Aole e kau e ka pulima ma luna o ka pepa a ka enemi, 1893.


Here below is a copy of documents being taken around while asking Hawaiians to sign:

“To Benjamin Harrison;

“President of the United States.

Continue reading


Calendar featuring pictures of the commission who took the anti-annexation petition to D.C., 1898.


The Ka Ahailono o Hawaii has issued an Alamanach for 1898 which is adorned with the pictures of the Hawaiian anti-annexation commission now in Washington.

[This is just another thing I wish I could see. As of today, there are no extant copies found of Ahailono o Hawaii (which first appeared on 6/7/1897). Maybe one of these days, someone will come across some. Please be on the look out.]

(Independent, 1/15/1898, p. 3)


The Independent, Volume VI, Number 790, Page 3. January 15, 1898.

Anti-Annexation sentiment from the United States, 1897.


  1. Because the Hawaiians do not wish annexation, as the anti-annexation petition of 21,000 names—seven times the voters under the constitution of the “republic”—proves beyond question.
  2. Because annexation means a leprous Asiatic and Kanaka population for a new State, with two Senators in our Congress.
  3. Because the islands are five days and five nights’ steaming from our coast.
  4. Because to fortify them would cost upward of $200,000,000, and to provide a navy to defend them at least $200,000,000 more.
  5. Because we control them now and have a coaling station there which can be fortified at a fraction of the cost of fortifying all of the populated islands.
  6. Because their commerce is small and incapable of great expansion, and their climate assures the continuance of the domination of the brown races forever.
  7. Because they would be a burden and expense in time of peace and a danger in time of war.

Continue reading

Impressions of Hawaiians and the Mammoth Anti-Annexation Petitions, 1897.


How the Coffee-Colored Gentleman From Hawaii Greets Us.

Washington Post.

Four coffee-colored gentlemen, native Hawaiians, were at the capitol yesterday, at work against annexation. Their cards read as follows:

Hon. David Kolauokalani [Kalauokalani], president Hawaiian Association Hui.

Joseph Helehuhe [Heleluhe], K. C. K., secretary and agent H. M. Liliuokalani, commissioner Hawaiian Patriotic League.

Hon. James K. Kaulia, president Hawaiian Patriotic League.

Colonel John Richardson, K. C. K., commissioner Hawaiian Patriotic League. Continue reading

Petition from Koloa, Kauai, supporting King Kalakaua, 1880.

His Most Highness King D. Kalakaua, the Moi of the Hawaiian Archipelago.

O Father, Give us heed.

We are Your own citizens, named below, from the District of Koloa, Island of Kauai.

We humbly ask before Your Most Highness, while approving of all which You have done for the rights and the benefits of Your Nation. Just as the Royal rights that You have.

And we truthfully state that we do not join with the white skins [ili keokeo] who oppose You and Your Ministers that You rightly selected, as per your power as King and Father of Your Lahui. And we thank the Heavens.

“Long Live the King in God!
Long Live your Kingdom!”

Koloa, Kauai, Sept. 17, 1880.

Poikauahi,  H. Kanakaole,
Kaili,  Pohihi,
Iapeka,  Kaapanui,
W. Brown,  A. Kawai,
J. W. Puni,  Hili,
Kanakaole,  Palakamaia,
Kamakee,  Pakaua,
Kaili,  Noa,
Uilama,  Kamale,
Kamaka,  Kauapo,
Kehau,  Hanaole,
Kaluna,  Kuike,
Paahao,  Kapo,
J. W. Keliinui,  Kuai,
Makamaka,  Apelahama,
Jimo Alapai,  Daniela,
Kahoolewa,  Nao,
Makole,  Molokoa,
Kahiko,  Opeka,
Kale Molohu,  K. L. Pilipo,
Makia,  Michael Luhau,
P. Kamaka,  Mookini,
Makaole,  P. Kaluna,
Hoopii,  T. Naapuelua,
Hapaumi,  Kalawaia,
Keliinui,  D. Kaioike,
Haumea,  Keonipahia,
Kainokane,  Kane,
Kanaana,  Kalonui,
Kolona,  J. K. Luka,
Eke,  Naholoaa,
Ohule,  T. Kalaluhi,
Kaukuna,  J. B. Kaheleloa,
Moke,  W. H. Kekahimoku,
Mahina,  Kawahineaea,
Keo,  Lihilihi 2,
Kimo,  Hanaole,
Hoolaumakani,  J. K. Pelekai,
Minamina,  Moke,
Kimokeo,  H. Mokuhiwa,
Kuihonua,  H. Nakapaahu,
Kuakini,  A. K. Nahoa,

[This newspaper is not available online as of yet. Hopefully a clear copy will be put up soon. Some of the names in this image are difficult to decipher.]

(Elele Poakolu, 9/29/1880, p. 3)

Mea Kiekie Loa King D. Kalakaua, ka Moi o ko Hawaii Pae Aina.

Ka Elele Poakolu, Buke I, Helu 4, Aoao 3. Sepatemaba 29, 1880.

Memorial of the Hawaiian People, 1893.



Hawaiian Natives.

A Committee of 5 members was chosen to take the Petition [Memoriala] of the Hawaiian People which was unanimously passed by the Delegates sent by all of the Districts from all over the Archipelago to the Convention of Delegates, before the Honorable James H. Blount, by the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina]; and it was divided thusly, with one member from each Island, like this.


John Richardson     Island of Maui.

S. H. K. Ne     ″ Hawaii.

J. K. Kaiheopulani     ″ Molokai.

Ben Naukana     ″ Oahu.

J. A. Akina     ″ Kauai.

John Richardson was the Chairman [Lunahoomalu] of the Committee. It was exactly at 3 o’clock when it was first announced that the Committee arrived; they were cordially welcomed and the petition of the Lahui was read and it was left with the Honorable James H. Blount. The Commissioner conversed briefly with the Representatives, and at their leave, they expressed their appreciation for their treatment; and that the conversation between the commissioner and the committee was congenial.

Memorial of the Hawaiian People to the American People.

Whereas his Excellency [ka Mea Mahaloia] Grover Cleveland, President of the United States of America, has honored the Hawaiian Nation by sending to us the Hon. James H. Blount as a Special Commissioner [Komisina Wae], to find out the true wishes of the Hawaiian People as to the proposed annexation of their country to their great friend the United States, therefore;

We, the people of the Hawaiian Islands, through the delegates of the branches of the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina] of all the districts throughout the kingdom, in convention assembled, take this mode of submitting our appeal and expression of our unanimous wishes to the people of our great and good friend, the Republic of the United States of America, with whom we always entertained the most cordial relations, whom we have learned to look upon as our patrons and most reliable protectors, and whose honor, integrity, and sense of justice and equity we have ever confidently relied for investigation into the grievous wrongs that have been committed against us as a people, against the person of our sovereign, and the independence of our land.

And While we are anxious to promote the closest and most intimate political and commercial relations with the United States, we do not believe that the time has yet come for us to be deprived of our nationality and of our sovereign by annexation to any foreign power.

And Therefore we do hereby earnestly and sincerely pray that the great wrongs committed against us may be righted by the restoration of the independent autonomy and constitutional government of our Kingdom under our beloved Queen Liliuokalani, in whom we have the utmost confidence as a conscientious and popular ruler.¹


North Hilo—D. Hoakimoa

Central Hilo—K. M. Koahou

Hilo Town—Henry West

Puna—S. T. Piihonua

North Kona ————

″     ″—W. E. N. Kanealii

South Kona—C. G. Naope

North Kohala—S. H. K. Ne

Hamakua—J. H. Halawale


Lahaina—R. H. Makekau

Waihee—J. K. Kealoalii

South Wailuku—W. B. Keanu

North Wailuku—Thomas Clark

″     ″—T. B. Lyons

″     ″—D. Kanuha

″     ″—J. Richardson

Makawao—J. Kaluna

″    —J. Kamakele

Honuaula—S. D. Kapono jr.

Hana—S. W. Kaai


Kaunakakai—J. N. Uahinui

Pelekunu—D. Himeni


Ualapue—J. K. Kaiheopulani

Kalaupapa—S. K. Kahalehulu

Halawa—A. P. Kapaehaole

Kainalu—S. K. Piiapoo


District One—F. S. Keiki

″ Two—Charles Keawe

″ Three—J. K. Prendergast

″ Four—E. Johnson

″ Five—S. K. Pua

Ewa—J. K. Kauku

″     —D. W. Keliiokamoku

Waianae—S. W. Kailieha

Waialua—Bejamin Naukana

Waimanalo—J. Kimo


Hanalei—Charles Kahee

Kilauea—George W. Mahikoa

Hanapepe—D. W. Kamaliikane

Waimea—J. A. Akina

Wainiha—S. K. Kaleikini

Waioli—J. Molokai

Joseph Nawahi,


J. K. Kaulia


[See also mention of a picture taken of the committee that took the Memoriala to Blount from an earlier post here.]

¹Taken from p. 504 of the Blount Report.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 5/3/1893, p. 2)

MEMORIALA A KA Lahui Hawaii.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 697, Aoao 2. Mei 3, 1893.

Great rally against annexation, 1897.





Palace Square



7 O’CLOCK p. m.

By this, summoned are all those who are against annexation to gather at the Palace Square, Honolulu, in the evening of Friday, Oct. 8, 1897, at 7 o’clock, to pass a Memorial (Petition) protesting the passing of the bill of annexation, by which they want to join Hawaii to the United States of America.

The invitation is extended to all of the makaainana.

By the summons of the Citizens’ Committee [Komite o ka Lehulehu],

F. J. Testa,
J. K. Kahookano,
C. B. Maile,
S. K. Kamakaia,
S. K. Pua.


We are the two whose names appear below, and from the side of the Hawaiian Patriotic League and Hawaiian Political Association, by this we support and approve the call above, and we summon all the members of those associations mentioned above to go.

James Keauiluna Kaulia,
President of the Hawaiian Patriotic League.

David Kalauokalani,
President of the Hawaiian Political Association.

(Aloha Aina, 10/9/1897, p. 7)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 41, Aoao 7. Okatoba 9, 1897.