A mele for Princess Kaiulani composed by Mrs. Kala, 1893.


He lei keia no Kaiulani
Papahi Kalaunu a o Hawaii
Ola o ka Laninuiahilapalapa
O ka wohi ku kahi a ka Lahui
Ua hui lokahi a o Europa
Kaohi i ka Ea a o Hawaii
Walohia e ka leo o Kaiulani
Ua hewa anei au e Amerika
Hoole ia ai Ko’u kuleana
I ka noho Kalaunu a o Hawaii
Aia i ka nua Hale Keokeo
Ka Hale alii i Wakinekona
E noi ana hoi me ka hopo ole
I ka ea aloha o Hawaii nei Continue reading


Updated Elepaio Story, 1894.


O Hawaiian people, don’t worry and don’t be uncertain. for we have publicly shown that there are three great powers of the world who have granted independence to us in 1843, that being France, Britain, and America.

But when our land was stolen and our beloved Queen was taken from her throne and our land stood bare without any beauty remaining,

During that time, we composed our protest, along with Queen Liliuokalani, and left if for America to make right; and it for this that we wait until today. But O Nation, do recall one of the famous stories of our beloved land, this being:

The bird called Elepaio called out loudly:

“O Io, O Io, I was hit by the rock of the man.”

Io answered, “Who was at fault?”

“I was wrong for pecking at the huewai of the man,” answered Elepaio.

“You are indeed at fault for puncturing the huewai of the man; let it be judged by the many birds,” was Io’s answer.

It was so, Elepaio was judged; he came upon Oo, and his answer was the same, that it be judged by the many birds.

Elepaio arrived before Pueonuiokona, and his answer was the same.

But Pueonuiokona went on to say, “Say Elepaio, I will call our many fellow birds to come together.”

In no time, all the birds came together, and Pueonuiokona revealed the reason for them being called to assemble, like this:

“Before me appeared your younger sibling with his protest, and when I heard correctly, I knew he was wrong, however, the best thing to do would be for us to send Iwa before the man to whom belonged the huewai that Elepaio pecked, and to tell him that Elepaio was guilty, and it is for him to set the punishment.”

And it was so, Iwa went to the place of the man to whom belonged the huewai, and told him of their decision; this is what the man said:

“You are forgiven, and don’t do anymore harmful acts.”

So we compare this story with the actions carried out upon us, and we see that they are exactly the same.

For America totally blames itself for the wrong done by Elepaio to our huewai.

But it is going around being judged by the many birds, and is currently in Europe.

So therefore, O Nation, we will receive a fair judgement from Iwa, the messenger that is being sent; and that will be when the dignity shall be awarded to our side through the judgement of the crimes carried out by Stevens Elepaio.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 10/11/1894, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 1047, Aoao 2. Okatoba 11, 1894.

More on the landing of the Boston, 1893.


We have received news that the Ministers of the Queen sent their written protest to the Minister of the United States for his ordering the landing of the armed men from the man-of-war Boston on the evening of this Monday notwithstanding that there was peace on land. And this objection was jointly supported by the Commissioners of the Nations of Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Japan, by them signing a document opposing this action over these reasons—(1), Because of the agreement under law between the Nations to give prior notice. (2),  There was no cause to land the troops being that there was peace.

This is the Law, that being there is no other Nation that has any right to land its troops while there is peace; were there internal problems, but only if there was an uprising or a civil war, only then could there be troops landed to watch over and protect the safety of their citizens as well as their property.

(Hawaii Holomua, 1/18/1893, p. 3)


Hawaii Holomua, Buke III, Helu 141, Aoao 3. Ianuari 18, 1893.

Independence Day, 1867.

In the Announcements Column of the Government’s English newspaper [Hawaiian Gazette] of yesterday, we saw an announcement calling all those who want to celebrate the coming 28th of November, to all come down to the reading room of the Hotel of Kaopuaua to discuss it tomorrow night, Friday. This is what the haole are doing; where are the Hawaiians for whom this day is truly for?

(Au Okoa, 9/26/1867, p. 2)

Ma na Kolamu Olelo Hoolaha...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke III, Helu 23, Aoao 2. Sepatemaba 26, 1867.

La Hoihoi Ea, 1912.


The past 31st of July was a great day celebrated in days of the monarchs, from Kamehameha III all the way until the end of the monarchy; on this day sovereignty was restored and the Hawaiian Flag was raised at that famous park, “Thomas Square,” by Admiral Thomas [Adimarala Tomas], who did the restoration, being that on the 25th of February, 1843, the British Flag was raised over the Fort of Honolulu.

As a result of the threats by Lord George Paulet; Britain’s high officer on the Pacific Ocean, it was Admiral Thomas who restored the sovereignty of the land, and re-raised the Hawaiian Flag on the flag staffs at the Palace (Iolani) and the fort of Kaleiopapa Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III, the king of Hawaii at the time; Aloha to Hawaii of old, which is the Territory of Hawaii now.

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 8/1/1912, p. 1)


Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke X, Helu 31, Aoao 1. Augate 1, 1912.

Even more from Ka Nonanona, August 8, 1843.


When we reached the residence of the king, at Honukaopu [Honokaupu ?], Kekuanaoa fetched some traitors who were kept at Hale Kauila; perhaps there were 140 of them. The king did not allow them to accompany him to raise the flag.

This is the nature of their treason. When this archipelago was not clearly under Capt. Lord George Paulet, they left Kamehameha III, and they swore allegiance to the Queen of Britain. This is probably the reason they swore allegiance to Victoria; because they were paid money. They therefore curried his favor [hoopilimeaai].

They were probably prepared to go with George to this war and that; if he warred against the king, so too would they; and if he went to war against the local haole or the Missionaries, they would fight as well! If soldiers of enlightened lands took an oath in this fashion, their heads would fall. But because of the patience and goodness of Kamehameha III, they were saved.

When they came in the presence of the king, they gave a three gun salute to Hawaii’s flag; and they swore once again to live obediently beneath Kamehameha III. After that, they spent time with the King, and shook hands.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, pp. 25 & 26.)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

Wahine o Beritania...

Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 26. Augate 8, 1843.

More from Ka Nonanona, August 8, 1843.


How great are the blessings of Kamehameha III and his subjects now, for the difficulties have subsided and the sovereignty of the land has been restored. No more is the living as subjects under the men of Victoria.

Kamehameha III is now the monarch of Hawaii nei. The British flag has been taken down on this day, July 31, 1843, and Hawaii’s flag has been raised once more. Therefore, this will be the day of the year that will be commemorated with joy from here forth.

Here is an awesome event that happened today. At half past eight, Admiral Thomas went along with some sailors, from the three British ships (anchored at Honolulu now) to the fort of Honolulu at Kulaokahua, with large and small firearms, and spears, and there he awaited the king. At 10 o’clock, the king went with his soldiers, and arrived; the Hawaiian flag was unfurled, the British flag was taken down from the fort, and there the Hawaiian flag was raised, and so too in uplands, on the hill of Puawaina [Punchbowl]; many guns were shot off in salute all over: The soldiers did it, the warships as well, the forts as well, and the hill of Puawaina as well, and the whaling ships as well; and the bells were rung. The warships were festooned with flags; it was a fine and beautiful sight to see.

There were many people gathered to witness this amazing event, perhaps there were ten thousand in total. The soldiers carried out their duties well; they circled the king twice, while saluting him; they shot off their guns many times and marched here and there quickly and smartly. And when they were done, the crowd all returned to town.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, p. 25)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

The first newspaper article printed following July 31, 1843.


On the 26th of July, the British Warship named Dublin arrived. Rear Admiral Thomas is the Captain. He is the officer in charge of all of the British warships in the Pacific Ocean.

When he received documents pertaining to Capt. Lord George Paulet aboard Victoria’s ship, and he heard clearly that the British flag was raised over these islands, he came quickly to restore the government to Kamehameha III. How fine is his aloha for the king, isn’t it! and for the citizens as well.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, p. 25)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

Donations for the commission carrying the anti-annexation petitions to America, 1898.




We are the Aloha Aina boys whose hearts are full of true aloha from deep within.

We are donating our few cents for the well-being of the Representatives with unified hearts and to attest to this, we affix our names.


B. Lapilio, 50 cents

Nakeu, 50 ”

Halekauhola, 50 ”

E. D. T. Sing, 50 ”

John Lono, 50 ”

Moluhi, 50 ”

John Hao, 50 ”

Kukaukama, 50 ”

Kaomea Kaui, 50 ”

J. Namaielua, 50 ”

Jeo Kahilahila, 50 ”

Kalua, 50 ”

Mahi Kaio, 50 ”

S. Pilipo, 50 ”

Kauluwehiwehi, 50 ”

Hanaole, 50 ”

Micah Kaui, 50 ”

Kalauahea, 50 ”

Pohano, 50 ”

Kaukua, 50 ”

Kihauna, 50 ”

Ake, 50 ”

Hoopii, 50 ”

Moses Holi, 50 ”

S. Kauhahaa, 50 ”

Pihana, 50 ”

Isaia Wai, 50 ”

Pali, 50 ”

Hukia, 25 ”

Kanakahoa, 25 ”

Lai Kilauea, 25 ”

John Papu, 10 ”

Hakau, 10 ”

Kaonohiliilii, 10 ”

Kahikina, 1.00 ”

John Haloi, 1.00 ”

J. K. Laanui, 1.95 ”

D. W. J. Kaopuiki, 1.00 ”

Total: $20.00

D. W. J. Kaopuiki


The boys of Baldwin Home are speedy.

[The newspaper Ka Loea Kalaiaina (and many other Hawaiian-Language Newspapers) are for some reason still not available online in searchable text form or even in image form. This is unfortunate, for although most people are familiar with the anti-annexation petitions (“Kū‘ē Petitions”), many have not seen the many lists of donations collected from all over the islands for the expenses of the commission carrying the petition to Washington D. C.

This particular list of donors and donations are from Kalawao! These patients were forced to live isolated from mainstream society, and yet they remained staunch patriots!!

This image is difficult to read, and I hope that clear images of these pages will be made, so if they are typed out to be word-searchable online, people will be able to find their kupuna—it will be near impossible to find a name if there is an “@” somewhere within it…]

(Loea Kalaiaina, 3/14/1898, p. 3)


Ka Loea Kalaiaina, Buke II, Helu 11, Aoao 3. Maraki 14, 1898.

Excerpts of “Strangling Hands…” appearing in the Hawaiian-Language Newspaper. 1897.


[This article is taken from the famed “Strangling Hands upon a Nation’s Throat” article by Miriam Michelson, which appears in the San Francisco Call, 9/30/1897, pp. 1–3. The introductory paragraphs go:]

For the benefit of our readers, we are taking some ideas printed in the newspaper San Francisco Call, written by the pen of Miss Miriam Michelson, on the deck of the ship, Australia, on the 22nd of September.

Remember that this woman newspaper reporter was the woman reporter present at the meeting of the Patriotic League of Hilo held at the meeting house of the Salvation Army in Hilo Town, and this is what she reported: . . .

(Aloha Aina, 10/16/1897, pp. 6 & 7.)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 42, Aoao 6. Okatoba 16, 1897.

Mai ka aoao eono mai.

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 42, Aoao 7. Okatoba 16, 1897.