Punchbowl replanted, 1876.

Twenty Minutes atop Puowina.—In the deep dark morning of this past Wednesday, we climbed atop Puowina to gaze upon the efforts of the King, which was joined in by the Chiefs and the makaainana to grow trees with the royal ones. The fence surrounding the plants are still secure but of the maybe four hundred or more trees that were planted, it appears only about a hundred or more trees are growing. Most of them are dead. The weeds that were cut down before the planting are growing as well, and the area where the planted trees are growing is on the Ewa side. The two reservoirs have gone dry, and the reservoir on the Waikiki side is from the rain. There are some clumps of sugarcane and banana plants growing, and if their fruit ripens, they will be savored. Outside of the fence, the wild cattle are grazing on the grass. We climbed up amongst the plantings for twenty minutes, and that was sufficient.

(Kuokoa, 1/1/1876, p. 2)

Iwakalua Minute Maluna o Puowina.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XV, Helu 1, Aoao 2. Ianuari 1, 1876.

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More on the transfer of the remains of the Alii to Maunaala, 1865.

Just as we announced in last week’s issue of our paper, that there would be a funeral for the Minister of Foreign Affairs [Kuhina o ko na Aina e], it was indeed carried out. After the night prayer [pule poeleele] of the Anglican Church [Halepule Hoomana Enelani] was over, the body of R. C. Wyllie was taken from his residence at Nuuanu to the Church at Peleula, where it was left until the funeral procession to his permanent home, that being on a following day.

When the sun reached its heights, the military boys were seen crowded together in the grounds of the Palace. The Cavalry [Puali Koa Kaua Lio] under Captain C. H. Judd, the Artillery Division [? Koa Pukaa] under Captain J. H. Brown, the regular soldiers [? Koa ku mau] under Captain Kahoohuli, the Hulumanu Division [Koa Hulumanu] under Captain J. M. Kapena, the Rifle Squad [Koa Raifela] under Captain Hassinger. From the Palace, they moved on to the Church, and there many people of all sorts who waited with great hope that they would take part in the procession taking him to be left in peace where we all must go with no delay when fetched by the heartless ruler of the pit.

After the prayer for him was over, a procession was organized by the Marshall for the day, John O. Dominis, and the procession marched quietly to the Royal Cemetery at Maunaala. Most of the businesses were closed that day, and everyone went to watch the funeral procession; the sides of the streets were filled with men, women, and children. When the remains entered the Cemetery, and right after, the troops and the artillery division sounded their guns for him. However before his funeral, the Fort at Puowaina shot off minute guns until he was at the Cemetery.

It was as if while the group of onlookers watched him being taken away, all of the people were were reeling with painful sorrow in their hearts. Who would not be without aloha, for he lived until well known in the calm of Hauola, and should he have had a partner, he would have had many grandchildren, but he lived alone and did not multiply in the uplands of Kawananakoa. He has gone, but has left a Monument for himself, not in the city, or on the side of the streets of our town, but on the sides of the history of our Nation, and in the hearts of this generation, and all of the generations to come. When he entered the Tomb, the crowd scattered and went back with a heavy heart.

After the sun returned to the surface of the sea, another funeral was readied, and that funeral to move to a new place our

Alii’s Remains,

and here are their names below, as is written on their coffins:

(1) Jane Lahilahi Kaeo, Died Jan 12, 1862, Aged 50 years.

(2) T. C. Byde Rooke, F. R. C. S. Born May 18, 1806, Died May 28, 1858.

(3) Keoni Ana, Born on the 12th of March, 1810, Died July 18, 1857.

(4) B. Namakeha, Died 27 Dec. 1860, At 52 years of age.

(5) John William Pitt Kinau, Born Dec. 27, 1842, Died on the 9th of Sept. 1857.

(6) Elisabeta Kaahumanu, Born 1793, Died 1842.

(7) Kamehameha 2d, Elii no nahina o Awhai, Make i Pelekani 28 Makaiki Kaiku, I ke mahoe mua o Kamakaiki 1824, Aloha ino no komako Elii Iolani.
Kamehameha 2nd King of the Sandwich Islands, Died July 14th, 1824, In London, in the 28th year of his age, May we remember our beloved King Iolani.

(8) Kamehamalu Elii no na aina o awahi, Make i Pelekani, 22 ma Raiki Teitu, London 8 Re mahoe o Re ma Raiki 1824.
Tamehamalu, Queen of the Sandwich Islands, Departed this life in London on the 8 July 1824, Aged 22 years.

(9) Kaahumanu II died Apr. 4, 1839 in Her 33rd Year.

(10) In this casket is the daughter [? son] of Kamehameha III, Keaweaweulaokalani; there is nothing inscribed on the casket.

(11) Kamehameha III, born on the 17th of March 1813, Died 15th December 1854, He reigned for 29 years.

(12) His Highness, Albert Edward Kauikeaouli, Leiopapa a Kamehameha, Haku o Hawaii, Born on the 27th of May, 1858, died on the 27th of August, 1862. Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the Kingdom of God.

(13) Alexander Kalanikua Liholiho, Iolani Maka o Iouli Kunuiakea, Kukailimoku, Kamehameha IV, King of the Hawaiian Islands. Born Feberuary 9, 1834, succeeded to the Throne, December 15, 1854. Died November 30, 1863.

(14) Mose Kekuaiwa, Born July 20, 1829, Died November 29, 1848.

(15) Davida Tamehameha, Born on May 20, 1828, Died December 15, 1835. He was 7 years, 6 months, and 16 days old.

(16) Leleiohoku, Born March 21, 1821, Died October 21, 1848.

(17) A. Paki, Born Aug. 1808, Died June 13th, 1855.

(18) L. Konia, Wife of A. Paki, Born 1808, Died July 2nd, 1857.

(19) Keolaokalani Paki Bishop, Born Dec. 30, 1862, Died Aug. 29, 1863.

(20) Kamanele, Died May 7, 1831, at 19 Years of Age.

(21) Liloa and Lonoikamakahiki.

When the stifling rays of the sun left, and when the dim moon shown over the peaceful town, the torches glowed red, lighting up the bones of the Alii as they were carried on palanquins [manele], to lie and be placed in the new building made with fine craftsmanship for their physical remains, for they returned to the eternal home of this life, death snatching without compassion, and dragged them off without a cry [?? ke ka-ua aku] being heard.

Death, according to one poet, is something terribly frightening. This is true; we understand that death is something very awesome, because it is not known where it will come, from the lowly hovel to perhaps at the door of the Palace.

“Ka ilihune, ka poe waiwai,
Ka poe kiekie, a me ka poe haahaa,
Na ka make e hoiliwai like ia lakou.”

[“The poor, the rich,
The high, and the low,
Death makes them all equal.”]

Death is something regular, everyday we hear the ringing of the funerary bells, and we always are witness to the funerary processions cloaked in mourning clothes, following after their friends to his resting place—the grave. As these people are taken away, we look—and each of them go to our occupations in this life; some look for their fortune, while other for fame, and glory. But when are Alii are taken away, trapped by the tireless hands of death, we all unassumingly consider, looking back upon the history of his life, and weigh.

“Ina ua kupono ia no ka lani i ka lani,
Ina aole ia i kupono nolaila, i Gehena.”

[“If befitting for heaven, then to heaven,
If not befitting for there, then to hell.”]

[See more on the Nanea Armstrong-Wassel’s instagram post here.]

(Au Okoa, 11/6/1865, p. 2)

E like me ka makou mea i hoolaha aku ai...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke I, Helu 29, Aoao 2. Novemaba 6, 1865.

More on Lunalilo’s birthday, 1874.

Birthday of the King.

The day passed partially in happiness and partially in sadness. Being that the one whose day this holiday of the lahui is for is there languishing in weakness. The celebration here for his 39th birthday was held peacefully with proper cheer. With the break of dawn of the morning of Saturday, the town was rattled by the boom of the cannons from the battery of Puowina.¹ Before the passing of 11 o’clock, out came the firemen as they paraded on the streets with their fire trucks decorated with the verdure of the forest and flowers, until they returned once again to their station. At each fire station, they had prepared a banquet for themselves while their fine friends were invited to share in this with them. When 11 o’clock arrived exactly, cannons were shot off again from Puowina, along with the warship, Tenedos, which was docked in the harbor; and in the evening as well, cannons were shot off a third time from Puowina. Parties were held at many places, and the streets were teeming with people and those on horseback. All of the flagpoles on land and those on the ships were decorated with flags; the warship Tenedos was adorned from bow to stern.

The nature of the day and its sights were peaceful; there were no commotions aroused, nor were there many drunken people seen on the streets.

¹Puowina is one of the many variants for what we see mostly as Puowaina today [Punchbowl].

(Ko Hawaii Ponoi, 2/4/1874, p. 2)

Ka La Hanau o ka Moi.

Ko Hawaii Ponoi, Buke I, Helu 34, Aoao 2. Feberuari 4, 1874.

Unknown newspaper begins, 1872.

[Found under: “Local News: Oahu.”]

The Newspaper “He Hawaii.” [The Hawaiian]—This is a new haole newspaper just published by the Printers of Black and Auld of this town, and it will continue to be published on the 15th of every month throughout the year. It is the same size as “Puowina” [Punchbowl], which rests the eternal rest; and it will be full of intelligent offerings, foreign and domestic news, and other matter found fit by the editors. We hope to see it progress.

[Although there are extant copies of “Punchbowl” held by the Hawaiian Historical Society, it seems that there are no surviving copies of “The Hawaiian”.]

(Kuokoa, 1/27/1872, p. 2)

Ka Nupepa "He Hawaii."

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XI, Helu 4, Aoao 2. Ianuari 27, 1872.

Punchbowl to go to the rich, 1912.

CRYING IN REGRET

Honolulu, Aug. 10—The government has set aside the home lots at Puoina [Punchbowl] to be auctioned off. The prices have gone much higher than their value. What is so sad is that some homes which have been lived in by people for a long time will go to those who have a lot of money.

When these people who have homesteaded on these lands for many years in the past learned that their homes will go to the rich, some sat down in chairs and cried in despair over all the long years spent saving. How sad for those people who will lose their homes!

This is one of the things that Representative Kuhio opposes in the administering of the government by Governor Frear, that being the putting up for open auction lands suitable for Homesteads. It is clear that the poor will be crushed by the wealthy. Listen, oh you poor people, think carefully about your Representative of Honolulu, and choose a Representative who supports Kuhio, the one who is fighting for the rights of the poor Homesteaders [na poe Home Hookuonoono].

[The newspaper in which this article appears, “Ka Hoku o Hawaii,” is only available online from the middle of 1917. Although ulukau.org received funding many years ago to digitize all Hawaiian-Language Newspapers, many inexplicably fell through the crack. All the twelve prior years (which includes the issue from which this article was taken) can at this stage only be seen on microfilm…]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 8/22/1912, p. 1)

UWE NO KA MINAMINA

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke 7, Helu 12, Aoao 1. Augate 22, 1912.

More from Ka Nonanona, August 8, 1843.

THE RESTORATION OF THE KINGDOM.

How great are the blessings of Kamehameha III and his subjects now, for the difficulties have subsided and the sovereignty of the land has been restored. No more is the living as subjects under the men of Victoria.

Kamehameha III is now the monarch of Hawaii nei. The British flag has been taken down on this day, July 31, 1843, and Hawaii’s flag has been raised once more. Therefore, this will be the day of the year that will be commemorated with joy from here forth.

Here is an awesome event that happened today. At half past eight, Admiral Thomas went along with some sailors, from the three British ships (anchored at Honolulu now) to the fort of Honolulu at Kulaokahua, with large and small firearms, and spears, and there he awaited the king. At 10 o’clock, the king went with his soldiers, and arrived; the Hawaiian flag was unfurled, the British flag was taken down from the fort, and there the Hawaiian flag was raised, and so too in uplands, on the hill of Puawaina [Punchbowl]; many guns were shot off in salute all over: The soldiers did it, the warships as well, the forts as well, and the hill of Puawaina as well, and the whaling ships as well; and the bells were rung. The warships were festooned with flags; it was a fine and beautiful sight to see.

There were many people gathered to witness this amazing event, perhaps there were ten thousand in total. The soldiers carried out their duties well; they circled the king twice, while saluting him; they shot off their guns many times and marched here and there quickly and smartly. And when they were done, the crowd all returned to town.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, p. 25)

KA HOIHOI ANA O KE AUPUNI.

Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

Pond atop Punchbowl? 1902.

Mysterious Pond.

An amazing pond was found atop Puowaina by  some people who visited there; they found this amazing waters among lantana plants. Close to this pond was planted a patch of sweet potatoes by an old Hawaiian man; he did not know of this new thing until he was weeding near the pond. While he was working [hono ana ?], to his surprise, he saw this pond their. When he looked at it, its mouth was five feet long, and so too of the depth. The water is five feet or more then you reach black sand. According to what some people say, this is magical waters. It is said to be kupua water, like what is common among amazing things, but there is no trace of the story of this water. It is truly a mysterious spring. The water in the pond these days has somewhat receded.

(Kuokoa, 6/27/1902, p. 5)

Luawai Hoopahaohao.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XL, Helu 26, Aoao 5, Iune 27, 1902.

The above image was taken directly from the microfilm. Here for comparison is the same article as it appears online:

Luawai Hoopahaohao.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XL, Helu 26, Aoao 5. Iune 27, 1902.