Vital Statistics. 1912.


A. J. Mawae to Emily Kapaku, May 23.

Rudolph J. Berger to Nellie E. Haupu, May 25.

Sin Kui to Annie Kaai, May 26.

P. H. Mahoe to M. K. Iudo, May 27.


To Peter K. Frank and Josephine Kaeka, a son, May 8.

To John Mahunaalii and Hana Kau, a son, May 16.

To Simon Kino and Ana Feary, a son, May 21.

To Albert Bush and Maria K. Cummings, a daughter, May 22.

To Charles Kailihiwa and Emaline Wallace, a son, May 22.

To Charles Kalei and Victoria Aiu, a daughter, May 22.

To Manuel Olmos and Lizzie Woodward, a son, May 24.

To John Hoopale and Lilia Kawaa, a daughter, May 25.

To Manuel S. Andrade and Margaret Kalilikane, a son, May 28.


Pahulio [?] Guerrero, on Mokauea Street, May 23.

Mrs. Kalaiheana Pauahi, on Keauhou Street, May 26.

Meheiwa Bright, on School Street, May 27.

A. K. Palekaluhi, in Kalihi, May 28.

(Kuokoa, 5/31/1912, p. 8)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVIII, Helu 22, Aoao 8. Mei 31, 1912.


Niihau sold, 1864.

[Found under: “NEWS OF HAWAII NEI.”]

That Island is Sold.—The Island of Niihau was sold by the Government, to Mr. St. Clair [Sinclair] and some other people, for the amount of $10,000. Those people will live there raising Sheep.

(Kuokoa, 4/9/1864, p. 2)

Lilo ia Mokupuni.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke III, Helu 15, Aoao 2. Aperila 9, 1864.

University of Hawaii Virtual Museum, 2012.

This is a cool site mentioned in the Star Advertiser on the 20th of this month. Not only can you find old Hawaii-Language Newspapers, but all sorts of historical images and more!

University of Hawaii Virtual Museum.

For instance, here are some images from the Hawaiian & Pacific Images Collection at UHM.

Fire Insurance Maps give a good picture of the layout of streets and buildings through time!

And there are other random yet cool images, like these relating to the steamship Malolo that gets mentioned often in the later Hawaiian-Language Newspapers!

Population of Niihau and more, 1864.

The Population of Niihau.

O Kuokoa Newspaper; Aloha oe:—In response to the request by the Hoku Loa [newspaper], to tell the population of Niihau, and the number of houses of worship and members of the Lord’s church. Here is the actual figures of the population, from the men, women, older boys, younger boys, married women, and single women, the older girls and younger girls. Here is the chart.

Good-standing men, 187

Married women, 110

Single women, 29

Older boys [that can work?], 18

Younger boys, 50

Older girls, 27

Younger girls, 36

Breast-feeding children, 12

Old men, 51

Old women, 39

Male church members, 36

Female church members, 31

Total, 626

There are four houses of worship; three for the Protestants, and one for the Catholics. The shepherd of the sheep of the Protestants from Waimea, Kauai to Niihau, is Rev. G. B. Rovela [Rowell], and D. Maui and Anadarea are the assistant kahu. As per the requests for answers, will be responses. But there are some people who have gone here or there. This is the supplication of the boy from the west, and I am returning to my gardening of sweet potato scraps, as the Naulu rain came down.

P. R. Holiohana.

Kaununui, Niihau, May 19, 1864.

(Kuokoa, 6/11/1864, p. 4)

Ka nui o na kanaka ma Niihau.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke III, Helu 24, Aoao 4. Iune 11, 1864.

Niihau purchased for $10,800. 1864.

The Haole are Really Working Niihau.

O Kuokoa Newspaper; Aloha to you:—I met up with the newspaper article under News of Hawaii, in Issue 15 of the 9th of April, about the selling of Niihau to Mr. James Francis Sinclair, for $10,800, along with the lands of Kuakanu, which are the konohiki lands of Halewela and Kahuku, which the Government sold to the one named above, along with the konohiki lands, and this whole island has gone to the haole; perhaps you all and those others as well have heard that Niihau was sold, along with those penny-pinching folks who don’t get the shining beacon of Hawai nei through the Kuokoa Newspaper. And it is we who know of the great, who know of the small, and who know of the wide, that knows of the selling from Kii to Kawaihoa, from the Makahuena Point to Pueo Point; everything upon the land is bought and there is nothing left for us, the Hawaiians, under the haole owners.

Their Way of Living: They are pleasant and good, and speak nicely with the people, but they are not very proficient in the Hawaiian language. The haole say, “mahope aku kumaki” [?] There are ten Hawaiians, caretakers [hoaaina] of the land, chosen from amongst the locals, but two are from elsewhere, they are newcomers, one from Hawaii and the other from Maui, and including them there are ten caretakers. Here are each of their names which the haole selected: A. Puko, D. Kauki, Hetesia, J. H. Kanakaiki, P. R. Holiohana, H. Haokaku, Mose Kanohai, Ioela, Kapahee and Pouli; Kanakaiki is from Napoopoo, Hawaii, and Holiohana is from Hana, Maui, and are locals from there. Those caretakers are in charge of the three work days every month just like the konohiki of the chiefs, should there be work by haole owner to be done.

Their Number: Mr. James Francis Sinclair them total twelve in number; two brothers, three sisters, five children, one mother, and one in-law, which totals twelve; they live in Kununui; they are religious, with one God, but their religion is very different; their houses were constructed in Britain and brought to Niihau: three houses, one currently stands, and two more to follow; we appreciate how nice and beautiful it is to see.

Dealing with the Animals: There are two horses per man and woman, and should there be three, it is killed, and so forth; as for dogs, there are none left, they were all killed, from the big ones to the small ones because sheep were being killed, and so the government is without money from the dog tax, also the goats were all killed. You Kauai people who own horses and sheep, get them quick, don’t dawdle, or they will be taken by the haole.

Things Grown by the People.

The Hawaiians consume what they produce, and they also assist with the land owners in the watering of the sweet potato, ke pola akaakai [?], and chickens, as long as they were pleasant, or else that was that.

On the Number of Sheep

Set loose on Niihau are the sheep which you have perhaps seen in our Newspaper; as for the count, you probably have not heard; this is the truth as to the abundance or dearth: the number of sheep is 3,400, with 1,400 belonging to the Hon. W. Webster and 2,000 belonging to the King; there is no end to their desire for sheep.

Sugar Cane Cultivation.

Niihau will be planted with sugar cane if the test on one acre goes well; and if the cane grows nicely, then planting will commence, but if it doesn’t grow, that’s it, because it is an arid land.

This is an undesirable land for those foreigners seeking to make money because it is dry and scorched by the sun, and crops die; but here are people who are after wealth, and they tell us, the locals, that this is very valuable land for sheep and cane; our good friend, H. M. Whitney, the local of Waimea and Niihau, along with his parents, are familiar with this island and its extreme heat in the Makalii months [summer]. I will stop writing as the Naulu rain of Niihau is falling. With aloha.

P. R. Holiohana.

Kihalaui, Niihau, May 2, 1864.

[This P. R. Holiohana (later it seems he goes by the name P. R. Holi) writes in to the newspapers often from Niihau on a number of subjects.]

(Kuokoa, 6/4/1864, p. 1)

Hana io ka Haole ia Niihau.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke III, Helu 23, Aoao 1. Iune 4, 1864.

Bishop Alfred Willis Leaves for Tonga, 1902.


Bishop Alfred E. Willis is leaving Hawaii, and not returning, aboard the steamship Ventura on the 28th of this month for Tutuila, Samoa, and from there for the island of Tonga, where he intends to take up the work of his church. Last Saturday he closed the doors of Iolani School, one of the very well known schools of this town in days gone by,  and it was established by this bishop for the advancement of the native children of this land. For his good works, there were many people gave their expressions of aloha and precious gifts to him when they heard that he will forever leave this land that he became a local to.

The population of the people of this island on which the bishop is intending to go teach the word of Christ to is 20,000; and with this number, 100 are haole. And should this trek to this island does not go well, he will continue on to New Zealand where he will put down roots.

(Aloha Aina, 5/24/1902, p. 4)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke VIII, Helu 21, Aoao 4. Mei 24, 1902.

M. E. Silva’s Funeral Home, 1912.


On April 14th, Manuel Feli [Felip?] Aguan passed.

Mr. Loo [Lee?] Chong left this life on the 21st of April.

Mrs. Kanehailua left for the eternal world on the 3rd of November at Hamakua, Hawaii.

Therefore, bring in your donations of ten cents for the members of your Organizations who left this life, to my Business Office on Chaplain Lane, right behind Queen Emma Hall, between Nuuanu Avenue and Fort Street.


[This is the undertaking establishment of M. E. Silva mentioned in the previous post. See more on the interesting story of Manuel Enos Silva in “Men of Hawaii” (1917).

(Aloha Aina, 5/16/1912, p. 3)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke XVI, Helu 20, Aoao 3. Mei 18, 1912.