More on the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Expo, 1909.


—Advertiser Photo.

Miss M. Mondon  Miss Pauline Evans  Miss Irene Boyd

Mrs. Charles Siemsen  Mrs. Will Cooper  Miss Wattie Holt

It was aboard the steamship Almeda which left on Wednesday that these girls of Honolulu, as shown above in the picture, to go to the exposition being held in Seattle.

They went to go  view the various displays of Hawaii nei sent there to show the world some things from Hawaii nei, the place called the Paradise of the Pacific.

Before their leaving of the beloved community of Hawaii nei, there was held an audience with them along with a party at the residence of Governor Frear on the afternoon of this Tuesday.

They left under the care of Mrs. Will Cooper, and being that Mrs. Knudsen is already at the exposition ground, she will be the kamaaina there who will welcome these girls when they get there.

[See how much clearer the digital image available on Chronicling America is of the same picture in the Pacific Commercial Advertiser from the front page of 5/26/1909. Hopefully someday soon we will be able to rescan all of the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers to get the clearest images of not only the pictures, but of the text, so everything is clearly legible!]

(Kuokoa, 5/28/1909, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVI, Helu 22, Aoao 1. Mei 28, 1909.


Kahikina Kelekona, John G. M. Sheldon, editor of the Hawaii Holomua, arrested for speaking, 1893.


Has Anybody Any Rights Under the Provisional Government?

Argument of the Question in the Circuit Court.

John G. M. Sheldon, editor of the Holomua, who is deprived of his liberty under a warrant issued by the President of the Provisional Government, was produced in the First Circuit Court before Judge Frear, at 11 o’clock this forenoon, under a writ of habeas corpus. Attorney-General Smith and F. M. Hatch appeared for the Government, and C. W. Ashford, C. Creighton, A. Rosa and J. L. Kaulukou for the prisoner.

Mr. C. W. Ashford argued for the discharge of the prisoner, speaking to the following effect: There was no authority vested in the Executive and Advisory Councils to issue warrants of arrest. President Dole had no right in the Proclamation of the Provisional Government to issue a warrant of arrest. The Government could not go behind that proclamation, he presumed. “We the People of the Hawaiian Islands” gave him no such power. If “We the People of the Hawaiian Islands” had intended to exercise that power they would have given it to him. The Proclamation stated that the President’s duties were to preside over the meetings of the Executive Council. Mr. Dole now holds no judicial position in these islands. He did hold such position before, but resigned it to become President of the Provisional Government. If that warrant, of President Dole was valid, then there was no security of liberty for any man, woman or child under these tropic skies. There was then nothing to prevent any resident of this country being consigned to a dungeon or bound in irons. It should be known whether the Provisional Government had such tremendous powers. He was not making a covert attack on the late revolution. He believed in the sacred right of revolution, and he considered the late revolution was a good thing. But it might not be good if the Provisional Government introduced anarchy and despotism. Some persons were led by their philosophy to believe that a beneficent despotism was the best form of government, and he believed that members of this school of philosophy had seats in the Advisory Council. Continue reading

Goat hunting on Kahoolawe, 1911.

Goat Hunters to go to Kahoolawe.

Aboard the Maunaloa of this Friday, Governor Frear, Attorney General Lindsey [Lindsay], and Land Commissioner Alapaki opio [Charles Sheldon Judd] left for the island of Hawaii to look at the homestead lands there. On this trip, the Governor took along an automobile for them to travel mauka side of Hawaii. They get off at Kailua and get on the car to go to Kau, and from there to the volcano until Hilo and from there to Kohala until Waimea, and in two weeks the Maunakea will be there in Kawaihae and they will return to Honolulu nei. On this tour of the Governor and his companions, they will meet with the…

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 9/8/1911, p. 1)


Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke IX, Helu 36, Aoao 1. Sepatemaba 8, 1911.

makaainana who want homestead lands, to ask them first-hand what lands the public desires.

Attorney General Lindsey and Alapaki will make the return trip to Honolulu while Governor Frear will get off at Lahaina, and there meet up with Eben Low, Kuhio, and Kiwini [S. L. Desha], as well as with some other people, to go to Kahoolawe to judge the damages done by the goats, and if they are found at fault, shooting will be their punishment.

The long-distance steamship, the Kaena, will go to Lahaina on the 21st of this month, and by the Kaena the selected jury will go to Kahoolawe.

[See this related story, “Brother Low Recalls 1895–1920” on Hamakua Times’ website!]

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 9/8/1911, pp. 4)


Kuokoa Homer Rula, Buke IX, Helu 36, Aoao 4. Sepatemaba 8, 1911.

New library to open, 1913.


All Invited to Attend Special Program Tomorrow Afternoon

Governor Frear will be the first patron of the new Carnegie Library. He will receive Registration Card No. 1, and will be the first to enter the big building when it is formally thrown open to the public tomorrow afternoon.

Unique and appropriate exercises will characterize the formal opening of the library tomorrow. The program for the exercises was completed yesterday afternoon by A. Lewis, Jr., president of the board of library trustees, Secretary W. H. Babbitt and other members of the board. The splendid new building, made possible by Andrew Carnegie’s gift of $100,000, will be the scene of a notable gathering.

With Mr. Lewis and Governor Frear as the central figures in the ceremony, the program will begin at 3 o’clock, when the Royal Hawaiian Band, arranged for by Secretary Babbitt and Mayor Fern, begins an hour of music.

At four o’clock the ceremony proper will begin. Mr. Lewis will make a short address appropriate to the occasion and will then introduce Prof. M. M. Scott, principal of McKinley High School, who has been prominent in the work for the new library. Chairman Lewis will then, as president of the library board, give to Governor Frear Card No. 1. Then the chairman will unlock the big front doors of the building and will escort Governor Frear inside. According to the little ceremony arranged, the governor will then proceed to the central desk and will be met by Miss Edna I. Allyn, the librarian, who will issue to the executive the first book from the new institution.

As soon as the governor has entered, the public will follow, the entire library building being open to visitors, with the assistant librarians and employees detailed as escorts.

The Outdoor Circle of the Kilohana Club has furnished a number of beautiful palms and ferns with which the interior will be decorated.

Registration cards will be generally issued tomorrow and intending patrons of the library can sign the cards and be enrolled from four to six o’clock.

The new library, it is emphasized by the board of trustees, is absolutely free to everyone and books will be issued upon presentation of the properly signed registration card. There is also a traveling library feature, the committee on which is headed by Robbins B. Anderson.

[Tomorrow will be a hundred years since the library opened! See the many related activities going on in commemoration of this great historical event! It seems that the Royal Hawaiian Band will be there tomorrow morning to celebrate just as they did a hundred years ago!!

I am not sure why I could not find an article in the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers announcing this opening. But there is this from a couple of years later!]

(Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 1/31/1913, p. 1)


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XX, Number 6499, Page 1. January 31, 1913.


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XX, Number 6499, Page 4. January 31, 1913.

Punchbowl to go to the rich, 1912.


Honolulu, Aug. 10—The government has set aside the home lots at Puoina [Punchbowl] to be auctioned off. The prices have gone much higher than their value. What is so sad is that some homes which have been lived in by people for a long time will go to those who have a lot of money.

When these people who have homesteaded on these lands for many years in the past learned that their homes will go to the rich, some sat down in chairs and cried in despair over all the long years spent saving. How sad for those people who will lose their homes!

This is one of the things that Representative Kuhio opposes in the administering of the government by Governor Frear, that being the putting up for open auction lands suitable for Homesteads. It is clear that the poor will be crushed by the wealthy. Listen, oh you poor people, think carefully about your Representative of Honolulu, and choose a Representative who supports Kuhio, the one who is fighting for the rights of the poor Homesteaders [na poe Home Hookuonoono].

[The newspaper in which this article appears, “Ka Hoku o Hawaii,” is only available online from the middle of 1917. Although received funding many years ago to digitize all Hawaiian-Language Newspapers, many inexplicably fell through the crack. All the twelve prior years (which includes the issue from which this article was taken) can at this stage only be seen on microfilm…]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 8/22/1912, p. 1)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke 7, Helu 12, Aoao 1. Augate 22, 1912.

This is pretty awesome. A hundred years ago, Sun Yat-sen’s son, Sun Fo is leaving for China, 1912.

[Found under: “Local News”]

Here in Honolulu is Sun Fo, the child of Dr. Sun Yat-sen who is serving as President of the Republic of China. Just as his father was a favorite of the Chinese of this town, so too is he being treated with great affection these days. He is on his way to meet up with his father. This boy was born at Kamaole, Kula, Maui, in 1892, and he graduated from Saint Louis School the past year. He will continue his travels to China aboard the Chiyomaru. This Thursday, he visited with Governor Frear and Queen Liliuokalani.

[It seems many other sources like this one say Sun Fo was not born here in Hawaii… “Sun Yat-sen in Hawai’i: Activities and Supporters”]

(Aloha Aina, 1/6/1912, p. 4)

Eia i Honolulu nei o Sun Fo...

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke XVI, Helu 1, Aoao 4. Ianuari 6, 1912.