“Ka Nonanona,” 1841–1845.


“Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise.”

[Just as an aside, here is the masthead of “Ka Nonanona,” and you can see here why this was chosen as the title of the paper. The passage is found in Proverbs (Solomona) 6:6. It is also seen in Hawaiian as: “E ka mea hiamoe, e hele oe i ka anonanona¹, E nana i kona aoao a e hoonaauao iho.”]

¹”Anonanona” is a variant of “nonanona,” meaning ant.


“Ka Nonanona” masthead



Question put out to the public, 1843.

Here me O People of Hawaii nei; what do you all think of this cession of the kingdom? Is it fine? Your heart probably aches for the king and all the alii; That is how it should be; we are all hurting; however, do not grieve, do not revolt, do not let your resolve waver. We must remain calm and abide by the laws; don’t think that the laws have fallen, not at all, they are still totally in effect. There was a small disturbance in Honolulu the other night, and some men severely injured some of the sailors from the warship, and therefore the laws are being announced once again these days, so that the confusion of the people will end.

O Christian people of Hawaii nei, do not feel uncertain over the cession of the nation; our kingdom does not lie in this world, we have a different kingdom in the heavens; it is a great kingdom which is permanent, and unshakeable, and peaceful. Its king is good; he watches over his people, and they live forever. The nations of this world end quickly and are gone forever, but the kingdom of Jesus Christ will never end. Let us search after this kingdom and its righteousness, and we will be saved from the turbulence of this world.

[This editorial is probably by Richard Armstrong (Limaikaika), missionary and editor of Ka Nonanona.]

(Nonanona, 3/7/1843, p. 100)

Auhea oukou e na kanaka o Hawaii nei...

Ka Nonanona, Buke 2, Pepa 20, Aoao 100. Maraki 7, 1843.

Correspondences between Paulet and the Hawaiian Government. 1843.


Here are the documents illuminating how the Kingdom was lost to the Queen of Britain. The 25th of February was the day the cession was proclaimed.

[See on Google Books: British and Foreign State Papers, starting on page 1023. These correspondences were translated from English into Hawaiian, and from Hawaiian into English by Gerrit Parmele Judd (Kauka), the Secretary and Translator of the Kingdom.]

(Nonanona, 3/7/1843, pp. 97–100.)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 2, Pepa 20, Aoao 97. Maraki 7, 1843.

ke ai ka hoomalu ana...

Ka Nonanona, Buke 2, Pepa 20, Aoao 98. Maraki 7, 1843.

Honolulu, Oahu, Feb. 18, 1843.

Ka Nonanona, Buke 2, Pepa 20, Aoao 99. Maraki 7, 1843.

olelo maluna, aole hoi na kekahi kanaka...

Ka Nonanona, Buke 2, Pepa 20, Aoao 100. Maraki 7, 1843.

Paulet arrives. 1843.


On the 10th of this Feb., the British man-of-war arrived here in Honolulu; the name of the ship is Carysfort; it is a large ship and yet is here in the harbor. Paulet is the name of its captain.

Here is another thing; the captain of this warship is not here with good intent; he did not fire his guns in salute; it is said that the problem is because of the denial of the new British Consul by the king. The King was sent for to come, and then they’d work it out. The haole here are having minor demonstrations in response to the ill will of the warship captain.

(Nonanona, 2/14/1843, p. 96)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 2, Pepa 19, Aoao 96. Feberuari 14, 1843.

La Hoihoi Ea, 1912.


The past 31st of July was a great day celebrated in days of the monarchs, from Kamehameha III all the way until the end of the monarchy; on this day sovereignty was restored and the Hawaiian Flag was raised at that famous park, “Thomas Square,” by Admiral Thomas [Adimarala Tomas], who did the restoration, being that on the 25th of February, 1843, the British Flag was raised over the Fort of Honolulu.

As a result of the threats by Lord George Paulet; Britain’s high officer on the Pacific Ocean, it was Admiral Thomas who restored the sovereignty of the land, and re-raised the Hawaiian Flag on the flag staffs at the Palace (Iolani) and the fort of Kaleiopapa Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III, the king of Hawaii at the time; Aloha to Hawaii of old, which is the Territory of Hawaii now.

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 8/1/1912, p. 1)


Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke X, Helu 31, Aoao 1. Augate 1, 1912.

Even more from Ka Nonanona, August 8, 1843.


When we reached the residence of the king, at Honukaopu [Honokaupu ?], Kekuanaoa fetched some traitors who were kept at Hale Kauila; perhaps there were 140 of them. The king did not allow them to accompany him to raise the flag.

This is the nature of their treason. When this archipelago was not clearly under Capt. Lord George Paulet, they left Kamehameha III, and they swore allegiance to the Queen of Britain. This is probably the reason they swore allegiance to Victoria; because they were paid money. They therefore curried his favor [hoopilimeaai].

They were probably prepared to go with George to this war and that; if he warred against the king, so too would they; and if he went to war against the local haole or the Missionaries, they would fight as well! If soldiers of enlightened lands took an oath in this fashion, their heads would fall. But because of the patience and goodness of Kamehameha III, they were saved.

When they came in the presence of the king, they gave a three gun salute to Hawaii’s flag; and they swore once again to live obediently beneath Kamehameha III. After that, they spent time with the King, and shook hands.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, pp. 25 & 26.)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

Wahine o Beritania...

Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 26. Augate 8, 1843.

More from Ka Nonanona, August 8, 1843.


How great are the blessings of Kamehameha III and his subjects now, for the difficulties have subsided and the sovereignty of the land has been restored. No more is the living as subjects under the men of Victoria.

Kamehameha III is now the monarch of Hawaii nei. The British flag has been taken down on this day, July 31, 1843, and Hawaii’s flag has been raised once more. Therefore, this will be the day of the year that will be commemorated with joy from here forth.

Here is an awesome event that happened today. At half past eight, Admiral Thomas went along with some sailors, from the three British ships (anchored at Honolulu now) to the fort of Honolulu at Kulaokahua, with large and small firearms, and spears, and there he awaited the king. At 10 o’clock, the king went with his soldiers, and arrived; the Hawaiian flag was unfurled, the British flag was taken down from the fort, and there the Hawaiian flag was raised, and so too in uplands, on the hill of Puawaina [Punchbowl]; many guns were shot off in salute all over: The soldiers did it, the warships as well, the forts as well, and the hill of Puawaina as well, and the whaling ships as well; and the bells were rung. The warships were festooned with flags; it was a fine and beautiful sight to see.

There were many people gathered to witness this amazing event, perhaps there were ten thousand in total. The soldiers carried out their duties well; they circled the king twice, while saluting him; they shot off their guns many times and marched here and there quickly and smartly. And when they were done, the crowd all returned to town.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, p. 25)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

The first newspaper article printed following July 31, 1843.


On the 26th of July, the British Warship named Dublin arrived. Rear Admiral Thomas is the Captain. He is the officer in charge of all of the British warships in the Pacific Ocean.

When he received documents pertaining to Capt. Lord George Paulet aboard Victoria’s ship, and he heard clearly that the British flag was raised over these islands, he came quickly to restore the government to Kamehameha III. How fine is his aloha for the king, isn’t it! and for the citizens as well.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, p. 25)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

Recipes brought to you by Royal Baking Powder, 1920.

Royal Baking Powder Biscuits

There is nothing to compare for breakfast, lunch, or tea; it is easy to make with the help of


Baking Powder


Here is the recipe for Royal Baking Powder Biscuits—famous around the world—clip this out and try them. But use Royal Baking Powder. Cheap substitutes won’t do. Only by using Royal, will you see the proper results which made Royal famous around the world.

Biscuits [Palaoa Liilii]

2 cups flour
4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons shortening
3/4 cup milk or half milk and half water

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt, add shortening and rub in very lightly; add liquid slowly; roll or pat on floured board to about one inch in thickness (handle as little as possible); cut with biscuit cutter. Bake in hot oven 15 to 20 minutes.

Here is a fine recipe for Cheese Biscuits:

Cheese Biscuits [Palaoa Waiupaa]

1-1/2 cups flour
2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon shortening
6 tablespoons grated cheese
5/8 cup milk

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; add shortening and cheese; mix in lightly; add milk slowly, just enough to hold dough together. Roll out on floured board about 1/2-inch thick; cut with biscuit cutter. Bake in hot oven 12 to 15 minutes.

Level off all measurements.

In many of the recipes, there are a lot of eggs; you will however get fine results if you lessen the eggs by half and add one teaspoon of Royal Baking Powder in place of each egg left out.

Write for the Free Recipe Book. A recipe book that is economical with eggs and other expensive material will be sent by mailbag at no cost. Write to

Royal Baking Powder Co., 135 William St., New York, U. S. A.

[These recipes were part of a series of ads in the Kuokoa (and in papers across the United States as well). It is a good way to get cooking descriptions in Hawaiian!

The English for the main parts of the recipes came from “The New Royal Cookbook” put out by the Royal Baking Powder Company in 1920 (which is the cookbook mentioned in this ad which they are giving away free if you mail away for it). It is provided online by Project Gutenberg!]

(Kuokoa, 3/12/1920, p. 3)

Palaoa Liilii Royal Baking Powder

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVIII, Helu 11, Aoao 3. Maraki 12, 1920.

Hawaiian Opera, 1925.

Glee Club of Charles E. King

This is a scene from the Opera “Prince of Hawaii” presented at the Liberty Theater on the night of Monday last, continuing its performance until the night of Saturday, May 9. Mr. C. E. King put together this Opera, and there are only talented singers who perform the songs.

There was much lauding of the performance of Monday night, and for that reason, Liberty Theater has been full every night since–not just for the beautiful appearance of the singers, but also because of the beauty of their singing.

The proceeds of this opera will go to funding the education of Hawaiian children; for a scholarship set up by the Hawaiian Civic Club.

[I’m not much into opera, but I still would like to have witnessed this first hand!]

(Kuokoa 5/7/1925, p.1)

Ka Hui Himeni a Chas. E. King

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXIV, Helu 19, Aoao 1. Mei 7, 1925.