New library to open, 1913.


All Invited to Attend Special Program Tomorrow Afternoon

Governor Frear will be the first patron of the new Carnegie Library. He will receive Registration Card No. 1, and will be the first to enter the big building when it is formally thrown open to the public tomorrow afternoon.

Unique and appropriate exercises will characterize the formal opening of the library tomorrow. The program for the exercises was completed yesterday afternoon by A. Lewis, Jr., president of the board of library trustees, Secretary W. H. Babbitt and other members of the board. The splendid new building, made possible by Andrew Carnegie’s gift of $100,000, will be the scene of a notable gathering.

With Mr. Lewis and Governor Frear as the central figures in the ceremony, the program will begin at 3 o’clock, when the Royal Hawaiian Band, arranged for by Secretary Babbitt and Mayor Fern, begins an hour of music.

At four o’clock the ceremony proper will begin. Mr. Lewis will make a short address appropriate to the occasion and will then introduce Prof. M. M. Scott, principal of McKinley High School, who has been prominent in the work for the new library. Chairman Lewis will then, as president of the library board, give to Governor Frear Card No. 1. Then the chairman will unlock the big front doors of the building and will escort Governor Frear inside. According to the little ceremony arranged, the governor will then proceed to the central desk and will be met by Miss Edna I. Allyn, the librarian, who will issue to the executive the first book from the new institution.

As soon as the governor has entered, the public will follow, the entire library building being open to visitors, with the assistant librarians and employees detailed as escorts.

The Outdoor Circle of the Kilohana Club has furnished a number of beautiful palms and ferns with which the interior will be decorated.

Registration cards will be generally issued tomorrow and intending patrons of the library can sign the cards and be enrolled from four to six o’clock.

The new library, it is emphasized by the board of trustees, is absolutely free to everyone and books will be issued upon presentation of the properly signed registration card. There is also a traveling library feature, the committee on which is headed by Robbins B. Anderson.

[Tomorrow will be a hundred years since the library opened! See the many related activities going on in commemoration of this great historical event! It seems that the Royal Hawaiian Band will be there tomorrow morning to celebrate just as they did a hundred years ago!!

I am not sure why I could not find an article in the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers announcing this opening. But there is this from a couple of years later!]

(Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 1/31/1913, p. 1)


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XX, Number 6499, Page 1. January 31, 1913.


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XX, Number 6499, Page 4. January 31, 1913.


Early movies of Hawaii, 1913.


Because there is a desire to have a movie of the parade on this upcoming birthday of Washington, a man famous for filming movies arrived aboard the Wilhelmina last week, and he is spending some days of this month filming the volcano, the sugar plantation, the harbors, and famous sights to delight the millions of people of the world.

If this haole has spare time, he will spend some time going shark fishing, and filming it.

He will go to the pineapple plantations, and film the growth of the pineapple, the activities of the laborers, as well as the canning.

During the parade on Washington’s birthday, he will be the one rolling his film; and it is believed that there will come a time when the world will see scenes of the parade in Hawaii because of this haole.

[Anyone know who this is, and where these reels might be today?]

(Kuokoa, 1/31/1913, p. 7)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIX, Helu 5, Aoao 7. Ianuari 31, 1913.

Death announcement for John W. Moanauli, 1913.


He Grew Weary of this Life at His Daughter’s Place in Waikiki.

After many months of his body growing thinner with sickness, the Honorable J. W. Moanauli passed away, this Monday morning at the home of this daughter, Mrs. Kanakanui, in Waikiki.

He was seen for many sessions of the legislature in the past, a representative from the island of Hawaii; and there were many important positions that he held during various times, up until he went to sleep for all times.

The Honorable Moanauli was born in Kohala, Hawaii. He was the child of Kainapau, the first cousin of the kaukau alii Naihe of Kohala, and his mother was Namoomoo, who was a kaukau alii from Kohala.

It was at Lahainaluna School where he was educated during his youth, and he was a lawyer practicing law. For a number of sessions of the legislature, he was chosen as the representative from Hawaii, and outside of that position, he was a judge, as well as a sheriff of Hawaii for several terms.

In the year 1881, J. W. Moanauli married Mrs. Henry A. Beers of Honolulu, and he leaves his widow and children and many grandchildren behind to grieve for him.

Mr. Moanauli was a stepfather [makuakane kolea] to Mrs. S. M. Kanakanui of Honolulu; Mrs. James Cornwell of Waikapu, Maui; William Henry Beers, the county attorney [loio kalana] of Hawaii; and Mrs. Namohala of Hilo.

[Much of the more detailed genealogical information is usually available outside of the regular Vital Statistics Column. Many times beginning in the early 1900s, there is a photograph attached to death notices.

Compare this to the Vital Statistics Column announcing John W. Moanauli’s death in the same issue of the Kuokoa.]

(Kuokoa, 1/24/1913, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIX, Helu 4, Aoao 1. Ianuari 24, 1913.

A new park in town 1911.


Because of the help and charity of the Bishop Estate [? hui o Bihopa ma], an empty lot at the corner of Beritania and Smith will become on the 1st of February, a playground for the children, and a place for the public to enjoy some time at.
The land was leased by the Bishop Estate to the Kindergarten group for a dollar a year, and the length of the lease is for 5 years. It is like they gave it as a donation.
It will become a fine place to play for the children in the future, because there are many who gave their assistance to make this a good place for the children. For instance, swings will be build, as well as other things children play with. There also will be built a place for them to relax and a bathroom.
This idea sprang from a number of people, to set aside a place for the children to play, because of the number of accidents that happened when the children played in the streets. And with the number of houses being built increasing, the only place for them to play are in alleys. And as there are all kinds of filth piled about, that is not good for their well being. But the children of this area will be blessed with this large place suited for them to play without being endangered by the cars on the street.
(Kuokoa, 2/3/1911, p. 6)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVII, Helu 5, Aoao 6. Feberuari 3, 1911.

Vital Statistics, 1913.


Gabriel Davison to Kaaea Kapaealii, January 13.
Manuel J. Rodrigues to Leilehua Kamakea, January 13.
Walter Franco to Miss Minnie Kekuewa, January 15.
Frank J. Untermann to Emma N. D. Johnson, January 16.
John Lino to Mrs. Anna Aiu, January 20.
Walter W. McDougall to Katherine E. Raupp, January 21.


To Kamai Kaaihue and Kaeo Kaaihue, a son, January 11.
To Hans M. Gittel and E. K. Kahanu, a son, January 17.
To Joe Soon, Sr., and Rosalia Kaai, a son, January 17.
To Joe Paikuli and Julia Kamakala, a daughter, January 17.
To Peter Kaili and Elizabeth K. Manuia, a daughter, January 18.
To James N. Kameekua and Esther Nohea, a son, January 18.
To Charles Matthews and Alice Ako, a son, January 20.
To W. J. Lokana and Martha Kahoolewai, a daughter, January 20.


Fanny Davis, at the Children’s Hospital, January 15.
Joseph Kaeo, on the road to the Insane Asylum, January 17.
Kaolulo (f), at Kalihi Hospital, January 18.
Harry Silva, on Keauhou Street, January 20.
Hoolana Kaleihalawa, on Kanoa Street, January 20.
Ben Torbert, on Ilaniwai Street, January 21.
John W. Moanauli, on Kalakaua Avenue, January 21.

(Kuokoa, 1/24/1913, p. 8)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIX, Helu 4, Aoao 8. Ianuari 28, 1913.

The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, and the stone awa bowl, 1919.


Twenty years or more has past since I first saw exhibits of the antiquities of Hawaii nei and the tiny islands of Polynesia that are stored in that building, and it is of great value to those who wish to see, and it is true, there are more things stored there from when I first saw it; and there were things which shocked me while other things made me sad.

When I arrived at the museum, it was already filled with foreigners and locals going upstairs and downstairs, and soldiers were the majority, from the military ships docked those days; officers as well as enlisted men returning and going back to the battlefield, they were awestruck; and being that there was only three hours allowed for going around, and while I looked, peeped, and peered here and there, I looked at my watch and more than an hour had past, and here I was on the first floor with so much more of the building to see; therefore, I tried to quicken my pace so that I see things; but if you intended to see everything, you would not be able to do that walking around the whole day because there are so many things that catch your attention and you’d spend some minutes looking at them; and because I wanted to read the explanations and all of the stories, minutes were spent there.

There were all types of fish, birds, and fruits, war implements of all sorts of that time, and they were amazing to see; plus the animals of the land and the sea, it was as if they were living.

On the second floor were the thrones of the beloved monarchs of Hawaii nei who passed, and it was painful in my gut to see this touching sight; and their portraits hung all about, looked as if they were watching you; yes, aloha, aloha for the chiefs of the land.

The time was going quickly, and I was intent on seeing everything, and yet the time was short.

With every step on the third floor, everything was fascinating to see, and looking blow, the winding stairs were just so beautiful and everything was kept so nicely. But amongst everything I saw, there were but two most important things: the first being the thrones and all of their belongings, and the second was a huge stone which weighed more or less a ton; when I entered and met the greeter, I was given a piece of tin stamped with a number, and was asked to leave my hat and coat, and then I stood at the base of the stairs thinking where should I go first; that is when I entered the room on the mauka side of the building, greatly delighted by everything until I reached the place where the great stone stood, and I was astonished at the look and appearance of this stone;  as if it was something I saw before, but when; that is what I thought to myself; and because I was very unclear about it, I looked here and there and I saw a haole sitting at a desk reading a book; I gave my aloha and he looked at me and asked if there was something he could do for me; I said yes, if he could explain to me the story of the stone.

“Yes,” he said, “that stone is the grinding stone of the Hawaiians in the old days; it was upon that stone that adzes were sharpened, and that is the reason for that smooth indentation on the top.”

While I was listening to the explanation of that fine friend, my eyes were set directly upon that stone, and that is when I saw the description printed below it; I immediately left him and I went to read, and I was shocked and for several minutes I stood there, astounded that I met up again with this rock after a span of 55 years gone by.

That label explained that this rock was sent from Kilauea, Kauai, when George R. Ewart was boss of the Kilauea sugar plantation, in 1897, and then I went and joined my friend, and told him the truth about that stone, and its name, and its function; it wasn’t a grindstone like what he believed; and as he heard my story he began to write.

Therefore my news loving friends, so that your confusion over this stone is put to an end, and for when you go to visit this building, you won’t fail to meet up with this rock, and you will have an understanding through this story I am revealing:

The name of this stone is Kanoa, and this was a awa bowl [Kanoa awa] for the alii of that time, and this is the reason why that depression was made right on the top, and there is a place between Kilauea and Pilaa called Kanoa until this day,  named for this stone; and from this spot, the sto0ne was taken away by the boss George R. Ewart when he was the head of that sugar plantation, and this place became the graveyard for the Portuguese, and a Catholic Church [Saint Sylvester Church] stands there until today near the government road.

It was 55 years ago that I first set my eyes on this stone, during those days when the land was forested, and beneath a pandanus tree was where this stone was placed; its height from the ground was perhaps a foot or so, and this Kanoa awa was crafted with great skill and at its side was the cup [apu], which was a smaller stone fashioned like an awa cup.

From what my kupuna told me, this Kanoa belonged to some chiefs and where the Kanoa was left was where a great house one stood, which was a place where the alii of the old times would enjoy themselves. And I was also informed of the alii to whom belonged the Kanoa; Kamoku was the man, and this is a hill that stands to this day in the middle of a field, and should a malihini go and see that Catholic church mentioned earlier, that place is Kanoa, and if you turn to look inland, about two miles away a hill stands like a heap of lava, and below all around it grow all sorts of plants, and from the middle until the top is pilipiliula grass, and today on its peak is a grove of tall pine trees planted after the owner of this land, Mr. C. Bertelman, died and his body was brought and buried some years ago; as for the chiefly woman, she was Kahili, and this is a land immediately seaward of this place, with a huge estuary where fishes of all types swim today.

Should the alii want to have fun, the chiefess went up with poi and fish, and Kamoku went down with the intoxicating awa of the uplands of Kahua-a, bundles of oopu fish, mokihana lei of Kahihikolo, dark shrimps [opae kuauli] of Kaluaokalani, and it was in this house that they would enjoy themselves with their people; that is the whole story dealing with this stone, a awa bowl for the chiefs.

If Mr. George R. Ewart had known of yet another stone that is in Kilauea in Kalihiwai, which rings like a bell, and it is rounded flat, and its sound can be heard for a mile or more if it is struck with a hammer or a rock in other times, and it was something played with by school children; then it would have probably been taken by Mr. Ewart to the museum to be viewed.

I give my appreciation to him being that in that year that this stone was sent, I was working at that sugar plantation, but I had no prior knowledge of this until I saw it once again in this museum.

With the Editor and the metal type setting boys go my valediction.

Me ka mahalo,

Charles K. Nawaiula.

Honolulu, Dec. 2, 1919.

(Kuokoa, 12/12/1919, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVII, Helu 50, Aoao 3. Dekemaba 12, 1919.The

Looking back at Princess Kaiulani, 1904.

The Drawing Room [Lumi Kahakii] of Princess Kaiulani.

[Does anyone know where this room was? I am sure the original image in the newspaper is much more clear. This is yet another reason to reshoot the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers before it is too late and they crumble into pieces…]

Ka Lumi Kahakii o ke Kama'liiwahine Kaiulani.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLII, Helu 18, Aoao 4. Aperila 29, 1904.

More images from the past, 1903.


Merchant Street in 1883.

Photographed by Williams.

Merchant Street in 1903.

Photographed by the Advertiser [Adavataisa].

[I’m not sure if they meant to say “twenty years”, or if one of the pictures is mislabeled ten years off…]

(Kuokoa, 1/30/1903, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLI, Helu 5, Aoao 1. Ianuari 30, 1903.

Pictures into the past, 1903.


The Anglican Church Saint Andrew’s [Sana Anaru] in the year 1873. Built in 1867.

Photograph by Williams.

[This is part of a series of pictures of old Honolulu that ran on the first page of the Kuokoa. From about 1900, pictures become an added feature of the papers. Paging through the papers, you never know what or who you will come across! (…even after the all of the pages become word searchable, until they find a way to indicate that there is an image of this or of that).

(Kuokoa, 3/6/1903, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLI, Helu 10, Aoao 1. Maraki 6, 1903.