry returned to America with a woman’s sense of the injustice of annexation, from the viewpoint of the native Hawaiian, while the men of the party came back a unit for annexation. The Hawaiian minister to whom Miss Berry refers as a descendant of a Kentucky Governor is Rev. Desha, of Hilo. His grandfather was Governor Desha, of Kentucky, and his father was Isaac B. Desha, who committed a sensational murder at Doggett’s Tavern, a well-known inn of early Kentucky days on the Licking River. The murderer was sentenced to death, and saved by his own father’s pardoning power. The case was one of the most remarkable in American criminal history. He fled to Hawaii where one of his half-native sons is a leading Kanaka minister, and the other is a postal employee.—The Editor of the Kentucky Post.

The recent visit of Senator Morgan and four members of the United States House of Representatives to the Hawaiian Islands aroused among the various peoples of the “Paradise of the Pacific” sentiments and feelings as opposite as the poles. There are indeed various peoples in Hawaii—a very scrapbag of a population—the good with the bad. Here Portuguese and Chinese, Japanese and Germans, Americans and natives jostle one another. Continue reading


On Hoolulu Park, the recycling of pictures, the Kohala-Hilo R.R. Co., and the 4th of July, 1903.

A Picture of the Railroad [Alahao] and Steam Engine [Kaamahu] of the Kohala-Hilo Railway Line.

Horse Race at Hoolulu Park, Hilo—The Turning of the Horses for the Goal—The Horse on the Inside Wins.

The 4th of July in Hilo Hanakahi

The town of Hilo celebrated the Fourth of July for three days, beginning on Thursday (July 2). There truly was great joy in Hilo during those days, and there were many people who came.

In the evening of the said Thursday, the festivities began with a concert put on by the students of Kamehameha School, the government band, and some people of the town, in Haili Church, and it was greatly appreciated.

On the following Friday, that is the day set aside for the lassoing boys. There were twelve events of this meet, and there was good competition. Henry Beckley was the liveliest one at throwing his bull, however, his horse was alarmed at all of the cheering of the people, and began to run. But this was not something that made this youth falter; he removed his handkerchief from his neck and tied his bull with it. The victory for the contest to throw down the steer went to Mani, a Maui boy, and his steer was thrown down and tied in 49 1-2 seconds. For bronc riding, that honor went to Levi Kalako.

The luau went well, held at the residence of the kahu of Haili Church, and the proceeds of this concert came to $500. Appearing at this luau were Queen Liliuokalani, Representative Kalanianaole, Senator Woods, Admiral Beckley, and other distinguished people. When the eating began, the government band played.

The Fourth was greeted with the salute of twenty-one guns, and at nine o’clock, the soldiers marched on the streets, and the government band and the Hilo Band joined in this parade. At the Fish Market Square [Kuea Makeke I’a], speeches were held, and so forth.

At half after ten o’clock, the breaking ground for the Kohala-Hilo Railroad was held, and Philip Peck gave the speech. It was said that the work of this railroad will move forward until what was planned is completed.

At Hoolulu Park was held the festivities of that afternoon. When the races were going on, a ballgame went on with the school boys of Kamehameha, and the victory went to the Hilo club with the score of 12 to 11.

When the races were almost done, Chairman Holmes announced from the area of the race judges that the government band had arrived by the efforts of Admiral Beckley, and the people gave him a cheer.

Later that evening, fireworks were shot off, and the Elks put on a “nigger show [hoikeike nika].”¹ These were the last major events of this Fourth of July.

[This is the same picture of Hoolulu Park found later in the Kuokoa three years later, on 12/7/1906. This kind of recycling of pictures happened back in the day, just as we see it happening today, therefore sometimes it is difficult to date a picture that appears in the newspapers.]

¹This type of entertainment here can be seen spoken of in the Hawaiian newspapers from the mid-1800s to the early 1900s.

(Kuokoa, 7/10/1903, p. 1)

Ka La 4 o Iulai ma Hilo Hanakahi

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLI, Helu 28, Aoao 1. Iulai 10, 1903.

Plans for the building to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the coming of the missionaries, 1914.

New Home Being Built by the Hawaiian Evangelical Association to Cost $70,000

The picture above is a sketch drawn of the new home of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association [Papa Hawaii] to be built on King Street on the old site of the Kawaiahao Girls’ School [Kula Kaikamahine o Kawaiahao], that is estimated to cost about seventy thousand dollars at its completion.

This home of the Papa Hawaii will be built using brick and concrete, and it will be a beautiful house once all the finishing touches are completed.

This house will be build in the style of those of old Virginia of a hundred years ago, like the image above, and it will become a home for all the Christian associations at where to gather.

This new home of the Papa Hawaii will be a center for the many groups to gather during the coming year 1920 when the 100th anniversary of the Papa Hawaii is celebrated, and it is imagined several hundred representatives of the many Churches from around the world will come them.

(Kuokoa, 10/2/1914, p. 1)

Ka Home Hou e Kukuluia Aku Ana o ka Papa Hawaii Nona na Hoolilo he $70,000

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LII, Helu 41, Aoao 1. Okatoba 2, 1914.

More on the 11th of June in Kalaupapa, 1904.

11th of June

Sports at Kalaupapa

High holiday [Kamehameha Day] was kept by the inhabitants of the Leper Settlement throughout the 11th of June. As a matter of fact the jollification began on the eve of Kamehameha Day, with a concert by the “H. H. K.’s” [Hui Hooikaika Kino] or the Kalaupapa Athletic Club, in Beretania hall. The program consisted of athletic exercises, singing, etc.

At 7 a. m., on the 11th the boys of Baldwin Home, Kalawao, headed by their band, set out for Kalaupapa to attend the day’s sports and games. The first event was a shooting match for a dinner, between teams captained by Dr. Goodhue and Superintendent McVeigh. It began at 8 o’clock. The Kalawao band played at short intervals during the match. McVeigh’s team won, so that the doctor’s side had to provide the dinner. Following is the score, ten rounds each:


Shooting match for a dinner furnished by the losing team. The match commenced at 8 a. m. Following are the scores:


J. D. McVeigh ….. 43
J. K. Waiamau ….. 38
Kea Kaehanui ….. 38
M. Klammer ….. 38
J. K. Alapai ….. 36
J. S. Wilmington ….. 32
W. Bruns ….. 31
E. Van Lil ….. 31
Chas. Roth ….. 31
John Forbes ….. 31
Kalani Kaena ….. 30
Wm. Paoo ….. 20
Alex. Smith ….. 19
Punilio ….. 17
Total ….. 435


W. J. Goodhue …. 37
Achong Holuk ….. 36
Jas. Amaka ….. 36
Haumea ….. 34
Kaaihue ….. 34
Geo. Kanikau ….. 34
Geo. Kaaepa ….. 32
Silas Carter ….. 31
J. H. Imihia ….. 31
N. Kealoha ….. 29
I. Hoolapa ….. 29
Chas. Manua ….. 24
D. N. Nawelu ….. 17
Kaha ….. 15
Total ….. 119

The horse races began at 12 o’clock on the quarter mile track. There was a great turnout of the people and enthusiasm ran high. Drays had been sent around the Settlement to fetch all who were unable to walk. The judges were: Jas. Harvest, chairman; George Kanikau, Achong Ho Luk, Jno. K. Waiamau and John T. Unea (teacher). Following is the program of the races with the winners noted:


1. Match Race—½ mile. Purse, $10.00. Entries: Maluikeao, by Jno. Naluai; Spanish, by S. Carter. Won by Spanish.
2. Bicycle Race—½ mile. Free to all. Purse, $3.00. Entries: Jno. Fernandez, Kawehi, A. Galaspo. Won by A. Galespo.
3. Horse Race—½ mile. Free to all; for horses not entered in any race before. Purse, $7.00. Entries: Keahi o Wailuku, by Jno. Naluai; Kalaupapa Girl, by S. Carter. Won by Kalaupapa Girl.
4. Relay Race—½ mile. Free to all. Purse, $4.00. No entries.
5. Pony Race—½ mile. Free to all. Purse, $8.00. Entries: Baltimore, by R. Kekipi; Kalaupapa Girl, by S. Carter; Kaukaiwa, by Ten Sing. Won by Kaukaiwa.
6. Wheelbarrow Race—¼ mile. Purse, $4.00. Entries: D. Ku, J. Kauhane, Kakae, Sol. Momoa. Won by Sol. Momoa.
7. Women’s Horse Race—½ mile. Purse, $5.00. Entries: Lively, by Kaupali; Billy Huihui, by Punohu. Won by Billy Huihui.
8. Barrel Race—¼ mile. Purse, $1.50. Entries: J. Kauhane, Sol. Momoa, Kakae, Hamauku, Kawehi. Won by Sol. Momoa.
9. Horse Race—¼ mile. Free to all. Purse, $5.00. Entries: Maluikeao, by Jno. Naluai; Kaukeano, by S. Carter. Winner undecided. Dead heat.
10. Foot Race—¼ mile. Purse, $2.00. Entries: J. Kauhane, Kawehi, Hulihee, Sol. Momoa. Won by J. Kauhane.
11. Pony Race—¼ mile. Free to all. Purse, $4.00. Entries: Bob, by J. Moloni; Keahi o Wailuku, by Jno. Naluai; Kaukaiwa, by Ten Sing; Kalaupapa Girl, by S. Carter. Won by Kaukaiwa.
12. Saddle Relay Race—½ mile. Purse, $4.00. Entries: 1st team—Kamaka, Levi, Holokahiki, Kaena; 2nd team—Nawelu, Kahaulelio, S. Kaai, Moloni. Won by first team.
13. Scrub Horse Race—½ mile. Purse, $3.00. Entries: Midnight, by J. Moloni; Bay View, by J. Kapuni; Mikimiki, by S. Carter. Won by Bay View.
14. Foot Race—½ mile. For boys under 13 years of age. Purse, $2.00. Entries: J. Hanakahi, Kelii, J. Francisco. Won by J. Hanakahi.
15. Winners’ Horse Race—½ mile. Purse, $12.00. Entries: Spanish, by S. Carter; Kaukaiwa, by Ten Sing. Won by Spanish.


“It was a dandy dinner,” Superintendent McVeigh said yesterday, referring to the evening feast on the shooting match. All the concomitants of a first-class luau were provided, including a bounteous supply of roast pig, together with soda water and cake in abundance. About 120 of the people partook of the repast. The festivities lasted until 12 o’clock Saturday night. In the course of the luau a hearty vote of thanks was passed to the Honolulu contributors of funds for the day’s celebration, with special mention of Acting Governor Atkinson’s agency in soliciting contributions.

“There was never a better behaved crowd,” Mr. McVeigh said with reference to the sports. “At the shooting match nobody was allowed to speak while one was taking aim. They whooped it up, good and strong, after the match and at the horse races.”


A goodly display of flags was made during the day. The Stars and Stripes was flying on the schoolhouse, the storehouse, the Settlement office, the superintendent’s house and the doctor’s house.

A good day’s sport is expected at the Settlement on the Fourth of July, to consist of athletic exercises and games in the daytime and fireworks in the evening. The good-hearted Honolulu folks will no doubt make timely contributions of money and articles of values for prizes.

[This article followed the illustration by John K. Waiamau posted earlier today.]

(Hawaiian Gazette, 6/17/1904, p. 5)

11th of June

Hawaiian Gazette, Volume XXXIX, Number 49, Page 5. June 17,

Dogs and the Leprosy Colony, 1903.


The Board of Health [Papa Ola] released a new rule which was approved by Governor S. B. Dole, ordering each and every leprosy patient and kokua of the leprosy colony of Molokai, that they may not keep more than one dog. The supervisor will enforce these new rules of the Board of Health.

(Aloha Aina, 4/25/1903, p. 6)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke IX, Helu 17, Aoao 6. Aperila 25, 1903.

More on John K. Waiamau and others, 1893.


President Dole’s illness has been caused by an ulcerated tooth. He is now on the mend.

John K. Waiamau, the accomplished young architect is going to Chicago at the expense of his employer, C. B. Ripley to study architectural drawing.

Ornithologist Palmer returned on the Pele last evening from Makaweli, where he has been collecting birds for the British Museum.

(Hawaiian Star, 8/18/1893, p. 2)


The Hawaiian Star, Volume I, Number 122, Page 2. August 18, 1893.

Complaint against police officers in Kalaupapa, 1903.


Mr. Editor of Ke Aloha Aina,

Aloha oe:—

May it please your honorable to allow me the mouth of our cannon, and may you flash so that the honored members of the Legislature may see this:

The officers of Kalaupapa nei have made a petition asking the Legislature to increase their salary to $30 per month, being that their current pay is just $20; the asking of the officers for $30 a month is very questionable. What great work do we see them doing; is it going around to the homes of the patients and entering without search warrants, or when the Sheriff gives them orders, these officers do as they please?

They brush aside the orders from their Sheriff and return; they did not put their petition before their head, J. K. Waiamau [Deputy Superintendent], and I hear that they were all admonished; I truly believe that $20 a month is enough for them.

Here is another thing, your writer has heard that five kokua are being sent out, two men and three women. They have only two weeks to ready their belongings. Our Superintendent [McVeigh] is bristling.  I stop my pen here, and to the metal typesetting boys goes my greeting of good-bye all.


Kalaupapa, Molokai, April 21, 1903.

(Aloha Aina, 4/25/1903, p. 8)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke IX, Helu 17, Aoao 8. Aperila 25, 1903.

Feather capes, genealogies, and controversy, 1902.


We do not accept the responsibility for the blame for ideas published under this heading, but it falls on those who write them.


O Aloha Aina Newspaper,

Please include these words in your delicate body, that being this, there is talk from someone calling himself Laakea. This is what we have to say, the two of us who redid the Ahuula of Kahalelaukoa Hoapili Baker [Kahalelaukoa Hoapili Peka], denying what he said is true. You asked if I had seen an Ahuula belonging to Kamakahelei upon the coffin of the alii Hoapili Baker on the day of his funeral, and if what I saw was the Ahuula that Oliwa quickly made on the coffin.

Put in our hands was an old Ahuula that was damaged in some places. We unfurled it and plucked off once again the feathers, hearing at that time that the Ahuula belonged to Kamakahelei, the grandmother of Kahalelaukoa.  When the time came to rework the feathers to the new net [? upena aiaha], this job was given to Oliwa, but strange enough, when it was thought that he was going to do it, Oliwa refused, saying that he was not taught the craft of the Ahuula. At this time, we told the one to whom the feathers belong that the two of us would blindly attempt to rework them like how we saw it was done when we took them off, and this is what we did until this Ahuula was completed. There was not a single feather from the first to the last that Oliwa did. You speak of the lei, and we two agree that it was just him that worked at it until his death [?? E i mai oe no ka lei ae maua ia oe, nana wale no ia i hana a hiki i kona make ana.]

So you, Wahamana, are correct in saying that this Ahuula is from Kamakahelei. As for you Laakea, we did not see you there when the two of us were putting together the Ahuula, but there were many who did witness it, and we say to you, you are wrong for making assumptions.




Honolulu, March 14, 1902.

(Aloha Aina, 3/15/1902, p. 5)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke VIII, HElu 11, Aoao 5. Maraki 15, 1902.