Holua sled found in Hookena, 1905.

The Holua-Sliding Sled

—:OF THE:—




Hookena, South Kona,


On the 6th of this November, found in a hidden cave in Hookena, South Kona, on the island of Hawaii, was a holua-sliding board of ancient times of Hawaii. This surfboard [sic] was found by our companion and good friend, Mr. N. K. Pukui, one of the young gentlemen travelling about for the group, “The Hawaiian Realty and Maturity Co.” When he found this board, the kamaaina of Hookena told him, this finding of the sled was new to them.

It is believed that this holua board was left in that cave for two-hundred years, from the time of Keawenuiaumi, the King of Hawaii.

According to the understanding of the oldsters of Hookena, they remember the words of their parents and grandparents, that it was a holua-sliding board of a chiefess of Hookena from long ago, named Kaneamama, and her older sister was the kaukau alii of Keauhou. These women, they were women who loved recreation. While Kaneamama was ruling Hookena, she declared to her people [kanaua? kanaka?] that they were to build a sledding course. This course was completed, and that chiefess rode upon this board. It is said that there is no sled equal to this one in any museum all over the world. This sled was made from breadfruit wood, and it is a thing of beauty to behold.

A surfboard was also found. These boards can be seen in the Office of the Group, “The Hawaiian Realty and Maturity Co.,” here in Honolulu.

(Na’i Aupuni, 12/6/1905, p. 2)

Ka Papa Heeholua

Na'i Aupuni, Buke I, Helu 9, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 6, 1905.


On the term “heiau,” 1866.

“HEIAU.”—We heard this word associated with the luakini [church] of Kawaiahao. It did not come from an “enemy,” but a friend called it that in public. But this is what we say: that word is associated with idol worship of the old days; it is not changed into a name referring to the truly sanctified places by this generation now living. The name luakini, that is what is transformed for the Christian religion by our fathers. Therefore, O Friends, do not call the house of God, a heiau.

(Kuokoa, 11/3/1866, p. 2)


Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke V, Helu 44, Aoao 2. Novemaba 3, 1866.

New Women’s Hats, 1875.

Hoola Luahine—In these recent past days, women have been seen wearing tilted to the side, high-crowned hats made with skill, and when looking at this, it is becoming to the youth and to the elderly as well; and for this reason, this type of hat is called, a “hoola luahine [reviving old lady].” We are appreciative of this endeavor; it decreases the money spent on foreign hats.

(Kuokoa, 12/4/1875, p. 2)

Hoola Luahine

Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XIV, Helu 49, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 4, 1875.

Maunumu dies at 116 years of age, 1918.

Died at 116 Years Old; Saw Kamehameha I.

When Maunumu of Keokea, Kona, Hawaii died, his age reached 116 years, the one who made people consider that he saw Kamehameha I, “Ka Nai Aupuni” of Hawaii nei, before his death. There was no time when this man spoke of what he saw in his childhood, except for the time when he was asked by a missionary many years ago. It is said by some Hawaiians who are now 70, that they know Maunumu and he is old; when they were young it was believed that this man saw and knew Kamehameha. Should that indeed be so, then his days upon this earth were truly long.

(Aloha Aina, 8/16/1918, p. 2)


Aloha Aina, Buke XXIII, Helu 33, Aoao 2. Aukake 16, 1918.

Duke Kahanamoku and Hui Nalu in SF follow up, 1913.

[found under “NUHOU KULOKO”—Local News]

On the Wilhelmina of this past Wednesday [10/8/1913], Duke Kahanamoku and his teammates of the Hui Nalu left for San Francisco, for the competition with the other swimming contestants who will enter into the swimming contest which will be held in the second half of this month at that city.

(Kuokoa, 10/10/1913, p. 4)

Ma ka Wilhelmin o ka Poakolu...

Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 40, Aoao 4. Okatoba 10, 1913.

Duke Kahanamoku and Hui Nalu to San Francisco, 1913.

Not Enough Money to Send Kahanamoku

The swimmers of the Hui Nalu received and invitation from San Francisco to go to the Portola show to be held in San Francisco, and that they arrive one week prior to the when the event will be held, so that they have time to enjoy and practice ahead.

This invitation was received by the Promotion Committee on the eve of this past Thursday by way of wireless telegraph, requesting that the boys of the Hui Nalu board the steamship Ventura on the 3rd of October instead of them waiting until the 8th.

There are many boys of the Hui Nalu who want to fulfill this invitation, however, some of them must work, and it seems that there are only a few of them that might be able to oblige.

One big obstruction faced by Kahanamoku and his teammates in going, is the lack of funds in their account, and so the fund-raising committee wants to raise two-hundred dollars, which would be sufficient for the travel expenses for the Hawaii boys. The committee is determined to raise those funds before the 8th of October, and to put the Hawaii boys aboard the steamship Wilhelmina so that they will have a lot of time before the Portola Festival [Oct. 22–25, 1913] in San Francisco, on the 22nd of October.

(Kuokoa, 10/3/1913, p. 5)


Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 39, Aoao 5. Okatoba 3, 1913.

Mid-Pacific Carnival 1914.

This is the Picture of Duke Kahanamoku Atop a Surfboard, For Advertising Washington’s Day.

FEB 18 to 21 1914
[Illegible line follows, that does not appear in other images online…]

To advertise the celebration of the birth of Washington, in the coming month of February, the Promotion Committee has chosen the picture of Duke Kahanamoku, the swimming champion of the world, standing atop of his surfboard, as a picture to send all over the world as advertisement to benefit this Territory.

This newspaper company received the contract to create and print some thousands of these illustrations, to be sent all over, and posted at places where crowds assemble; it was finished a month before the date of completion as set in the contract.

This image of Duke Kahanamoku is done in multiple colors, under the direction of the art department of this publishing company.

(Kuokoa, 10/3/1913, p. 5)

O Keia ke Kii o Duke Kahanamoku Maluna o ka Papa Heenalu, i mea Hoikeike no ka la o Wakinekona

Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 39, Aoao 5. Okatoba 3, 1913.

Laieikawai, 1888.

In 1888, “Ka Moolelo o Laieikawai, a o ka mea i kapa ia Kawahineikaliula [The Story of Laieikawai, the one that was called The Woman of the Twilight],” was edited and republished by Sol. Meheula and Jas. Henry Bolster, “For the benefit and the progress of the new generations of the Hawaiian People.”

On page 131 of this book appears this mele called “Laieikawai” which may look familiar to many of you.


"Ka Moolelo o Laieikawai: a o ka mea i kapa ia Kawahineikaliula," Sol. Meheula & Jas. Henry Bolster, ed., Honolulu: Papa Pai Mahu "Bulletin," 1888. p. 131 (Courtesy of Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum)

Performance of the great story, “Laieikawai,” 1902.



The Famous Enjoyable Performance of


which is being prepared from the Famed story of LAIEIKAWAI, the Woman of the Twilight, the Striking Beauty of Paliuli. It will be Opened by the Hawaii Ponoi Dramatic Club on the Night of the coming 15th of March.

The ladies and gentlemen thespians are Beautiful and Handsome; they know the language; their voices are sweet and pleasant like the singing Kahuli land shells.

The Feather Capes are lovely, as are the Feather helmets, the spears, and the ti-leaf sandals; so exquisite that it will make your insides tremble.

Come on down to see firsthand this mystifying beauty.

Don’t forget this; the tickets for entrance can be obtained at Wall Nichols Co. on King Street. Make haste.

You will enjoy it.

(Kuokoa, 2/28/1902, p. 5)


Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XL, Helu 9, Aoao 5. Feberuari 28, 1902.

Ice Cream in Honolulu, 1857?

Ice Cream Here in Honolulu—Perhaps ten years or more ago, we saw ice cream (hau paa) being made here in Honolulu, and on the night of this past Saturday, and on Monday night, we saw it again, and we tried it once more. When we put it in our mouths, it was the same as when we first had it, and it was gone in no time. The throat did not object, but yearned for more.

(Kuokoa, 9/28/1867, p. 2)

Hau Paa ma Honolulu nei

Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VI, Helu 39, Aoao 2. Sepatemaba 28, 1867.