Names not to be forgotten, 1893.


The Hawaiian Flag is one of the most glorious Flags, and it is so pleasant to look upon, and like the nature of the Flag, so too the People.

The brown-skinned [ili ulaula] Hawaiian Lahui are a kind People, are modest, treasure malihini, are welcoming, have open hearts, and so forth.

But even if the Hawaiian Flag and her People are kindhearted, they have been trampled upon by the descendants of the missionaries, and are being paid back with poisonous words, even more so than the Auhuhu.¹

It is being said that they are a Lahui that is stupid, know nothing, pagan, idol worshiper, and on and on.

That is what we the Hawaiian People get in return.

But despite all of their abuse, we are not full of hate at the actions of these missionary descendants.

The people who tried to grab our beloved land; and their names shall not be forgotten by this Lahui.

They being: Albert Francis Judd [Alapaki F. Kauka]; William Richards Castle [W. R. Kakela]; Lorrin Andrews Thurston [L. A. Kakina]; Amos Francis Cooke [F. Kuke]; William Brewster Oleson [W. B. Olesona]; Henry Martyn Whitney [H. M. Wini]; Dr. Charles M. Hyde [Kauka Hai]; Sereno Edwards Bishop [Kahunapule Bihopa], who was raised by a Hawaiian woman at Kona, Hawaii; Sanford Ballard Dole [S. B. Dole]; William Owen Smith [W. O. Smith]; the Emerson brothers [na hoahanau Emekona]; William W. Hall [Wile Holo]; and some others.

All of them is who brought down our Flag, by lowering it and raising the American flag in its place.

However, under God’s benevolence, our flag has been returned to its rightful place.

So therefore, O Hawaiian People, we are prepared to lay out before you the full list of names of these great transgressors.

¹Auhuhu is a plant that was used in fishing as a fish poison.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 10/13/1893, p. 2)



Hilo train, 1879.

Riding Steam Engine Train in Hilo.

Star Mill, Waiakea, Hilo, H.,
July 11, 1879, 1½ P. M.

Hon. Joseph U. Kawainui,

Aloha oe,—

Here I am now aboard the standing Locomotive, and I am writing what I see. Everything is going according to plans. The Locomotive is running with a single freight car attached, to test it out, for 840 feet in distance, and the tracks are still being laid.

Should you want to ride first on the train, come quickly. With delight,

Joseph Nawahi.

P. S. The steampower is 100 lbs, and its speed is between 18 and 20 miles per hour. J. N. Continue reading

Aloha Aina, 2015.

Expressing aloha ʻāina on the anniversary of the overthrow

“And so it happened that on the 16th day of January, 1893, between four and five o’clock in the afternoon, a detachment of marines from the United States Steamer Boston, with two pieces of artillery, landed at Honolulu. The men, upwards of 160 in all, were supplied with double cartridge belts filled with ammunition and with haversacks and canteens, and were accompanied by a hospital corps with stretchers and medical supplies. This military demonstration upon the soil of Honolulu was of itself an act of war. . .”

By nightfall of the next day, the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi had been illegally overthrown.

Hawaiʻi’s people today live in the resulting repercussions of that infamous day. For some, reflection on those historical events still conjures up the ʻeha (pain, hurt) of being wronged.

There may never be an adequate outlet to express the ʻeha, nevertheless, this story commemorates the 122nd anniversary of the illegal overthrow and honors some of the great expressions of aloha ʻāina (patriotism) coming from Hawaiʻi’s aliʻi (monarchs) and lāhui (people).→Continue reading.

Queen Liliʻuokalani, Hawaiʻi’s last reigning monarch, was imprisoned after her kingdom was illegally overthrown on January 17, 1893.

Another Hawaiian son away at war, 1917.


Dear Papa and Mama, much love:–It has been a very long time that I have not written back to you, my Parents. Please forgive your child for his neglect.

There is one thing I will tell you; I have joined the military of the Father Country this past September, and I am in the forces of the Engineers, Co. B, 302nd Engineers, Camp Upton, Yaphank, L. I., N. Y. Therefore, my beloved parents, this is something you should be proud of your child for, for my joining the military of the country which protects us, and for me obtaining a high rank in my division, a sergeant major; and not just that, but the path is wide open for me to advance higher.

As I compose this letter, it is time for us to move out, and I am just waiting for the orders, whether it be to France, or to Italy perhaps, so I will make it short as it is soon time for me to get into action. Give baby a long kiss for me, and give my great aloha to tutu them and Pita Liilii [Little Peter], and to Aunty Kilikina and Uncle Apo, Uncle Koowa, Aunty Kukana and Annie and Henry Williams them; and all of my aloha to you two, my loving parents. Your loving child,


(Kuokoa, 12/28/1917, p. 5)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LV, Helu 52, Aoao 5. Dekemaba 28, 1917.

Another Hawaiian goes to war abroad, 1917.

[Found under: “Nuhou Kuloko”]

Moses Puahi Keoua, the engineer for the prison, received a letter from his son, Peter Moses Keoua, who left Hawaii nei about two months ago, which told of his enlisting into the British military in Canada; he is staying at the military base in Winnipeg until the government calls those troops to the battlefield.

(Aloha Aina, 11/2/1917, p. 4)

Ua loaa mai he leka...

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke XXII, Helu 44, Aoao 4. Novemaba 2, 1917.