Things were looking grim for Hawaiian language, 1906.

Do Not Forsake Your Mother Tongue

The native language of a people, like the Hawaiian Language for the Hawaiian lahui, is called the mother tongue of the Hawaiians. From what we know, how many Hawaiian youths educated in our High Schools and outside as well are truly well-supplied in knowledge and are skilled in the mother tongue of their land of birth?

We see these days that are going by, the children are grasping English, while they really have no desire to seek out the native tongue of their land of birth. It is very clear that because the Hawaiian language government schools have been put to an end, the large water sources [poo wai] that fed into all the water ditches [auwai] of knowledge in that language for the youth of Hawaii nei have closed up.  Continue reading

Visit to Ahuimanu College and impressions of Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, 1873.

Ahuimanu College.

During our vacation, our pleasant diversion was a visit to the other side of the island to attend the examination of the Catholic Seminary, known as Ahuimanu College. The trip to that point takes us over celebrated Pali, the pass and precipice which afford such a noble view of the lovely landscape on the northeaster side of the island. We went in state to the Pali with a four in hand, driven by mine host of our Hotel, who is as good a whip as he is a caterer. We partook of a dejeuner upon a knoll which overlooks the enchanting view; and then descended on foot the steep stairway of the mountain. The slope would not be so very difficult if the constant winds driving through this gorge of the mountain did not compel, sometimes, gentlemen to hold on to their hats, and ladies to hats and skirts, with both hands. The cavern of the winds seems situated hereabout, and Eolus and Boreas try to crack their cheeks in blowing on every passer-by. At the foot of the Pali we found friend Doiron awaiting us with a good vehicle and a stout horse, and having also the assistance of two boys on horseback, who attached their lariats to the shafts of our buggy, to help over the hills, away we went, a merry company of six in a trap made to carry four, and at noon on the third instant we arrived at the lovely retreat of Ahuimanu.

Father Lieven, the Principal, a stout hearty gentleman, of about forty years of age, gave us a welcome; which was heightened by meeting his coadjutor Father McGinniss, a genial son of the Isle of Faith. In the course of the day, the Venerable Bishop Monseigneur Maigret, accompanied by Father Aubert of Lahaina, arrived; and subsequently we had the honor to meet for the first time Father Damien, our hero who has devoted his life to the lepers. And soon, with this intelligent, cultivated and chatty company of Reverends, we found ourselves very pleasantly at home.

Continue reading

Great Meeting of December 28, 1891 at Manamana, 1891.

MASS MEETING.

The Native Sons of Hawaii to the Front.

RESOLUTIONS AGAINST A REPUBLICAN FORM OF GOVERNMENT ADOPTED.

Over six hundred people, Hawaiians and foreigners, were present at the mass meeting called by the Native Sons of Hawaii, and held at the Gymnasium on Monday evening. Many prominent natives were present and listened to the discourses of their wise leaders with attentive ears. Long before 7 o’clock streams of people were seen wending their way towards the Gymnasium. The Royal Hawaiian Band, under the leadership of Prof. D. K. Naone, was stationed on the makai end of the hall, and discoursed most eloquent music for over thirty minutes.

J. K. Kaulia, the Secretary of the Native Sons of Hawaii, called the meeting to order at 7:45 p. m.

Hon. A. Rosa was elected chairman of the meeting. On taking the chair, he said that he came as spectator only. He was not a candidate for the coming elections, and he was not a member of the society. He asked the audience to conduct the meting in an orderly manner, so that nothing would mar the success of the object in view.

Isaac D. Iaea was chosen secretary and Mr. Rosa interpreted the speeches in English.

The Chairman called upon the Rev. J. Waiamau to open the meeting with prayer which was done.

A. Rosa said: The subject for discussion this evening is, “Our denunciation against adopting a Republican for of Government for Hawaii.” You are at liberty to express your views, whether pro or con. The first speaker—J. L. Kaulukou—will speak against the Republican movement. The time allotted to each speaker is limited to ten minutes.

J. L. Kaulukou—Mr. Chairman and gentlemen: We are assembled here to-night because false rumors are being propagated abroad that we, native sons of the soil of Hawaii, are in favor of a Republican form of Government. Our bitterest enemies are doing their utmost to spread this unfounded report. It is our duty tonight at a mass meeting assembled, to notify the world at large that the aboriginal Hawaiians are body and soul against such a movement. We do not favor annexation either with America or with any other foreign power. We have called this meeting because foreigners abroad are entertaining this idea, which is most derogatory to our interests. Hawaiians are not the only one concerned in this question; foreigners, too, who have adopted Hawaii as their home; they have a right to stand up and denounce this movement. [Applause.[ A queen now reigns over us. It is our duty as loyal citizens to do our utmost to perpetuate the throne of Hawaii. England cherishes her Queen, and we should adore our Queen. Our ancestors have been accustomed to a monarchial form of government, and we, the younger generations, have been instilled with undying loyalty to our sovereign. Our forefathers considered “love of the throne, love of country and love of the people” as one, but we have divided it into three distinct persons. I will now read to you the following resolutions, carefully prepared by a committee of the Native Sons of Hawaii: Continue reading

Ahuimanu College exam information, 1871.

Ahuimanu College.

We had the pleasure of attending the public examination of Ahuimanu College last Wednesday, July 5. The location of the College is healthy and romantic, being situated on a plain at the foot of the mountains, and commanding a fine view of the ocean to the north and of the mountain range east and west.

The institution is under the charge of the Rev. Father Lievin, who is distinguished for his affability and kindness as much as for his many scholarly attainments. He has made improvements in the grounds and buildings during the past year: notably, in the students’ dormitory, each one having to himself a latticed apartment opening on a long corridor, all freely ventilated. The students are, even during the night, under his immediate supervision.

We were much pleased with the correct spelling and distinct reading of the primary classes. Young native boys who, a year ago, could not speak a word of English, read fluently and with a very good pronunciation. It occurred to us to ask ourselves how we could read French or German, after only one year’s study.

The examination of the classes in Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, History, and Elementary Astronomy, was conducted by the President, and after him by the visitors. The questions asked by the latter were not the routine ones of textbooks. They were intended to draw forth the real knowledge of the students. This rather severe examination showed a proficiency in the various branches that is truly commendable. Our expectations were surpassed at the knowledge of English Grammar and Analysis evinced by that class. The study of Music and Oratory seems to be pursued con amore. The spcimens of Penmanship showed a marked improvement—those of the last and present year being side by side. It is only just to mention the Joseph Poepoe, Victor Kapule, Eddy Morgan, John K. Loio, Zachariah Kapule, and John Spencer, were the most distinguished in their several departments.

We learned that the school year commences on the 20th of August, and ends about the 4th of July. The fees for board, lodging and tuition are from $60 to $100 per year; some poor boys are received gratis. These figures are so low that the institution can not be self-sustaining. Bishop Maigret gives $300 a year towards its support. We hope that it will prosper, and continue to extend its usefulness.

(Hawaiian Gazette, 7/12/1871, p. 2)

HawaiianGazette_7_12_1871_2.png

Hawaiian Gazette, Volume VII, Number 26, Page 2. July 12, 1871.

Ahuimanu College Examinations, 1871.

Ahuimanu College.

Ahuimanu College is under the administration of the Roman Catholics; the students had their examinations last week Wednesday. We very much wanted to see firsthand the progress made by this school, but we did not know ahead of time, and its examination date was not advertised. And therefore, we perhaps can take word of their progress from people who were there and who weighed for themselves. This school, many years ago, was under the leadership of Rev. Walsh, and these days, it is being taught and lead by Rev. Father Lievin, the one who is known for his abilities, kindness, and some other good traits for the proper administering in the advancement of the school.

We were informed that the visitors enjoyed the spelling and clear reading of the students of the lower classes. The young students who could not speak English they ear before, could now pronounce clearly what they were reading. This was a testament to the strength and competence of their teaching and their guidance; giving hope that if they continue to progress in that fashion, they will not fail to make advancements in the future. The teaching and making clear to the students about reading clearly is very important in the knowledge of reading that is to be ingrained in our youngsters; whereas studying hurriedly will be worthless in the end; that kind of learning is nothing more than a horse race. Continue reading

Short biography of the great Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, 1912.

JOSEPH MOKUOHAI POEPOE

This candidate for the legislature in the Democratic party of Oahu nei was born at Honomakau, which is famous for the saying: “No youth of Kohala goes out unprepared” [“Aohe u’i hele wale o Kohala”]. This also is the birthplace of the Hon. H. M. Kaniho. He was born on the 27th of March, 1852. When he was small, he was brought to Honolulu. He entered into the districts schools [kula apana] here in Honolulu, and also in Kalauao, Ewa. And thereafter he attended the Royal School at Kehehuna, and its head Instructor was Mr. Beckwith. After two years there, he entered Ahuimanu College in Koolaupoko, under the instruction of the Fathers Elekenio, Remona, Livino, and the many other teachers. He was taught law in North Kohala under Judge P. Kamakaia. He returned here to Honolulu and studied law at the law school of W. R. Castle [W. R. Kakela], as well as at the law school of S. B. Dole. He studied law with lawyers Davidson and Lukela. In 1884, he received his full license to practice law in all Courts of Hawaii nei, and he still retains his law license. He was an editor for many of the Hawaiian-language newspapers in this town. Currently, he is the editor for KE ALOHA AINA. He was a teacher at the boarding school of Rev. E. Bond [Rev. E. Bona] in Kohala. He was the first to establish an English language school in North Kohala, Hawaii. He was an assistant teacher at the British Government School at Ainakea, under H. P. Wood, and thereafter under E. N. Dyer. For many years he tried to join the Legislature, so that the lahui would see him pass laws that would benefit the lahui in need; but the people did not assent. Now his hope is that it will be in the upcoming election that the voters will come through, making him a Representative, whereupon he will show his works for the good of the land and for the advancement of the lahui.

[Poepoe played a huge part in the history of the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers! I was happy to find this. Also, I just saw this morning more on the Catholic school at Ahuimanu on Nanea Armstrong-Wassel’s instagram page. Go check it out. There is a picture of the school as well!]

(Aloha Aina, 10/26/1912, p. 1)

AlohaAina_10_26_1912_1.png

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke XVII, Helu 43, Aoao 1. Okatoba 26, 1912.

New book by Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, 1891.

[Found under: “NU HOU KULOKO.”]

The new book by J. M. Poepoe called Ki Gula, is 40 pages long; all that is left is for them to swiftly disappear [pahee aku koe i ka welowelo].

[The only book in Forbe’s National Bibliography that resembles this book from 1891 is “Ka Buke Akeakamai a o ke Ki Gula.” However there is nothing about Poepoe, and the total number of pages given is much more than 40...]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 4/9/1891, p. 2)

He 40 ka nui...

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 168, Aoao 2. Aperila 9, 1891.

Kaulia’s invitation to Morgan, 1897.

KAULIA TO HEAR MORGAN

ANTI-ANNEXATIONIST LEADER SIGNS INVITATION.

Says His People are Anxious to Learn From the Veteran Senator What Annexation Would Mean to Them.

Senator Morgan has accepted the invitation of the native Hawaiians to address them in public meeting upon the political relations between Hawaii and the United States.

Among the signers of the invitation is James K. Kaulia, president of the Hawaiian Patriotic League and president of the Aloha Aina Society. Mr. Kaulia is bitterly opposed to annexation and he is at the head of the opposition among his own countrymen. It was Mr. Kaulia who was largely instrumental in getting a few Hawaiians to gather in an abortive mass meeting at the Union Square last month, and adopt the resolutions protesting against annexation which Mr. Kaulia afterwards at the head of a committee of fifteen presented to President Dole and his Cabinet.

Mr. Kaulia states that he as well as the members of the societies he represents are anxious to hear Senator Morgan and they are truly grateful to him that he has consented to speak.

The invitation sent to the Senator, as well as the signers, is a follows:

“Honolulu, Sept. 24, 1897.

“To Senator John T. Morgan, City:

“We the undersigned native Hawaiians desire very much to hear you in an address upon the political relations between Hawaii and the United States and particularly desire your views as to the condition of the native Hawaiians and the position they would occupy under closer political relations with the United States.

“We therefore invite you to deliver a public address to the Hawaiians in this city at your convenience upon the above subjects, and if you accept, will make all necessary provisions for the holding of the meeting.

“Yours very respectfully,

“D. L. NAONE,
“J. KALUA KAHOOKANO,
“J. M. POEPOE,
“R. W. WILCOX,
“JOHN LOT KAULUKOU,
“JAMES K. KAULIA,
“President Hawaiian Patriotic League and President Aloha Aina Society.
“S. M. KAAUKAI.”

The meeting will be held on Thursday evening, at the Opera House, and Senator Morgan states that he will treat the question to the best of his ability.

(Hawaiian Star, 9/28/1897, p. 1)

KAULIA TO HEAR MORGAN

The Hawaiian Star, Volume IV, Number 1386, Page 1. September 28, 1897.

G. W. Kahiolo is G. W. Poepoe, the father of Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, 1861.

Death announcements are not only death announcements, they are often histories and genealogical records and more!

From the last post for instance, we discover G. W. Kahiolo, the mysterious writer who is known as the writer of a few newspaper articles and most widely known for the story of Kamapuaa, is G. W. Poepoe, and therefore the father of not only Ben Poepoe, but also the father of Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, the great historian, translator, newspaper editor, lawyer, politician, &c., &c…