Leprosy patients protest against R. W. Wilcox, 1902.

LEPERS DENOUNCE WILCOX

Appeal to Voters to Elect Kuhio.

DECLARE DELEGATE NOT HAWAIIAN

Say His Act is Not That of a Friend of the People

Once more have the lepers at Kalaupapa spoken, and their voice is even stronger against Wilcox and his plans for their future than on the occasion of their resolutions which were laid before the Senatorial Commission.

The latest meeting of the lepers was held on Wednesday  last at Beretania Hall, at the settlement, and the gathering was a very large one. The speakers denounced the attempts of Wilcox to transfer them bodily to the Federal government for control, and as well they refused to listen to any explanations as to his meaning when he urges such transfer. The majority of the speakers predicted a landslide for Prince Kuhio and the Republican ticket. It was said that the lepers would now begin to lay before their friends all over the islands their fears for the future in the even of the reelection of Wilcox,and would also appeal to their people to prevent such a happening.

The resolutions which were adopted and which have been sent to prominent men on other islands as well as to Honolulu, are as follows:

An appeal to the Hawaiian people from the Leper Settlement at Kalaupapa,Molokai.

To the Hawaiian people in general; listen and consider the appeal of your unfortunates.

We, your unfortunate relatives and friends living in the Settlement where sorrow and woes abound,separated from you on account of the sickness that befell us, wish to appeal to you. You all know that the man we once trusted and in whom we put our faith, and whom we elected as our Delegate to Washington, has returned evil for good to us poor unfortunates, and to the people in general by introducing a bill in Congress which calls for the transferring of the care and maintenance of the Leper Settlement to the Federal government.

Such action by the Delegate without referring the matter to us, the unfortunate lepers, is one of the most dirty, cruel and low doings of a man toward his fellow men.

You must not think that by such giving over of our care to a stranger we would be benefited. Far from it. A stranger would not be painstaking, and moreover, have no love for the unfortunate Hawaiians, and if such a bill be passed our troubles and sorrows will be greater than we can bear.

We are willing to bear our own woes, sorrows and our heavily laden burdens cheerfully, if by so doing you will be saved, but has the intention of pitting sorrows upon sorrow any traces of love of the Delegate for us? Or is it true, then, that you also have followed the acts of the Delegate and have joined with him in heaping sorrow threefold upon us?

R. W. Wilcox stated before the Senatorial Commission “that the majority of the Hawaiian people have shown their willingness to give over our care to the Federal government.”

Is there any truth in this statement? Is it also ture that there are Hawaiians besides Wilcox who wish to put us in an oven of fire and to increase our sorrows a hundredfold? We will answer and say “no.”

Has the bond of love between husband and wife, father and children, family to family, fellowman to man, been put asunder? We think it has not, and right here we denounce Wilcox and say that he is not a true Hawaiian.

We have an old saying which goes: “See to your fellowman first, then to your dog.” It is not the same with Wilcox. He has given his aloha to a dog rather than to us.

We have sent a petition signed by 750…

(PCA, 10/20/1902,  p. 1)

PCA_10_20_1902_1.png

Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXXV, Number 6303, Page 1. October 20, 1902.

…names protesting against the bill, and we pray and appeal to you all to erase Wilcox’s name from your ballot as Delegate to Congress.

We the unfortunate lepers, residing in the Settlement, through our committee,

John S. Wilmington, John T. Unea, J. K. Waiamau, Charles M. Brewster, L. M. Painamu, J. C. Kiliia, J. K. Kainuwai, Moses Koahoa, H. K. Akanui, J. Kiaaina, J. D. Kahale, John Haulani, A. W. Bruns, Joel H. Mahoe, Achong Holuk, George Nakaokoo, W. K. Kalua, D. Kaialamni, Komi Naupo, J. Kiaipa, James Alenuihaha, Jaianui, Chalres K. Manua, A. M. Holopinai, Thomas K. Nathaniel, Silas Carter, James Prosser, P. Kiha, J. P. Miau, J. K. Kialoa, George J. Kanikau.

Kalaupapa, Molokai, October 16th, 1902.

(PCA, 10/20/1902, p. 4)

PCA_10_20_1902_4.png

Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXXV, Number 6303, Page 4. October 20, 1902.

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Women of Kauai represent! 1893.

THE WOMEN OF KAUAI

Memorialize Commissioner Blount—They Ask for Restoration.

The following is the text of a memorial which was presented to Commissioner Blount on Monday last, May 15th, by Mrs. Lovell, acting as a Committee of the Women’s Patriotic League of the Island of Kauai. The memorial was signed by 809 Hawaiian women residing on Kauai. It was read to the Commissioner by Mrs. Junius Kaae of this city, through whose efforts the organization was formed on Kauai, and who recently made a circuit of that island to secure the names attached to it. The Commissioner is reported to have spoken most approvingly of the tone and spirit of the memorial, and of the patriotism of the Kauai women in sending it forward.

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Memorial of the Ladies of Kauai, 1893.

Ka Memoriala a na Lede

O KA

Mokupuni o Kauai.

I ka Meahanohano

James H. Blount

Elele Pili Aupuni o Amerika Huipuia ma Hawaii nei.

Me ka Mahalo:—

O makou o ka poe no lakou na inoa malalo iho nei, ke noi a ke hoike aku nei me ka haahaa imua ou penei:

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Hawaiian Star’s coverage of the protest rally of July 2, 1894.

The noticable lack of enthusiasm at the Royalist mass meeting yesterday afternoon was not surprising. The half-dozen foreigners who got up the affair, to protest against the Republic, will now probably admit it is a hard matter to work up native enthusiasm at a political funeral.

(Hawaiian Star, 7/3/1894, p. 2)

The noticable lack of enthusiasm...

The Hawaiian Star, Volume III, Number 86, Page 2. July 3, 1894.

Newspaper in favor of the Republic and the mass protest of July 2, 1894.

THEIR LAST POLITICAL ABSURDITY.

Those who have hung a last hope on a turn in the political tide favorable to royalism have again been disappointed. The eager anticipation that the new constitution would not receive the support of the radical element of the political clubs has been dashed by the unanimity and enthusiasm with which the call for to-night’s ratification meeting has been received. Hope deferred hath surely made the heart of the royalist politician heavy; and that “terrible tired feeling” has, since the passage of the Senate resolution, characterized the actions and scheming of the ex-queen’s street politicians. They have not learned of wisdom, though tutored thus far by a kind fate; and they refuse to abate one jot of their absurd pretentions, though a point has been reached where the royalist faith-cure and racial egotism will avail no more forever.

The crowning absurdity of all the royalist planning since the overthrow of the monarchy, has been reached in the mass meeting “to protest” against the establishment of the Republic and the new constitution. Wiser heads have already entered similar protests—protests with somewhat of weight and prestige back of them, made both here and abroad; but they have amounted to naught, not being more substantial under the circumstances than the breath with which they were projected.

It has been certainly an untoward fate that has snapped off the daily yearnings of retrogression and restoration almost as soon as they have been made public through diplomatic or local channels. It seem not yet to have dawned upon the monarchists and their more influential backers of different sorts and conditions that the royalist leaders are failing to play political trumps because the people of Hawaii have refused to deal them the necessary cards. The present, in fact, is a clear case of “new deal” where “bluffs” do not count.

It is pretty safe to say the Royalist mass meeting announced for this afternoon at 5 o’clock is another little game of political bluff gotten up by the usual coterie of anti-Republicans to give color to some little scheme of their own. Or it may be that this time the many desertions an general tendency of the natives during the past two weeks to come over to the Republic and the cause of Annexation has so chilled the political atmosphere that the half dozen foreigners from everywhere, who have been misleading and misadvising the natives for the past year, feel the absolute necessity of an immediate display of vocal fireworks to sustain their fading influence with the natives yet a little longer.

The public will remember the little mass meeting dodge of Mr. C. W. Ashford and other men of the stripe some months ago, when several hundred Chinese were present on special invitation to make a respectable showing. The meeting, however, as far as representing anything or anybody, except the three or four anti-American speakers on the stand, was an unqualified fizzle. Such will be the unlamented fate of the alleged mass meeting this afternoon to protest against the establishing of the Republic of Hawaii. This time the royalist braves will not even have the countenance of the Chinese who have sense enough to see the destinies of Hawaii are pointing elsewhere.

[Just as there were English newspapers in Hawaii with different stances, so too were there different stances taken by the different  Hawaiian-Language Newspapers.]

(Hawaiian Star, 7/2/1894, p. 2)

THEIR LAST POLITICAL ABSURDITY.

The Hawaiian Star, Volume III, Number 85, Page 2. July 2, 1894.

The people speak, 1894.

PROTEST OF THE PEOPLE.

Three Thousand Hawaiians Declare Their Objection to the Republic.

A very short and a very insufficient call was made for a mass meeting on Palace Square at 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon, to protest against the promulgation of the Republic while the question of the revolution was still in the hands of the United States Executive as arbitrator. Scarcely anybody knew a meeting of the kind was intended until yesterday morning. Nevertheless, when the hour arrived there had assembled a thousand people, this number being tripled by the time proceedings began.

The premises of Mr. Nacayama were kindly allowed for the use of the meeting. In the small elevated pavilion overlooking the square were seated Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Widemann, Mr. and Mrs. James Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. John A. Cummins, Mrs. Nawahi, Mrs. Aholo, Mrs. Fernandez and Miss Peabody. In front were Messrs. J. O. Carter, J. Nawahi, J. E. Bush, R. W. Wilcox, J. K. Kaulia and press reporters. There were also stationed at the front the Government shorthand reporter, J. W. Jones, and interpreter, W. L. Wilcox, to catch any sedition that might be talked to the crowd.

Mr. Nawahi called the meeting to order and introduce in turn Mr. Kaulia to read the resolution in Hawaiian, and Mr. Carter to perform the same office in English. The resolution is a follows:

“Be it resolved, that the Hui Aloha Aina and other Patriotic Leagues, together with the Loyal subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in Mass Meeting assembled, representing by far the greater majority of the legitimate voters of this country, do hereby most solemnly protest against the promulgation of a new Constitution, formed without the consent and participation of the People, and we also protest against changing the form of government from the one under which we have lived peacefully and prosperously for many years. And that we maintain that the will of the majority of the legitimate voters of Hawaii should be the supreme power of the land, as such power is so recognized and accepted by all the enlightened countries and by all the enlightened governments of the world.”

Mr. Bush then delivered the following address in both languages:

Fellow Citizens and Friends:

We are convened here this afternoon under the broad canopy of heaven, to enunciate broad and important principles. We are not here to express any personal grievances, nor to make any personal complaints, but as a large body of the people we are here, to express our wishes in a peaceful and orderly manner, against the promulgation  of a document which we deem subversive of our rights as free citizens of this country. We are here in the interests of every individual present, and of every individual absent, whom some of us as associated bodies here represent, and of every unit of this government. We are here to set forth the inherent rights of every man and woman in Hawaii nei, and to object to any act restrictive of their rights, and are doing our duty. However, we are not unmindful of the just and legitimate authority vested in those who have assumed the governmental power to administer the affairs of the governed. We recognize the right of civil government to be, and the duty is divinely enjoined upon all rendering to the governmental power, provisional as well as permanent, that which legitimately belongs to it.

We believe that civil governments are ordained of God for the good of every man, woman and child, through the will of the people, and as long as so administered for their good and with their consent, we should give our adherence to it. We are not in sympathy with anarchy or with the creation of social disorder, believing that all our troubles can be more easily and more intelligently adjusted by the peaceful process of free and untrammeled appeal to the people, from whom all just power to govern belongs, and from whence it should emanate.

And it is because the fundamental principles of just government have been studiously and wilfully ignored by the powers that have been set up over us, through the armed intervention of the forces of a nation presumed to be on friendly intercourse with us, that we are gathered here to make protest against the further encroachment upon those principles and upon our rights as free citizens of an independent country, and especially against the promulgation of a constitution in which, by unusual restrictions, the people have been debarred from participating in, if they so desired. However, we have had other reasons for not participating in the framing of such a document, i.e., that we are pledged to respect the position of the Chief Executive of the American Nation, who, for the honor of his country, and for our benefit, is made a party to our affairs, as arbiter.

Until the United States, through its chosen head, is heard from, we find ourselves on the verge of being made a party, by tacit consent, to an act that sets aside all sense of honor, all moral obligation, yes, to participate in a flagrant insult toward and breach of confidence in a nation to whom we have submitted our differences for arbitration and readjustment. If for no other rea-

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 1)

PROTEST OF THE PEOPLE.

The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 1. July 3, 1894.

son than the last, we should all the more loudly proclaim our disapproval of the proposed institution of a new for of Government, under a new constitution formed by an oligarchy, until the arbiter of our dispute is heard from, and until if need be the voice of the people of Hawaii is heard, whose right it is to speak upon Hawaii’s future destiny.

We regret, deeply regret, the necessity that calls for this protest from us. But duty to ourselves and honor to those whom we have appealed to demand that we should give utterance to our views in brief and in unmistakable language, without being personal or vituperative. It is a God-given right, and we would be derelict in duty if we refrained from exercising it, and unanimously sustaining the resolution just read, which embodies all that is necessary to express our principles and by thus publicly and peacefully putting ourselves upon record before the world, absolve ourselves from the charge of being partakers in arbitrary and high-handed measures, the culmination of successive unprincipled acts, which began nearly two years ago.

We have met here to protest against personal government, against every act which restricts the inherent rights of the people. No one can deny that the constitution proposed by the Provisional Government is based upon a fraudulent foundation. The whole fabric from which it emanated is one of injustice, fraud and fiction, and it will end, as all such acts of Neroism should end, by disgrace to the inceptors and disaster to the State that should be unfortunate enough to have such retrogressive principles for its foundations, whereby and by which to rule and govern its people.

Mr. Bush had thrown a few impromptu remarks into his written address, which caused laughter and applause. In arguing that the Constitution of the Republic did not assure stable government, he referred to the quarrel in the Convention between “Brother Damons and Brother Smith.” He asked if men born under the free flag of America could support the conduct of the authors of the Constitution. Cries of “No” answered him.

Mr. Nawahi in a few words spoke of the action in proclaiming a republic as premature, while Hawaiian affairs were yet under consideration by the United States. If he were the American Minister he would tell those people to keep to their provisional status until the matter was settled. He called for the ratification of the resolution by three cheers.

The call was responded to by a roar of voices which could be heard a mile away.

Messrs. Cummins, Widemann and Nawahi were named as a committee to present the resolution to the foreign representatives.

[The “Nacayama” who offers his premises to be used for this meeting must be G. O. Nacayama, seen also as G. O. Nakayama, the Inspector-in-Chief of Japanese Immigrants who lived on Merchant Street near the Opera House, as per PCA article 7/11/1894, p. 3.]

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 4)

 

son than the last...

The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 4. July 3, 1894.

The great protest of July 2, 1894.

A SOLEMN PROTEST!

Five Thousand Loyalist Protest Against the So-Called Republic.

Without advertising, without preparations, a crowd of loyal citizens met yesterday on Palace Square, and then there did solemnly protest against the proclamation of a republic, not representing the people, not established for the benefit of the masses but virtually made for the sole benefit of the small and insignificant clique placed in power by J. L. Stevens and American troops in controversy of justice, honor, and popular will.

Over five thousand people gathered, among whom were all classes, all nationalities and all friends of popular government. The meeting was most orderly, and as Nawahi urged in opening the meeting, free from any undue demonstration, free from noise generally attached to a political meeting. Mr. J. O. Carter, one of the oldest and best known citizens in the country read the resolution, protesting against the so-called republic. Messrs. Bush, Nawahi and Kaulia spoke to the Hawaiians in most eloquent terns, and translated the resolution which was received with tremendous cheering by the Hawaiians. The following is the text of the resolution.

Be it resolved. That the Hui Aloha Aina and other patriotic leagues, together with the loyal subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in mass meeting assembled, representing by far the greater majority of the legitimate voters of this country, do hereby most solemnly protest against the promulgation of a new Constitution, formed without the consent and participation of the people, and we also protest against changing the form of government from the one under which we have lived peacefully and prosperously for many years. And that we maintain that the will of the majority of the legitimate voters of Hawaii should be the supreme power of the land, as such power is so recognized and accepted in all civilized countries, and by all the enlightened governments of the world.

(Hawaii Holomua, 7/3/1894, p. 2)

A SOLEMN PROTEST!

Hawaii Holomua, Volume III, Number 154, Page 2. July 3, 1894.