Was Emalia Kaihumua not Sweet Emalia? 1906.


Emalia Kaihumua, a sister of “Sweet” Emalia, whose record with the police extends over a number of years, was severely beaten by her husband yesterday, her jaw being broken with a demijohn. The injured woman was brought to the police station, and she was given medical treatment. Continue reading


Another mele for Sweet Emalia? 1895.



Aloha Niumalu i ka Uluwehi
Kamaile laulii ku pohai
E hai mai ana ia’u i ka lohe
A ka Poano no ka Mikahala

Hiki aku i ke awa Nawiliwili
Kulu pakahi iho ku’u Waimaka
Aloha no oe e Mailekini
Olali a o na pali Nihoniho

E hoi no au a manao mai
Aia i Huleia ku’u lei nani
Poina aku au i ku’u Rose
Me ka manu inu wai pua o Lehua

No Lehua ka makani anu nei kino
Kahuli leo hone o ka Hanehane
Aneane neau a e lalau
A e noho Kapena no ka Mikahala

Ilaila ku’u upu ku’u lia ana
A he nane huna ia na kamanao
Hainaia mai ana ku’u nane
No ka U-i i maalo i ke Kupulau.

Hakuia e

G. R. K. Penigula.

Ewa, Augate 2, 1895.

(Oiaio, 8/16/1895, p. 1)


Nupepa Ka Oiaio, Buke VII, Helu 24, Aoao 1. Augate 16, 1895.

The Steamship Australia, 1900.


The picture above illustrates the scene that cannot be forgotten by the crowd of thousands of Honolulu nei, as it goes on its ocean path to the Golden Gate of San Francisco. This is a regular festivity here in Honolulu. The men and women are decorated with lei of this and that variety, and it is glorious to see, the beauty of everyone. It is so very beautiful.

[The Australia was one of the many ships that took Hawaiians to and from this Archipelago. One of her famous passengers was Sweet Emalia, Emalia Kaihumua, the composer of “He Aloha Moku o Keawe,” which is a song composed in far away San Francisco during a time of great turbulence, where the writer yearns for her homeland.

Don’t forget to tune in tonight to the 94th annual Kamehameha Schools’ Song Contest! Its theme this year is Songs of World Travel!!]

(Kuokoa, 3/23/1900, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXVIII, Helu 12, Aoao 1. Maraki 23, 1900.

Mild hula ku’i and California Midwinter International Exposition, 1894.


The S. S. Australia Carries the Hawaiian Exhibit.

The departure of the S. S. Australia for the Coast was delayed until nearly 1 o’clock on account of the late arrival at the Oceanic wharf of articles to be exhibited at the Midwinter Fair in San Francisco, which has already opened. Among the numerous exhibits to be seen on the steamer were boxes of large and small coffee plants, boxes of large and small tea trees, brought from Hamakua, two wooden tanks containing different varieties of fish, including eels, a small shark, squid and crabs. The last two species were in one tank, and it is believed there will be a circus started between them when the aquarium is shaken up. There were two monster bullocks in stalls lashed near the stern. Kapahee, the famous surf rider, with his board, his wife and son, three hula girls and four other natives comprise part of the Hawaiian exhibit. Kapahee will give exhibitions in surf riding near the Cliff House, and if the water is clear he will dive and kill fish with a spear he has taken with him. He will also ride the bullocks. The girls under the management of D. Kaahanui will dance a mild hula-kui, while the others will assist about the grounds. Mr. L. A. Thurston superintends the exhibit.

Mrs. J. K. Ailau will make a first-class exhibition of Hawaiian curios at the fair in connection with the Hawaiian exhibit. She has taken with her four young ladies to act as saleswomen.

Messrs. Samuel Parker and A. P. Peterson were passengers on the Australia for the Coast on business bent.

Mr. W. P. Boyd, U. S. Vice-Consul-General, and wife were also passengers. They have gone to spend their honeymoon in the States. Both were gaily bedecked with leis and evergreens.

Miss Kate Cornwell, H. A. Widemann, Jr., F. M. Hatch and L. A. Thurston also left.

Mrs. and Miss Gerber, with their friend Miss A. Cahill, who lately returned from the Volcano, were among the departing throng. Mrs. Gerber and daughter left for home after a short and pleasant vacation on the islands.

Nearly all the passengers were covered with Hawaii’s tropical adieu, viz., wreaths and flowers. The P. G. band played previous and up to the departing of the steamer, and the scene on the wharf was one of bustle and excitement.

(Daily Bulletin, 1/6/1894, p. 2)


The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 924, Page 2. January 6, 1894.

More on the missionaries and hula ku’i …and Sweet Emalia, 1894.


[We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions or the utterances of our correspondents.]

Morality vs. Speculation.

Editor Holomua.

There is a class or clique of Christian (?) people in our little community who are constantly seeing “the mote that is in their neighbor’s eye, but do not perceive the beam that is in their own eye.” During the past year, that class has written a good deal about the morals of some of their neighbors also have made allusions to improper (?) events of past years.

The debauching hula has been a principal theme of attack. Yet, it may be safely said, that in a number of the “best” society families in this city, the sons and daughters are apt hula kui dancers. “They who live in glass houses should not throw stones.”

What was the scene last Saturday. Three hula dancers¹ went to San Francisco on the Australia, under engagement (presumably) to Mr. L. A. Thurston, who superintends the Hawaiian exhibit at the Midwinter Fair. It is true that the statement has been made that only a mild hula kui will be allowed to be danced. What ridiculousness. Have any of the parties interested ever seen mild hula kui. It has also been stated that the girls have signed a contract for five months.

What spectacle is now seen? The very class who have looked and written upon the Hula as an abomination; for the sake of profit and pecuniary benefit are willing to set aside all feelings of morality and decency, and enter into a contract with girls to use their bodies, so as to be able to offset the dence de ventre and obtain much monetary benefit.

The superintendent of the Hawaiian exhibit is the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, representing the Provisional Government at Washington. SHAME!!!

“Consistency thou art a jewel”—for some people to get.

¹One of these was of course, Emalia Kaihumua.

(Hawaii Holomua, 1/8/1894, p. 3.)


Hawaii Holomua, Volume II, Number 6, Page 3. January 8, 1894.

Sweet Emalia and “Moku o Keawe” redux, 1907.

A Lei of Patriotism.

The Lehua Garland of Hilo, Hawaii Rises in Triumph—What is that in the Newspaper, Sweet Waiakahone.

Aloha Hawaii moku o Keawe
Aina a ka nani me ka maluhia,
Hookuku au me Kaleponi
Hawaii ka oi o na ailana,
Na ka Auseturia i kono mai ia’u
E naue i ka aina malihini,
Aina kamahao i ka’u ike
Ua uhi paa puia e ka noe,
Ike i ka hau hoopuakea ili
Hoopumehana i ke ahi kapuahi,
Ka iniki a ke anu me he ipo la
E koi mai ana ia’u e hoi,
Ilaila huli hope kuu manao
He kaukani mile ko’u mamao,
Hu mai ke aloha no ka aina
No ka poi uouo kaohi puu,
Haina ia mai ana ka puana
Ke Aloha Aina kuu lei ia.

Composed by Iosephine Emalia L. Pueamakakaualii Kamakaluhi, at the California winter exhibition in the skin-whitening snow, published in Ka Leo o ka Lahui, the patriotic newspaper of the time.

[Sweet Emalia and her song of aloha aina which is still so famous today!]

(Aloha Aina, 10/26/1907, p. 8)

He Lei no Ke Aloha Aina.

Ke Aloha AIna, Buke XII, Helu 43, Aoao 8. Okatoba 26, 1907.

Sweet Emalia is out in Honolulu! 1908.


Police Court Judge Frank Andrade this morning felt that he sat on the edge of an active volcano, for through the window over his starboard shoulder, up from the pit at the bottom of which in a cell grovelled Sweet Emalia, came discordant beseechments for a renovation of the universe and the making of a new world.

It was difficult to size up the merits between a man with an attacking hoe and a gentleman with a damaged cow when such sounds soared benchward.

“Has not the doctor been sent for to examine Sweet Emalia?” inquired His Honor.

Chief of Detectives Kalakiela stated that he had been summoned.

Then Emalia took up singing, having torn her garments to shreds, and this was less upsetting that her howling and cursing.

Emalia was taken to the station about breakfast time today from the parish of Kalihi. Neighbors rang in, calling loudly for Thwing or Parkhurst, declaring that a large lady who had forgotten her wardrobe was roaming the streets. The patrol wagon hurried out and Emalia was found without covering, making morning calls on the neighbors.

When she sighted the hurry-up she hastened to her home and donned a garment in which she was taken to the police station. There having the covering of a cell, she found the clothing superfluous and straightway made fricasee of them. She is alleged to be insane.

A lolo or stupid boy received the court’s attention. He was charged with vagrancy, sleeping in sawdust in the back parlor of a planing mill. He was open-mouthed and stare-eyed and committed to be examined with Sweet Emalia by Dr. Moore, Dr. Emerson taking a vacation.


[After coming across this article from 1908 showing Sweet Emalia out in Honolulu, I am now thinking that the Emily Kaihumua sent to Kalawao in 1906 and being examined there in 1909 by Dr. Goodhue might not be the same person…

Hopefully one day soon, all the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers will be rescanned clearly so that if there is ever enough money to do once again an OCR project, or a hand transcription project, it can be done accurately so that hopefully we can find each and every available article that could clarify what became of Emalia, or any other person or event in Hawaiian history for that matter!!]

(Hawaiian Star, 8/13/1908, p. 5)


The Hawaiian Star, Volume XVI, Number 5708, Page 5. August 13, 1908.

Emalia Kaihumua in Kalaupapa and more, 1909.

The News of Kalaupapa.

Aloha no:—

Please be so kind as to allow a space on your deck for the few news items of this land of the sick, and it is for you to carry it away.

Movies are being showed all the time here, and the patients are very happy. There was an announcement for the patients who want to be seen by the doctors, an a portion of the patients came to the house of the doctor to sign up as per the offer. There were some people who hesitated and did not go to sign up. And as a result, the Doctor and the Superintendent sent a man from the workshop [hale oihana] to go amongst the houses to sign up those who wanted to be examined by the Doctor. The total of those who went to sign their names is 55, and they are who are listed below and the doctor they chose:

The Men. George Kukapu, William Limalu, William Kaha, Kealawaiole, Kelii Makakoa, Herbert Kaleleiki, D. Ku, Joe Kauhane, Peter Akim, Kalunakaahele, Leong Tung, Liloa Lovell, Hairam Pahau, Kaaihue, Hulihee, Hoaeae Nailima, Kuheleloa Liilii, ???? alewai Nailima, Bainamu, Solomon Momoa, Pakoma, ??? Kapela Maialoha, Kaeha, James Harvest, Naihe and Jon Waiwaiole, Total 27.

The Women. Kawai, Bela Liilii [? Kela Liilii], Kaua Lihau, Pelekila Ioane, Hanapule, Kauwe, Lizzie Aiamanu, Ane Mcmillan, Ellen Mcmillan, Emily Kaihumua, Ane Kekoa, Kailianu Kapiioho, Kala Opu, Rosse Meyer, Pahupiula, Rmma Kuaokala [? Emma Kuaokala], Loika Pauole, Holo Kapela, Makanui D. Umi, Nui, Agnes Holstein, Mary Naeole, Victoria Kaai, Mary Maialoha and Kamai Naihe. Total 25. These patients above are for Dr. Goodhue. For Dr. Wayson. Mary Kapukana (f), Malaia Makaula (f), and Kanaue (m). Total 3. The people who signed up at their own homes total 53; all together that makes 108, counted along with those chosen by the Legislature [Ahaolelo].

With great aloha for my lahui.



Kalawao, Molokai, Aug. 27, 1909.

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 9/3/1909, p. 3)

Na Mea Hou o Kalaupapa.

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke VII, Helu 36, Aoao 3. Sepatemaba 3, 1909.

Emalia Kaihumua abused, 1906.


Emalia Kaihumua was attacked by her husband yesterday, the woman’s jaw being broken by a blow from a demijohn. She was taken to the police station for treatment and an investigation disclosed the fact that she was in all likelihood a leper, so she was ordered to the detention station at Kalihi.

(Hawaiian Star, 1/29/1906, p. 8)


The Hawaiian Star, Volume XIII, Number 4322, Page 8. January 29, 1906.

Tragic follow up to Emalia Kaihumua, 1906.


This past Sunday, January 28th, the husband of Emalia Kaihumua beat her and her jaw was dislocated, because she was struck with a wine bottle. That woman was taken to Kuapapanui, and tended to.

Later, Dr. McDonald of the Board of Health came and examined the injury, and after his examination of some of the flesh of that woman, he gave orders to have the injured woman to the Quarantine Station in Kalihi.

From this it is understood that Emalia is suspected of having leprosy, and that is possibly why she was taken to the quarantine area of the sick.

(Kuokoa, 2/2/1906, p. 4)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIV, Helu 5, Aoao 4. Feberuari 2, 1906.