The first newspaper article printed following July 31, 1843.


On the 26th of July, the British Warship named Dublin arrived. Rear Admiral Thomas is the Captain. He is the officer in charge of all of the British warships in the Pacific Ocean.

When he received documents pertaining to Capt. Lord George Paulet aboard Victoria’s ship, and he heard clearly that the British flag was raised over these islands, he came quickly to restore the government to Kamehameha III. How fine is his aloha for the king, isn’t it! and for the citizens as well.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, p. 25)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

Recipes brought to you by Royal Baking Powder, 1920.

Royal Baking Powder Biscuits

There is nothing to compare for breakfast, lunch, or tea; it is easy to make with the help of


Baking Powder


Here is the recipe for Royal Baking Powder Biscuits—famous around the world—clip this out and try them. But use Royal Baking Powder. Cheap substitutes won’t do. Only by using Royal, will you see the proper results which made Royal famous around the world.

Biscuits [Palaoa Liilii]

2 cups flour
4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons shortening
3/4 cup milk or half milk and half water

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt, add shortening and rub in very lightly; add liquid slowly; roll or pat on floured board to about one inch in thickness (handle as little as possible); cut with biscuit cutter. Bake in hot oven 15 to 20 minutes.

Here is a fine recipe for Cheese Biscuits:

Cheese Biscuits [Palaoa Waiupaa]

1-1/2 cups flour
2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon shortening
6 tablespoons grated cheese
5/8 cup milk

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; add shortening and cheese; mix in lightly; add milk slowly, just enough to hold dough together. Roll out on floured board about 1/2-inch thick; cut with biscuit cutter. Bake in hot oven 12 to 15 minutes.

Level off all measurements.

In many of the recipes, there are a lot of eggs; you will however get fine results if you lessen the eggs by half and add one teaspoon of Royal Baking Powder in place of each egg left out.

Write for the Free Recipe Book. A recipe book that is economical with eggs and other expensive material will be sent by mailbag at no cost. Write to

Royal Baking Powder Co., 135 William St., New York, U. S. A.

[These recipes were part of a series of ads in the Kuokoa (and in papers across the United States as well). It is a good way to get cooking descriptions in Hawaiian!

The English for the main parts of the recipes came from “The New Royal Cookbook” put out by the Royal Baking Powder Company in 1920 (which is the cookbook mentioned in this ad which they are giving away free if you mail away for it). It is provided online by Project Gutenberg!]

(Kuokoa, 3/12/1920, p. 3)

Palaoa Liilii Royal Baking Powder

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVIII, Helu 11, Aoao 3. Maraki 12, 1920.

Hawaiian Opera, 1925.

Glee Club of Charles E. King

This is a scene from the Opera “Prince of Hawaii” presented at the Liberty Theater on the night of Monday last, continuing its performance until the night of Saturday, May 9. Mr. C. E. King put together this Opera, and there are only talented singers who perform the songs.

There was much lauding of the performance of Monday night, and for that reason, Liberty Theater has been full every night since–not just for the beautiful appearance of the singers, but also because of the beauty of their singing.

The proceeds of this opera will go to funding the education of Hawaiian children; for a scholarship set up by the Hawaiian Civic Club.

[I’m not much into opera, but I still would like to have witnessed this first hand!]

(Kuokoa 5/7/1925, p.1)

Ka Hui Himeni a Chas. E. King

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXIV, Helu 19, Aoao 1. Mei 7, 1925.

More plays! 1925.


This play was shown at Waikiki Park on this past Saturday, and will be shown again on this Satrday night. From the left to the right—Alice Malahea, Lydia Holt, William Smith, Abbie Lincoln.

[This is another i wish i could have seen! This is a repost from the abandoned Hoolaupai Facebook page of times past. I like the format of because it is very easily searched!]

(Kuokoa, 5/21/1925, p. 5)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXIV, Helu 21, Aoao 5. Mei 21, 1925.

This must have been some show, 1912.


With the arrival of the night of the 3rd of August, 1912, a Pageant will be performed at Heeia, Koolaupoko, beginning at 7:30. Here are the scenes that will be shown, and it will be beautiful.


1. Kiwalao.

2. Kamehameha.

3. Kahekili.

4. Kauikeaouli.

5. Kalakaua and the warship Kaimiloa.

6. Kamehameha and Kaahumanu.

7. Battle of Kamehameha at Napoopoo along with the war fleet of canoes.

8. Kalakaua and the hapa haole hula ku’i.


9. The crater of Pele.

Aloha Oe. Hawaii Ponoi.

Western Dancing [Hulahula].

Entrance, 50 cents a ticket, and 25 for children.

This masterful undertaking will be lead by H. M. Kaniho.

(Aloha Aina, 7/27/1912, p. 4)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke XVII, Helu 30, Aoao 4. Iulai 27, 1912.



Olympics, Duke Kahanamoku and the King of Sweden, 1912.


July 10—The news spread around the world of the standing of the Hawaiian boy, Duke Kahanamoku. There were thousands gathered in the capital of Sweden, wanting to catch a glimpse of the hero of Hawaii.

Those days became one of joyfulness because Duke captured the title, champion of the world. Duke was taken by the Committee in the vicinity of where the main Committee was announcing the finishers and their times in which they swam.

Gathered there as well was the King, Queen, and the Heads of State of other Nations, when the winner was announced along with his time. The skies were filled with cheers. And it is said that the voices ringing out in the skies were like the roar of thunder. At this time, the hand of the King was seen waving to the Duke of Hawaii, as he was standing all alone as is the general case with the Hawaiian People, a humble Lahui; and so of this Hawaiian, who hesitated to go and meet with a famed King of the world, but the King kept waving him forth, but at this time, the King stood and said, “I am happy to meet you, the one who dwarfed the swimming records of the world. And then right there after, the King introduced Duke Kahanamoku to the Queen who sat near by who had smiles for the dark-faced [maka poniponi] boy of Hawaii, and he thanked them for this honor granted him, humbly and unpretentiously.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 9/18/1912, p. 2)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke 7, Helu 7, Aoao 2. Iulai 18, 1912.

It is best to be truthful and just admit when you are wrong before you dig yourself into a bigger hole. 1912.


The statements placed above are from a couple of men in the olden days of Hawaii nei, and this is the story:

There were two men, and one day, the two of them climbed up the mountain to cut house thatching [aho hale] which was a regular thing in those days of ours. They cut thatch until evening, and their work for the day was over, and they went to somewhere suitable and started a fire to warm themselves and prepared their meal for that night, and after they were done eating, they were about to sleep.  One of them lay down with his head to the fire and his feet away, while the other slept with his feet toward the fire and his head away; and when the one who had his feet toward the fire noticed his friend with his head toward the fire, he spoke the words placed above, saying:

E, what say you my friend, LOSE YOUR HEAD, DIE; LOSE YOUR FEET, LIVE, so why don’t you move your head away from the fire and move your feet close to it; and when the one whose head was close to the fire heard this, he replied:

LOSE YOUR FEET, DIE, for if you lose your feet to the fire, then where are your feet to go back home with to see the faces of your wife and children; therefore, because of the different choices made by the two men, they stuck to their decisions and both fell asleep; in the middle of the night, the first man smelled the smell of burning hair, and thus being startled, he saw his friend whose head was on fire; at this, he got up and made ready to head back to the home of their families and as the first man neared their houses, he turned back and saw his companion running behind him with his head on fire, the first man knew that this was a spook [uhane lapu] and not a live person, and as this first one entered the house the spook passed by the house, going around with his head still on fire; the first man told their story from beginning to end, while telling those in his household that his friend died because of his stubbornness, for he warned him to move his head away from the fire and yet he did not listen [much less heed]. So pigheaded.

This story is perhaps similar to people of these times; they stick their heads [hou poo] into stubborn ideas that are caused by false pride [uilani kuhihewa] and the results of this mistaken pride is what we have seen above.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 7/25/1912, p. 3)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke 7, Helu 8, Aoao 3. Iulai 25, 1912.