A mele for the counter revolution, 1895.


Kumaka ka ike’na ia Kaalawai
I ka peki wawae i ke kula loa
Mea ole ka loa a oia kula
Me ke kai hone mai i ka iliili
Me he ‘la a e i mai ana
Imi ia e ka pono o ka aina
Ilaila ohohia kuu manao
I ka ike ana aku i na hoa
Hooho Wilikoki me ka leo nui
Imua kakou a lanakila
Lana mai ka manao Nou e ka Lani
E hoi hou ana i ke Kalaunu
Eia makou ke paa nei
Mamuli o ke aloha i ka aina
O ke kani makawalu a na pu
Pau ka manaolana no ka ohana
Haina ia mai ana ka puana
No ka poe i aloha i ka aina.

Hakuia e
S. Kanehe.

In plain sight was Kaalawai
Treading across its wide plains
The extent of that field is of no consequence
With the sea that whispers atop the pebbles
As if saying
Let pono for this land be sought out
There my mind is elated
To see my comrades
Wilcox cheers with voice aroar
Forward to victory!
Our belief is for You, O Heavenly One
That you will return to the Throne
Here we are, unyielding
Faithfully patriotic
With gunfire ringing out from all directions
No more do we hope to see our families
Let the refrain be told
For the patriotic ones.
Composed by S. Kanehe.
Kawa. [The prison]

[There was a man named Herman K. Kanehe, who was one of many patriots sentenced to 5 years at hard labor and a fine of $5000. But i could not find out information on this S. Kanehe.

It is also interesting to note that this composition is reminiscent of another composition known widely today…]

(Oiaio, 3/22/1895, p. 3)


Ka Oiaio, Buke VII, Helu 3, Aoao 3. Maraki 22, 1895.

C. C. Moreno on missionaries, 1893.

A Misunderstood People.


Editor Post: For several years your public-spirited paper has published correspondence and statements submitted by me about Hawaii in which was foreshadowed the present state of affairs. The revolution which has just taken place is the inevitable result of missionary rule; the long-standing and deep-rooted cause of the unrest.

The missionaries in Hawaii, as in China, Japan, and elsewhere, consider that country as their open hunting grounds, regardless of the rights, customs, wishes, and priviliges of the natives and of stipulations.

I positively know that the self-appointed four chiefs of the Provisional Government in the Hawaiian Islands and the five commissioners coming to Washington to negotiate a treaty of annexation are, without a single exception, missionariesʻ confederates. Not a single native Hawaiian is with them, therefore, they cannot be considered as the representatives of the Hawaiian nation, of which they are aliens and enemies, but only as the emissaries of one side (or of a higher), which is not the right side.

The truth about Hawaiian affairs has never reached the State Department and that is the reason why, in the department, the knife has always been taken by the blade instead of by the handle in dealing with the Hawaiian question.

The United States always sent third rate politicians as ministers and consult to Honolulu, hence the erroneous information about Hawaii. I have on the spot studied Hawaii and the Hawaiians, their troubles with the missionaries of all creeds, and when distant from the islands I have kept an uninterrupted correspondence with the leaders of the Hawaiian nation, such as the Hons. Wilcox, Bush, Testa, Kaai, Kapena, Kaunamano, Kimo Pelekane [James I. Dowsett], and others.

My views on the Hawaiian question I explained at length to President Hayes and Secretary of State Evarts, to President Cleveland and to Assistant Secretary of State Porter: later, to Senator Morgan and to Congressman McCreary, and these are the statesmen that ought to dispose of the Hawaiian question and render justice to the weak, ill-treated, honest, and generous Hawaiian people that have been continually misrepresented, misjudged, and grossly wronged.

In accordance with the good order of things the coming self-appointed and self-styled Hawaiian commissioners, with more appearance than substance, should not be received by the United States authorities, because their self-attributed mission to Washington is based only upon selfish and malignant motives.

This will be a good opportunity for the great people of the United States to show their sentiment for fair play and generosity toward the unfortunate, harmless, friendly, and oppressed Hawaiian people, worthy of sympathy and of help in this their hour of national distress.

Celco Cæsar Moreno.

(Liberal, 2/25/1893, p. 2)

A Misunderstood People.

The Liberal, Volume I, Number 48, Page 2. February 25, 1893.

Kalakaua’s study abroad program, 1881.

ROME, ITALY, Mar. 29, 1881.


We saw in the newspaper “Hawaiian Gazette” of February 2, 1881, where it states, that the Hawaiian Government constantly sends money to Mr. Moreno for us, and from within this sum, he supports himself.

Without counting the $800 that the Government sent for us by way of Mr. Martin of Paris, that was soon spent on our many expenses—for the trains, steamships, hotels, and so forth; while being careful with our spending; Mr. Moreno took care of the remainder with his own money, from the day we left Paris until this day here in Rome. This is the truth, for we saw this with our own eyes.

Therefore, what the “Hawaiian Gazette” said was plain deception.

To attest to the truth, we affix our names.

Your children in foreign lands,

Robert W. Wilcox,
James K. Booth,
Robert N. Boyd.

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 5/14/1881, p. 3)

ROMA, ITALIA, Mar. 29, 1881...

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke IV, Helu 20, Aoao 3. Mei 14, 1881.