Vital Statistics, 1913.

MARRIAGES.

Levi Nakea to Abbie Nakea, March 22.

BIRTHS.

To David Nakea and Annie Kawainui, a son, March 15.
To Antone B. Cruz and Emalia Napai, a son, March 21.
To John Helekahi and Kahuakainui, a son, March 22.
To H. Aomi and Maialoha, a daughter, March 22.
To John K. Panai and Mary Kaainoa, a son, March 23.
To Joseph M. K. Kapaona and Rosalia Kapaona, a daughter, March 23.

DEATHS.

Nicholas Kawaauhau on Liliha Street, March 19.
H. Paalua, on Emma Street, March 19.
Mary Hilo, on Luso Street, March 21.
John A. Cummins, on Alexand Street, March 21.
Ema Kamokunui, on the corner of Winam and Mooheau Streets, March 22.
Lahela Moke, on Bishop Lane, March 22.
Maryann Makalipo, at the Insane Asylum, March 22.

(Kuokoa, 3/28/1913, p. 8)

NA MARE. / NA HANAU. / NA MAKE.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 12, Aoao 8. Maraki 28, 1913.

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Deaths in Kalawao (continued), 1885–1886.

THE DEATHS IN THE COLONY OF KALAWAO DURING THE YEAR OF 1885 AND THE YEAR 1886 WHICH IS GOING ON NOW.

DEATHS IN 1885 A. D.

(Continuation from  Issue 28 [Issue 38].)

Aug. 1 Kekolohe m, Waihee, Maui

2 Paulo Kaluna m, Hamakua, H.

6 Keliaka m, Kaanapali, Maui

20 Kahiamoe f, Honolulu, Oahu

23 Emele f, ” “

25 Hoomana m, Hilo, Hawaii

27 Kaoihana f, Wailuku, Maui

Sept. 11 Palaika m, Moanalua, Oahu

12 Kumukahi m, Hilo, Hawaii

13 John Nalau m, Waihee, Maui

26 Kipi m, Kalawao, Molokai

27 Kaoo m, Honolulu, Oahu

Oct. 1 Akamu m, Hana, Maui

3 Hookano f, Ewa, Oahu

6 Kuhuluku m, Hana, Maui

8 Kaenaokalani f, Kohala, Hawaii

11 Kamana m, Waimea, Kauai

15 Kamakee m, Hana, Maui

” Huleia k, Waialua, Oahu

20 Kanoonoo m, Honolulu, “

21 Oliva m, Kona, Hawaii

22 Kahue m, Kaunakakai, Molokai

28 Kaaipohepohe m, Hana, Maui

Nov. 1 Nalole f, Lahaina, “

” Kaahanui m, Honolulu, Oahu

13 Marie f, Kaupo, Maui

15 Pahaole m, Waikapu, “

16 Pau m, Kalawao, Molokai

17 Haehae f, Hamakua, Maui

21 Kaenaokala m, Waihee, “

24 Napua f, Kohala, Hawaii

25 Wainee m, Waikiki, Oahu

29 Pua m, Kohala, Hawaii

30 Kalamau m, Honolulu, Oahu

Dec. 2 Mahoe m, Hilo, Hawaii

10 Kaenemi m, Honolulu, Oahu

” Kalawaia f, ” “

11 Hiku f, Hanapepe, Kauai

14 Paaluhi m, Kohala, Hawaii

17 Keliipupule m, Honolulu, Oahu

18 William Kapua m, Wailuku, M

27 Kanohoanu m, Hana, Maui

30 Petero m, ” “

” Lino m, Honolulu, Oahu

31 Kahalewai f, Honokohau, Maui

” Kaiweo m, Honolulu, Oahu.

DEATHS IN THIS YEAR.

Jan. 3 Kanekoa m, Lahaina, Maui

7 Haaleleia f, ” “

20 Kahue Kamana m, Waimea, K

” Kaulahuki m, “

” Lono m, Kona, Hawaii

” Kalua f, Honuaula, Maui

26 Manini m, Manoa, Oahu

29 Palaile f, Koloa, Kauai

” Kapela m, Honolulu, Oahu

30 Miel Thompson f, Waialua, “

Feb. 5 Maloi m, Lahaina, Maui

12 Kapuo f, Olowalu, “

” Kini m, Honolulu, Oahu

14 Lilia f, Lihue, Kauai

17 Kalehuamakanoe m, Waiala, O

25 Kamakahiki m, Kalepolepo, M

Mar. 18 Uhai m, Waikiki, Oahu

24 Kaaihue f, Kona, Hawaii

” Elena Makaike f, Honolulu, O.

29 Malo m, Lahaina, Maui

Apr. 6 Kanakaole m, Hana, “

11 Kaiakea m, Lahaina, M

13 Ua k, Honolulu Oahu

” Opiopio m, Hamakua, Hawaii

19 Akona Chinese m, Honolulu, Oahu

23 Barenapa m, Kawaihae, Hawaii

25 Haaheo m, Koolau, Kauai

May 4 Kanohola m, Honolulu, Oahu

7 Kamai m, Hana, Maui

” Umi Deviki f, Waianae, Oahu

8 Aku f, Honolulu, “

13 Kaloma f, Waiehu, Maui

15 Pooiki w, Waimea, Kauai

19 Kalaaupuhipuhi f. Kilauea

21 Kakio m, Waianae, Kauai

23 Nika m, Lihue, Kauai

26 Lose f, Honolulu, Oahu

28 Kamakola f, Makawao, Maui

29 Kii f, Waiohinu, Kau

30 Kaomeo (f), Kaanapali, Maui

June 2 Naliikapu with Honuaula

7 Paulo m, Makawao, Maui

8 Keliiaukai m, Laupahoehoe, H

12 I m, Kohala, Hawaii

16 Kaluakini f, Kalihi, Oahu

23 Ani Chinese m, Honolulu

July 2 Piilani f, ” “

11 Iosepa m, Hilo, Hawaii

19 Alama m, Ewa, Oahu

” Apela m, Honolulu

24 Kuaaina m, Hilo, Hawaii

27 Kahaleula f, Waikiki, Oahu

29 Kane m, Kau, Hawaii

30 Kamaha m, Wailuku, Maui

31 Unele m, Kapalama, Oahu

Aug. 1 Kiliona m, Kohala, Hawaii

9 Samu’l Kaukau m, Waimea, K.

11 Paunini f, Puna, Hawaii

” Ahu Chinese pake, Waialua, Oahu

16 Kalanui m, Ualapue, Molokai

25 S. P. Kahelenaue f, Wailuku, M.

With much aloha,

P. K. Kalanilehua,

Vice Secretary

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 10/9/1886, p. 4)

NA MAKE MA KE PANALAAU O KALAWAO ILOKO O KA M. H. 1885 ME 1886 E NEE NEI.

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke IX, Helu 41, Aoao 4. Okatoba 9, 1886.

Deaths in Kalawao, 1885–1886.

THE DEATHS IN THE COLONY OF KALAWAO DURING THE YEAR OF 1885 AND THE YEAR 1886 WHICH IS GOING ON NOW.

Mr. J. U. Kawainui, Editor of the Newspaper Ko Hawaii Pae Aina—Aloha oe:—

This past July, I sent to the newspaper Elele, the Name List of the leprosy patients who died in this Colony; however, the Elele didn’t publish the names of those who died as per what I sent them. Why would that be? Could it be the editor of the Elele is not interested in publishing the names of those who left hardships of this life? Does the Editor of the Elele think that putting before the public the names of those who departed this life is something trivial?

Therefore, O Untiring J. U. Kawainui, I ask of your kindness, if your newspaper can take and insert the names of those who died in the Colony, so that our friends living from Hawaii to Niihau can see, being that the friends of some of these people might believe that their patients brought here are still living; some sent letters but have received no response from here, because it is too late [ua hala e ka Puulena aia i Hilo], and therefore I thought to make this known to the public, but that Elele was too confined; that information being this:

DEATHS IN THE YEAR 1885 A. D.

Jan. 2 Kalina m. Waiahole, Oahu

7 Kauapaliloa f. Kona, Hawaii

9 Wahine m. Honolulu, Oahu

10 Alohikea m. ” “

11 Kela f. Waihee, Maui

11 Solomona m. Honolulu, Oahu

16 Kekiele m. Hanapepe, Kauai

17 Noa m. Pukoo, Molokai

20 Monika Haina f. Heeia, Oahu

23 Palu m. Kula, Maui

23 Loke Pahia f. Honolulu, Oahu

25 Ani Chinese m. ” “

26 Kaoiliokalani m. ” “

26 Nalima m. Olaa, Hawaii

26 John Peka m. Koolau, Oahu

27 Kamauna m. ” “

27 Daniela m. Lahaina, Maui

Feb. 3 Haupu m. Kohala, Hawaii

5 Maalo f. Hanalei, Kauai

9 Ohialau m. Honolulu, Oahu

11 Kaaihue f. Koolau, “

18 Meleliilii f. Honolulu, “

19 Kahae f. ” “

20 Nawahineelua f. Lahaina, Maui

24 Hanahoikaika f. Honolulu, Oahu

25 Aukai f. ” “

26 Mana m. Haiku, Maui

28 Keoholani f. Kona, Hawaii

Mar. 1 Papohaku m. Wailuku, Maui

5 Kanekapolei f. Honolulu, Oahu

6 Kikoola f. Kaneohe, “

7 Pahia m. Kaunakakai, Molokai

12 Mahi f. Kona, Hawaii

19 Kaaihue m. Hilo, “

19 Kaai m. Hana, Maui

22 Kamalo m. Kau, Hawaii

23 Danielapalu m. Makawao, Maui

24 Kailikapu m. Puna, Hawaii

26 Leialoha m. Waikiki, Oahu

29 Namakaokeawe f. Kaluaaha, M

30 Hookaumaha f. Hilo, Hawaii

Apr. 3 Marie Waaole f. Honolulu, Oahu

6 Manu Emalia f. Waimea, Kauai

11 John Kaaikumu m. Hilo, Hawaii

11 Kalua f. Hamakua, “

13 Kinona f. Wailuku, Maui

13 Kaanaana f. Honolulu, Oahu

17 Luahiwa f. ” “

17 Kalua Lapana f. Ewa, “

25 Kalihi f. Wailuku, Maui

27 Kalehua m. ” “

29 Naihekukui m. Puna, Hawaii

30 Helepo f. Hamakua, Maui

May 1 Keeialiilii m. Kaupo, “

4 Kahaolekuewa m. Kawaihae, H.

6 Kekanaka m. Waianae, Oahu

6 Naluahine f. Kau, Hawaii

7 William Enos m. Waikapu, Maui

9 Waiwaiole m. Honolulu, Oahu

11 Lepeka f. Lahaina, Maui

12 Kalua f. Kahakuloa, “

15 G. Kaapali, Honolulu, Oahu

21 Kainolau f. Kona, Hawaii

22 Ikiiki f. Puna, “

22 Mauki f. Lahaina, Maui

29 Paahao f. Honolulu, Oahu

June 1 Kulolou m. ” “

1 George Piulu m. Kohala, Hawaii

2 Opili f. Lahaina, Maui

6 Liaea f. Honolulu, Oahu

7 Daniela 2 m. Makawao, Maui

9 Kapelauai m. Hilo, Hawaii

10 Kahoinea f. Pauoa, Oahu

11 Kahoohuli m. Waihee, Maui

12 Puuloa f. Koloa, Kauai

15 Mele Kapohaku f. Honolulu, O.

16 Kali m. ” “

22 Pahukapu f. Hamakua, Hawaii

24 Naili Kaimu f. Wailuku, Maui

24 Samuela m. Honolulu, Oahu

26 Kaake m. Kaluaaha, Molokai

27 Kapea f. Honolulu, Oahu

29 Kua m. ” “

July 1 Poepoemakua m. Kaupo, Maui

1 Kaaihuaale m. Wailuku, “

10 John Nakanaela m. Waialua, O.

10 Ane Kalaina f. Kohala, Hawaii

11 Kaleo m. Hilo, Hawaii

11 Kaomealani m. Hana, Maui

12 Ioba m. Waialua, Kauai

12 Nohonoho f. Huleia, “

15 Kanowelo m. Kahaluu, Hawaii

16 Makanoenoe f. Kula, Maui

17 Kawai m. Wailuku, “

31 Kealakai f. Hamakua, “

31 Kailiula f. Heeia, Oahu

Not completed.

[These lists are very helpful, because they not only give whether the patient was kane or wahine, but also where they came from. Many later lists will not.]

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 9/18/1886, p. 4)

NA MAKE MA KE PANALAAU O KALAWAO ILOKO O KA M. H. 1885 ME 1886 E NEE NEI.

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke IX, Helu 38, Aoao 4. Sepatemaba 18, 1886.

Even more deaths from Kalawao, 1887.

Deaths in the Colony of Kalawao for the first Quarter of the year 1887 A. D.

To the Kuokoa; Salutations to your patience. Here again is a sad delivery to be loaded upon your shoulders so that our friends from Hilo Hanakahi all the way until the pleasant base of Lehua [the whole archipelago] may see.

Apr. 8 Mokuaikai (m) Hilo, Hawaii

” 9 Lui Petero (m) Kalihi, Oahu

” Mahaoi (f) ” “

” 24 Heanu (f) Hilo, Hawaii¹

” 28 John Pa’u (m) North Kona, “

” 30 Hulihee (m) Kaneohe, Oahu

May 2 Kawaiwela (m) Honolulu, “

” 12 Mileka (f) Wailuku, Maui

” 17 Waiau (m) Kalihi, Oahu

” 18 Kahuli (f) Makawao, Maui

” 20 Kamakee (m) Kula, Maui

” 27 Koieomo (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 30 Lapauli (m) Wailuku, Maui

June 5 Haupu (m) Kahaluu, Oahu

” 13 Kahoukapu (m) Wailuku, Maui

” ” Kamalunui (m) Honolulu, Oahu

” 17 Paulo (m) Makawao, Maui

” 19 Makaaiaulu (m) North Kona, Hawaii

” 22 J. J. Kahuila (m) Hana, Maui

” 29 Kane (m) Kamalo, Molokai

There were 21 who died this quarter, and the number of remaining leprosy patients here in the Colony is 541; from within this number, 356 are male, and 185 are female; and 48 are in the Hospital of which 38 are male and 10 female.

This is my report with humility.

P. K. Kalanilehua.

Secretary, Kalawao, July 16, 1887.

¹ This line is folded under and can’t be seen clearly. There are many pages of newspaper images like this, and this is just another reason that the newspapers have to be unbound and flattened out so that they can be shot clearly.

(Kuokoa, 7/23/1887, p. 4)

Na Make o ka Panalaau o Kalawao no ka Hapaha mua o ka A. D. 1887.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXVI, Helu 30, Aoao 4. Iulai 23, 1887.

More deaths in Kalawao, 1887.

The deaths in the Colony of Kalawao in the first Quarter of the year 1887 A. D.

To the Kuokoa Newspaper; Aloha oe:—Please put in one of your columns the names of those who died in this colony, so that our friends living in the neighborhoods of our archipelago may see.

The numbers of us known on the 28th of December of the past year 1886 A. D. were 588 total; of this, 398 were males and 190 were females. And the total deaths in this Colony during that year were shown before the public in the Newspaper Pae Aina [Ko Hawaii Pae Aina]. And here below is the list of people who died in the first three months of 1887 A. D.

January 1, Paahao (m) Kalawao, Molokai

” 10, Kahele (f) Kona, Hawaii

” 12 Kanealii (m) Hana, Maui

” 12 Aina (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 19 Kailikaea (m) Koloa, Kauai

” ” Kane (m) Kaupo, Maui

” 29 Paaluhi (m) Waihee, Maui

” 31 Kanakole (f) Kohala, Hawaii

Feb. 1 Keaka (f) Waipio, Hawaii

” 3 Kapololi (m) Kalaupapa, Molokai

” 7 Kukuhilo (f) Haiku, Maui

” 10 Malie (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 11 Luiki (f) ” “

” 13 Nuole (m) Makawao, Maui

” 20 Palapala (m) Honolulu, Oahu

” ” Rebecca Puna (f) ” “

” 22 Kepola (f) Kohala, Hawaii

” 28 Lulana (m) Koolaupoko, Oahu

” ” Palekai (m) Makawao, Maui

Mar. 4 Kalunaauhau (m) Kau, Hawaii

” 6 Kalohi (m) Lihue, Kauai

” 8 Napoiwai (f) Laie, Kauai

” 11 Kaaea (m) Makawao, Maui

” ” Koea (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 20 Maholelani (m) Hana, Maui

” 23 Kealoha (m) Kona, Hawaii

” 24 Jerry Martin (m) Waikapu, Maui

” ” Kope (m) Honolulu, Oahu

” ” Apelila (m) Waimea, Kauai

” 25 Kamakaila (m) Kona, Hawaii

” 27 John Cirk (m) Koolauloa, Oahu

” 28 Kahuhu (f) Kohala, Hawaii

” 30 Kawaiohia (m) Puuohala, Maui

April 3 Kaleikini (m) Wailuku, Maui

” 5 Kelemana (m) Hilo, Hawaii

” 8 W. H. Kala (m) Waihee, Maui

” ” Lephen Kiwaa (m) Honuaula, Maui.

There were 37 deaths in this quarter, and the number of us remaining are 552; that being 365 males and 187 females.

This is my report, with aloha:—

P. K. Kalanilehua; Secretary.

(Kuokoa, 5/14/1887, p. 3)

Na make o ka Panalaau o Kalawao i ka Hapaha mua o ka A. D. 1887.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXVI, Helu 20, Aoao 3. Mei 14, 1887.

Patients at Kalawao who passed on. 1887.

[Found under: “Correspondences from Our Friends.”]

KALAWAO, MOLOKAI.

I am sending you the list of names of the patients who died this quarter; let our friends see this:

Papa (m.) Hilo, Hawaii; John Hoopii (m.) Kaupo, Maui; Kaiii Kaaua (m.) Kau, Hawaii; Punahoa (f.) Waimea, Hawaii; Alama (m.) Kau, Hawaii; Adamu (Chinese m.) Wailuku, Maui; D. Puna (m.) Honolulu, Oahu; G. Painahala (m.) Olowalu, Maui; Hekekia (m.) Lahaina, Maui; Kanaha (f.) Keanae, Maui; Papomaikai (m.) Waihee, Maui; Alakiki (m.) Makawao, Maui; Huaka Liwai (m.) Honolulu, Oahu; Kumuole (f.) Honolulu, Oahu; Hooku (m.) Hana, Maui; Kanaheleaumoku (m.) Honolulu, Oahu; Haili (f.) Waihee, Maui; Lui Kaai (m.) Wailuku, Maui; Kekipi 1 (m.) Kau, Hawaii; Kaaea (f.) Kula, Maui; Puniai (f.) Honolulu, Oahu; Kamaka (deaf m.) Honolulu, Oahu; Kaiwa (f.) Kaanapali, Maui; Alapai (f.) Honolulu, Oahu; Puaamahu (f.) Ewa, Oahu; Hinakainapau (f.) Kohala, Hawaii.

P. K. Kalanilehua.

(Kuokoa, 11/5/1887, p. 4)

KALAWAO, MOLOKAI.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXVI, Helu 45, Aoao 4. Novemaba 5, 1887.

Hei, cat’s cradle, Hawaiian style, 1916.

Some String Figures of Hawaii

There are many people studying the history of Hawaii nei and the lifestyle of its people, like what has been done with America, Europe and Asia. And through this studying of history, there has not been a lack of new information which brings benefits by its study. However Judge [Lyle Alexander] Dickey has come up with a new path to this study, not utilized before in Hawaii nei. He is learning string figures, and is collecting the old names and the mele that go with these string figures. He now has about a hundred or more of them.

String figures is something done all over the world. And most people know one or two. From what is known, there is not much of them in Europe and Asia; there are a bit more in Africa; and there is a lot with the Indians of America and the people of the islands of the Pacific. There are two books on string figures of the islands of Britain, the Indians of the Arctic, the Indians, and a few from the islands to the south of us. There is nothing written on the hei of Hawaii nei, even if Hawaii’s figures are most wonderful for the mele which accompany them. Some are not difficult, however some are very problematic because of the many transformations, with different lines of mele going along with each change. Some are very humorous without value, while some are for wooing, while others are riddles. Knowing the way of life of the people, its tales, its history, and the lay of its lands—this is the means of understanding the meanings and kaona (underlying meanings) of these hei. Perhaps the most widely memorized figure is called Hale Kumukaaha. However to this day, Judge Dickey has not gained clarity as to the true meaning and kaona of this hei.

Some figures done by the school children of Hawaii are perhaps not originating in Hawaii nei. The hei called “six eyes” is probably not from here [the first image]. Not a single old Hawaiian can make this figure. Maybe it is a new figure or maybe one from outside of Hawaii.

Some of the hei are associated with daily life, like the canoe, the net, the hammock, the imu, and the water gourd. Some are associated with animals and fish, like the turtle, the mo’o, the manini, the aweoweo, the hapuu, and the bird. Some hei are associated with the house like the kumukaaha structure, the loulu structure, and the paakai structure. There are a very little hei pertaining to body parts, like the piko of Kahoalii and the breasts of Ne. There are many dealing with land and famous fishing shrines as well as men with god-like bodies. Kauiki, for probably a good reason is the most widely known figure. One hei is for Wailua and it is seen in the attached illustration.

There is one famous hei, but it is only known by the oldsters of Hawaii nei, of which is accompanied by the chant starting with: “O Kuhaupio ka la, ka la i ke kula o Ahuena.”

A majority of the people who have the song or chant memorized along with the figures, have died without teaching them to their children. There are so many other things that entertain the new generation, but this entertainment of times long ago is something that the Hawaiian people are proud of. This skill shows intelligence in making the figures and associating it to this thing or that, and it is important that this ancient knowledge be kept. It would be good if someone reading this knows of some old Hawaiian who has a chant or mele memorized close at hand, one who is fond of mele and versed in string figures, or one who knows string figures, that he should Judge Dickey in Lihue, Kauai and tell him of what this person knows. There are many different hei of which the judge has heard, however, he has not found someone now living who can show them to him. There is one that is associated with the net of Makalii that J. S. Emerson saw in Hawaii many years ago; there are also some associated with the story of Pele and Kamapuaa, the paddle o Maui, “haehae ka manu e Kanealoha,” and so forth. These are great and very valuable, and it is important that they be preserved without regard to its simplicity or difficulty. And it is perhaps something that will bring joy when witnessing it being done, or perhaps something exceedingly appalling to consider.

(Kuokoa, 6/9/1916, p. 3)

KEKAHI MAU HEI A NA HAWAII

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LIV, Helu 23, Aoao 3. Iune 9, 1913.