On opening of Kamehameha School for Boys, and why newspapers were important, 1887.


With the words “Ema Kaleleonalani” and “the Dowager Queen,” amongst the articles last week under the title “Kamehameha School [Kula Kamehameha];” what was correct for that part was Mrs. B. Pauahi Bishop. The words above were inserted by mistake because of the influence of reminiscences for Emma, and also because these high chiefs of the land sank down together, dying one after the other. Continue reading

A birthday, a name song, and never knowing where you will find information, 1891.

[Found in the story: “He Moolelo Kaao No Kamapuaa.”]

Ia wahine hele la o Kaiona,
Wahine hahai alualu Wailiula,
Pua Ohai o ke Kaha,
Uhane kui pua lei o Kamau-a,
Uumi ia iho ke aloha o ke kane,
Ua inaina, ua manawa ino,
Nona ka na hale i puu o Kapolei,
Ke nonoho ‘la no me na wahine o ka ma’o.

[On her 183rd birthday, here is a mele inoa for the princess found in of all places, a story about Kamapuaa. There is a scene where Kamapuaa is coming upon Puu o Kapolei, and the writer interjects: this is the hill about which goes the mele inoa for the deceased princess Pauahi. You never know where you can find information, you just have to look…]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 7/1/1891, p. 4)

He Moolelo Kaao No Kamapuaa.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 227, Aoao 4. Iulai 1, 1891.

The Kamehameha Museum and the Kamehameha Schools, 1894.



In the will of Mrs. Bernice Pauahi Bishop, who died on the 16th of October 1884, she set aside lands whose true value comes to $400,000, with $10,000 profit per year. These lands are in the hands of five trustees, with the stipulation that the profits go to the building and caring for a school for boys and girls.

This generosity was based on true aloha. On the 5th of April, 1885, the trustees met for the first time and selected the Hon. C. R. Bishop as President, Hon. S. M. Damon as treasurer, and Mr. C. M. Cooke as secretary. They are the finance committee, along with Rev. C. M. Hyde and W. O. Smith, made the education committee. On the 20th of August, 1886, up in Kalihi was chosen as the place where the school would stand, and Rev. W. B. Olsen of the Hilo boarding school to be a teacher, and the curriculum for three years was prepared and approved on the 25th of March, 1887. The cafeteria and some dormitories were completed on the 20th of October of that same year, and the school began with 50 students. There were two dormitories just built, which can house 126 students. One more dormitory is planned which will increase the number of students to 200. However more than that number of students can be accommodated.

In the will of Pauahi, the trustees were instructed to “build an English-language school where the children were to be educated in the regular branches of knowledge, and they were also to be educated to live morally and with important knowledge to make them industrious men and women, and I want high branches of knowledge to supplement those basics.” It is desired that the trustees “use a portion of the profits to go to the education and care of the indigent orphaned Hawaiian children.” As per the will, the school is opened to native Hawaiians, being that the trustees believe that was the true intent of Pauahi. However, the Hawaiians are not interested in the good put before them, the will does not preclude the the provision of those blessings to the other races who want to receive the benefits of an education.

The land set aside for the building of the school is up in Kalihi. The land mauka of King Street is set aside for the boys’ school; this is where the Kamehameha School now stands; the area of that land is 82 acres. There are 30 acres makai of the street, which is set aside for the girls’ school. The area for this school is in the heights of Kulaokaiwiula with it face overlooking the cit of Honolulu, and it is constantly fanned by the cool air of the valley of Kalihi; there is no other finer place for the health, the beauty, and the suitability as a school campus like this. Clear water is supplied to the school.

Below that are the workshops, the sewing shop and the printing shop. And mauka of these buildings is the mechanic shop.

The strength of the engine pumping the water is 20 horses, and the total power is utilized. There are two huge pools where the children will bathe until clean, and that is what will keep their bodies working strong. Between the sleeping quarters of the teachers were built the dormitories of the students. The student rooms are 18 x 12 wide, and are furnished with…


…iron beds. The schools cafeteria is a long building, and it was built in the form of a cross. There are 20 dining tables accommodating 200 people at a time. Behind the children dormitories, are their laundry building, and so forth. Behind the principal’s house is the gymnasium. The museum is on the makai side of the principal’s house. This is a grand a beautiful structure constructed with rock from atop the land. Makai of the museum is Bishop Hall, and this is where the school rooms of the students are. This building is furnished with a library and a reading room.

On the makai side, almost adjacent to the road is the Kamehameha Preparatory School; there are sixty students from seven until twelve years of age.

In the yearly report of the Trustees for 1893 to the Chief Justice, it was seen that the school’s annual income was $62,008.55.

$33,545.15 was spent on the boys’ school. It was the Hon. C. R. Bishop who paid for the entire cost of the building of the Pauahi Bishop Museum and the preparatory school. Bishop also recently gave some of his valuable land holdings under the trustees, and several months ago, Mr. Bishop forwarded bonds of $30,000 for the benefit of the school, and the yearly income of these assets will be apportioned for the care and the expansion of the Pauahi Museum.

[It was just serendipity that caused me to notice this article the other day, and I thought with the re-opening of the new Pacific Hall at the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, there was no better time to post this article about the actual beginnings of the Museum and of the Kamehameha Schools.

Check the early years of this familiar building (minus the dome) on campus as well, from an earlier post!

The public opening of Pacific Hall is tomorrow. Admission is free! Go check out all of the special events, and the newly redone Pacific Hall!!]

(Kuokoa 5/26/1894, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXIII, Helu 21, Aoao 1. Mei 26, 1894.

Marriage of Liliuokalani and John Owen Dominis, 1862.

Marriage.—At 8 in the evening of Tuesday, the 16th of this month, the Honorable Lydia Kamakaeha Paki and Adjutant General Major J. O. Dominis were wed at the Residence of the Honorable C. R. Bishop and his Queen. The two were married in the Anglican faith.

Present were the King; her Highness Princess V. K. Kaahumanu; his Highness Prince L. Kamehameha; the Honorable M. Kekuanaoa, the Royal Governor of Oahu; Colonel Peter Young Kekuaokalani; also there were the parents of the bride, and the mother of the groom, and his cousins.

Rev. Samuel C. Damon was who performed the ceremony. It was appreciated for its righteousness and honor. With the two of them are the thoughts of aloha of this paper.

(Kuokoa, 9/20/1862, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke I, Helu 43, Aoao 3. Sepatemaba 20, 1862.

More on “Aia i Honolulu kuu pohaku”! 1929.


O Friends who chase after Ke Alakai o Hawaii, the mele, “Aia i Honolulu kuu pohaku,” is a mele of familiarity [mele hoolauna] composed by Luka Keelikolani when she was coming to here in Honolulu from Hilo to meet with King Kamehameha V.

From what is understood, it is believed that she composed this mele while she was in Hilo before her travelling to Oahu nei.

In this mele are hidden things dealing with the nation in the time of the alii Loka Kapuaiwa Kamakaiouli (Kamehameha V); the contention between the haole and the King, the deceit of the enemies of the King and their attempt to thwart the plans by the King and his court to make Pauahi his wife.

The Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii asks the native ones of the land, the old ones familiar with the history of King Kamehameha V, and the experts still living, to read with much pleasure the explanations of this mele as per what was obtained by the Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii from those native born of the land through the assistance of Theodore Kelsey.

The Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii will award a one-year subscription of the newspaper Ke Alakai o Hawaii to the one who sends the best letter with explanations on this mele. Send the letters to the office of Ke Alakai o Hawaii withing two weeks of the completion of the publishing of all that has been compiled.

Here is the mele and the explanations of the experts [loea] whose names are: Paulo Kealaikahiki Kapanookalani from whom we received this mele, Kahapula (Prof. Fred Beckley) who teaches at the University of Hawaii, Kawika Malo Kupihea who studied with the loea J. M. Poepoe for fifteen years. James Anania Iokepa who was born in Honomu, Hawaii, Rev. H. B. Nalimu who was born in Papaaloa, Hawaii in 1835, and J. P. Kuluwaimaka the skilled chanter [olohe oli] in the court of King Kalakaua.

[“Aia i Honolulu kuu pohaku” is perhaps the most widely studied mele i have seen, with line-by-line interpretations by experts of the day. It continues on for a number of issues of Alakai o Hawaii.

Does anyone have any details on the organization called Hale Hoonaauao Hawaii, or Hale Hoonaauao o Hawaii?]

(Alakai o Hawaii, 12/5/1929, p. 2)


Ke Alakai o Hawaii, Buke 1, Helu 32, Aoao 2. Dekemapa 5, 1929.

Honorable Lydia Kamakaeha Paki weds Adjutant General Major J. O. Dominis, 1862.

MARRIED—At the hour of 8 in the evening of Tuesday, the 16th of this month, the Honorable Lydia Kamakaeha Paki married Adjutant General Major J. O. Dominis, at Haleakala, the Residence of the Honorable C. R. Bishop and his Chiefess. The two were married in the Anglican faith.

Present were the King; Her Highness Princess V. K. Kaahumanu; His Highness Prince L. Kamehameha; the Honorable M. Kekuanaoa, the Chiefly Governor of Oahu; Colonel Peter Young Kekuaokalani; there also were the parents of the woman, and the mother of the man, and his cousins.

Rev. Samuel C. Damon was who married them. There was much appreciation for how fine and honorable it was. With the two of them is the aloha of this paper.

[It seems Queen Emma was not present at this wedding. Ka Haku o Hawaii had only passed away a few weeks earlier…]

(Kuokoa, 9/20/1862, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke I, Helu 43, Aoao 3. Sepatemaba 20, 1862.

Kamehameha School for Girls opens, 1894.

Day of Remembrance of Pauahi.

This coming Monday, November 19, will be the celebration of the birthday of the open-hearted royal lady who has passed, but who has left her great estate for the building of schools for the instruction in elementary education and spreading out to other branches of knowledge, in trade and in other industries, and not for just one sex [kama¹] but for the two sexes.

The boys school house has been completed and some years have been spent in instruction; some of the early students of this school have furthered their desire of knowledge and have moved on to other schools, while others have graduated and are gainfully employed, while the rest remain here increasing their knowledge. The results are evident.

The big thing perhaps on this coming birthday of the one who built the Kamehameha Schools, is the opening of the doors of the beautiful and brand new Kamehameha girls’ school, which stands proudly, along with the commemoration of the day that she was given birth to and became the mother of education.

¹Although I have not found “kama” in dictionaries defined as “sex,” as in male or female, I have found a number of uses in the newspapers and other documents.

(Kuokoa, 11/17/1894, p. 3)

Ka La Hoomanao o Pauahi.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXIII, Helu 46, Aoao 3. Novemaba 17, 1894.

25th Annual Kamehameha Schools Luau, 1912.


For the twenty-fifth time, the Kamehameha Schools held a luau on the night of last Saturday, and a great number of Kamehameha Schools graduates: boys with their wives, and so too girls with their husbands; and it was a time for the old people to get acquainted with the new, and a time to rejoice, and to listen to the speeches prepared, and the main thing was the feasting on tables weighted down with foods prepared by the students of the school.

In attendance were the teachers of the schools, some of the trustees, and a few invited malihini; they ate heartily, and there was leftover for those who prepared it [?], and everyone went home at the proper time with pleasant thoughts on what was seen that night.

After stomachs [ka lua o ka inaina] were filled, everyone enjoyed some songs from the boys of Kamehameha, and also from the girls, and the Honolulu band, then the speeches of the night were heard.

From the school, President Horne gave the first speech, that is, he gave his thanks for the gathering of the students on that night, which was something that the school was happy about, that the students of Kamehameha always come back to see the school which educated them.

According to him, in learning from the students how they are living, that being not going into debt; each of them are have still gone in debt; they are indebted to the Kamehameha School, and the benevolence of Bernice Bishop, the one who founded this school.

Following him, Faxon Bishop was called, and he explained the falsity of what he heard about the lack of advancement of those who graduated from the school.

There have been many things which he has heard about the children of Kamehameha after they leave the school, and to put an end to his misconceptions, he instructed the principal, Mr. Horne, to supply him with the roster of all students who graduated from the school, along with their occupations; and when he saw the list, he exclaimed about the falsehood of all that he had heard.

From amongst the 261 students who graduated from the school, he separated them into their current occupations, along with those deceased and those whose occupations are not known. These are the students of Kamehameha by their different occupations which benefits their lives as well as that of their families.

From within the great number of children who graduated, 63 of them are working in skilled labor; 50 are in secretarial, bookkeeping, or office work; 20 have deceased; 18 are in the teaching profession; 17 farmers; 10 in singing; 9 in the postal service; 7 with the street cars; 7 in the police force; 6 of them are ranked deputy sheriff; 6 are architects [kahakii]; 6 at the custom house [kukeawa]; 4 in roadwork; 3 in the army or navy; 3 drivers; 2 in law school; 2 newspaper editors; 2 stevedores; 2 in the board of health; 2 are day laborers [limahana hana la]; 2 are ticket agents; 1 is the head of the jail; 1 undertaker; 1 bank employee; 1 pastor; 1 lighthouse keeper; 1 head of a store; 1 at Kalihi Camp; and as for those whose occupations are unknown, there are 4.

By this list of occupations of the children, he said that there is absolutely no school known which have graduates that have progressed in this manner, which contradicts the truth of what he heard.

At the close of his speech, one of the old graduates of the school was called up, Deputy Sheriff Oscar Cox of Waialua, and it was he that instructed the trustees that they also should look after the welfare of all of the students of Kamehameha who graduate.

There are two major points he spoke of on that night pertaining to the progress of the school, that being the trustees acceptance of the importance of paying heed to the longevity of the tenure of the teachers within the school, and to not have them just stay for a short period and return to America, followed by the arrival of new teachers; that just leads to the the children not having a unified education. The other point was the importance of paying attention to the children when they leave the school.

He encouraged the youths living in this town now to return to and to live in the country, for according to him, there are many jobs in the sugar plantations, and should there be boys going back to Waialua, he believes he will be able to assist them in finding proper work by talking with the people in the sugar plantations.

He pointed out to the board of trustees that there is much land all over, and should the trustees care for the well being of the youths of Kamehameha, then it is of great importance that they give out those many acres of land to those youths going into farming, raising livestock, or other endeavors that will benefit them, along with granting them a sum of money for their use; and in that way, according to him, if there was this assistance, he would leave his government position and start working where he would gain an independent livelihood, and he would be able to care for and educate his children.

There was much appreciation for the Mr. Cox’s speech amongst his fellow schoolmates, as they continued to clap, however the thoughts of the trustees have yet to be seen.

From what was said about the luau that was held, it was a party leaving everyone gratified.

[A hundred years later, as Kamehameha Schools is celebrating its 125th year anniversary, this is something perhaps to look back to and to think about today and tomorrow…]

(Kuokoa 6/14/1912, p. 4)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVIII, Helu 24, Aoao 4. Iune 14, 1912.

More on Liliuokalani and her support of education. 1895.


The celebrating and remembering of the birthday of someone is not a bad thing, or something to criticize. And this applies when the person whose birthday that is being remembered has died, it is a good thing, should that person have done a famous deed or left an important legacy for her trustees to carry out, like the Alii, Pauahi-a-Paki.

We are not opposing the remembrance of her trustees and the heads of the Kamehameha Schools, like what was done this past Thursday, on the birthday of this Alii of this land, who showed her true aloha for her lahui by leaving her great estate for the good and welfare of the new generations of her own people, so that the their thoughts and actions are bettered. We do however oppose and criticize the attempt to deify, and it is almost to the point where the missionaries and teachers of those places of learning are making her, the deceased Alii, into a god [akua? ahua?] to be worshiped. In the presentations on that day mentioned, the girls performed before a huge audience of all sorts of people who attended, where they all knelt before an image of the Alii, and thereafter placed lei and flowers upon that picture. This is not a good lesson for the children.

Pauahi has died, she has gone, she is no more in body, but she still lives through her glorious deeds, perhaps the greatest amongst the Hawaiian Chiefs who left on the “Dark Path of Kane”. It is for her trustees and her representatives that were empowered in her will, which the Supreme Court will fill should there be a vacancy amongst those people, they are they ones carrying out these remembrances without her knowledge of what is being done, and that is why we call it—a hypocritical remembrance.

For here is the Queen, still living, and she is not honored by those missionaries for her good works that are exemplary for the benefit of her people, before and since her ascending the throne. She took up the Liliuokalani Educational Society, with its two divisions, and greatly assisted its funds from her own earnings and property. There were many girls who received an education because of this society, and the girls’ school of Kawaiahao, that grounds of learning of the missionaries, saw benefits, and this cannot be denied in the least.

She is sill living and has followed through on her good works which were established under her very own leadership, not by other like with the late Pauahi. And yet these haughty missionaries of her days don’t at all remember her great deeds which show her true aloha for her lahui while she is alive and not after her death. Aye, she is still living, and we see the fruits of her good labors, and perhaps she mistakenly put her faith in her weak fellow lahui for whom she felt much aloha, and she fell from her position on high; and now she sees clearly those who are steadfastly loyal to her and those who are traitorous, abusive, and speak badly about her.

The missionaries themselves are the true witnesses to her good deeds. They have no words for Pauahi, hers were seen before. They go to her [Liliuokalani] and ask for money from her, and they are not given just a trifle, but they are given great amounts. And yet, those people do not think a bit of her, or thank her, not at all; they instead abuse and fling and besmear her with filth, in return for the good that was done, and given to, and received by them. This is a time to tell tales, to rouse, ask for rudely, to beg, to abuse, to curse, to insult, and that list goes on and on, just filled with indolence.

[How sad that even today, her namesake, Queen Lydia Liliuokalani Elementary School has been shut down. Today there was a celebration of the 100th anniversary of the laying of the cornerstone of the school on the grounds of Liliuokalani Elementary School! Let us remember her always along with her great love for her people!]

(Makaainana, 12/23/1895, pp. 4 & 5.)


Ka Makaainana, Buke IV----Ano Hou., Helu 26, Aoao 4 & 5. Dekemaba 23, 1895.