Queen Emma travels to Lake Waiau, 1882.


On Friday last, there was held a large feast at Halawa, at the residence of H. Hook, for the Queen Emma Kaleleonalani, and after this delight, the royal procession continued on that twilight and slept that night at the residence of James Kaai. Continue reading


Still Our Museum Today! 1900.


The Bishop Collection of Curios.

One of the Most Interesting Sights In Honolulu Pleasantly Described.

HONOLULU, Feb. 8.—Above the inner entrance to the Museum of Hawaiian and Polynesian History is a tablet of polished mottled stone, in which is engraved in letters of gold the following inscription:

To the Memory of
A Bright Light Among Her Peo-
ple; Her Usefulness Survives
Her Earthly Life.

A Bernice Pauahi, she was related to the royal family of the Kamehameha dynasty, and the cousin of Queen Emma, two women who have indelibly inscribed their names upon the hearts of…


…all Hawaiians, whether by birth of association. She married the Hon. C. R. Bishop, and with her immense wealth and her kindly deeds through life, created a new life among the Hawaiians. Upon her death she left most of her wealth to endow the Kamehameha Schools, a separate school for boys and a separate one for girls. These schools are kept up entirely from the income of her estates, which have become so vast as to render it necessary to erect other buildings throughout the Islands in order to expend the revenue. In memory of his wife, the Hon. C. R. Bishop dedicated the museum in her name, laying aside a princely endowment. Collectors have scoured the Hawaiian Islands for curios of historical and intrinsic value and have succeeded by the most diligent effort and at great expense, in depositing in the museum an invaluable collection of ancient materials which would warm the cockles of the antiquarian’s heart beyond measure. Calabashes, large and small, ancient and modern, have come into the museum; some were in the possession of families, relics passed from one generation to another; others were found in the caves where in ancient times were buried kings and chiefs. Idols of grotesque shapes, dedicated to all the elements of nature, good and evil; some dedicated to Pele, the Goddess of Volcanoes; others to the poison god and to the fish god; some made of stone, others of the valuable koa and kou woods; one made of the trunk of the poison tree, its wood, upon being steeped in water, being a most powerful, yet undetectable poison which acts upon the heart, and which was used by the kahunas and chiefs. Beautiful feather cloaks of wonderful sheen and delicate texture, worn by Kamehameha the Great during his tour of conquest a century ago. Continue reading

Queen Emma sends condolences to Mataio Kekuanaoa, 1866.

News of the Royal Court

Through the kindness of His Highness Mataio Kekuanaoa, we put before our readers these loving words of our Queen Emma.

Upper Gore Lodge, England
Kensington, July 23, 1866.

My Father; Much Aloha:

During these dark days of distress of ours and the nation, I have much aloha for you and the One who left us. Alas for my sister-in-law [kaikoeke], my companion of the land from when we were children. The sun and the rain are companions, joined together by us are the sea spray and the rains steady on the barren fields and the forests; your leader of the islands. How sad; aloha for that lei of ours, my child, and aloha for my dear husband. Alas for you all! My heart is troubled as I am separated alone in a foreign land. It is as if this trip to introduce the Archipelago to the Great Nations of the World is a waste of time. But be patient, O Father, don’t give up, and leave us. For there is one who remains from your loins. Be patient.

With a heavy heart,

Your child,

(Signed) Kaleleonalani.

[There were so many deaths amongst the alii during these years, Ka Haku o Hawaii and Kamehameha IV, and now, Victoria Kamamalu. Not long after, her hanai mother, Grace Kamaikui Young Rooke would pass on. These were indeed dark days for Queen Emma.]

(Kuokoa, 10/6/1866, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke V, Helu 40, Aoao 2. Okatoba 6, 1866.

Queen Emma in New York, 1866.


Emma, the Queen Dowager of the Sandwich Islands, Visits Brooklyn, the Navy Yard, and Sails Down the Bay—Callers at Her Hotel Yesterday, &c.

Her Majesty of the Sandwich Islands, Emma, is determined, it would appear, to see the lions of the famed city of New York while she has the opportunity, and yesterday she extended the pardonable curiosity, which it is not scandalum magnatum to say her Majesty shares with the rest of her sex, to the sister city of Brooklyn. At half-past nine in the morning Queen Emma left her hotel, accompanied by Miss Grinnell, Miss Spurgeon, Major Hopkins, and lady-in-waiting, and drove down Broadway, to the Fulton ferry, whence Her Majesty and suite crossed to Brooklyn. The first place visited was Greenwood cemetery, with the beautiful scenery around which the party was much delighted. On the way back, they stopped at the photographic gallery in Fulton street, where the Queen sat for her portrait.


Pursuant to the announcement made in yesterday’s Herald the entire party then paid a visit to the Brooklyn Navy Yard. The hour appointed for her arrival was half-past one o’clock, and for one hour an assemblage of the citizens of Brooklyn and elsewhere commenced collecting until the mass numbered upwards of three thousand persons. The gates of the yard were closed to all persons except those who had passes signed by the chief officers. Half-past one arrived, but no tidings were received of the Queen. The crowd commenced to get impatient, jokes were passed to and fro to the parties on both sides of the street, when at length, at twenty minutes to two, two open carriages appeared in sight, containing the Queen, suite and attendants. It was observed as the carriages entered the yard that the first one contained her Majesty, Miss Spurgen, maid of honor; Mr. and Miss Odell; and the second Major C. Gordon Hopkins, of the Hawaiian army, and Miss Grinnell, maid of honor. As the party entered the gates the marine guard were formed in line and received her Majesty at “present arms.” She returned the compliment with a polite bow, the carriages proceeding to Admiral Bell’s quarters, in the Lyceum building. Arriving at this point the honored guest was received and assisted from her carriage by Captain Alexander M. Pennock, chief executive officer of the Navy Yard, who in turn introduced her to Rear Admiral Charles H. Bell, the commandant. The Admiral tendered his arm to the Queen, who promptly accepted it, and the party proceeded to the portico on the second story of the Lyceum. When Queen Emma alighted, the Marine battalion, commanded by Captain Collier, were drawn up in line, presented arms, while the Navy Yard band played the air of “Hail Columbia.” A detachment of the crew of the United States ship Vermont fired a salute of twenty-one guns from the Cob deck battery, and the Hawaiian flag was displayed at the main topgallant masthead. Continue reading

Queen Emma travelling abroad a hundred and fifty years ago, 1866.

Queen Emma.

From what we heard last of our beloved Queen, she is staying at Hyeres in the south of France. We are happy to say that she is in very good health, and so too her entourage. In accordance with the kind invitation by His Highness, the Minister of the Navy [??? Kuhina o na moku], she went to tour the areas where the weapons are stored and the port of Toulon, and she was welcomed hospitably and treated with all honors appropriate to her position. A great feast was given in the evening of the day she went there. Continue reading

A name song for the fearless traveler, Emalani, 1871.

He Inoa no Kaleleonalani.

Ka uka i Kilohana ka anoi la,
Ka iini kau o ka manao la,
Ka halia i ke anu o ka uka la,
I ke ohu nee o ka mauna la,
He kapeke he pahee he pakika la,
Ke ala e hiki aku ai la,
Paa i ka lala kamahele la,
Na hinahina ku alanui la,
Ke hiki aku i Puukapele la,
I ka kauila pano ohiohi la,
Luana i Waineki ka Wahine la,
Kaleleonalani he inoa la,
Moe aku i ka hale kamala la,
Hale o ka pupu kanioe la,
He’hu wawae o Elekini la,
Kinikini na hoa Painiu la,
Ka nahele o Hauailiki la,
Ilaila o Kapukaohelo la,
He ihona Kauaikanana la,
Ikiiki ia alu kahawai la,
He ka-hana koke aku no ia la,
Heia ka mana o ka wai la,
Hailona i ke kino ohia la,
Ka piina’ku o Pakaua la,
He kaua lima ka ke aloha la,
Kualono o Kaluaokaa la,
Komo i ka nahele wehiwehi la,
I ka ulu ohia mokihana la,
Ku hao Kalehuamakanoe la,
Ponaha i ka wao laau la,
Noe wale mai no ka lehua la,
Neenee papa i ke Kohekohe la,
Ua poni ka maka o ia pua la,
Noho hiehie i ka lau laau la,
He nenelu ke ala e hiki ai la,
He ulike launa ole mai la,
Hoao i na lepo pilali la,
Kohu lepo ai o Kawainui la,
Kalalaakamanu aku ia la,
Ka ihona aku o Kawaikoi la,
Koi kua inea i ka loa la,
Aikena ua maopaopa la,
He hanahanai Halepaakai la,
He malana hinu hoi ka nahele la,
I ka naele o Alakai la,
Ka nahele o Aiponui la,
He au kika i ka Puukolea la,
Kunihi mai Aipoiki la,
Lawelawe na lima o ke anu la,
Kipu paa mai e ka noe la,
Halana wai a’e ko lalo la,
Moe ole ia po a ao la,
Na hoa i ka heu kalakala la,
Hoolale i ke ahi lala poli la,
Pulupulu i ka pua limu la,
Ua noho pohai a puni la,
Le’a ai kulou a “Emma” la,
Aia ka pono o ke ao la,
I loaa Kipapaaola la,
Ua ola i ka ohu kokua la,
Kau pono i Kaawakoo la,
Ka palena mai o Kilohana la,
Okipau ka hana a ka Wahine la,
Kau pono iho i ka wekiu la,
Ka pane poo o Maunahina la,
Ike i na pali Koolau la,
Ka waiho nani a Hanalei la,
One hanana o Mahamoku la,
Oni ana o Naue i ke kai la,
O ka wai o Lumahai la,
E huli e hoi ka Wahine la,
Ua uhi ka ohu i ka mauna la,
He aloha—la—ua lai—e.     “Mi;” *

Honolulu, Feb. 9, 1871.

[A name song written for Queen Emma and her famous travels about Kauai.]

(Au Okoa, 2/16/1871, p. 1)

He Inoa no Kaleleonalani.

Ke Au Okoa, Buke VI, Helu 44, Aoao 1. Feberuari 16, 1871.

Kaleleonalani, 44 years old, 1880.

The Birthday of Emma Lani.—This Friday (yesterday) the 2nd of January 1880, Queen Emma Kaleleonalani made a full 44 years old. Just as usual, the day her royal mother suffered the pangs of birth arrived. The walls of her estate were filled with people. We are very happy to announce to the public that the cherished lehua blossom is as always bright upon her attractive full cheeks and the body of that “Rare Blossom” of the lahui remains strong. And while the people joyfully celebrate the arrival of that fine day, we remember and join in the cheer, and give our prayer that she lives long with her family with ease and good fortune. The King was graceful in passing by to give his congratulations to the Queen of one of the famed Kings of Hawaii nei.

(Kuokoa, 1/3/1880, p. 2)

Ka La Hanau o Emma Lani.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XIX, Helu 1, Aoao 2. Ianuari 3, 1880.

Hanaiakamalama rules, 1916.


Rules and regulations bearing on Hanaiakamalama, the Nuuanu home of the late Queen Emma, were adopted at a meeting on Wednesday of the Daughters of Hawaii, which society now has charge of the home. The rules are as follows:

“1. The object of Hanaiakamalama is to preserve articles formerly owned by the late Queen Emma and such other articles of historic interest as may be give the Daughters of Hawaii for safe keeping.

“2. The building shall be open to visitors daily from 9 to 12 in the morning and from 2 to 4 in the afternoon, excepting Sunday and other days that may be designated.

“3. The house can only be used as a meeting place for the Daughters of Hawaii and cannot be engaged for any other purpose.

“4. A fee of 25 cents will be charged all visitors, members excepted.

“5. Visitors are requested not to handle or deface any article in the building.”

(Star-Bulletin, 10/19/1916, p. 3)


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XXIV, Number 7651, Page 3. October 19, 1916.

Samuel K. Kekoowai on the Daughters of Hawaii and Hanaiakamalama, 1923.


This is a building near the end of the route of the electric car, and it stands on a hill.

As a result of the graciousness of one of the members of the Daughters of Hawaii [Ahahui o na Kaikamahine o Hawaii], this writer [Samuel K. Kekoowai] was introduced to Mrs. J. Swanzy, the leader of this association, and by her kindness I was welcomed to see the walls of that house which is filled with beautiful decorations of the monarchy, and their images hanging from the walls, set up almost like the museum of Kamehameha [Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum].

This group, the Daughters of Hawaii, upholds the name of Queen Emma Kaleleonalani, and her birthday is cherished by them, and the writer observed the commemoration held by the association which holds dear the name placed upon them, the Daughters of Hawaii.

In the story told to me within the house, Kaleleonalani was raised by her hanai guardian [kahu hanai], Dr. Rooke [Kauka Luka], until she married Liholiho Kamehameha 4, however, there is another version that I have been told by another.

On that 20th day of this June, I saw the back room totally filled with those who came, from the members to visitors, and most were whites and there were a few Hawaiians [??? a o-a na Hawaii].

The story of the circuit of Queen Emma Kaleleonalani around Oahu nei was told, beginning at Waimanalo at the place of John Cummins [Keoni Kamaki], and to Kaneohe at the place of Wainui Pii, and then on to Waikane at the place of Kameaaloha; at Kahana there was a Chinese named Apakana, on to Punaluu there was Naili, to Laie at the place of Kupau, to Kahuku at the place of Kaluhi, to Waialua at the place of Kaiaikawaha. Continue reading