Koakanu, the caretaker of Maunaala, dies, 1885.

[Found under: NA NU HOU HAWAII”]

P. V. Koakanu died very quickly, at dawn on this past Monday, mauka of Nuuanu, without being ill first. Continue reading

Birthday of Prince Kuhio commemorated, 1922.


According to what is heard by this office, this coming Sunday, the 26th of March, is the birthday of Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole. And on that day the tomb at Maemae will be opened and the grounds will be free that day to all the makaainana of Hawaii to visit.

The officers of the Hawaiian 0rganizations will enter into the tomb standing at Maunaala, and and a religious service will be held within it for the persevering Representative Kalanianaole, and after that service, all of the makaainana will taken on tour of the mausoleum in which the chiefs rest.

(Kuokoa, 3/17/1922, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXI, Helu 11, Aoao 1. Maraki 17, 1922.

Names of the stevedores who participate in Queen Liliuokalani’s funeral, 1917.


Poolas Pay Last Tribute to Queen in Unique Observance, Carrying Out Customs of Other Days—Lighted Kukui Nut Torches Emblematic of Liliuokalani’s Dynasty

HOMAGE as in the days of ancient Hawaii was done to their dead ruler by the “poolas” or stevedores of Honolulu as their part in the long ceremonial procession on Sunday—204 of them.

The poolas, untied as a craft into a well-knit society, paid their tribute to Liliuokalani as along crowded streets they drew the great catafalque bearing the casket in which reposed the body. No section of the long parade was more impressive than this.

With solemn tread stevedores marched through the streets of Honolulu to the Royal Mausoleum, Nuuanu street, drawing by long ropes the somber catafalque upon which rested the handsome koa coffin. It was a unique, fitting portion of the elaborate ceremonies attending the burial of the queen. The poolas in the lines were all Hawaiians, members of that sturdy race from which Liliuokalani sprung.

The great body of men was in perfect order at all times. The poolas were dressed in white and each wore a small cape of red yellow, colors of the organization that loads and unloads the steamers that touch here. The leaders wore long cloaks. Samuel Kipi was in charge of the poolas, and was assisted by Joseph Pua, John Lono, Benjamin Ross, Hookani, Kapele Napua, Kawaipaoa, John Kapono, Jr., and David B. Kekuewa.

Two long lines of ropes, bound with black and white ribbon, formed the harness with which the poolas drew the catafalque. Just before the coffin was removed from the throne room, the poolas formed a double line in front of the catafalque which reached almost to the makai entrance to the Palace grounds, each man taking hold of the rope. as the coffin was carried down the steps, the poolas removed their hats and stood at attention, facing the catafalque. After the ceremonies at the entrance to the palace were over, they began their steady march to the mausoleum, slowly drawing the catafalque after them.

The catafalque, draped in black, and trimmed with narrow lines of white, rolled slowly behind the marchers. A large canopy of black was supported by four posts, and at the four corners, on top, were black plumes. Before the poolas moved out of the palace grounds, torches of kukui nuts, bound in ti-leaves, were lighted, a final honor to the royal dead.

Following is a list of the poolas who conveyed the remains of the queen to their final resting place:

Mookini, Polokami, Henry Mahoe, J. Manu, Hoomanawanui, J. Kekuku, Sam Hakuole, Robert Kauhane, Moses Keala, D. Kali, K. Kamaka, J. Moolina, John Hali, Kila, Lui Pawaa, Ben Kaleo, Kalama Opio, William Watson, Jr., Frank Kiekie, John Lono, Lai Pila, Joseph Haili, H. Halemano, Herring, Keliikipi, G. M. Napoleon, James Kekino, William Swain, Kalani Isaac, Jr., Jose Salona, J. M. Kipi, William Malina, G. Kailihou, Makekau, S. Kahololio, Woodward, J. Kamaka, P. Keawehaku, Joe Keola, John Ena, John Manono, Victor K. Kilia, Charles Panui, Kuhiakau, John Neoliwa, James Spencer, James Nuuhiwa, E. Kaai, John Maielua, Sam Peter, Joe Kapua, Pukani Maui, Koikoi Opio, David Poepoe, William Kamakee, Albert Kupo, George Kaili, Sam Lili, J. K. Kuulei, Tom Bright, Kaaha Kuili, J. Enos, G. Halemano, John Kanalu, D. Kuhiau, G. Apiki, Kawaiaea, S. Akana, John Ku, H. Iona, Tom Kepane, Kukila, M. Enos, J. Nawai, W. Lui, C. Kaninau, Needham, Kaowaka, W. Harrison, S. Kalauao, M. Koili, L. Kia, Pokai, M. Kalahiwa, McShane, B. Purdy, A. Kaleikini, J. Kaluna, D. Kalauawa, Pooloa, D. Kahalewai, John Kamaka, Kukaulaili, Poai Kekuaana, William Kaka, B. Holokai, J. Kamai, D. Kamaka, M. Naone, Pua Ku, John Kamao, Kahieki, John Halemano, Niauhoe, D. Palau, Keliinoi, H. Keanui, Kalaluhi, Sam Peahi, Nahuina, Iopa, Kealoha, Thomas F. Wond, W. Jury, J. Kailihiwa, Robert Jury, John Philips, John Kaimipau, Kawanui, Hoonuu, W. Pualoa, Alohikea, E. Mohia, E. Lono, C. Papaiku, Dan Kekaulike, W. Simpson, D. Kaai, Sam Pali, D. Kaaihue, Moke, Makuku, J. Keahi, Sam Iaea, Kamaka, Sam Kipi, De La Cruz, David Kuuku, K. Napua, J. Alohikea, Koawane, Maemae, S. Levi, Sam Kaili, Joe Kekaula, Liftee, Kupihea, Halelaau, John Kauinana, Kahan, Aika, E. D. Ele, Pukui, Kawaipaoa, Ben Ross, P. K. Kapu, D. Lonohiwa, W. Kalimahana, W. Kealakai, J. H. H. Kealakai, George Hookano, Sam Ahia, John Lino, Jack Kamaka, M. Correa, Nahinu, M. Miguel, H. Aki, D. Kekuewa, Waiolama, Joe Pawaa, Joseph Hale, Pohau, Charles Aniu, John Kauwa, Laniawe, Nunu, Sam Kaakau, William Hemekela, Maui, Kuaana, Waha, Kelli, A. Paaluhi, William Kahala, Kikaukahi, Ben Kekoa, Kamaki Pila, Pauoa, Kapono, Keawe Loloaniho, Kune Elua, John Kalimapehu, John Brown, Charles Honolii, James Kaai, Joseph Lui, H. Williams, Alex. Robertson, John King, Dick Helenihi, Naauao, Kainoa, Hanape.

(Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 11/19/1917, p. 7)


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XXV, Number 7988, Page 7. November 19, 1917.

Maunaala, 1899.




(This paper, February 16, 1891.)

On a beautiful lawn at the entrance of Nuuanu valley, overlooking this city, the harbor and ocean beyond, stands the Royal Mausoleum, erected by the Hawaiian Government, as the resting place of the remains of the Royal Family of Hawaii and a few of their greatest benefactors. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture, of concrete stone, with the lawn handsomely laid out with walks and studded with trees, the whole presenting from the avenue an attractive appearance. Continue reading

The Alii moved to Maunaala, 1865.


The Deceased Kings Taken to the New Royal Cemetery:—On this past 30th of October, the deceased alii who were at placed at Pohukaina were taken to the New Royal Cemetery at Maunaala, Nuuanu. When they were preparing to take the remains from Pohukaina, there were many people gathered outside the gates of the Palace grounds. But the activities that night were properly peaceful, and the volunteer [pualu], hulumanu, cannon, and calvary troops extended their patience. We have nothing to say but to give our thanks to them. There were many people gathered at the street crossings in hopes of seeing the coffins of the deceased alii. They knew that is how they would see them.

(Kuokoa, 11/4/1865, p. 2)

Hoihoi ia na Moi Make i ka Ilina Moi Hou.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke IV, Helu 44, Aoao 2. Novemaba 4, 1865.

More on the transfer of the remains of the Alii to Maunaala, 1865.

Just as we announced in last week’s issue of our paper, that there would be a funeral for the Minister of Foreign Affairs [Kuhina o ko na Aina e], it was indeed carried out. After the night prayer [pule poeleele] of the Anglican Church [Halepule Hoomana Enelani] was over, the body of R. C. Wyllie was taken from his residence at Nuuanu to the Church at Peleula, where it was left until the funeral procession to his permanent home, that being on a following day.

When the sun reached its heights, the military boys were seen crowded together in the grounds of the Palace. The Cavalry [Puali Koa Kaua Lio] under Captain C. H. Judd, the Artillery Division [? Koa Pukaa] under Captain J. H. Brown, the regular soldiers [? Koa ku mau] under Captain Kahoohuli, the Hulumanu Division [Koa Hulumanu] under Captain J. M. Kapena, the Rifle Squad [Koa Raifela] under Captain Hassinger. From the Palace, they moved on to the Church, and there many people of all sorts who waited with great hope that they would take part in the procession taking him to be left in peace where we all must go with no delay when fetched by the heartless ruler of the pit.

After the prayer for him was over, a procession was organized by the Marshall for the day, John O. Dominis, and the procession marched quietly to the Royal Cemetery at Maunaala. Most of the businesses were closed that day, and everyone went to watch the funeral procession; the sides of the streets were filled with men, women, and children. When the remains entered the Cemetery, and right after, the troops and the artillery division sounded their guns for him. However before his funeral, the Fort at Puowaina shot off minute guns until he was at the Cemetery.

It was as if while the group of onlookers watched him being taken away, all of the people were were reeling with painful sorrow in their hearts. Who would not be without aloha, for he lived until well known in the calm of Hauola, and should he have had a partner, he would have had many grandchildren, but he lived alone and did not multiply in the uplands of Kawananakoa. He has gone, but has left a Monument for himself, not in the city, or on the side of the streets of our town, but on the sides of the history of our Nation, and in the hearts of this generation, and all of the generations to come. When he entered the Tomb, the crowd scattered and went back with a heavy heart.

After the sun returned to the surface of the sea, another funeral was readied, and that funeral to move to a new place our

Alii’s Remains,

and here are their names below, as is written on their coffins:

(1) Jane Lahilahi Kaeo, Died Jan 12, 1862, Aged 50 years.

(2) T. C. Byde Rooke, F. R. C. S. Born May 18, 1806, Died May 28, 1858.

(3) Keoni Ana, Born on the 12th of March, 1810, Died July 18, 1857.

(4) B. Namakeha, Died 27 Dec. 1860, At 52 years of age.

(5) John William Pitt Kinau, Born Dec. 27, 1842, Died on the 9th of Sept. 1857.

(6) Elisabeta Kaahumanu, Born 1793, Died 1842.

(7) Kamehameha 2d, Elii no nahina o Awhai, Make i Pelekani 28 Makaiki Kaiku, I ke mahoe mua o Kamakaiki 1824, Aloha ino no komako Elii Iolani.
Kamehameha 2nd King of the Sandwich Islands, Died July 14th, 1824, In London, in the 28th year of his age, May we remember our beloved King Iolani.

(8) Kamehamalu Elii no na aina o awahi, Make i Pelekani, 22 ma Raiki Teitu, London 8 Re mahoe o Re ma Raiki 1824.
Tamehamalu, Queen of the Sandwich Islands, Departed this life in London on the 8 July 1824, Aged 22 years.

(9) Kaahumanu II died Apr. 4, 1839 in Her 33rd Year.

(10) In this casket is the daughter [? son] of Kamehameha III, Keaweaweulaokalani; there is nothing inscribed on the casket.

(11) Kamehameha III, born on the 17th of March 1813, Died 15th December 1854, He reigned for 29 years.

(12) His Highness, Albert Edward Kauikeaouli, Leiopapa a Kamehameha, Haku o Hawaii, Born on the 27th of May, 1858, died on the 27th of August, 1862. Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the Kingdom of God.

(13) Alexander Kalanikua Liholiho, Iolani Maka o Iouli Kunuiakea, Kukailimoku, Kamehameha IV, King of the Hawaiian Islands. Born Feberuary 9, 1834, succeeded to the Throne, December 15, 1854. Died November 30, 1863.

(14) Mose Kekuaiwa, Born July 20, 1829, Died November 29, 1848.

(15) Davida Tamehameha, Born on May 20, 1828, Died December 15, 1835. He was 7 years, 6 months, and 16 days old.

(16) Leleiohoku, Born March 21, 1821, Died October 21, 1848.

(17) A. Paki, Born Aug. 1808, Died June 13th, 1855.

(18) L. Konia, Wife of A. Paki, Born 1808, Died July 2nd, 1857.

(19) Keolaokalani Paki Bishop, Born Dec. 30, 1862, Died Aug. 29, 1863.

(20) Kamanele, Died May 7, 1831, at 19 Years of Age.

(21) Liloa and Lonoikamakahiki.

When the stifling rays of the sun left, and when the dim moon shown over the peaceful town, the torches glowed red, lighting up the bones of the Alii as they were carried on palanquins [manele], to lie and be placed in the new building made with fine craftsmanship for their physical remains, for they returned to the eternal home of this life, death snatching without compassion, and dragged them off without a cry [?? ke ka-ua aku] being heard.

Death, according to one poet, is something terribly frightening. This is true; we understand that death is something very awesome, because it is not known where it will come, from the lowly hovel to perhaps at the door of the Palace.

“Ka ilihune, ka poe waiwai,
Ka poe kiekie, a me ka poe haahaa,
Na ka make e hoiliwai like ia lakou.”

[“The poor, the rich,
The high, and the low,
Death makes them all equal.”]

Death is something regular, everyday we hear the ringing of the funerary bells, and we always are witness to the funerary processions cloaked in mourning clothes, following after their friends to his resting place—the grave. As these people are taken away, we look—and each of them go to our occupations in this life; some look for their fortune, while other for fame, and glory. But when are Alii are taken away, trapped by the tireless hands of death, we all unassumingly consider, looking back upon the history of his life, and weigh.

“Ina ua kupono ia no ka lani i ka lani,
Ina aole ia i kupono nolaila, i Gehena.”

[“If befitting for heaven, then to heaven,
If not befitting for there, then to hell.”]

[See more on the Nanea Armstrong-Wassel’s instagram post here.]

(Au Okoa, 11/6/1865, p. 2)

E like me ka makou mea i hoolaha aku ai...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke I, Helu 29, Aoao 2. Novemaba 6, 1865.

Kamehameha IV and Ka Haku o Hawaii moved, 1865.


Transferred:—Through the kindness of one of our friends in this town, we heard from him/her that the bodies of the King Iolani Kamehameha IV and Ka Haku o Hawaii were moved when evening came last Saturday [11/28/1865]; they are in the center of the Crypt. And the alii who were moved this past Monday [11/30/1865], they are at the corners of the Crypt.

[See more at Nanea Armstrong-Wassel’s instagram page here. And also another article in appearing in the same column of the Kuokoa here.]

(Kuokoa, 11/4/1865, p. 2)

Ua Hoonee ia ae...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke IV, Helu 44, Aoao 2. Novemaba 4, 1865.

Alii are moved from Pohukaina to Maunaala, 1865.


The transfer of the Remains of the Royal Ones who died before to the New Cemetery of the Alii.—On the night of this past Monday, the bodies of the alii who died in the past were moved, and this is the order. First was Kamehameha II; the second was Queen Kamamalu; third was Kamehameha III; fourth was Kaahumanu I; the fifth was Kinau, who was Kaahumanu II; sixth was Kamanele; the seventh was Adamu Paki [Abner Paki]; the eighth was L. Konia [Laura Konia]; the ninth was Mose Kekuaiwa [Moses Kekuaiwa]; the tenth was Davida [David Kamehameha]; the eleventh was W. P. Leleiohoku [William Pitt Leleiohoku]; the twelfth was J. P. Kinau [John William Pitt Kinau]; the thirteenth was Keola [Keolaokalani Davis Bishop]; the fourteenth was Keaweaweula; the fifteenth was Liloa and Lonoikamakahiki in one coffin. The court favorites, Kauka Luka [Thomas Charles Byde Rooke]; Keoni Ana [John Young]; Namakeha [Bennet Y. Namakeha]; Lahilahi [Jane K. Lahilahi], the daughter of Keoni Ana.

The others remaining at Pohukaina were Kekauluohi; Kaiminaauao; and Haalilio [Timoteo Haalilio], the famed emissary of the Hawaiian Islands, who faced the cold seas of the United States, Britain, and France.

(Kuokoa, 11/4/1865, p. 2)

Ka hoihoi ia ana...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke IV, Helu 44, Aoao 2. Novemaba 4, 1865.