Invasion, 1893.

The American Troops Landed.

Without knowledge of the Government, and with agreement from the American Minister [Stevens] not to land the troops from the warship while the Government is prepared to keep peace; the American Minister nonetheless ordered the troops of the Boston to be  put in service. This would appear as if it is an attack, and should the government [provisional government] listen to the truth of these actions by its official, this will be something that it will condemn.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 1/17/1893, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 624, Aoao 2. Ianuari 17, 1893.

The U. S. S. Boston, John L. Stevens, and the Hawaiian flag, 1893.


At nine o’clock this morning, and since the editorial matter of The Liberal was in type, the United States flag was hoisted upon the Capitol by Captain Wiltse of the U. S. S. Boston and a United States Protectorate was proclaimed over the Hawaiian Islands in the name of the American Government, pending negotiations now going on at Washington. The troops saluted the American flag first and immediately thereafter faced about and saluted the Hawaiian flag. The following is the text of the proclamation:


At the request of the Provisional Government of the Hawaiian Islands, I hereby, in the name of the United States of America, assume the protection of the Hawaiian Islands for the protection of life and property, and occupation of the public buildings and Hawaiian soil, so far as may be necessary for the purpose of specified, but not interfering with the administration of public affairs by the Provisional Government.

This action is taken pending, and subject to, negotiations at Washington.

John L. Stevens,

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States.

United States Legation, February 1, 1893.

Approved and executed by

G. C. Wiltse, Captain U. S. N.

Commanding the United States Ship “Boston.”

(Liberal, 2/1/1893, p. 2)


The Liberal, Volume I, Number 41, Page 2. February 1, 1893.

Who was threatening whom? 1893.


Here on land are the troops from the warship, as they go around town with their guns and their ammunition belts. They came ashore this past Monday. Let them be to enjoy themselves upon the blessed soil of Hawaii and look to the day when they will see that Hawaii is on the side of peace.


(Hawaii Holomua, 1/18/1893, p. 2)

[This set of newspapers is not available online yet, so I will try to make a copy of the original article from a microfilm as soon as I can.]

The USS Boston leaves Hawaii, 1893.

That Wicked Eel Has Left.

On this day, the American warship Boston left the harbor and the land of which it assisted in persecuting and stealing its independence with the missionary descendants from Boston. Where could its previous captain [Gilbert C. Wiltse] be resting? According to the Calvinists, he is in Heaven, and perhaps the ship will go to fetch him.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 9/26/1893, p. 3)

Ua Haalele mai ka Puhi Ino.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 777, Aoao 3. Sepatemaba 26, 1893.

More on the Boston, in English, 1893.

Of What Are They Afraid?

Editor Bulletin:—

The Advertiser this morning says: “The landing of troops from the Boston furnishes a guarantee that the persons and property of American citizens will be safe from violence, etc.” What are those who claim to be American citizens afraid of? From what quarter is violence expected? None whatever, except like Banquo’s ghost, from the “deep shadows of cowardly and guilty consciences.” It would be well under present circumstances, for the Advertiser to come forward and state to the public who were the ones that forced the late King at the point of the bayonet to break his oath and forswear the late constitution tha he had sworn to uphold?

An American.

(Daily Bulletin, 1/17/1893, p. 3)

Of What Are They Afraid?

The Daily Bulletin, Volume 5, Number 626, Page 3. January 17, 1893.

More on the landing of the Boston, 1893.


We have received news that the Ministers of the Queen sent their written protest to the Minister of the United States for his ordering the landing of the armed men from the man-of-war Boston on the evening of this Monday notwithstanding that there was peace on land. And this objection was jointly supported by the Commissioners of the Nations of Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Japan, by them signing a document opposing this action over these reasons—(1), Because of the agreement under law between the Nations to give prior notice. (2),  There was no cause to land the troops being that there was peace.

This is the Law, that being there is no other Nation that has any right to land its troops while there is peace; were there internal problems, but only if there was an uprising or a civil war, only then could there be troops landed to watch over and protect the safety of their citizens as well as their property.

(Hawaii Holomua, 1/18/1893, p. 3)


Hawaii Holomua, Buke III, Helu 141, Aoao 3. Ianuari 18, 1893.

Coverage of the landing of the USS Boston, 1893.

The American Troops Come Ashore.

Without knowledge of the Government, and regardless of the agreement of the American Minister that the soldiers from the warship would not come ashore, being that the Government was prepared to uphold the peace; the American Minister ordered the soldiers of the Boston to to take control. This is an apparent act of aggression, and if that nation learns of the truth of this act by its official, it will be grounds for him to be condemned.

[This article and the following are coverage of the landing of the U. S. S. Boston 120 years ago today by different newspapers. Just as we see today, back then there was different coverage depending on what you read.]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 1/17/1893, p. 2)

Ua Lele Mai na koa Amerika.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 624, Aoao 2. Ianuari 17, 1893.

Always important to look at sources. 1893 / 2012.


The raising of the American flag over Hawaii is one of the greatest things done that cannot be repaid. It blocks the nation of Japan from establishing its rule over Hawaii. When the warship Naniwa arrived here, it was clear that if the American flag was not waving over Aliiolani Hale, then the Japanese flag would have been put in its place. And then they would have returned the Queen and the Japanese would have been supplied with weapons and took Hawaii for Japan. It all would have happened if the Boston did not hold them off. But when they saw the American flag raised, they were afraid to do this, for it would be fighting with the United States of America.

Perhaps now Liliuokalani’s attendants are hoping that by the taking down of the American flag, the Japanese will be free to come and return the alii to the throne under the Japanese flag. Should that be the thought of some of them, they are gravely mistaken.

The American troops will save Hawaii from the interference by the other powers. When Japan tries to foment something of that sort, that will be when the soldiers of America will be deployed again. This has been announced to the Commissioner and the captain of the Naniwa. They will not start a war with America without it being proclaimed in advance by the Emperor of Japan. Japan has no desire to war against America because of the dispute over Hawaii. There is nothing to fear.

America will not interfere in the local government of Hawaii nei, however it will guard Hawaii with force against the entering of other national powers into this Archipelago.

[It is always important to look at what newspaper an article comes from. Also, long-running newspapers (and people for that matter) don’t necessarily keep their same ideologies throughout their entire life…]

(Kuokoa, 4/8/1893, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXII, Helu 14, Aoao 2. Aperila 8, 1893.