G. W. Kahiolo is G. W. Poepoe, the father of Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, 1861.

Death announcements are not only death announcements, they are often histories and genealogical records and more!

From the last post for instance, we discover G. W. Kahiolo, the mysterious writer who is known as the writer of a few newspaper articles and most widely known for the story of Kamapuaa, is G. W. Poepoe, and therefore the father of not only Ben Poepoe, but also the father of Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, the great historian, translator, newspaper editor, lawyer, politician, &c., &c…

On the death of Beniamina Kaiminaauao Poepoe, and so much more, 1909.


In the afternoon of this Monday, July 11, the life of Beniamina Kaiminaauao Poepoe returned once more to He who first gave him to us in the year 1898. He was forty-one years old when he passed. He was born in Waipio, Hamakua, Hawaii, and that is his Aina where he was raised until he was older. He was fetched by their older brother [Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe], that being the current editor of this newspaper, to go live with him in North Kohala, Hawaii; and Beniamina lived with him while being instructed in the English Language. Later he came to Oahu nei. He lived in Laie and married a woman there. They had children, but only two of their daughters are still living. His wife passed to the other side first, and he was left with their daughters, and his older sibling, and his younger brother, Gulstan Kiliona Poepoe, one of the Owners of the News magazine, “Ka Lanakila,” which is now in publication. He was an Elder [Lunakahiko] of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints [ka Ekalesia o Iesu Karisto o na Poe Hoano o na La Hope nei]. He was a candidate in the Labor Party [Aoao Limahana] for representative of the Fifth District, in the past year. His field of expertise is engineering.

And while he was working in that position on one of the water pumps of the Kahuku plantation, an accident befell him when he fell off from the pump house which he climbed on, and he broke the bones of his left leg. Continue reading

Poepoe’s chart of the traditional month names, 1906.



Names of the Months of Hawaii Nei.


1 Kaelo  Ikuwa  Ikuwa  Hilina  Ikuwa  January
2 Kaulua  Makalii  Hinaiaeleele  Ikiiki  Welehu  February
3 Nana  Hinaiaeleele  Welo  Kaaona  Kaelo  March
4 Welo  Kaelo  Makalii  Makalii  Kaulua  April
5 Ikiiki  Ka’ulua  Kaelo  Hinaiaeleele  Kaaona  May
6 Kaaona  Kaaona  Kaulua  Mahoe-mua  Nana  June
7 Hinaiaeleele  Ikiiki  Nana  Mahoe-hope  Mahoe-mua  July
8 Mahoe-mua  Nana  Ikiiki  Welehu  Mahoe-hope  August
9 Mahoe-hope  Hilina  Kaaona  Hilinehu  Welehu  September
10 Ikuwa  Hilinama  Hilinehu  Ka’ulua  Makalii  October
11 Welehu  Hilinehu  Hilinama  Kaelo  Hilinama  November
12 Makalii  Welehu  Welehu  Hilinama  Hilinehu  December

[This is Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe’s chart appearing in his series comparing various histories, “Moolelo Hawaii Kahiko” [Old Hawaiian History], appearing in the newspaper Na’i Aupuni.]

(Na’i Aupuni, 10/18/1906, p. 1)


Ka Na’i Aupuni, Buke II, Helu 117, Aoao 1. Okatoba 18, 1906.

More on “Aia i Honolulu kuu pohaku”! 1929.


O Friends who chase after Ke Alakai o Hawaii, the mele, “Aia i Honolulu kuu pohaku,” is a mele of familiarity [mele hoolauna] composed by Luka Keelikolani when she was coming to here in Honolulu from Hilo to meet with King Kamehameha V.

From what is understood, it is believed that she composed this mele while she was in Hilo before her travelling to Oahu nei.

In this mele are hidden things dealing with the nation in the time of the alii Loka Kapuaiwa Kamakaiouli (Kamehameha V); the contention between the haole and the King, the deceit of the enemies of the King and their attempt to thwart the plans by the King and his court to make Pauahi his wife.

The Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii asks the native ones of the land, the old ones familiar with the history of King Kamehameha V, and the experts still living, to read with much pleasure the explanations of this mele as per what was obtained by the Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii from those native born of the land through the assistance of Theodore Kelsey.

The Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii will award a one-year subscription of the newspaper Ke Alakai o Hawaii to the one who sends the best letter with explanations on this mele. Send the letters to the office of Ke Alakai o Hawaii withing two weeks of the completion of the publishing of all that has been compiled.

Here is the mele and the explanations of the experts [loea] whose names are: Paulo Kealaikahiki Kapanookalani from whom we received this mele, Kahapula (Prof. Fred Beckley) who teaches at the University of Hawaii, Kawika Malo Kupihea who studied with the loea J. M. Poepoe for fifteen years. James Anania Iokepa who was born in Honomu, Hawaii, Rev. H. B. Nalimu who was born in Papaaloa, Hawaii in 1835, and J. P. Kuluwaimaka the skilled chanter [olohe oli] in the court of King Kalakaua.

[“Aia i Honolulu kuu pohaku” is perhaps the most widely studied mele i have seen, with line-by-line interpretations by experts of the day. It continues on for a number of issues of Alakai o Hawaii.

Does anyone have any details on the organization called Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii, or Hale Hoonaauao o Hawaii?]

(Alakai o Hawaii, 12/5/1929, p. 2)


Ke Alakai o Hawaii, Buke 1, Helu 32, Aoao 2. Dekemapa 5, 1929.

Speaking of pictures, here are the only two known pictures of Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe, 1913/2012.

Here is a group picture of the seventh legislature of the Territory in 1913. Poepoe is in the back row, forth from the left.

The caption reads:

The Seventh Legislature of the Territory of Hawaii Nei Opens

Top from the left to right—E. J. McCandless, D. Kupihea, J. K. Paele, J. M. Poepoe, J. S. Kalakiela, Dr. A. Irwin, H. L. Kawewehi, E. K. Kaaua, John Wilcox, P. J. Goodness, C. K. Makekau, E. da Silva, C. H. Cooke, N. Watkins, S. S. Paxson, D. K. Kaupiko, W. R. Kinslea, A. Robertson, J. W. Asch, R. P. Spalding, J. K. Lota, G. P. Cooke, H. M. Kaniho, W. J. Sheldon, Vice-Speaker J. H. Coney, Speaker H. L. Holstein, E. Waiaholo, Dr. G. D. Huddy. Not pictured—A. F. Tavares and N. K. Lyman.

(Kuokoa, 2/21/1913, p. 1)

Weheia Ke Kau Ehiku o Ka Ahaolelo Kuloko o Ke Teritore o Hawaii Nei

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke L, Helu 8, Aoao 1. Feberuari 21, 1913.

And this one is published upon his passing.

(Kuokoa, 4/18/1913, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 15, Aoao 1. Aperila 18, 1913.

[Anyone know of any other pictures of Joseph M. Poepoe?]

More on pictures from the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers and why they need to be reshot. 2012.

[After looking at that Kapiolani Park horse racing picture, you might be thinking, “Seen one horse race, seen them all…” But what about this!

This here is perhaps the only image* known of Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe (patriot/historian/statesman/newspaper editor/lawyer/translator/storyteller…). It comes from his obituary printed in the newspaper Kuokoa.

This is the image you will see from the newspaper online:


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 15, Aoao 1. Aperila 18, 1913.

Here is a photograph taken by that same amateur from the original newspaper. It isn’t the best of pictures, but at least you get an idea…]


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 15, Aoao 1. Aperila 18, 1913.

*There is one other image I found, but Poepoe is standing far in the back, and is hardly visible. It was taken at the opening of the Legislature (just a few months before he dies). Poepoe stands in the top row, 4th from the left. (This is the image you will find online.)

Weheia Ke Kau Ehiku o Ka Ahaolelo Kuloko o Ke Teritore o Hawaii Nei

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke L, Helu 8, Aoao 1. Feberuari 21, 1913.