Leprosy patients protest against R. W. Wilcox, 1902.

LEPERS DENOUNCE WILCOX

Appeal to Voters to Elect Kuhio.

DECLARE DELEGATE NOT HAWAIIAN

Say His Act is Not That of a Friend of the People

Once more have the lepers at Kalaupapa spoken, and their voice is even stronger against Wilcox and his plans for their future than on the occasion of their resolutions which were laid before the Senatorial Commission.

The latest meeting of the lepers was held on Wednesday  last at Beretania Hall, at the settlement, and the gathering was a very large one. The speakers denounced the attempts of Wilcox to transfer them bodily to the Federal government for control, and as well they refused to listen to any explanations as to his meaning when he urges such transfer. The majority of the speakers predicted a landslide for Prince Kuhio and the Republican ticket. It was said that the lepers would now begin to lay before their friends all over the islands their fears for the future in the even of the reelection of Wilcox,and would also appeal to their people to prevent such a happening.

The resolutions which were adopted and which have been sent to prominent men on other islands as well as to Honolulu, are as follows:

An appeal to the Hawaiian people from the Leper Settlement at Kalaupapa,Molokai.

To the Hawaiian people in general; listen and consider the appeal of your unfortunates.

We, your unfortunate relatives and friends living in the Settlement where sorrow and woes abound,separated from you on account of the sickness that befell us, wish to appeal to you. You all know that the man we once trusted and in whom we put our faith, and whom we elected as our Delegate to Washington, has returned evil for good to us poor unfortunates, and to the people in general by introducing a bill in Congress which calls for the transferring of the care and maintenance of the Leper Settlement to the Federal government.

Such action by the Delegate without referring the matter to us, the unfortunate lepers, is one of the most dirty, cruel and low doings of a man toward his fellow men.

You must not think that by such giving over of our care to a stranger we would be benefited. Far from it. A stranger would not be painstaking, and moreover, have no love for the unfortunate Hawaiians, and if such a bill be passed our troubles and sorrows will be greater than we can bear.

We are willing to bear our own woes, sorrows and our heavily laden burdens cheerfully, if by so doing you will be saved, but has the intention of pitting sorrows upon sorrow any traces of love of the Delegate for us? Or is it true, then, that you also have followed the acts of the Delegate and have joined with him in heaping sorrow threefold upon us?

R. W. Wilcox stated before the Senatorial Commission “that the majority of the Hawaiian people have shown their willingness to give over our care to the Federal government.”

Is there any truth in this statement? Is it also ture that there are Hawaiians besides Wilcox who wish to put us in an oven of fire and to increase our sorrows a hundredfold? We will answer and say “no.”

Has the bond of love between husband and wife, father and children, family to family, fellowman to man, been put asunder? We think it has not, and right here we denounce Wilcox and say that he is not a true Hawaiian.

We have an old saying which goes: “See to your fellowman first, then to your dog.” It is not the same with Wilcox. He has given his aloha to a dog rather than to us.

We have sent a petition signed by 750…

(PCA, 10/20/1902,  p. 1)

PCA_10_20_1902_1.png

Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXXV, Number 6303, Page 1. October 20, 1902.

…names protesting against the bill, and we pray and appeal to you all to erase Wilcox’s name from your ballot as Delegate to Congress.

We the unfortunate lepers, residing in the Settlement, through our committee,

John S. Wilmington, John T. Unea, J. K. Waiamau, Charles M. Brewster, L. M. Painamu, J. C. Kiliia, J. K. Kainuwai, Moses Koahoa, H. K. Akanui, J. Kiaaina, J. D. Kahale, John Haulani, A. W. Bruns, Joel H. Mahoe, Achong Holuk, George Nakaokoo, W. K. Kalua, D. Kaialamni, Komi Naupo, J. Kiaipa, James Alenuihaha, Jaianui, Chalres K. Manua, A. M. Holopinai, Thomas K. Nathaniel, Silas Carter, James Prosser, P. Kiha, J. P. Miau, J. K. Kialoa, George J. Kanikau.

Kalaupapa, Molokai, October 16th, 1902.

(PCA, 10/20/1902, p. 4)

PCA_10_20_1902_4.png

Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXXV, Number 6303, Page 4. October 20, 1902.

Advertisements

Joseph Kaiponohea Aea, 1901.

—It is expected that our first and nearest insular possession in the Pacific—the Sandwich Islands—will soon have a representative in the Military Academy at West Point,  in the person of Mr. Joseph Kaiponohea Aea. Mr. Aea is a young man of eighteen years, a pure-blood Hawaiian native. Continue reading

Arrests being made for disturbing the peace? 1892.

“HOOKAHI NO HAWAE LAUHUE KONA.”*

This past Friday, the Government began arresting people thought to be taking part in activities that go against the good and the peace of the Nation, and these are the names that we obtained. The Hon. Wilcox, the Hon. J. W. Bipikane, Mr. V. V. Ashford, and many others.

*An olelo noeau speaking to the wide-reaching power of a single entity.

(Hawaii Holomua, 5/21/1892, p. 3)

HawaiiHolomua_5_21_1892_3.png

Hawaii Holomua, Buke II, Helu 21, Aoao 3. Mei 21, 1892.

Robert Wilcox sounds off, 1898.

SOME GENEOLOGY

R. W. Wilcox Corrects Statements in Ex-Queen’s Book.

ANCESTRY OF LILIUOKALANI

Only Surviving Members of Royal School Destined to Be Rulers of Hawaii.

MR. EDITOR:cPlease allow me a space in the columns of your journal. On pages 399–409, and appendix E, F and G of “Hawaii’s Story by Hawaii’s Queen,” I find geneologies arranged, corrected and also foot notes, by the ex-Queen Liliuokalani

As some of these geneologies and foot notes are incorrect, and for the sake of young students of Hawaiian history, I now undertake to give true correction on these pedigrees, and supported by Hawaiian authorities, such historians and geneologists as S. M. Kamakau, A. Fornander, J. K. Unauna, P. S. Pakelekulani and others.

Appendix E, No. 1—Geneology of Liliuokalani.—(On her mother’s side).

This geneology is all right except the foot note.

Kepookalani [Kepoookalani], son of Kameeiamoku, the father, and Kamakaeheikuli, the mother, was half-cousin of Kamehameha I on their mothers’ side alone, and not a first cousin. Thus, Haae-a-Kauauanui-a-Mahi, with Kekelaokalani, (sister of Keeaumokunui) begat Kekuiapoiwa II who became Keoua’s third wife, and became the mother of Kamehameha I and Kalanimokuioku-i-Kepookalani alias Keliimaikai. Haae with Kalelemauliokalani begat two daughters, Kamakaeheikuli and Haalou. As Kamakaeheikuli was a half-sister of Kekelaokalani, consequently Kepookalani was a half-cousin of Kamehameha I. (Vide, Fornander, Unauna and others).

No. 2.—(On her father’s side).

To make this geneology complete we must add more wife to Kalaninui-Iamamao, whose name was Kapaihi-a-Ahu, mother of Kaolanialii. Thus, Kalaninui-Iamamao took his own daughter Kaolanialii for one of his wives, after the tragic death of Kapaihi-a-Ahu. Therefore, Alapaiwahine, daughter of Kaolanialii and great grand mother of Liliuokalani became an Alii-naha, one of the ancient ranks of high chiefs.

No. 1—Geneology of Kamehameha I.

This geneology is correct, except the foot note is wrong.

Heulu and Kamakaimoku are half-brother and half-sister, and as Heulu was Keawe-a-Heulu’s father and Kamakaimoku was Keoua’s mother. Therefore, Keawe-a-Heulu and Keoua were half-cousins and not direct first cousins.

No. 2—Geneology of Kamehameha I.

This geneology is incompleted; Keeaumokunui had a sister, Kekelaokalani who was Haae’s tabued wife and mother of Kekuiapoiwa II. The fott note is misleading again, Kalaninui-Iamamao and Keeaumokunui were half-brothers, both were sons of Keaweikekahialiiokamoku of different mothers.

Geneology of Kepoookalani, son of Kameeiamoku, grandson of Keawepoepoe, and great grand father of Liliuokalani is badly mixed up. The food notes of it are nearly all incorrect. Haae’s father, as I already stated was Kauaunui-a-Mahi [Kauauanui-a-Mahi], the mother was Kepoomahana.

“The Royal Twins of Kekaulike,” as they were called, Kameeiamoku and Kamanawa were the sons of Keawepoepoe, son of Lonoikahaupu with Queen Kalanikauleleiaiwi their mother was Kanoena, a daughter of Lonoanahulu of the great Ehu family. Kekelaokalani sister of Keeaumokunui, Keoua’s aunt, was Haae’s tabued wife heretofore mentioned, and their issue was Kekuiapoiwa II, who was married to her first cousin Keoua, and begot Kamehameha I and Kalanimalokuloku-i-Kepoookalani alias Keliimaikai as stated before. But Kekelaokalani wife of Kamanawa and mother of Peleuli was another Kekelaokalani entirely. She was a daughter of Kauakahiakua and Kekuiapoiwanui, half sister of Keeaumokunui and Kekelaokalani I, son and daughter of Keaweikekahialiiokamoku, and Kalanikauleleiaiwi, king and queen of Hawaii. (Vide Fornander, page 320).

Keoua whose full name was Kalanikupuapaikalaninui Keoua, son of Keeumokkunui [Keeaumokunui] and grandson of Keaweikekahialiiokamoku, who during his youth went to Hana, East Maui, in search of the hands of the most tabued chifesses of Kahikikalaokalani and Kalanilehua, who were great great grand-daughters of the most exalted tabued reigning chiefess Kaakaualaninui who held the highest and uncommon rank called Poo hoolewa i ka la, Namakehanui who rebelled against Kamehameha I in 1796 on Hawaii was a direct descendant of the aforesaid Kaakaualaninui.

The only issue of this marriage by Kahikikalaokalani was a son called Kalokuokamaile, the ancestor of the high chiefess, Elizabeth Kekaaniau (Mrs. F. S. Pratt). (Vide S. M. Kamakau’s and P. S. Pakelekulani’s).

Keoua’s next wife was his first cousin Kekuiapoiwa II, mother of Kamehameha I and Keliimaikai. Keoua’s fourth wife was Kamakaeheikuli, daughter of Haae with his other wife Kalelemauliokalani. The issue of this marriage was a son Kalaimamahu, grand father of the late King Lunalilo.

Keoua’s fifth wife was Kalola, daughter of King Kekaulike of Maui with Kekuiapoiwanui. (Kalola was a sister of Kamehamehanui and Kahekili). The issue was a daughter, Kekuiapoiwa Liliha, who afterward became the wife of King Kalaniopuu’s son Kiwalao, and became the mother of Keopuolani, mother of Liholiho (Kamehameha II), Kauikeaouli (Kamehameha III) and Princess Haarietta Nahienaena. His sixth wife was Manononui, daughter of King Alapainui of Hawaii, with Kamakaimoku. (Kamakaimoku was also the mother of King Kalaniopuu and Keoua. Their issue was a daughter called Kiilaweau who became the wife of Keliimaikai and mother of the celebrated Kekuokalani [Kekuaokalani]. (Vide S. M. Kamakau’s histor of Kamehameha I). Keoua’s seventh wife was Akahinui, their issue was a son called Kaleiwohi who became grand father of the late chiefess Akahi of Keei, Kona, Hawaii.

It is inexplicable how the ex-Queen used Fornander’s as her authority, and yet Fornander’s pedigree on geneology of Kepookalani [Kepoookalani] is very far from the same.

On appendix F, the ex-Queen attempted to correct Alexander’s geneology, but here she made still a gross mistake by denying that Keliimaikai had no issue, and Kiilaweau was a man. Yes, there was a man by that name who was supposed to have been the father of M. Kekuanaoa instead of Nahiolea; but Kiilaweau, wife of Keliimaikai, was a daughter of Keoua and Manononui, as heretofore mentioned, and who became the mother of the celebrated Kekuaokalani, husband of the valiant and faithful Manono II. (Vide S. M. Kamakau history of Kamehameha I).

Manono II was a daughter of Kalola-a-Kumukoa and Kekuamanoha, a half-brother of Kahekili, King of Maui. Keliimaikai is supposed also as one of the fathers of Kaonaeha [Kaoanaeha], grand mother of Queen Emma and Prince A. K. Kunuiakea. (Vide Kuokoa, October 5, 1867, by S. M. Kamakau).

The only chief known by the name of Hoapili-kane was Ulumaheihei, who was a constant companion and aikane of Kamehameha I, and through that he was called afterward, Ulumaheihei Hoapili. He was one of the sons of Kameeiamoku with his second wife, Keliiokahekili, a daughter of Kanekapolei. Kameeiamoku’s first wife was Kamakaeheikuli, their issue was Kepoookalani, great grand father of Liliuokalani and his (Kameeiamoku’s) last wife was Kahikoloa, and their issue was a son, Hoolulu, grand father of the late Governor F. W. Kahapula Beckley, Maraea Kahaawelani and George Mooheau Beckley. Ulumaheihei Hoapili was one of the few chiefs in whom Kamehameha I had the greatest confidence, in fact the only one he entrusted with his bequest to hide his bones according to ancient custom. Between Hoapili and his half-brother Hoolulu, accordingly, this sacred mission was carried out; and at his death in 1819, Hoapili entrusted Hoolulu the bearing away of the corpse of the great Kamehameha. The ceremony was performed at dark of night. It is only surmised that the corpse of the great conqueror was put in some of the secret caves of Kona, Hawaii, but some say it was consigned to the deep sea. One of the descendants of Hoolulu now bears the name of Kaawelani on the above account, meaning the bearing of Hoolulu the corpse of Kamehameha I on his back. Ulumaheihei Hoapili and his wife Kaheiheimalie, one of the widows of Kamehameha I and mother of Kinau and Queen Kamamalu were strong supporters of the earlier missionaries and who gave them the names of Hoapilikane and Hoapiliwahine.

Hoapilikane’s first wife was Kalilikauoha, a daughter of King Kahekili who became the mother of the high spirited chiefess Kuini Liliha, wife of Boki.

There is only one undisputed branch of the great house of Keoua living through the primogeniture of the issue of Keoua with his Hana, East Maui wife through Kalokuokamaile by his only descendants the High Chiefess Elizabeth Kekaaniau and the issue of her brother Gidion K. Laanui [Gideona K. Laanui], called Theresa Owana Kaohehelani. It is a matter of historical note handed down to this day that Kamehameha I, in fact during his reign on several occasions of gathering of chiefs and chiefess, Kaohelelani, daughter of Kalokuokamaile and wife of Nuhi the son of the great reigning Chief Hinai of Waimea, Hawaii, she was always recognized by the conqueror as the Seniority line of the Keoua family and was always treated with a special distinction than all the other chiefesses of his court.

Mrs. F. S. Pratt was one of the first party of eight children, three boys and five girls, who entered the Royal school (of Mr. and Mrs. Cooke) for chiefs’ children established by Kamehameha III, in 1840, but afterward the pupils were increased up to fifteen, among these number were Queen Liliuokalani, Queen Emma and others. Queen Liliuokalani and Mrs. F. S. Pratt are the only living representatives of the elligible number who comprised those that were destined to be rulers of Hawaii nei. (Vide R. C. Willie’s pamphlet, The Friend, 1844).

And if we accept Keliimaikai was the father of Kaoanaeha instead of Kalaipaihala, then Prince Albert K. Kuniakea [Albert K. Kunuiakea] becomes one of the descendants of the illustrious house of Keoua.

Therefore, the only heirs next of kin to Kamehameha I line are the aforesaid persons. Even on Kamehameha First’s mother’s side, the Kalokuokamaile line come in again the nearest heirs through Kekelaokalani, than those who are claiming through other issues of Haae with whom Liliuokalani are connected.

Yours truly,

R. W. WILCOX.

Honolulu, H. I., April 12, 1898.

[It is worth noting that Wilcox repeatedly calls Liliuokalani, “ex-Queen” and submits this critique to the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, a newspaper which is at this time ostensibly against the monarchy. His criticisms are written in English most certainly because the Queen’s book was published in English.

If you still haven’t got the recently published new and revised edition of the Queen’s Story, you should consider picking up a copy!]

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 5/25/1898, p. 5)

SOME GENEOLOGY

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXVII, Number 4928, Page 5. May 25, 1898.

Kaulia’s invitation to Morgan, 1897.

KAULIA TO HEAR MORGAN

ANTI-ANNEXATIONIST LEADER SIGNS INVITATION.

Says His People are Anxious to Learn From the Veteran Senator What Annexation Would Mean to Them.

Senator Morgan has accepted the invitation of the native Hawaiians to address them in public meeting upon the political relations between Hawaii and the United States.

Among the signers of the invitation is James K. Kaulia, president of the Hawaiian Patriotic League and president of the Aloha Aina Society. Mr. Kaulia is bitterly opposed to annexation and he is at the head of the opposition among his own countrymen. It was Mr. Kaulia who was largely instrumental in getting a few Hawaiians to gather in an abortive mass meeting at the Union Square last month, and adopt the resolutions protesting against annexation which Mr. Kaulia afterwards at the head of a committee of fifteen presented to President Dole and his Cabinet.

Mr. Kaulia states that he as well as the members of the societies he represents are anxious to hear Senator Morgan and they are truly grateful to him that he has consented to speak.

The invitation sent to the Senator, as well as the signers, is a follows:

“Honolulu, Sept. 24, 1897.

“To Senator John T. Morgan, City:

“We the undersigned native Hawaiians desire very much to hear you in an address upon the political relations between Hawaii and the United States and particularly desire your views as to the condition of the native Hawaiians and the position they would occupy under closer political relations with the United States.

“We therefore invite you to deliver a public address to the Hawaiians in this city at your convenience upon the above subjects, and if you accept, will make all necessary provisions for the holding of the meeting.

“Yours very respectfully,

“D. L. NAONE,
“J. KALUA KAHOOKANO,
“J. M. POEPOE,
“R. W. WILCOX,
“JOHN LOT KAULUKOU,
“JAMES K. KAULIA,
“President Hawaiian Patriotic League and President Aloha Aina Society.
“S. M. KAAUKAI.”

The meeting will be held on Thursday evening, at the Opera House, and Senator Morgan states that he will treat the question to the best of his ability.

(Hawaiian Star, 9/28/1897, p. 1)

KAULIA TO HEAR MORGAN

The Hawaiian Star, Volume IV, Number 1386, Page 1. September 28, 1897.

A mele for the counter revolution, 1895.

KAALAWAI.

Kumaka ka ike’na ia Kaalawai
I ka peki wawae i ke kula loa
Mea ole ka loa a oia kula
Me ke kai hone mai i ka iliili
Me he ‘la a e i mai ana
Imi ia e ka pono o ka aina
Ilaila ohohia kuu manao
I ka ike ana aku i na hoa
Hooho Wilikoki me ka leo nui
Imua kakou a lanakila
Lana mai ka manao Nou e ka Lani
E hoi hou ana i ke Kalaunu
Eia makou ke paa nei
Mamuli o ke aloha i ka aina
O ke kani makawalu a na pu
Pau ka manaolana no ka ohana
Haina ia mai ana ka puana
No ka poe i aloha i ka aina.

Hakuia e
S. Kanehe.
Kawa.

KAALAWAI.
In plain sight was Kaalawai
Treading across its wide plains
The extent of that field is of no consequence
With the sea that whispers atop the pebbles
As if saying
Let pono for this land be sought out
There my mind is elated
To see my comrades
Wilcox cheers with voice aroar
Forward to victory!
Our belief is for You, O Heavenly One
That you will return to the Throne
Here we are, unyielding
Faithfully patriotic
With gunfire ringing out from all directions
No more do we hope to see our families
Let the refrain be told
For the patriotic ones.
Composed by S. Kanehe.
Kawa. [The prison]

[There was a man named Herman K. Kanehe, who was one of many patriots sentenced to 5 years at hard labor and a fine of $5000. But i could not find out information on this S. Kanehe.

It is also interesting to note that this composition is reminiscent of another composition known widely today…]

(Oiaio, 3/22/1895, p. 3)

KAALAWAI.

Ka Oiaio, Buke VII, Helu 3, Aoao 3. Maraki 22, 1895.

C. C. Moreno on missionaries, 1893.

A Misunderstood People.

MORENO ON THE MISSIONARIES.

Editor Post: For several years your public-spirited paper has published correspondence and statements submitted by me about Hawaii in which was foreshadowed the present state of affairs. The revolution which has just taken place is the inevitable result of missionary rule; the long-standing and deep-rooted cause of the unrest.

The missionaries in Hawaii, as in China, Japan, and elsewhere, consider that country as their open hunting grounds, regardless of the rights, customs, wishes, and priviliges of the natives and of stipulations.

I positively know that the self-appointed four chiefs of the Provisional Government in the Hawaiian Islands and the five commissioners coming to Washington to negotiate a treaty of annexation are, without a single exception, missionariesʻ confederates. Not a single native Hawaiian is with them, therefore, they cannot be considered as the representatives of the Hawaiian nation, of which they are aliens and enemies, but only as the emissaries of one side (or of a higher), which is not the right side.

The truth about Hawaiian affairs has never reached the State Department and that is the reason why, in the department, the knife has always been taken by the blade instead of by the handle in dealing with the Hawaiian question.

The United States always sent third rate politicians as ministers and consult to Honolulu, hence the erroneous information about Hawaii. I have on the spot studied Hawaii and the Hawaiians, their troubles with the missionaries of all creeds, and when distant from the islands I have kept an uninterrupted correspondence with the leaders of the Hawaiian nation, such as the Hons. Wilcox, Bush, Testa, Kaai, Kapena, Kaunamano, Kimo Pelekane [James I. Dowsett], and others.

My views on the Hawaiian question I explained at length to President Hayes and Secretary of State Evarts, to President Cleveland and to Assistant Secretary of State Porter: later, to Senator Morgan and to Congressman McCreary, and these are the statesmen that ought to dispose of the Hawaiian question and render justice to the weak, ill-treated, honest, and generous Hawaiian people that have been continually misrepresented, misjudged, and grossly wronged.

In accordance with the good order of things the coming self-appointed and self-styled Hawaiian commissioners, with more appearance than substance, should not be received by the United States authorities, because their self-attributed mission to Washington is based only upon selfish and malignant motives.

This will be a good opportunity for the great people of the United States to show their sentiment for fair play and generosity toward the unfortunate, harmless, friendly, and oppressed Hawaiian people, worthy of sympathy and of help in this their hour of national distress.

Celco Cæsar Moreno.

(Liberal, 2/25/1893, p. 2)

A Misunderstood People.

The Liberal, Volume I, Number 48, Page 2. February 25, 1893.