Impressions of Hawaiians and the Mammoth Anti-Annexation Petitions, 1897.


How the Coffee-Colored Gentleman From Hawaii Greets Us.

Washington Post.

Four coffee-colored gentlemen, native Hawaiians, were at the capitol yesterday, at work against annexation. Their cards read as follows:

Hon. David Kolauokalani [Kalauokalani], president Hawaiian Association Hui.

Joseph Helehuhe [Heleluhe], K. C. K., secretary and agent H. M. Liliuokalani, commissioner Hawaiian Patriotic League.

Hon. James K. Kaulia, president Hawaiian Patriotic League.

Colonel John Richardson, K. C. K., commissioner Hawaiian Patriotic League. Continue reading

The people speak, 1894.


Three Thousand Hawaiians Declare Their Objection to the Republic.

A very short and a very insufficient call was made for a mass meeting on Palace Square at 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon, to protest against the promulgation of the Republic while the question of the revolution was still in the hands of the United States Executive as arbitrator. Scarcely anybody knew a meeting of the kind was intended until yesterday morning. Nevertheless, when the hour arrived there had assembled a thousand people, this number being tripled by the time proceedings began.

The premises of Mr. Nacayama were kindly allowed for the use of the meeting. In the small elevated pavilion overlooking the square were seated Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Widemann, Mr. and Mrs. James Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. John A. Cummins, Mrs. Nawahi, Mrs. Aholo, Mrs. Fernandez and Miss Peabody. In front were Messrs. J. O. Carter, J. Nawahi, J. E. Bush, R. W. Wilcox, J. K. Kaulia and press reporters. There were also stationed at the front the Government shorthand reporter, J. W. Jones, and interpreter, W. L. Wilcox, to catch any sedition that might be talked to the crowd.

Mr. Nawahi called the meeting to order and introduce in turn Mr. Kaulia to read the resolution in Hawaiian, and Mr. Carter to perform the same office in English. The resolution is a follows:

“Be it resolved, that the Hui Aloha Aina and other Patriotic Leagues, together with the Loyal subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in Mass Meeting assembled, representing by far the greater majority of the legitimate voters of this country, do hereby most solemnly protest against the promulgation of a new Constitution, formed without the consent and participation of the People, and we also protest against changing the form of government from the one under which we have lived peacefully and prosperously for many years. And that we maintain that the will of the majority of the legitimate voters of Hawaii should be the supreme power of the land, as such power is so recognized and accepted by all the enlightened countries and by all the enlightened governments of the world.”

Mr. Bush then delivered the following address in both languages:

Fellow Citizens and Friends:

We are convened here this afternoon under the broad canopy of heaven, to enunciate broad and important principles. We are not here to express any personal grievances, nor to make any personal complaints, but as a large body of the people we are here, to express our wishes in a peaceful and orderly manner, against the promulgation  of a document which we deem subversive of our rights as free citizens of this country. We are here in the interests of every individual present, and of every individual absent, whom some of us as associated bodies here represent, and of every unit of this government. We are here to set forth the inherent rights of every man and woman in Hawaii nei, and to object to any act restrictive of their rights, and are doing our duty. However, we are not unmindful of the just and legitimate authority vested in those who have assumed the governmental power to administer the affairs of the governed. We recognize the right of civil government to be, and the duty is divinely enjoined upon all rendering to the governmental power, provisional as well as permanent, that which legitimately belongs to it.

We believe that civil governments are ordained of God for the good of every man, woman and child, through the will of the people, and as long as so administered for their good and with their consent, we should give our adherence to it. We are not in sympathy with anarchy or with the creation of social disorder, believing that all our troubles can be more easily and more intelligently adjusted by the peaceful process of free and untrammeled appeal to the people, from whom all just power to govern belongs, and from whence it should emanate.

And it is because the fundamental principles of just government have been studiously and wilfully ignored by the powers that have been set up over us, through the armed intervention of the forces of a nation presumed to be on friendly intercourse with us, that we are gathered here to make protest against the further encroachment upon those principles and upon our rights as free citizens of an independent country, and especially against the promulgation of a constitution in which, by unusual restrictions, the people have been debarred from participating in, if they so desired. However, we have had other reasons for not participating in the framing of such a document, i.e., that we are pledged to respect the position of the Chief Executive of the American Nation, who, for the honor of his country, and for our benefit, is made a party to our affairs, as arbiter.

Until the United States, through its chosen head, is heard from, we find ourselves on the verge of being made a party, by tacit consent, to an act that sets aside all sense of honor, all moral obligation, yes, to participate in a flagrant insult toward and breach of confidence in a nation to whom we have submitted our differences for arbitration and readjustment. If for no other rea-

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 1)


The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 1. July 3, 1894.

son than the last, we should all the more loudly proclaim our disapproval of the proposed institution of a new for of Government, under a new constitution formed by an oligarchy, until the arbiter of our dispute is heard from, and until if need be the voice of the people of Hawaii is heard, whose right it is to speak upon Hawaii’s future destiny.

We regret, deeply regret, the necessity that calls for this protest from us. But duty to ourselves and honor to those whom we have appealed to demand that we should give utterance to our views in brief and in unmistakable language, without being personal or vituperative. It is a God-given right, and we would be derelict in duty if we refrained from exercising it, and unanimously sustaining the resolution just read, which embodies all that is necessary to express our principles and by thus publicly and peacefully putting ourselves upon record before the world, absolve ourselves from the charge of being partakers in arbitrary and high-handed measures, the culmination of successive unprincipled acts, which began nearly two years ago.

We have met here to protest against personal government, against every act which restricts the inherent rights of the people. No one can deny that the constitution proposed by the Provisional Government is based upon a fraudulent foundation. The whole fabric from which it emanated is one of injustice, fraud and fiction, and it will end, as all such acts of Neroism should end, by disgrace to the inceptors and disaster to the State that should be unfortunate enough to have such retrogressive principles for its foundations, whereby and by which to rule and govern its people.

Mr. Bush had thrown a few impromptu remarks into his written address, which caused laughter and applause. In arguing that the Constitution of the Republic did not assure stable government, he referred to the quarrel in the Convention between “Brother Damons and Brother Smith.” He asked if men born under the free flag of America could support the conduct of the authors of the Constitution. Cries of “No” answered him.

Mr. Nawahi in a few words spoke of the action in proclaiming a republic as premature, while Hawaiian affairs were yet under consideration by the United States. If he were the American Minister he would tell those people to keep to their provisional status until the matter was settled. He called for the ratification of the resolution by three cheers.

The call was responded to by a roar of voices which could be heard a mile away.

Messrs. Cummins, Widemann and Nawahi were named as a committee to present the resolution to the foreign representatives.

[The “Nacayama” who offers his premises to be used for this meeting must be G. O. Nacayama, seen also as G. O. Nakayama, the Inspector-in-Chief of Japanese Immigrants who lived on Merchant Street near the Opera House, as per PCA article 7/11/1894, p. 3.]

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 4)


son than the last...

The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 4. July 3, 1894.

Aloha Aina, 1894.




A great meeting of the makaainana of the lahui will be held on THIS EVENING. Monday, 2nd of July, at 5 p. m., exactly, to show their objection to the proclamation of a new Constitution and their disapproval of the changing of their form of government from what has been constant to their people from before.

This summons has been declared, calling the Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina and the like Associations of the various ethnicities who have rights under the Constitution of the land, to gather this evening. Come all people.

Under the direction of

J. Nawahi.
President of the H. H. A. A.

J. K. Kaunamano
J. E. Bush
Vice Presidents.

H. A. Wideman
J. A. Cummins
Honorary Presidents.

J. K. Kaulia

Honolulu, July 2, 1894.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 9/2/1894, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 974, Aoao 2. Iulai 2, 1894.

Secret Societies in Hawaii, 1914.

The Representatives of the Secret Societies Off To San Francisco

From the left to right—William Beers, Charles H. Rose, H. Pereira. On the second line below, from the left, John E. Garcia, E. J. Rego, Gaspar Silva. On the very bottom, James K. Kaulia.

Aboard the steamship Manoa leaving this port for the Golden Gate of San Francisco, rode some representatives of secret societies [hui malu] of Hawaii to join with other secret societies of the Pacific in their biennial meeting being held on the twelveth of this May, spending three days in meetings with these societies before their activities are let out.

The representatives of hundreds of secret societies will attend this great meeting, and at the conclusion of the annual men’s gathering, then the women will hold their meeting for they have established societies on the same foundation as the men.

The representatives from the various secret societies of Hawaii nei headed for this huge gathering in San Francisco are:

From the secret society of Court Camoes, H. Pereira and E. J. Rego. From the secret society Court Lunalilo, C. H. Rose and James Kaulia. From the secret society Court Maunakea, W. H. Beers and B. F. Shoen. From the secret society Court Valley Island, J. E. Garcia.

The representatives meeting at the women’s gathering are: Gaspar Silva, Mrs. Silva, and H. Pereira from the Camoes; and Miss D. M. Osorio and B. F. Shoen from the secret society of Maunakea.

The secret society representatives from Honolulu will be travelling to the Golden Gate in three trips; this Tuesday, some of them, Charles H. Rose, James K. Kaulia, H. Pereira, E. J. Rego, and John Garcia, boarded the steamship Manoa.

Tomorrow, the second of this month, Gaspar Silva and Mrs. Silva will board the Mongolia; and on the Matsonia of The sixth, W. H. Beers, Miss M. Osorio, and B. F. Shoen will leave, and it is from Hilo that they will board that steamship.

When all of the representatives reach San Fransico, they will come under the care of a committee set aside for that purpose, and there are people there who are kamaaina of Honolulu who await happily to see these keiki of the Territory.

[These all fall under the Ancient Order of Foresters.]

(Kuokoa, 5/1/1914, p. 1)

Na Elele o na Hui Malu no Kapalakiko

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LII, Helu 18, Aoao 1. Mei 1, 1914.

James Kaulia injured, 1899.

James Kaulia Injured


Aboard the Steamer Australia is Where This Evil Act Was Done.

Right before the Steamship Australia [Auseteralia] left its mooring, on the evening of this Tuesday, James K. Kaulia was found left below in the storage hold, and because he was found quickly that he was saved, lest he have been taken to San Francisco.

There was no one else other than Kaulia who witnessed him being hurt by Henry Vida and Jack Gibson, but he stated that he was shoved by these haole men and fell. He says that when he took the case of Hansen, the haole that was arrested by Stratemeyer for importing opium, that haole agreed to pay $100 if his charges were overturned, he [Kaulia] agreed, and this Saturday, Hansen was set free.

James Kaulia waited for his lawyer fees. Garvin, a worker aboard the Australia agreed that he’d pay the money, and Henry Vida stood as an intermediary.

But when it grew near to the time when the Australia was to leave, he went to go see Garvin, who told him that he gave the money in the hands of Henry Vida. Henry Vida denied this, and for this reason they all went aboard the ship. Garvin however was not found, for he was busy working.

Half and hour prior to the ship’s departure, Garvin appeared, and he told him [Kaulia] to go up front to the prow, where the sailors were; and as for Vida and Gibson, they went to meet with the purser.

And just a few minutes after that, the two of them suddenly showed with a jug being held by Henry Vida; and they jumped to one side of the opening of the storage, while telling Kaulia to come over to that side, but he refused because he was hesitant about the storage hold.

That was when Gibson pushed him from behind and he fell on the side of the door to the storage, at which point Gibson shoved him again and he fell once more, his hands grabbing on to a corner of the door; then Vida stomped on his ribs and he fell into the room on top of the baggage.

Before Kaulia was able to stand, the entrance to the storage was shut, and he sat there in the dark. However, he sought a way for him to get out, pounding at the door until he was found by a haole who exclaimed that there was a runaway. And officers Halelau and Kaili came to rescue him from his precarious situation. Some parts of his arms were broken when he fell, and in the morning of this Wednesday, he filed a suit against Henry Vida and Jack Gibson for injuring him. The two of them deny harming James Kaulia.

(Aloha Aina, 2/25/1899, p. 2)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke V, Helu 8, Aoao 3. Feberuari 25, 1899.

Anti-Annexation Petitions, 1897.


The people who have yet to sign their names on the documents of the Signature Committee are requested to please go and sign their names at the Office of the President, James K. Kaulia, atop the stone building at the corner of Nuuanu and Queen Streets, everyday except Sundays.

Enoch Johnson,

Secretary of the Hawaiian Patriotic League.

(Aloha Aina, 11/6/1897, p. 5)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 45, Aoao 5. Novemaba 6, 1897.