A new Portuguese newspaper, 1885.

O Luso Hawaiiano.

The unfamiliar words placed above is the name of a new newspaper published in town in the Portuguese language. We got a hold of the first issue of the new serie of this newspaper. This paper was published earlier, but it was not long lived before it went to sleep. After being revived these days, it was called a new serie, like it is a new ano [new series]. We hope this newspaper O Luso Hawaiiano will live forever. The number of Portuguese living with us lately has increased, and it would not be good to just have them be without means to gain knowledge. And they will probably be happy to regularly acquire news in their own language. Mr. A. Marques is the editor of this newspaper. He is a haole that has not lived long amongst us, but his is a kamaaina nonetheless.

He has had editorials printed in haole newspapers of this town, speaking of subjects pertaining to the progress and prosperity of our archipelago. He is a man who speaks his mind without being ingratiating [hoopilimeaai]. In this age of much ingratiation and prejudice, our readers will be happy to hear of this new newspaper established for the good of the people.

[Hamilton Library put up online the Portuguese language newspapers from Hawaii. CLick here to be taken to O Luso Hawaiiano.]

(Kuokoa, 8/22/1885, p. 2)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXIV, Helu 34, Aoao 2. Augate 22, 1885.

Famous safe bought at auction, 1897.



Safe That Was Once Robbed of $800 in Gold Coin—At Custom House Sale Yesterday—Society Pick Up a Curio.

The Portuguese Mutual Benefit Society of Honolulu had carried to its meeting hall today a large iron safe which has a romance connected with it that is very interesting indeed. The safe was purchased by the President of the society at an auction sale at Morgan’s for the small sum of $35. There was no demand for the safe and the auctioneer congratulate himself upon securing the sum he did. Continue reading

“You are not permitted to use your own judgement but are blandly told that you don’t know what you are talking about when you venture to express an opinion that is contrary to what is said to be an established fact,” Clarence E. Edwords, 1896.

The Hawaiian Situation.

They protest too much.

This is the conclusion that is reached by the careful observer who talks with the adherents of the present Government [the Provisional Government] of the Hawaiian Islands.

They seem too anxious to impress upon you the fact that it is a most serene and peaceful atmosphere. You are not permitted to use your own judgement but are blandly told that you don’t know what you are talking about when you venture to express an opinion that is contrary to what is said to be an established fact. Of course no fault can be found with such procedure. It is a part of politics. They want certain conditions to obtain and the desire is so great that by long effort to fool others the “P. G.’s” eventually fool themselves. It may seem presumptuous for one who spent but a month in the island republic to give an opinion as to the real political status of the island, but there is so much evidence obtainable that such opinion can easily be formed, even if it does happen to be against the desire of those who now hold the reins of Government.

The stranger who visits Honolulu almost immediately feels that he is surrounded by an air of uneasiness. Things evidently are not as they seem. There is an indefinable something in the atmosphere that makes one feel as if he should be watching over his shoulder. Where the impression comes from it is difficult to say, but if you will talk politics for five minutes with any resident you cannot help but notice the lowered tone of voice, the careful watch of passers-by or the graurded manner, as if there were a constant fear of spies. Nor is this noticeable alone when talking with royalists. The adherents of the Republic are just as guarded and just as careful.

It looks as if they feared a change of Government and as if their expressions might be treasured up against them.

Yet the Republicans and the papers are persistent in their declarations that the islands were never more peaceful than at present.

Perhaps this is true, but if the the present Government is not sitting over a smouldering political volcano, then the signs are wrong, and this same Government has not failed to realize this fact. Nor has it failed to prepare a soft place to light after the explosion.

What is this soft place?

When a man who had been a resident of the islands but ten months made the public announcement of a new Government, that announcement was successful because of the American Minister, who backed up the revolutionists with the force of an American warship and the naval support of the United States. Liliuokalani was dethroned and the Re-…

(Independent, 7/11/1896, p. 1)

The Hawaiian Situation.

The Independent, Volume III, Number 323, Page 1. July 11, 1896.

…public declared. It was announced to the world that the change was satisfactory to the great majority of the people of the islands, and the establishment of a new Republic in the Pacific was generally supposed to be the work of the natives, who had learned to govern themselves.

But facts are sometimes stubborn and refute false statements. The facts of the change of government are not what have been made public.

There are, in round numbers, a hundred thousand people of the Sandwich Islands. Fifty thousand are natives, thirty thousand Chinese and Japanese, nine thousand Portuguese, and eleven thousand whites of other nationality. When the men who established the provisional government broke their oath of allegiance and possessed themselves of the reins, they disfranchised all the inhabitants except the whites. They will tell you that only Japanese and Chinese were disfranchised, but by the establishment of a rigid oath of allegiance to the new government, they disfranchised the natives as well, for the native still retains enough of his primitive honor to hold himself bound by his oath, and he cannot swear that he will not try to get back that which rightly belongs to him.

The natives are not alone in their feeling of resentment at the new government. Many of the whites who have who have lived for years on the islands see how their country is being ruined by unnecessary interference, and they, too, are restive. The Portuguese have found that the change benefitted only the few who ran the machine, and they are ready to aid in bringing about a change.

The members of the present government are not as blind to the situation as they appear. When the queen was robbed of her throne and and her means of living at the same time, it would seem that common justice should have given her a pension; but the government refused to do anything of the sort. They realized, however, that they were on dangerous ground and proceeded to provide a means of safety.

The queen was imprisoned on charges of treason, and while under duress was forced to abdicate. According to the monarchical constitution the reigning soverign names his or her successor, and following this rule the queen had named her niece Princess Kaiulani, as heir to the throne. The Princess, Miss Cleghorn, is well-off in this world’s goods, yet at the same sitting of the legislature which refused to pension the queen, a bill was passed granting to the Princess Kaiulani $4,000. It was what a politician might call a very “smooth” piece of work. If abdication under duress could be held as legal, then Kaiulani is the legal sovereign of the islands. If the present government gets ousted and the monarchy re-established, Kaiulani will rule, and those who so generously donated other people’s money expect to be graciously remembered by the new queen.

In short, it is pretty well understood just now that the republican form of government under existing conditions on the Hawaiian Islands is a failure, and the men who are now at the head of the government hope, by putting Kaiulani on the throne, to save themselves and their property and avert the disaster of overthrow, which they realize is bound to come.

But they reckon without their host. The Hawaiians are not illiterate savages. Neither are they heathens. With all the boasted educational facilities of the United States the percentage of illiteracy is much higher here than on the islands. Strange as it may seem, there is but 1 percent of the natives who are illiterate. Go to the rudest hut, made of grass and occupied by fisherman, and you will find that they take and read the native paper. They not only read, but they think. They are honest and resent dishonesty in others. The natives will not be appeased by a re-establishment of the monarchy with Kaiulani on the throne. Nor would Princess Kaiulani accept the throne so long as Queen Liliuokalani is alive. The queen is still the queen to her people and they not only honor her, but love her, and treat her with as much difference and respect to-day as at any time during her reign.

 This simply means that when the change comes, and come it will as sure as the islands remain, Queen Liliuokalani will be on the throne, not through any effort of design of her own, but by the expressed will of a vast majority of the people of the islands. I say this advisedly. The queen will take no part in any attempt to recover the government. She is willing to sacrifice herself and her interests for the good of her people, but will under no consideration jeopardize the welfare of her people for her own benefit. She has persistently refused to  counsel with those who desire a change and has kept in seclusion that is painful to her friends.

Probably no woman has been more maligned than the queen. Before her overthrow her virtues and good qualities were extolled to the skies by those who lose no opportunity of slandering her in the hope of bolstering their own cause. The people of the United States have been told all sorts of malicious stories regarding the private life of the queen and she has been pictured as an untutored, uncultured, coarse woman, whose sole object in life was her personal pleasure. This is anything but the truth. She is a woman of education and refinement, every inch a queen in talk, appearance and manner. Her face, which the published pictures of her much belie, shows deep thought and delicate refinement. There is strength in every line of it and her everyday life is a counterpart of what it depicts. A member of the Episcopal church, she is a devout and sincere Christian, doing no lip service, but making her life conform to the tenets of the belief. her desire is that her people may advance and profit by the wonderful resources of the islands and reap the benefits of the improvement. In their present condition of subjection to foreign domination this is impossible as it is the policy of the Government to keep all natives from places of emolument.

The feeling of the natives could not better be illustrated than by repeating a story told me by a friend in Honolulu.

The government in its blindness to the welfare of the islands has devised registration rules and regulations that are revolting to all decent people. Among the regulations is one requiring every person on the islands to put his thumb mark on a piece of paper after the Bertillon method of identifying criminals. An old native was asked if he had registered. No. Was he going to register? No. Then he would get into trouble. What trouble? He would be fined. He had no money. Then he would be put in jail. Drawing himself up he said:

“We are all of one mind. There are not jails enough to hold us all and the government hasn’t money enough to feed us all if we go to jail.”

The thumb mark regulation will be rescinded. It cannot be enforced, especially as it applies to tourists and visitors as well as residents.

The situation in a nutshell is this: The present government is unable and cannot stand. Its adherents are hoping against hope for annexation with the United States. Failing in this they hope to place Kaiulani on the throne. Neither plan will succeed. Within two years a monarchy will be re-established and then, and not until then, will the islands progress and the people be happy and contented.

Clarence E. Edwords.
—Kansas City Journal.

(Independent, 7/11/1896, p. 4)

...public declared...

The Independent, Volume III, Number 323, Page 4. July 11, 1896.

Tragedy shaping Duke Kahanamoku, 1910.


In the afternoon of this past Sunday at perhaps 4 or so, while a group of young children were swimming ocean side of the Moana Hotel, there was a youngster swimming with them by the name of John A. Aguiar, a 12 years old Portuguese child. While this crowd of children were surfing and playing in the ocean, a group of them swam out to a bunch of boards floating in the ocean, and when they reached this heap of boards, the boy was with them, the one amongst them who was tired out from being buffeted and overwhelmed by the waves. After resting and regaining their breath, they all returned back to the shore, and the Aguiar boy amongst them swam all the way to Seaside Hotel; he had not swam very far when he called out for help.  His swimming friends thought that this was him joking, so they paid him no attention.

When these children came ashore, one of their fellow children asked about Aguiar, and this is what some of them said. “He was calling for help. Why didn’t you help him?” They said, “It was probably Aguiar’s fooling around.” But because Aguiar’s clothes were found laying out, it was realized that this boy was lost.

This Monday morning, the body of this child was found in the shallows near the Moana Hotel by Duke Kahanamoku, Jr. There were no bruises on his body except for the ears where it was nibbled and nipped at by the small fish of the shore.

In Monday evening, his funeral was performed with sadness, regret, and aloha of the his family and friends.

[Perhaps this is one of the reasons why Duke was so involved in water safety and rescue. And if anyone is motioning or calling for help in the water, don’t assume that they are playing around!]

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 8/12/1910, p. 3)


Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke VIII, Helu 32, Aoao 3. Augate 12, 1910.



Emma Metcalf Nakuina affronted, 1897.

Contemptuous Act Against Women.

Being that the parading was being held in the uplands of the Kamehameha School for Boys, on the plains of Kaiwiula, Mrs. Emma Metcalf Nakuina went attended by Mrs. R. W. Maea [Mrs. Rudolph William Meyer] of Kalae, Molokai and two of her daughters, Mrs. Mutch and Mrs. Hitchcock. They went and sat in a calm and shady place at the Bishop Museum, atop a area covered with manienie grass, and the son of the one named first, F. W. Kahapula Beckley, brought them chairs. Continue reading

Kohala Hula Club and Emma Moniz, 1936.


The Resurrection of Kaha, a Hawaiian tableau directed by Mrs. Emma Moniz, of Kohala, will be staged next Saturday, April 18, at the Halai community Hall, Hilo, under the auspices of the Kohala Studio, beginning at 7:30 p. m.

Besides the tableau, based on a native legend, Mrs. Moniz will stage a program of ancient and modern hula dances featuring several of her most talented pupils. There will be some 40 performers, all of them from Kohala, including a number of Filipino, Japanese and Portuguese dancing girls, besides Hawaiian.

Two novelty number by Eko [? Eiko] Takata, four-year old Japanese girl, and Elsie Adana, two-year old Filipino girl, will be featured. The program will be followed by a dance, with Kualii’s orchestra furnishing the music.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 4/15/1936, p. 1)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXII, Number 39, Aoao 1. April 15, 1936.

Beginnings of the Bishop Museum, 1888.

[Found under: “This and That.”]

The Portuguese are hewing a-la stone in the uplands of Waipilopilo for the new structure that the Hon. C. R. Bishop is considering building for the benefit of the young children of the school and a place to house the antiques of the royal women Pauahi and Kaleleonalani.

(Kuokoa, 6/2/1888, p. 3)

Na ka poe Pukiki...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXVII, Helu 22, Aoao 3. Iune 2, 1888.

More births, so many more, 1913.


It is not something new for twins to be born by all ethnicities, just as is seen in Hawaii nei; however, there perhaps has not been a woman who has given birth to twins three times like the wife of Joe Castro of Kakaako; and the amazing thing is that each time she has given birth to twins, they were always just girls.

This Tuesday, that woman gave birth for the third time her twins, but there has been other times which she has given birth to just a single child; and if you add up all of her children, they total up to twelve, and nine are still living at this time.

Some give birth to twins just one time, while others perhaps twice, but this Portuguese woman is known to have given birth three times to twins; and it would seem that being of her nature, there may come a time that she may give birth to twins once more.

(Kuokoa, 11/7/1913, p. 4)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 44, Aoao 4. Novemaba 7, 1913.

Portuguese laborers, 1911.


On this Saturday, A. J. Campbell will leave Honolulu once again to go to get more laborers for the sugarcane plantations; it is believed that this mission to obtain laborers will be easier than the earlier ones.

Portuguese laborers are wanted most to come to Hawaii nei because of the belief that they are the best laborers, and being that there are many Portuguese now working in the sugar plantations, and that they wrote letters to their families behind, it has made them excited to come to Hawaii nei, and thus it is believed that his journey to fetch laborers will go smoothly.

When the board of immigration [oihana hoopae limahana] was asked if they were thinking about Chinese laborers, they denied this because the authorities in Washington are strongly against the importation of those people into the land; they are only in favor of European stock.

The entire expenses of Mr. Campbell’s travels will be paid by the board of labor [papa limahana], along with his salary of ten-thousand dollars a year.

[Here is a related publication available online:


(Kuokoa, 7/14/1911, p. 7)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVII, Helu 28, Aoao 7. Iulai 14, 1911.

Manuel Cladeira, master gardener, 1913.


The tallest sugarcane thought to be growing in Hawaii, and perhaps the whole world, is the cane planted by Mr. Manuela Caldeira in the uplands of Pauoa; it’s height reaches about thirty feet, without it losing any of its growing vigor.

The reason for it growing so tall is because of the skill of the one growing it, and he is someone Pauoa’s people speak often of for his knowledge in growing all sorts of plants, and making them fruit profusely when it is time for them to fruit.

The sugarcane was planted twenty months ago, while being cared for as the one who planted them only knows how, and it grew from when it was small until now where it has some ninety-five nodes; and as its growing strength has not abated, it is believed that this cane will reach over a hundred nodes.

It isn’t for just that cane that the Portuguese man has found fame for planting, but for all the things he plants, because when they fruit, it is very abundant, and the fruiting happens quickly.

From a single mango tree that was planted, gotten are three types of mangoes, and at times one mango will weigh almost two pounds.

As for plants grown for the beauty of its flowers, red flowers and white ones bloom on a single tree.

(Kuokoa, 2/14/1913, p. 6)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIX, Helu 7, Aoao 6. Feberuari 14, 1913.