“Ko Hawaii Ponoi” begins, 1873.


The first issue of a new Hawaiian-language newspaper named above, will appear on Wednesday, June 4, 1873. In this new newspaper, taken up will be things pertaining to prosperity, the progress of independence, and the safety of our lahui, the land, and the nation of King Lunalilo. Two Dollars for a single subscription per year, paid in advance.  BLACK & AULD, Publishers.

Honolulu, May 23, 1873

[The Hawaiian-Language Newspaper, Ko Hawaii Ponoi, was a weekly that actually began a couple of weeks later on 6/18/1873 and ran until 6/10/1874.]

(Kuokoa, 5/24/1873, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XII, Helu 21, Aoao 3. Mei 24, 1873.

“The Hawaiian,” a monthly journal, 1872.


AN ASSOCIATION OF GENTLEMEN, residents of these Islands, propose to issue, on Monday, of January 15th, 1872, the first number of


to be known as THE HAWAIIAN. The tone of the journal will be literary, and more particularly devoted to the dissemination of home literature, poetry, history and science. Its list of contributors embraces a large share of the talent of the Islands, and the projectors of the enterprise fell confident that they will be able to furnish food for pleasant thought as well as amusement, each month.

A column will be devoted to the lovers of chess, and the editor will be happy to receive communications on subjects of interest from any who may feel disposed to contribute.

Terms—For a single copy to any inter-island address, $1.50 per annum; foreign, $2.00 per annum, both payable in advance. Subscribers in the United States can remit two-cent U. S. postage stamps in payment of subscriptions.

Communications and subscriptions received at the office of the publishers, Messrs. BLACK & AULD, or P. O. box 110, Honolulu.  47-6t

(Hawaiian Gazette, 1/3/1872, p. 4)


Hawaiian Gazette, Volume VII, Number 51, Page 4. January 3, 1872.

Unknown newspaper begins, 1872.

[Found under: “Local News: Oahu.”]

The Newspaper “He Hawaii.” [The Hawaiian]—This is a new haole newspaper just published by the Printers of Black and Auld of this town, and it will continue to be published on the 15th of every month throughout the year. It is the same size as “Puowina” [Punchbowl], which rests the eternal rest; and it will be full of intelligent offerings, foreign and domestic news, and other matter found fit by the editors. We hope to see it progress.

[Although there are extant copies of “Punchbowl” held by the Hawaiian Historical Society, it seems that there are no surviving copies of “The Hawaiian”.]

(Kuokoa, 1/27/1872, p. 2)

Ka Nupepa "He Hawaii."

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XI, Helu 4, Aoao 2. Ianuari 27, 1872.

The Hawaiian Flag and James Auld and Capt. Alexander Adams…

It is interesting to note that newspaperman, James Auld, who was responsible for the Kuokoa 1/1/1862 color image of the Hawaiian Flag was the son of Andrew Auld, who arrived from Scotland in 1816. And that this Andrew Auld was apparently dear friends with none other than fellow Scot, Capt. Alexander Adams, who captained the Kaahumanu (formerly named Forrester) for Kamehameha I. Adams is traditionally credited for designing the the Hawaiian Flag.

[Andrew Auld and Alexander Adams lay side by side at Oahu Cemetery, their single gravestone reads: “Twa croanies frae the land of heather / Are sleepin’ here in death th’gether.”Two close friends from the land of heather (Scotland) are sleeping here in death together.

And James’ brother, William, who we spoke of earlier as the engraver of James’ wife’s (Uwinihepa’s) tombstone, was perhaps more importantly one of the four men sent to take the Anti-Annexation Petitions to Washington D. C. Oh! and William marries one of the daughters of Capt. Alexander Adams, Mary (9/21/1859). Both James and William seem to also go by the last name Andrew/Andrews.]

More on the death of Uwinihepa Auld. 1877.

[Found under “The News”]

We saw the stone carved by William Auld for the Grave of Mrs. Uwinihepa Auld, and it is admirable. Those imported are not better, and it was not more expensive. This Hawaiian is in Hawaii, and he is not far away if looked for.

[And once again, it astounds me what you can find online… William Auld [older brother of James Auld] apparently was very talented as seen by the tombstone still standing today.]

(Lahui Hawaii, 5/17/1877, p. 3)

Ua ike makou i ka pohaku...

Ka Lahui Hawaii, Buke III, Helu 20, Aoao 3. Mei 17, 1877.

Commission carrying the anti-annexation petitions, 1897.


We have just seen in the newspaper the “Call” of San Francisco, portraits of the Representatives of the Lahui which were published in that newspaper, with appreciation and delight. Looking closely at all four of their portraits, they each appear fine and dignified, as if those are truly them from top to bottom; there is nothing for the eye to criticize. Also, that newspaper reports of their safe arrival, as well as a conversation of some of the Representatives with a reporter of the newspaper about annexation.

On their sides are portraits of Senators R. F. Pettigrew and Dubois, and both of their stories, from their arrival in Honolulu on the way to Japan, all the way to their return to America. Both of them are true friends to the Hawaiian, wherever they went and came in contact with our native people, but it will be the Senate that will confirm the truth of the words they planted in the hearts of the true Hawaiian people; we hope that the true outcome of their efforts for the good of the land, the people, and the Monarchy arises, and may God in His endless patience bolster their endeavors and progress, so that the journey of our Representatives is helped along. Let Hawaii live forever.

[See the issue of the San Francisco Call (11/28/1897, pp. 1 & 2) referred to in this article here.]

(Aloha Aina, 12/11/1897, p. 2)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 50, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 11, 1897.

Kaiulani’s birthday, 1890.

Birthday of Kaiulani

This Thursday, October 16th, Her Highness, the Alii, Princess Victoria Kawekiu Kaiulani Lunalilo Kalaninuiahi Lapalapa, made fifteen years of age. Although the young alii whose birthday it is, is in England in pursuit of education, we hear that the Women’s Horse Riding Association of Liliuokalani commemorated this day by parading on horseback in pa-u, on the morning of the birthday; and that afternoon, there was a great celebratory feast set at Kalaepohaku under the auspices of Mr. William Auld, to celebrate the birthday of this young Princess of Hawaii nei. And we wish [ke puaaenei makou?] that the young alii’s search for education in foreign lands progresses, and her days are lengthened with ease until her return to her homeland amongst her people [mawena o ko lakou mau makaainana?]!

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 10/18/1890)


Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke XIII, Helu 42, Aoao 2, Okatoba 18, 1890.