Iolani Hale on the eve of the birthday of Kahikuonalani.
This past Thursday, June 25, acting Governor [kokua Kiaaina] Charles M. Hite revealed his thoughts to redo the crown room of Iolani Palace in the upcoming days to bring back once again the commemoration of the alii of Hawaii who passed on; the pulo’ulo’u, the paintings hanging upon the walls, the throne, and also the other chairs which decorated the crown room. Continue reading
Poolas Pay Last Tribute to Queen in Unique Observance, Carrying Out Customs of Other Days—Lighted Kukui Nut Torches Emblematic of Liliuokalani’s Dynasty
HOMAGE as in the days of ancient Hawaii was done to their dead ruler by the “poolas” or stevedores of Honolulu as their part in the long ceremonial procession on Sunday—204 of them.
The poolas, untied as a craft into a well-knit society, paid their tribute to Liliuokalani as along crowded streets they drew the great catafalque bearing the casket in which reposed the body. No section of the long parade was more impressive than this.
With solemn tread stevedores marched through the streets of Honolulu to the Royal Mausoleum, Nuuanu street, drawing by long ropes the somber catafalque upon which rested the handsome koa coffin. It was a unique, fitting portion of the elaborate ceremonies attending the burial of the queen. The poolas in the lines were all Hawaiians, members of that sturdy race from which Liliuokalani sprung.
The great body of men was in perfect order at all times. The poolas were dressed in white and each wore a small cape of red yellow, colors of the organization that loads and unloads the steamers that touch here. The leaders wore long cloaks. Samuel Kipi was in charge of the poolas, and was assisted by Joseph Pua, John Lono, Benjamin Ross, Hookani, Kapele Napua, Kawaipaoa, John Kapono, Jr., and David B. Kekuewa.
Two long lines of ropes, bound with black and white ribbon, formed the harness with which the poolas drew the catafalque. Just before the coffin was removed from the throne room, the poolas formed a double line in front of the catafalque which reached almost to the makai entrance to the Palace grounds, each man taking hold of the rope. as the coffin was carried down the steps, the poolas removed their hats and stood at attention, facing the catafalque. After the ceremonies at the entrance to the palace were over, they began their steady march to the mausoleum, slowly drawing the catafalque after them.
The catafalque, draped in black, and trimmed with narrow lines of white, rolled slowly behind the marchers. A large canopy of black was supported by four posts, and at the four corners, on top, were black plumes. Before the poolas moved out of the palace grounds, torches of kukui nuts, bound in ti-leaves, were lighted, a final honor to the royal dead.
Following is a list of the poolas who conveyed the remains of the queen to their final resting place:
Mookini, Polokami, Henry Mahoe, J. Manu, Hoomanawanui, J. Kekuku, Sam Hakuole, Robert Kauhane, Moses Keala, D. Kali, K. Kamaka, J. Moolina, John Hali, Kila, Lui Pawaa, Ben Kaleo, Kalama Opio, William Watson, Jr., Frank Kiekie, John Lono, Lai Pila, Joseph Haili, H. Halemano, Herring, Keliikipi, G. M. Napoleon, James Kekino, William Swain, Kalani Isaac, Jr., Jose Salona, J. M. Kipi, William Malina, G. Kailihou, Makekau, S. Kahololio, Woodward, J. Kamaka, P. Keawehaku, Joe Keola, John Ena, John Manono, Victor K. Kilia, Charles Panui, Kuhiakau, John Neoliwa, James Spencer, James Nuuhiwa, E. Kaai, John Maielua, Sam Peter, Joe Kapua, Pukani Maui, Koikoi Opio, David Poepoe, William Kamakee, Albert Kupo, George Kaili, Sam Lili, J. K. Kuulei, Tom Bright, Kaaha Kuili, J. Enos, G. Halemano, John Kanalu, D. Kuhiau, G. Apiki, Kawaiaea, S. Akana, John Ku, H. Iona, Tom Kepane, Kukila, M. Enos, J. Nawai, W. Lui, C. Kaninau, Needham, Kaowaka, W. Harrison, S. Kalauao, M. Koili, L. Kia, Pokai, M. Kalahiwa, McShane, B. Purdy, A. Kaleikini, J. Kaluna, D. Kalauawa, Pooloa, D. Kahalewai, John Kamaka, Kukaulaili, Poai Kekuaana, William Kaka, B. Holokai, J. Kamai, D. Kamaka, M. Naone, Pua Ku, John Kamao, Kahieki, John Halemano, Niauhoe, D. Palau, Keliinoi, H. Keanui, Kalaluhi, Sam Peahi, Nahuina, Iopa, Kealoha, Thomas F. Wond, W. Jury, J. Kailihiwa, Robert Jury, John Philips, John Kaimipau, Kawanui, Hoonuu, W. Pualoa, Alohikea, E. Mohia, E. Lono, C. Papaiku, Dan Kekaulike, W. Simpson, D. Kaai, Sam Pali, D. Kaaihue, Moke, Makuku, J. Keahi, Sam Iaea, Kamaka, Sam Kipi, De La Cruz, David Kuuku, K. Napua, J. Alohikea, Koawane, Maemae, S. Levi, Sam Kaili, Joe Kekaula, Liftee, Kupihea, Halelaau, John Kauinana, Kahan, Aika, E. D. Ele, Pukui, Kawaipaoa, Ben Ross, P. K. Kapu, D. Lonohiwa, W. Kalimahana, W. Kealakai, J. H. H. Kealakai, George Hookano, Sam Ahia, John Lino, Jack Kamaka, M. Correa, Nahinu, M. Miguel, H. Aki, D. Kekuewa, Waiolama, Joe Pawaa, Joseph Hale, Pohau, Charles Aniu, John Kauwa, Laniawe, Nunu, Sam Kaakau, William Hemekela, Maui, Kuaana, Waha, Kelli, A. Paaluhi, William Kahala, Kikaukahi, Ben Kekoa, Kamaki Pila, Pauoa, Kapono, Keawe Loloaniho, Kune Elua, John Kalimapehu, John Brown, Charles Honolii, James Kaai, Joseph Lui, H. Williams, Alex. Robertson, John King, Dick Helenihi, Naauao, Kainoa, Hanape.
(Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 11/19/1917, p. 7)
We, Kamehameha V., by the Grace of God, of the Hawaiian Islands, King, do hereby proclaim, that it is OUR will and pleasure that the Eleventh day of June of each year be hereafter observed as a Public Holiday in memory of OUR Grandfather and Predecessor, KAMEHAMEHA I, the founder of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
Given at Iolani Palace, under OUR hand and the Great Seal of OUR Kingdom, this 22nd day of December, A. D. 1871.
[Legal Seal] KAMEHAMEHA R.
(Hawaiian Gazette, 12/27/1871, p. 2)
By the Blessings of God, We, Kamehameha V., the King of the Hawaiian Islands, through this, proclaim that it is our desire and pleasure that from here forth, the eleventh day of June, of every year will be a Holiday to memorialize Our Grandfather and Our Progenitor, Kamehameha I., the one who founded the Nation of Hawaii.
Given at Iolani Palace, by Our hand and Great Seal of Our Nation on this 22nd of December, 1872.
[Legal Seal] KAMEHAMEHA Rex.
(Au Okoa, 12/28/1871, p. 2)
It is being advertised and shown to the public that the Board of Genealogy of Hawaiian Chiefs [Papa Kuauhau Alii] is prepared to hear the genealogies of those who put forward their pedigree as related to the Chiefly Class, every first Monday of the months of the year, where they put before us the clear genealogy written down in this fashion:
FATHER [makuakane]——— MOTHER [makuahine]
GRANDFATHER [kupunakane] ——— GRANDMOTHER [kupunawahine]
GREAT GRANDFATHER [kualuakane] ——— GREAT GRANDMOTHER [kualuawahine]
GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER [kuakolukane]———— GREAT GREAT GRANDMOTHER [kuakoluwahine]
And so forth until the earliest that the genealogist can show.
A notice will be given and time will be set aside for those who object to the genealogies that will be published, for those who know the old stories and mele, you come as well. Time will be set aside for them to come to the Business Office of the Papa Kuauhau Alii, on the Palace Grounds in the town of Honolulu, Oahu. Commencing at 9 o’clock in the morning, until 2 o’clock in the afternoon on the Mondays mentioned previously.
Signed on this day the 26th of June, 1883. J. A. Nahaku,
Secretary of the Papa Kuauhau Alii. Approved by:
(Elele Poakolu, 8/1/1883, p. 4)
Masked Entertainment.—In the evening of this past Saturday, a party was held in the Palace by the monarchs and those who were invited to go there. Each person was hidden behind a mask [maka kii], and everyone was befuddled because the features of people could not be seen. You went up to someone to figure out who it was, maybe by their figure, or the back of the head. You turned away, and you were confused once again, as people’s features were hidden.
(Kuokoa, 5/2/1874, p. 2)