Whale vs Shark, 1909.


Seeing a fight between a Shark and a Whale was something entranced the tourists of the Moana Hotel outside of Waikiki at ten o’clock or so in the morning of this past Wednesday.

Just as the tourists usually do when staying at that hotel, they often go out to the lanai to watch the steamships leaving Honolulu Harbor, and that is why they gathered on the lanai to watch the departure of the Steamship Alameda.

When the Alameda was nearing directly outside of the hotel, the jumping of a huge whale was seen, as it kept striking its tail upon the surface of the sea. Continue reading

Tragedy shaping Duke Kahanamoku, 1910.


In the afternoon of this past Sunday at perhaps 4 or so, while a group of young children were swimming ocean side of the Moana Hotel, there was a youngster swimming with them by the name of John A. Aguiar, a 12 years old Portuguese child. While this crowd of children were surfing and playing in the ocean, a group of them swam out to a bunch of boards floating in the ocean, and when they reached this heap of boards, the boy was with them, the one amongst them who was tired out from being buffeted and overwhelmed by the waves. After resting and regaining their breath, they all returned back to the shore, and the Aguiar boy amongst them swam all the way to Seaside Hotel; he had not swam very far when he called out for help.  His swimming friends thought that this was him joking, so they paid him no attention.

When these children came ashore, one of their fellow children asked about Aguiar, and this is what some of them said. “He was calling for help. Why didn’t you help him?” They said, “It was probably Aguiar’s fooling around.” But because Aguiar’s clothes were found laying out, it was realized that this boy was lost.

This Monday morning, the body of this child was found in the shallows near the Moana Hotel by Duke Kahanamoku, Jr. There were no bruises on his body except for the ears where it was nibbled and nipped at by the small fish of the shore.

In Monday evening, his funeral was performed with sadness, regret, and aloha of the his family and friends.

[Perhaps this is one of the reasons why Duke was so involved in water safety and rescue. And if anyone is motioning or calling for help in the water, don’t assume that they are playing around!]

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 8/12/1910, p. 3)


Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke VIII, Helu 32, Aoao 3. Augate 12, 1910.



“Beautifying” Waikiki: Have we changed that much in a hundred years? 1912.


Because of a great desire to make the swimming area in Waikiki outside of the Moana Hotel great in the future, they have begun to clear coral from the ocean by blowing it up using giant powder [kiana pauda] under the direction of the general manager of the hotel, on Thursday of last week.

The blasting has begun on the Ewa side of the wharf, by some Japanese and Hawaiians, near the head of that wharf. In the first blasting, holes were dug into the coral, and after, cracks were seen in the coral bed. It was quick work putting in some explosives in the cracks while lighting it using a long fuse held on shore  and then it exploded.

There were many small fishes killed because of the blast. There was a big scow taken there and the coral that was blown off was carried away upon it. It is imagined that it will be several months before the work there will be done and the area will then be a fine bathing spot.

(Kuokoa, 7/26/1912, p. 4)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLVIII, Helu 30, Aoao 4. Iulai 26, 1912.

No matter how drastically some things may change, other things just seem to remain the same? 1912.


In between Kalakaua Avenue are being placed tiny Parks, fifty feet long by twenty feet wide. These parks are right in front of D. Kalauokalani’s place, and parks of those type are being built until Pawaa, and perhaps all the way until the Moana Hotel. The insides of these tiny parks will be planted with all sorts of flowers to delight the eyes of the travellers when they see them.

These types of parks have been built in the father land [America] and the large countries of the world, and this is perhaps the first to be seen here in Honolulu nei. Maybe it will raise the status of this city, but the strange thing about this type of construction is that the bad conditions of the roads still remain, and that there are others that want the same for their streets; but the response from the government is that there is no money—yet this costly endeavor is being taken care of quickly. So very humorous.

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 3/1/1912, p. 1)


Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke X, Helu 9, Aoao 1. Maraki 1, 1912.