Kamehameha V as recalled by R. A. Lyman and W. D. Alexander, 1902.


Bold and Wise Sovereign as Remembered by R. A. Lyman.

Hawaii has not been known to the world very many years, but during that time a King of whom she may well be proud has reigned over the land, a King who would compare very favor­ably with the monarchs of more en­lightened nations. Kamehameha V., who ascended the throne of the Ha­waiian Islands upon the death of Ka­mehameha IV. in 1863.

Before ascending the throne Kameha­meha V. had acted as Minister of the Interior under Kamehameha IV. He had a very strong will, so that he was not Minister in name alone, but attended faithfully to the duties of his office. Continue reading


The First Kamehameha Day, 1872.

This past Tuesday, as per the Royal Proclamation, the 11th of June was observed as the day to commemorate Kamehameha I, our Royal Ancestor who conquered the land. This is a new day included in the realm of holidays; and the people were joyous at the designating of a day like this for the remembering of our precious beloved one of days gone by. The day opened beautifully, without any drops to bother the people who were well adept to celebrate the day. From early morning, the doors of the large and small shops of town were closed shut, and when the sun came out, nonexistent the sight of many people on the streets of this town, and the places of work were deserted. Everyone was ready to entertain themselves with pleasures of all sorts; some people with feasts or horse riding, but it seemed as if most of the people were at the races set up at Kulaokahua, where enjoyments of all sorts took place [? i muu ai].

The sight of the race track on that day, was as if like no other before. The lanai and tents were nicely built, and congratulations go to those responsible for that distinguished job. The lanai and grounds were filled all the way atop the hills with thousands enjoying themselves with the festivities of the day. Should a visitor stand far away and look forth, it was as if it was a scene from great racing days in Europe. The events of the day began at 10 o’clock or thereafter; and to take in all of the many fun activities of the day was great; there were no big uproars to disturb the peace; that is something unusual for big days like this.

At 10 o’clock sharp, Queen Emma made an appearance with her guests, and King Kapuaiwa with his suite. At the arrival of the King, the activities of the day were opened, and all the people joined in the festivities set aside. There are the races below as well as those who won.

The activities of the day began with the First Race for the Kamehameha Plate, which was two miles long. John A. Cummins [Keoni Kamaki] of Waimanalo won, with “Carry the News,” with a time of four minutes and thirty seconds. This was one of the fine open races [heihei pualu] of the day.

Trotting Race [Heihei Holo Kaa], for one hundred dollars, two mile long course. J. T. Chayter won with the horse Bill Taylor, with a time of seven minutes and thirty seconds.

Foot Race [Heihei Kukini], for twenty dollars, two hundred yards, won by E. Williams [Edward Williams].

King’s Cup, won by John A. Cummins [Keoni Kamaki], with his horse, “Carlotta,” one mile and  a half, with a time of two minutes and twelve seconds.

Sack Race [Heihei Eke], was one of the most humorous races of the day, won by Sam, the harbor boy who is used to winning that type of race in past years.

Honolulu Purse [Eke Honolulu nei], of $100, one mile, won by “Bosetona,” the horse of Keoni Miki [John Meek].

Mule Race [Heihei Miula], $40, won by the mule of Mr. Pilipo of Kailua, Koolaupoko.

Foot Hurdle Race [Heihei Kukini Lele-pa], four hurdles in a hundred yards; the first place went to Ed. Williams, and the second to Sam; $40 and $10.

Public Purse [Eke o ka Lehulehu], one mile, the horse of John A. Cummins [Keoni Kamaki], “Tom Riddle,” won, with a time of two minutes and fourteen seconds.

$60 Purse [Heihei Eke $60], half a mile long, between “Carlotta” and “Jack Diamond.” This was one of the best races of the day, in the first running, they were head to head; but on the second race, “Carlotta” won with a time of one minute.

Velocipede Race [Heihei Kaa Huila kahi], half a mile long, won by Edward Williams.

Hurdle Race [Heihei Lele pa], for $80, won by “Carry the News,” the horse of John A. Cummins [Keoni Kamaki]. Eight hurdles were jumped over in two miles.

The final race was the wheelbarrow race [heihei kaa palala], which was the most comical. With this race, the activities of the day came to a close, and everyone went home with hearts filled with much joy. There is one thing amongst all the activities which we appreciate greatly, that is the fraction of various sorts of commotions. There were no disturbances believed to have resulted from the gaiety of the day.

[This is quite a different type of celebration compared to today. Whatever you may have planned for today, let there be remembering of the one who unified the islands, Kamehameha Paiea.]

(Au Okoa, 6/13/1872, p. 2)

Ma ka Poalua iho nei...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke VIII, Helu 9, Aoao 2. Iune 13, 1872.

Near tragedy caused by Kamehameha V’s deer, 1868.

[Found under: “LOCAL NEWS: Maui”]

Life saved from deer.—P. Kawelakawai of Kawela, Molokai wrote to us like this: On the 29th of April, I saw Kaukino, the one who barely survived. Here is the reason; one of the animals of our King, a deer set loose on his ranch, entered the sweet potato patch of at Kalamaula to eat the uala, and this man saw this and went to shoo it off; the animal rushed forward but he saw it coming, and it was but a few feet away and it caught him and thrust its antlers, whereupon he fell down, face thrown back. He was jabbed in the armpit, and the antler pierced through. His wife saw this happen and she brought him back to the houses and the man was very weak. We are relieved at the news following that letter that he has recovered.

[See earlier articles on the deer gifted to Kamehameha V. Deer imported from Japan in 1867. and Deer of Kamehameha V., 1867.]

(Kuokoa, 5/23/1868, p. 3)

Pakele ke ola i ke dia.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VII, Helu 21, Aoao 3. Mei 23, 1868.

Deer of Kamehameha V., 1867.

The King’s Deer:—This last week, the King’s deer were taken aboard the ship Lock-nar-Garr [Lochnagar ?] to his stables. At midday on this past Saturday, when the King’s stableman opened a stall where the deer were kept to give them water, come to find out, they got out and ran here and there and jumped into the ocean. They were caught; but while they were being caught, its antler was broken, and someone skilled from town tended to its injury. When the schooner Kamaile sails, they will be taken to Molokai.

(Au Okoa, 12/26/1867, p. 2)

Na dia a ka Moi...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke III, Helu 36, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 26, 1867.

On Liliuokalani’s composition of “Mele Lahui Hawaii,” 1898.

“In the early years of the reign of Kamehameha V, he brought to my notice the fact that the Hawaiian people had no national air. Each nation, he said, but ours had its expression of patriotism and love of country in its own music; but we were using for the purpose on state occasions the time-honored British anthem, “God save the Queen.” This he desired me to supplant by one of my own composition. In one week’s time I notified the king that I had completed my task. The Princess Victoria had been the leader of the choir of the Kawaiahao church; but upon her death, May 29, 1866, I assumed the leadership. It was in this building and by that choir that I first introduced the “Hawaiian National Anthem.” The king was present for the purpose of criticising my new composition of both words and music, and was liberal in his commendations to me on my success. He admired not only the beauty of the music, but spoke enthusiastically of the appropriate words, so well adapted to the air and to the purpose of which they were written.”

(from Hawaii’s Story by Hawaii’s Queen, pp. 31–32.)

“Ina makahiki kinohi o ka noho moi ana o Kamehameha V., ua hoike mai oia ia’u i ka mea oiaio, aohe himeni lahui o na kanaka Hawaii. O na lahuikanaka, wahi ana, aka, koe kakou, ua hoopuka ae lakou i ko lakou makee a me ke aloha i ka aina ma kona mele ponoi, aka, ia wa e mele ia ana ka himeni o Beritania, “E ola ka Moiwahine i ke Akua,” no na manawa nui. O keia kana i makemake ai e kulai, ma o kekahi mele a’u e haku ponoi ai. Maloko o ka manawa o hookahi pule, ua hoike aku la au i ka moi, ua pau ka’u hana i ka hana ia. O ke Kama’liiwahine Vitoria, ke alakai o ka papa himeni o ka luakini o Kawaiahao, aka, i kona make ana ma ka la 29 o Mei, 1866, ua lilo ae la ia’u ke alakai ana. A maloko o keia hale, a na ia papa himeni i hoopuka mua mai i ke “Mele Lahui o Hawaii.” Ua hoea ae ka moi no ka manao ana e hooponopono i ka’u mele i haku ai, i na huaolelo a me ka leo, a ua haawi mai hoi oia i kona mau hoapono no ka holopono o ka’u mea i hana ai. Aole wale o ka leo kana i mahalo ai, aka, ua hoopuka ae oia i na huaolelo walohia nui o ka hoomaikai no ka pili pono o na huaolelo i ka leo mele.”

(Aloha Aina, 5/14/1898, p. 7)

KA BUKE MOOLELO HAWAII I HAKUIA E KA Moiwahine Liliuokalani...

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke IV, Helu 20, Aoao 7. Mei 14, 1898.

Hawaiian National Anthem, 1866.

Mele Lahui Hawaii.
(The Hawaiian National Anthem.)


Ka Makua Mana Loa,
Maliu mai ia makou,
E haliu aku nei,
Me ka naau haahaa;
E mau ka maluhia,
O nei Pae Aina,
Mai Hawaii a Niihau,
Malalo o kou malu.

Cho.—E mau ka Ea o ka Aina,
Ma kou pono mau,
A ma kou mana nui,
E ola, e ola ka Moi.


E ka Haku malama mai,
I ko makou nei Moi,
E mau kona noho ana,
Maluna o ka Noho Alii;
Haawi mai i ke aloha,
Maloko o kona naau;
A ma kou ahonui,
E ola, e ola ka Moi.

Cho.—E mau ka Ea o ka Aina, &c.


Malalo o kou aloha nui,
Na ‘Lii o ke Aupuni,
Me na Makaainana,
Ka lehulehu no a pau;
Kiai mai ia lakou,
Me ke aloha, ahonui;
E ola no makou,
I kou mana mau.

Cho.—E mau ka Ea o ka Aina, &c.

The Hawaiian National Anthem.


Almighty Father,
Heed us,
Who turn to you,
With humble hearts;
Let there forever be peace,
In these Islands,
From Hawaii to Niihau,
Under your protection;

Cho.—Let the Sovereignty of this Land be for always,
By your never ending righteousness,
And by your great power,
Long live, long live the King.


O Lord, protect,
Our King,
Let his rule continue,
Upon the Throne;
Bestow him aloha,
Within his heart;
And by your grace
Long live, long live the King.

Cho.—Let the Sovereignty of this Land be for always, &c.


Under your great love,
Are the Alii of the Nation,
And the Makaainana,
All the people;
Do watch over them,
With aloha and magnanimity,
Let us live,
By your eternal power.

Cho.—Let the Sovereignty of this Land be for always, &c.

(Kuokoa, 11/24/1866, p. 2)

Mele Lahui Hawaii.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke V, Helu 47, Aoao 2. Novemaba 24, 1866.

Law banning the killing of imported birds, 1870.



E hooholoia e ka Moi a me ka Hale Ahaolelo o ko Hawaii Pae Aina i akoakoa iloko o ka Ahaolelo Kaukanawai o ke Aupuni:

PAUKU 1. E hoololiia a ma keia ke hoololiia nei ka Pauku 3, o ka Mokuna LXXXV o ke Kanawai Hoopai Karaima, a penei e heluheluia ai:

“PAUKU 3. Ina e pepehi a hoomake paha kekahi kanaka ma ke ki ana i ka pu, ma ke kipukaahele a ma kekahi ano e ae paha, i kekahi manu i laweia mai mai na aina e mai i mea e laha ai kona ano manu ma keia Pae Aina, a i kekahi puka ana o ia ano manu mai na aina e mai i hookuu wale ia maloko o keia Aupuni, a ina hoi e lawe wale i na hua, a i na punana paha o ia mau ano manu, alaila, e hoopaiia oia, ke ku ka hewa ma ka hookolokoloia ana imua o kekahi Lunakanawai Hoomalu a Apana paha, aole emi malalo iho o na dala he umi, aole hoi e oi mamua o na dala he iwakalua no kela hewa keia hewa, a ina aole i hookaaia, alaila e noho oia ma ka Hale Paahao a kaa ia dala hoopai.”

PAUKU 2. E hoololiia ka Pauku 7, o ia Mokuna a ma keia, ua hoololiia, a penei ka heluhelu ana:

“PAUKU 7. Aole no e kipu, aole e pepehi ma kekahi ano e ae, kekahi mea i na holoholona holo wale i laweia mai, mai na aina e mai, a o kekahi puka ana mai o ia holoholona, iloko o na makahiki he umi mahope o ia lawe ana mai, malalo o ka hoopai aole e oi aku mamua o ke kanalima dala no ka hana ana pela.”

PAUKU 3. Ma keia e hoopauia ka Pauku 5 o ia Mokuna i oleloia.

PAUKU 4. E lilo keia i Kanawai i kona la e hooholoia ai.

Aponoia i keia la 8 o Iulai, M. H. 1870.


(Au Okoa, 8/4/1870, p. 4)


Ke Au Okoa, Buke VI, Helu 16, Aoao 4. Augate 4, 1870.



Be it Enacted by the King and the Legislative Assembly of the Hawaiian Islands, in the Legislature of the Kingdom assembled:

SECTION 1. That Section 3 of Chapter LXXXV of the Penal Code, be and hereby is amended to read as follows:

Section 3. Any person who shall shoot, snare or otherwise destroy any bird, brought from a foreign country for the purpose of propagating its species within this Kingdom, or any of the progeny of such imported bird; or who shall disturb the eggs and nests of such birds, shall, on conviction, before any Police or District Justice, be fined not less than ten dollars, nor more than twenty dollars, for each offense, and in default of payment, be imprisoned until such fine is paid.

SECTION 2. That Section 7 of the said Chapter be, and hereby is amended to read as follows:

“SECTION 7. No person shall shoot or otherwise destroy any animals ‘Feræ Naturæ,’ which shall have been introduced into this Kingdom, within ten years, nor the progeny of such animals, under a penalty of not more than fifty dollars for each offense.”

SECTION 3. That Section 5 of said Chapter, is hereby repealed.

SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect and become a law from and after the date of its passage.

Approved this 8th day of July, A. D. 1870.


(Hawaiian Gazette, 7/27/1870, p. 4)


Hawaiian Gazette, Volume VI, Number 28, Page 4. July 27, 1870.

Look back at the 1867 laying of the cornerstone of St. Andrew’s Cathedral, 1906.

This is the first laying of the cornerstone of the Anglican Church of Honolulu, on March 5, 1867. Standing near the cornerstone is King Kamehameha V, and behind him are the priests of the Anglican Church. And behind those two are the attendants of the King and his Cabinet of Ministers, and to the right side of the cornerstone is the British Consul Wodehouse and his wife.

(Kuokoa, 11/30/1906, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLV, Helu 48, Aoao 2. Novemaba 30, 1906.

Niihau purchased for $10,800. 1864.

The Haole are Really Working Niihau.

O Kuokoa Newspaper; Aloha to you:—I met up with the newspaper article under News of Hawaii, in Issue 15 of the 9th of April, about the selling of Niihau to Mr. James Francis Sinclair, for $10,800, along with the lands of Kuakanu, which are the konohiki lands of Halewela and Kahuku, which the Government sold to the one named above, along with the konohiki lands, and this whole island has gone to the haole; perhaps you all and those others as well have heard that Niihau was sold, along with those penny-pinching folks who don’t get the shining beacon of Hawai nei through the Kuokoa Newspaper. And it is we who know of the great, who know of the small, and who know of the wide, that knows of the selling from Kii to Kawaihoa, from the Makahuena Point to Pueo Point; everything upon the land is bought and there is nothing left for us, the Hawaiians, under the haole owners.

Their Way of Living: They are pleasant and good, and speak nicely with the people, but they are not very proficient in the Hawaiian language. The haole say, “mahope aku kumaki” [?] There are ten Hawaiians, caretakers [hoaaina] of the land, chosen from amongst the locals, but two are from elsewhere, they are newcomers, one from Hawaii and the other from Maui, and including them there are ten caretakers. Here are each of their names which the haole selected: A. Puko, D. Kauki, Hetesia, J. H. Kanakaiki, P. R. Holiohana, H. Haokaku, Mose Kanohai, Ioela, Kapahee and Pouli; Kanakaiki is from Napoopoo, Hawaii, and Holiohana is from Hana, Maui, and are locals from there. Those caretakers are in charge of the three work days every month just like the konohiki of the chiefs, should there be work by haole owner to be done.

Their Number: Mr. James Francis Sinclair them total twelve in number; two brothers, three sisters, five children, one mother, and one in-law, which totals twelve; they live in Kununui; they are religious, with one God, but their religion is very different; their houses were constructed in Britain and brought to Niihau: three houses, one currently stands, and two more to follow; we appreciate how nice and beautiful it is to see.

Dealing with the Animals: There are two horses per man and woman, and should there be three, it is killed, and so forth; as for dogs, there are none left, they were all killed, from the big ones to the small ones because sheep were being killed, and so the government is without money from the dog tax, also the goats were all killed. You Kauai people who own horses and sheep, get them quick, don’t dawdle, or they will be taken by the haole.

Things Grown by the People.

The Hawaiians consume what they produce, and they also assist with the land owners in the watering of the sweet potato, ke pola akaakai [?], and chickens, as long as they were pleasant, or else that was that.

On the Number of Sheep

Set loose on Niihau are the sheep which you have perhaps seen in our Newspaper; as for the count, you probably have not heard; this is the truth as to the abundance or dearth: the number of sheep is 3,400, with 1,400 belonging to the Hon. W. Webster and 2,000 belonging to the King; there is no end to their desire for sheep.

Sugar Cane Cultivation.

Niihau will be planted with sugar cane if the test on one acre goes well; and if the cane grows nicely, then planting will commence, but if it doesn’t grow, that’s it, because it is an arid land.

This is an undesirable land for those foreigners seeking to make money because it is dry and scorched by the sun, and crops die; but here are people who are after wealth, and they tell us, the locals, that this is very valuable land for sheep and cane; our good friend, H. M. Whitney, the local of Waimea and Niihau, along with his parents, are familiar with this island and its extreme heat in the Makalii months [summer]. I will stop writing as the Naulu rain of Niihau is falling. With aloha.

P. R. Holiohana.

Kihalaui, Niihau, May 2, 1864.

[This P. R. Holiohana (later it seems he goes by the name P. R. Holi) writes in to the newspapers often from Niihau on a number of subjects.]

(Kuokoa, 6/4/1864, p. 1)

Hana io ka Haole ia Niihau.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke III, Helu 23, Aoao 1. Iune 4, 1864.

Bathing Pool of Kamehameha V on Molokai filled in? 1922.

Honolulu, Apr. 4. George P. Cooke reported that a Hawaiian of Molokai recalls [???] the large bathing pool of King Kamehameha V, while the king was living in Kaunakahakai, and this pool is filled with dirt now; and that Hawaiian recalls some springs near that pool of Kamehameha V. There are reservoirs being dug in the area near where that man spoke of, and [???]; the water from these places is well suited for the growing crops. There is a water pump pumping [??] thousand gallons of water every 24 hours. This is a great help [?] to Molokai.

[More potentially @-filled information …]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 4/6/1922, p. 3)

Honolulu, Apr. 4...

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke XV, Helu 45, Aoao 3, Aperila 6, 1922.