Voting rights for women, 1912.

[TODAY is the last day to register to vote. Just go to ]



A meeting of the Women’s Suffrage Association will be held on Wednesday, Nov. 13, 1912, at 2 p. m. at the residence of Mrs. J. M. Dowsett,

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Taxing those isolated in the leprosy colony, 1875.

The Leprosy Patients are Taxed!

Mr. Editor; Aloha:—

On the 2nd of this December, the Tax Assessor [Luna Auhau] of this island of Molokai came in person to the colony of Kalawao, the place of the castaways who are afflicted with wounds of an incurable sickness, that being leprosy [mai lepera], which is called he Chinese sickness [mai Pake]. Continue reading

A song honoring Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, 1912.


Kaulana Hawaii a puni ke Ao,
Ia oe e Duke Kahanamoku;
Nau i alo aku na kai loa,
Pakipika me ka Atelanika;
Haalele mai oe i ke one hanau,
Maluna o ka mokuahi Honolulana;
Ike oe i ka nani o Maleka,
Ma neia hana he heihei au;
Ike oe i ka hau-oki o Kaleponi,
Me ka uluwehi o ka Ipuka Gula;

Haalele oe i ka nani o Kaleponi,
No na kulanakauhale o ka Hikina;
Peneselavania ame Nu Ioka,
No ke komo i ka hui Olimapika;
Ku’i mai ka lono puni Hawaii,
Ua lanakila oe Duke Kahanamoku;
He moho Au hoi no Ameria,
E paa i ka moto haneri-mita;
Heihei Au nui o ke Ao nei,
Kulanakauhale o Sekokahama. Continue reading

La Hoihoi Ea, 1865.

Restoration Day.

Monday last, the 31st July, was the twenty-second Anniversary of the Restoration of the Hawaiian Flag by Rear Admiral Thomas, and as such was celebrated with becoming joyousness.

The day opened warm and sultry, but by nine o’clock the trades set in and before noon were blowing half a gale. Salutes were fired morning, noon and night, and the shipping and town were gaily dressed with bunting. The grounds at Huehue were arranged for the feast and accompanying services, accomodations having been prepared for two thousand persons. His Excellency M. Kekuanaoa was President of the day. At the hour appointed a prayer was offered by the Rev. H. H. Parker, of the Kawaiahao church, which was followed by singing; after which the orator of the day, the Hon. David Kalakaua, delivered an oration in the Hawaiian language. After more music and singing, the guests were invited to partake of the dinner, when appropriate sentiments were propose, and responses made by Prince W. C. Lunalilo, Hon. E. H. Allen, Chancellor of the Kingdom; the Second Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, R. G. Davis, Esq.; W. L. Green, Esq., H. B. M. Acting Commissioner and Consul General; A. Caldwell, Esq., United StatesConsul; Attorney-General C. C. Harris, Esq.; Dr. G. P. Judd; S. N. Castle, Esq.; Messrs. Kamakau and Hassinger. Mr. W. P. Ragsdale translator and interpreter, acted in that capacity on this occasion, and acquitted himself in a very creditable manner. Continue reading

Are you excited about this year’s candidates? 2020.

…Enough to compose a mele for them?

Check out this mele composed by Sam Liʻa for Prince Kuhio!

Political mele by Samuel Lia Kalainaina for Prince Kuhio, 1916.



E ho mai i na pua nani o ka wao,
Wehi lei no Kalanianaole,
Elele i Wakinekona.
E kui mai no a lawa,
Hiiia mai no Kalani.


E Hawaii Mano o Kalanipo,
Kui mai i lei no ke Alii,
Elele i Wakinekona.
Ohu lei mokihana,
Kau papahi lei nona.


E Niihau e, e o mai oe,
O kau lei no Kalanianaole,
Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei rube,
I pulu-pe i ka hunakai.


E Oahu i ke kaona nui,
Ho mai i lei no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei carnation,
I wiliia me ka ilima.


E o e Molokai nui a Hina,
O kau lei no Kalanianaole,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei kukui,
Kau ohu ia no Kalani.


Eaha ana hoi oe e Lanai,
E wiki, i ohu no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I lei pua hinahina,
I pulupe i ka hunakai.


E Maui i ka Honoapiilani,
O kau lei hoi no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I wehi lei roselani,
Moani aala i ka poli.


E Hawaii nui Moku o Keawe,
Kui ae i wehi no ke Alii,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
I na lehua o Panaewa,
I wiliia me ka maile.


Hainaia mai ana ka puana,
Na wehi lei o Kalanianaole,
Ka Elele i Wakinekona.
Kii mai no e lei,
I ohu nou e Kalani.


By Samuel L. Kalainaina.

[A Lei of Affection for Kalanianaole.

1 Bring forth the beautiful flowers of the forests,
A lei to adorn Kalanianaole,
Representative to Washington.
String them and bind fast,
To be carried for the Heavenly One.

2 O Hawaii of Manokalanipo,
String a lei for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of mokihana lei
Your lei to honor him.

3 O Niihau, answer,
Your lei for Kalanianaole,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of rubies,
Drenched by the sea spray.

4 O Oahu of the great town,
Bring forth a lei for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of carnation lei,
Entwined with ilima.

5 Answer, O Great Molokai of Hina,
Your lei for Kalanianaole,
Representative to Washington.
An decoration of kukui lei,
Your adornment for the Heavenly One.

6 What are you doing, O Lanai,
Be quick, for an adornment for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
A hinahina blossom lei,
Drenched by the sea spray.

7 O Maui with the bays of Piilani,
Your lei for the Alii,
Representative to Washington.
An adornment of roselani lei,
Fragrantly wafting in the bosom.

8 O Great Hawaii, Island of Keawe,
String an adornment for the Alii,
Representative to Washinton.
The lehua of Panaewa,
Entwined with maile.

9 Let the story be told,
Kalanianaole’s lei of adornment,
Representative to Washington.
Come take and wear these lei,
As an adornment for you, O Kalani.

Composed by ka HENE WAI O HIILAWE.

By Samuel L. Kalainaina.

I was reminded of this mele after watching the video documentary “Liʻa” by Eddie Kamae.

I just got my ballot in the mail the other day. I hope you are voting too. There is a lot at stake…]

(Kuokoa, 11/10/1916, p. 3)


And of course, rice, 1862.

[Found under: “NEWS OF HAWAII NEI.”]

RICE.—We are overjoyed to see that rice is planted by one of our friends, S. Kamakahiki, in Hana, East Maui; there is a lot of grain and it is of good quality; why O Friends, are you dallying on planting this good source of money? We are amazed at the small number of people undertaking the growing of rice in Hana, for this is how it is, according to the letter of S. Kamakahiki, like this:

“I am the only one growing Rice here in Hana; I am harvesting the Rice and storing it at my house; I am filled with joy that I have found this good occupation.”

(Kuokoa, 2/15/1862, p. 2)


Cotton was grown here too, 1863.

Petaining to Cotton.

O Kuokoa Newspaper; Aloha oe:

I am reporting to you that the Cotton [Pulupulu] (Sea Island Cotton) is sprouting well in Waimea, Koolauloa, Oahu; you will surely rejoice with my fellow Cotton planters living in other places of these Islands, who planted this thing, Pulupulu, like me.

In the month of February of this very year I planted this Cotton field; it is perhaps an Acre and a half large, and because of the strong wind and the saturating showers of those days, the sprouting was late and slow; and some of it was eaten [amu ia] by army worms [“moo that sleep in the earth”] (kupa). In the month of April, that problem was over, and now, the plants have triumphed; they are growing well; it is like grape vines that are crawling here and there, and the bolls are developing; some are almost mature; I look over their bolls with satisfaction. I am not the only one who planted Cotton here in Waimea, but there are others who planted as well, because of your encouragement.

J. M. Kalanipoo.
Waimea, Oahu, June 22, 1863.

(Kuokoa, 6/27/1863, p. 1)


Continue reading

Silk worms grown in Koloa, Kauai in 1836?

1836, the beginnings of sericulture on Kauai. 1843.


In the year 1836, Mr. Peke and Kale made ready to farm silk [silika] in Koloa, Kauai, and afterwards the two were joined by Mr. Jarvis [Mi. Javisa]. They put much effort into this without caring about money spent to make it a success. They immediately planted ilima found growing here. They went to get ilima [? mulberry] seeds from China and brought back branches of the ilima lau nui from America. Mr. Peke went to the United States of America to see silk production there, and to find what it took to raise them in this archipelago; he returned without anything lacking, with the necessary gear, and sufficient workers, but the work was difficult and did not move forward. They kept at it, and some years went by, and they gave up. Many thousands of dollars was wasted on it.

Kapena and others also came with Mr. Peke, and leased other lands in Koloa, with thoughts of raising silk there. He planted ilima, built a residence, a building to raise the worms, and a house for the workers. They began the work, but in not much time, it was a bust. Here are the reasons that it was a waste of time in Koloa: there is a strong wind so the ilima does not grow well as the leaves are torn in the strong wind and wilt, the worms don’t grow well there; and the people also, they are not eager and do not keep at the work; they come some days and slack off, are lazy and leave. Today, the ilima of those silk lands are all pulled out and sugar is planted there. So sad for those foreigners who wasted their money in this endeavor. A new enterprise almost started there to make the nation rich.

(Nonanona, 1/3/1843, p. 78)


(Nonanona, 1/3/1843, p. 79)

...kekahi aina okoa ma Koloa...

Tobacco was not the only thing people have tried to grow here. A rubber plantation? 1907.

More on rubber cultivation in Hawaii nei. 1907.


MAUI. June 1.—A business meeting was held at the Kahului Baldwin National Bank [Banako Lahui a Baldwin o Kahului] by people seriously planting and raising rubber [raba] in this Archipelago, and the outcome of the meeting was the establishment of an Association called “Ka Ahahui Hawaii a ka Poe Hooulu Raba [Hawaiian Rubber Growers’ Association]”.

It seems that when looking at this, this is the first association of its kind established in the whole of the United States of America, and it is a fact that it will start and strive to push forward the planting and growing of rubber in the Archipelago.

In the meeting, D. C. Lindsay was chosen as president, and Doctor E. C. Waterhouse as vice president, Hugh Howell, the Secretary and Treasurer, and H. A. Baldwin and James L. Coke as fellow advisors.

And after consideration, Messrs. Lindsay and Coke and Pogue were chosen as members of the committee to draft bylaws and rules for the Association.

Also at this meeting was Mr. J. G. Smith of the American Agricultural Experiment Station [Kahua Hoao Houlu Meakanu o Amerika] in Honolulu and he gave some valuable advice relating to the planting and the wide distribution of rubber. At a proper time, another meeting will be held.

In the thoughts of Mr. Smith, after he searched and investigated about growing rubber in Hawaii, he found that it is a very valuable endeavor that will bring good fortune to the land and it is well that the growing of rubber in Hawaii be called a rich mine. This declaration was perhaps enough of a statement befitting the importance of this effort to raise rubber. This is a truly lucrative endeavor.

(Kuokoa, 6/7/1907, p. 5)


Continue reading