Robert Wilcox recovering, 1902.


Washington, D. C., Jan., 10, 1902.–Mrs. R. W. WIlcox, Honolulu, Hawaii: I am doing okay.. I am still in the hands of the physician who is doing his very best; I am still in bed.

Do not be alarmed as it will be all right. Kiss to Keoua and Kapu and also to yourself. Aloha to Mama and Iwa.

3:15 P. M

(Home Rula Repubalika, 1/22/1902, p. 2)

Home Rula Repubalika, Buke I, Helu 12, Aoao 6. Ianuari 22, 1902.

King Kalakaua’s Study Abroad Program, 1936.


King Kalakaua Gave His Support to Educate His Lahui

While King Kalakaua was upon the throne, as a result of him speaking with his Cabinet, and also approved by the Legislature of 1882 or 1883, there were many Hawaiians who were sent to far away lands in seek of education. It feels like it happened between the years 1883 and 1884. Some of these boys went at the government’s expense, and some under the expense of the Father Missionaries.

1. Robert W. Wilcox and Robert N. Boyd, were sent to military school in Italy.

2. Matthew Makalua and Piianaia, were sent to Oxford in England, to medical school. Piianaia did not graduate, but Makaula did graduate and became a very great doctor in England. He married a woman and he had a number of children. He is dead now. He did not return to Hawaii.

Continue reading

Charles Burnette Wilson dies, conclusion, 1926.


(Continued from page 1)

Liliuokalani that she lost her throne due to the landing of troops from the U. S. S. Boston, the name of Marshal Wilson figured frequently. In the printed reports of Congress, containing the correspondence of Minister Stevens prior to the overthrow, his dispatches include the name of Wilson frequently in connection with the monarchy and especially refer to him as a very intimate friend of the queen. Continue reading

About Kaauhelemoa, 1895.


This place remaining until this day to the north-east of Palolo valley and is surrounded by the mist of the cliffs most of the year is famous. In the old stories of Hawaii it is said that there was a supernatural champion fighting chicken of that place, and he was said to be a man-chicken and and chicken-man. He remained the victor before all of his opponents who stood before him; but there came a time that there appeared a champion chicken from Molokai (?), he was but a slim supernatural chicken, and it was he who thwarted the strength of Kaauhelemoa by actually entering the body of Kaauhelemoa, and started nibbling with his beak, and when he got out, Kaauhelemoa was in trouble, and flew to this place mentioned above, and scattered his feathers here and there, and growing there until today is a plant that very much resembles a chicken feather that is not found in other places in Hawaii nei. There is a large pool there and all varieties of kalo grow there until today. Continue reading

Leprosy patients protest against R. W. Wilcox, 1902.


Appeal to Voters to Elect Kuhio.


Say His Act is Not That of a Friend of the People

Once more have the lepers at Kalaupapa spoken, and their voice is even stronger against Wilcox and his plans for their future than on the occasion of their resolutions which were laid before the Senatorial Commission.

The latest meeting of the lepers was held on Wednesday  last at Beretania Hall, at the settlement, and the gathering was a very large one. The speakers denounced the attempts of Wilcox to transfer them bodily to the Federal government for control, and as well they refused to listen to any explanations as to his meaning when he urges such transfer. The majority of the speakers predicted a landslide for Prince Kuhio and the Republican ticket. It was said that the lepers would now begin to lay before their friends all over the islands their fears for the future in the even of the reelection of Wilcox,and would also appeal to their people to prevent such a happening.

The resolutions which were adopted and which have been sent to prominent men on other islands as well as to Honolulu, are as follows:

An appeal to the Hawaiian people from the Leper Settlement at Kalaupapa,Molokai.

To the Hawaiian people in general; listen and consider the appeal of your unfortunates.

We, your unfortunate relatives and friends living in the Settlement where sorrow and woes abound,separated from you on account of the sickness that befell us, wish to appeal to you. You all know that the man we once trusted and in whom we put our faith, and whom we elected as our Delegate to Washington, has returned evil for good to us poor unfortunates, and to the people in general by introducing a bill in Congress which calls for the transferring of the care and maintenance of the Leper Settlement to the Federal government.

Such action by the Delegate without referring the matter to us, the unfortunate lepers, is one of the most dirty, cruel and low doings of a man toward his fellow men.

You must not think that by such giving over of our care to a stranger we would be benefited. Far from it. A stranger would not be painstaking, and moreover, have no love for the unfortunate Hawaiians, and if such a bill be passed our troubles and sorrows will be greater than we can bear.

We are willing to bear our own woes, sorrows and our heavily laden burdens cheerfully, if by so doing you will be saved, but has the intention of pitting sorrows upon sorrow any traces of love of the Delegate for us? Or is it true, then, that you also have followed the acts of the Delegate and have joined with him in heaping sorrow threefold upon us?

R. W. Wilcox stated before the Senatorial Commission “that the majority of the Hawaiian people have shown their willingness to give over our care to the Federal government.”

Is there any truth in this statement? Is it also ture that there are Hawaiians besides Wilcox who wish to put us in an oven of fire and to increase our sorrows a hundredfold? We will answer and say “no.”

Has the bond of love between husband and wife, father and children, family to family, fellowman to man, been put asunder? We think it has not, and right here we denounce Wilcox and say that he is not a true Hawaiian.

We have an old saying which goes: “See to your fellowman first, then to your dog.” It is not the same with Wilcox. He has given his aloha to a dog rather than to us.

We have sent a petition signed by 750…

(PCA, 10/20/1902,  p. 1)


Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXXV, Number 6303, Page 1. October 20, 1902.

…names protesting against the bill, and we pray and appeal to you all to erase Wilcox’s name from your ballot as Delegate to Congress.

We the unfortunate lepers, residing in the Settlement, through our committee,

John S. Wilmington, John T. Unea, J. K. Waiamau, Charles M. Brewster, L. M. Painamu, J. C. Kiliia, J. K. Kainuwai, Moses Koahoa, H. K. Akanui, J. Kiaaina, J. D. Kahale, John Haulani, A. W. Bruns, Joel H. Mahoe, Achong Holuk, George Nakaokoo, W. K. Kalua, D. Kaialamni, Komi Naupo, J. Kiaipa, James Alenuihaha, Jaianui, Chalres K. Manua, A. M. Holopinai, Thomas K. Nathaniel, Silas Carter, James Prosser, P. Kiha, J. P. Miau, J. K. Kialoa, George J. Kanikau.

Kalaupapa, Molokai, October 16th, 1902.

(PCA, 10/20/1902, p. 4)


Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXXV, Number 6303, Page 4. October 20, 1902.

Joseph Kaiponohea Aea, 1901.

—It is expected that our first and nearest insular possession in the Pacific—the Sandwich Islands—will soon have a representative in the Military Academy at West Point,  in the person of Mr. Joseph Kaiponohea Aea. Mr. Aea is a young man of eighteen years, a pure-blood Hawaiian native. Continue reading

Arrests being made for disturbing the peace? 1892.


This past Friday, the Government began arresting people thought to be taking part in activities that go against the good and the peace of the Nation, and these are the names that we obtained. The Hon. Wilcox, the Hon. J. W. Bipikane, Mr. V. V. Ashford, and many others.

*An olelo noeau speaking to the wide-reaching power of a single entity.

(Hawaii Holomua, 5/21/1892, p. 3)


Hawaii Holomua, Buke II, Helu 21, Aoao 3. Mei 21, 1892.

Robert Wilcox sounds off, 1898.


R. W. Wilcox Corrects Statements in Ex-Queen’s Book.


Only Surviving Members of Royal School Destined to Be Rulers of Hawaii.

MR. EDITOR:cPlease allow me a space in the columns of your journal. On pages 399–409, and appendix E, F and G of “Hawaii’s Story by Hawaii’s Queen,” I find geneologies arranged, corrected and also foot notes, by the ex-Queen Liliuokalani

As some of these geneologies and foot notes are incorrect, and for the sake of young students of Hawaiian history, I now undertake to give true correction on these pedigrees, and supported by Hawaiian authorities, such historians and geneologists as S. M. Kamakau, A. Fornander, J. K. Unauna, P. S. Pakelekulani and others.

Appendix E, No. 1—Geneology of Liliuokalani.—(On her mother’s side).

This geneology is all right except the foot note.

Kepookalani [Kepoookalani], son of Kameeiamoku, the father, and Kamakaeheikuli, the mother, was half-cousin of Kamehameha I on their mothers’ side alone, and not a first cousin. Thus, Haae-a-Kauauanui-a-Mahi, with Kekelaokalani, (sister of Keeaumokunui) begat Kekuiapoiwa II who became Keoua’s third wife, and became the mother of Kamehameha I and Kalanimokuioku-i-Kepookalani alias Keliimaikai. Haae with Kalelemauliokalani begat two daughters, Kamakaeheikuli and Haalou. As Kamakaeheikuli was a half-sister of Kekelaokalani, consequently Kepookalani was a half-cousin of Kamehameha I. (Vide, Fornander, Unauna and others).

No. 2.—(On her father’s side).

To make this geneology complete we must add more wife to Kalaninui-Iamamao, whose name was Kapaihi-a-Ahu, mother of Kaolanialii. Thus, Kalaninui-Iamamao took his own daughter Kaolanialii for one of his wives, after the tragic death of Kapaihi-a-Ahu. Therefore, Alapaiwahine, daughter of Kaolanialii and great grand mother of Liliuokalani became an Alii-naha, one of the ancient ranks of high chiefs.

No. 1—Geneology of Kamehameha I.

This geneology is correct, except the foot note is wrong.

Heulu and Kamakaimoku are half-brother and half-sister, and as Heulu was Keawe-a-Heulu’s father and Kamakaimoku was Keoua’s mother. Therefore, Keawe-a-Heulu and Keoua were half-cousins and not direct first cousins.

No. 2—Geneology of Kamehameha I.

This geneology is incompleted; Keeaumokunui had a sister, Kekelaokalani who was Haae’s tabued wife and mother of Kekuiapoiwa II. The fott note is misleading again, Kalaninui-Iamamao and Keeaumokunui were half-brothers, both were sons of Keaweikekahialiiokamoku of different mothers.

Geneology of Kepoookalani, son of Kameeiamoku, grandson of Keawepoepoe, and great grand father of Liliuokalani is badly mixed up. The food notes of it are nearly all incorrect. Haae’s father, as I already stated was Kauaunui-a-Mahi [Kauauanui-a-Mahi], the mother was Kepoomahana.

“The Royal Twins of Kekaulike,” as they were called, Kameeiamoku and Kamanawa were the sons of Keawepoepoe, son of Lonoikahaupu with Queen Kalanikauleleiaiwi their mother was Kanoena, a daughter of Lonoanahulu of the great Ehu family. Kekelaokalani sister of Keeaumokunui, Keoua’s aunt, was Haae’s tabued wife heretofore mentioned, and their issue was Kekuiapoiwa II, who was married to her first cousin Keoua, and begot Kamehameha I and Kalanimalokuloku-i-Kepoookalani alias Keliimaikai as stated before. But Kekelaokalani wife of Kamanawa and mother of Peleuli was another Kekelaokalani entirely. She was a daughter of Kauakahiakua and Kekuiapoiwanui, half sister of Keeaumokunui and Kekelaokalani I, son and daughter of Keaweikekahialiiokamoku, and Kalanikauleleiaiwi, king and queen of Hawaii. (Vide Fornander, page 320).

Keoua whose full name was Kalanikupuapaikalaninui Keoua, son of Keeumokkunui [Keeaumokunui] and grandson of Keaweikekahialiiokamoku, who during his youth went to Hana, East Maui, in search of the hands of the most tabued chifesses of Kahikikalaokalani and Kalanilehua, who were great great grand-daughters of the most exalted tabued reigning chiefess Kaakaualaninui who held the highest and uncommon rank called Poo hoolewa i ka la, Namakehanui who rebelled against Kamehameha I in 1796 on Hawaii was a direct descendant of the aforesaid Kaakaualaninui.

The only issue of this marriage by Kahikikalaokalani was a son called Kalokuokamaile, the ancestor of the high chiefess, Elizabeth Kekaaniau (Mrs. F. S. Pratt). (Vide S. M. Kamakau’s and P. S. Pakelekulani’s).

Keoua’s next wife was his first cousin Kekuiapoiwa II, mother of Kamehameha I and Keliimaikai. Keoua’s fourth wife was Kamakaeheikuli, daughter of Haae with his other wife Kalelemauliokalani. The issue of this marriage was a son Kalaimamahu, grand father of the late King Lunalilo.

Keoua’s fifth wife was Kalola, daughter of King Kekaulike of Maui with Kekuiapoiwanui. (Kalola was a sister of Kamehamehanui and Kahekili). The issue was a daughter, Kekuiapoiwa Liliha, who afterward became the wife of King Kalaniopuu’s son Kiwalao, and became the mother of Keopuolani, mother of Liholiho (Kamehameha II), Kauikeaouli (Kamehameha III) and Princess Haarietta Nahienaena. His sixth wife was Manononui, daughter of King Alapainui of Hawaii, with Kamakaimoku. (Kamakaimoku was also the mother of King Kalaniopuu and Keoua. Their issue was a daughter called Kiilaweau who became the wife of Keliimaikai and mother of the celebrated Kekuokalani [Kekuaokalani]. (Vide S. M. Kamakau’s histor of Kamehameha I). Keoua’s seventh wife was Akahinui, their issue was a son called Kaleiwohi who became grand father of the late chiefess Akahi of Keei, Kona, Hawaii.

It is inexplicable how the ex-Queen used Fornander’s as her authority, and yet Fornander’s pedigree on geneology of Kepookalani [Kepoookalani] is very far from the same.

On appendix F, the ex-Queen attempted to correct Alexander’s geneology, but here she made still a gross mistake by denying that Keliimaikai had no issue, and Kiilaweau was a man. Yes, there was a man by that name who was supposed to have been the father of M. Kekuanaoa instead of Nahiolea; but Kiilaweau, wife of Keliimaikai, was a daughter of Keoua and Manononui, as heretofore mentioned, and who became the mother of the celebrated Kekuaokalani, husband of the valiant and faithful Manono II. (Vide S. M. Kamakau history of Kamehameha I).

Manono II was a daughter of Kalola-a-Kumukoa and Kekuamanoha, a half-brother of Kahekili, King of Maui. Keliimaikai is supposed also as one of the fathers of Kaonaeha [Kaoanaeha], grand mother of Queen Emma and Prince A. K. Kunuiakea. (Vide Kuokoa, October 5, 1867, by S. M. Kamakau).

The only chief known by the name of Hoapili-kane was Ulumaheihei, who was a constant companion and aikane of Kamehameha I, and through that he was called afterward, Ulumaheihei Hoapili. He was one of the sons of Kameeiamoku with his second wife, Keliiokahekili, a daughter of Kanekapolei. Kameeiamoku’s first wife was Kamakaeheikuli, their issue was Kepoookalani, great grand father of Liliuokalani and his (Kameeiamoku’s) last wife was Kahikoloa, and their issue was a son, Hoolulu, grand father of the late Governor F. W. Kahapula Beckley, Maraea Kahaawelani and George Mooheau Beckley. Ulumaheihei Hoapili was one of the few chiefs in whom Kamehameha I had the greatest confidence, in fact the only one he entrusted with his bequest to hide his bones according to ancient custom. Between Hoapili and his half-brother Hoolulu, accordingly, this sacred mission was carried out; and at his death in 1819, Hoapili entrusted Hoolulu the bearing away of the corpse of the great Kamehameha. The ceremony was performed at dark of night. It is only surmised that the corpse of the great conqueror was put in some of the secret caves of Kona, Hawaii, but some say it was consigned to the deep sea. One of the descendants of Hoolulu now bears the name of Kaawelani on the above account, meaning the bearing of Hoolulu the corpse of Kamehameha I on his back. Ulumaheihei Hoapili and his wife Kaheiheimalie, one of the widows of Kamehameha I and mother of Kinau and Queen Kamamalu were strong supporters of the earlier missionaries and who gave them the names of Hoapilikane and Hoapiliwahine.

Hoapilikane’s first wife was Kalilikauoha, a daughter of King Kahekili who became the mother of the high spirited chiefess Kuini Liliha, wife of Boki.

There is only one undisputed branch of the great house of Keoua living through the primogeniture of the issue of Keoua with his Hana, East Maui wife through Kalokuokamaile by his only descendants the High Chiefess Elizabeth Kekaaniau and the issue of her brother Gidion K. Laanui [Gideona K. Laanui], called Theresa Owana Kaohehelani. It is a matter of historical note handed down to this day that Kamehameha I, in fact during his reign on several occasions of gathering of chiefs and chiefess, Kaohelelani, daughter of Kalokuokamaile and wife of Nuhi the son of the great reigning Chief Hinai of Waimea, Hawaii, she was always recognized by the conqueror as the Seniority line of the Keoua family and was always treated with a special distinction than all the other chiefesses of his court.

Mrs. F. S. Pratt was one of the first party of eight children, three boys and five girls, who entered the Royal school (of Mr. and Mrs. Cooke) for chiefs’ children established by Kamehameha III, in 1840, but afterward the pupils were increased up to fifteen, among these number were Queen Liliuokalani, Queen Emma and others. Queen Liliuokalani and Mrs. F. S. Pratt are the only living representatives of the elligible number who comprised those that were destined to be rulers of Hawaii nei. (Vide R. C. Willie’s pamphlet, The Friend, 1844).

And if we accept Keliimaikai was the father of Kaoanaeha instead of Kalaipaihala, then Prince Albert K. Kuniakea [Albert K. Kunuiakea] becomes one of the descendants of the illustrious house of Keoua.

Therefore, the only heirs next of kin to Kamehameha I line are the aforesaid persons. Even on Kamehameha First’s mother’s side, the Kalokuokamaile line come in again the nearest heirs through Kekelaokalani, than those who are claiming through other issues of Haae with whom Liliuokalani are connected.

Yours truly,


Honolulu, H. I., April 12, 1898.

[It is worth noting that Wilcox repeatedly calls Liliuokalani, “ex-Queen” and submits this critique to the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, a newspaper which is at this time ostensibly against the monarchy. His criticisms are written in English most certainly because the Queen’s book was published in English.

If you still haven’t got the recently published new and revised edition of the Queen’s Story, you should consider picking up a copy!]

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 5/25/1898, p. 5)


The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXVII, Number 4928, Page 5. May 25, 1898.