Translation of Kauikeaouli’s speech by Kauka Judd, 1843.

[Found under: “More British Aggression—Seizure of the Sandwich Islands.”]

All demands for proof of damages were regarded as “vexatious and inapplicable,” and the King was compelled to make a conditional cession of the islands to British Government, which he did by proclamation, as follows:

Where are you, Chiefs, People and Commons from my ancestor and people from foreign lands! Continue reading


Neutrality proclaimed by King Kamehameha III, 1854.


Kamehameha III King of the Hawaiian Islands.

Be it known to all whom it may concern, that We, Kamehameha III, King of the Hawaiian Islands, hereby proclaim our entire Neutrality in the war now impending between the Great Maritime powers of Europe; that Our Neutrality is to be respected by all Belligerents, to the full extent of Our Jurisdiction, which by Our Fundamental laws is to the distance of one of one marine league, surrounding each of our islands of Hawaii, Maui, Kahoolawe, Lanai, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai and Niihau, commencing at low water mark on each of the respective coasts of said Islands, and includes all channels passing between and dividing said islands, from Island to island; that all captures and sizures made within Our said Jurisdiction are unlawful; and that the protection andd hospitality of Our Ports, Harbors and Roads, shall be equally extended to all the belligerents, so long as they respect Our neutrality. Continue reading

Atomic bomb destroys Hiroshima, 1945.

Hiroshima is Leveled

GUAM—The crew of a large American bomber reported of a new type of bomb released above Japan; it fell with the rumbling of thunder, and it was like the strength of 2,00 large bombers; and it hit Hiroshima which disappeared in smoke and the red of fire.

The crew also stated, “The action taken upon Hiroshima at 9:15 in the morning when they arrived, the smoke rose like a mountain, dark at the base and rose to white, reaching about 40,000 feet in height.

Hiroshima is on the island of Honshu, and is on the shore of the Inland Sea [Kai Lokoaina], and it is a large camp for the soldiers of the army.

The population of that city was 318,000. And also one of the major ports of Japan is located there.

When the American aircraft released the bomb, Hiroshima was lit up with the light of the sun, and a few minutes later, smoke began to billow high into the sky.

Lieutenant General Spaatz said the strength of one of those new bombs was equal to the strength of 2,000 B-29 planes.

A picture of Hiroshima was taken when it was bombed. Four hours later, a spy plane flew over, and the city of Hiroshima could not be seen except for a few fires burning outside of the city limits. The great destruction was clear. The smoke billowed up 40,000 feet high, and it remained for hours after the bombing of Hiroshima.

The Pilot Tibbett said, “Hiroshima was chosen because it was clear, and we released the bomb with clear vision at 9:15 A. M.

[70 years ago… Let’s learn from history.]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 8/15/1845, p. 1)

Hoopalaha Ia O Hiroshima

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XL, Number 16, Aoao 1. Augate 15, 1845.

Hawaiians deported from Samoa, 1891.

Hawaiians From Samoa

Aboard the steamship Zealandia which landed this past Saturday, these Hawaiian friends came back from Samoa due to the deportation proclamation by King Malietoa, and their passage was paid for by funds from the Legislature which was set aside. Here are their names: Kimo Kukona and wife, Kawelu and wife, Kaolola, Kaluna, Moanalua, and Kahinu. They said that life in those islands was comfortable, and suitable for the health, but they could not stay long because of King Malietoa’s deportation order. There is much leprosy spreading there.

Hairama Kaumialii and Mose wed Samoan wives. The latter named is a sailor on the Kaimiloa who abandoned ship at Samoa. They both will return under the deportation law. Kauaua, a sailor from the Kaimiloa who fled, assimilated to the Samoan way of life, and is covered in a tattoo. These are the Hawaiians who remained and are preparing to return: Mose, Kaliko, Kauaua, Keoni, A. B. Kaaukuu, Mrs. Maria, Lui, Mrs. Akahi, Luna, Miss Kalua, Mrs. Kaulahao, Kanaauao, Kamaka, Kauaki, Meekue, and Hailama Kaumialii. As for James Keau, he is well off, living in the islands of Tonga, and is far from the authority of this expulsion order by King Malietoa.

[If some of my posts look familiar to some of you, they are being reposted from my old Hoolaupai Facebook page. They cannot be easily found on that page, and that was one of the major reasons for starting this one. Here at least i can do tags and categories, and hopefully that makes them easier to find. Google also does a pretty good job of making them searchable!]

(Kuokoa, 1/17/1891, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXX, Helu 3, Aoao 2. Ianuari 17, 1891.

Great Britain to buy Niihau? 1892.

[Found under: “LOCAL NEWS.”]

There has been much talk in the American newspapers about Great Britain, in that they received news that Britain is interested in purchasing Niihau, one of the islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago, and according to them, if it is true, this would be greatly go against the good will of some other major powers of Europe and America as well.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 9/29/1892, p. 2)

Nui ke kamailio o na nupepa...

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 554, Aoao 2. Sepatemaba 29, 1892.

News of the Titanic reaches Hawaii. 1912.

1200 People Aboard the Steamship Titanic Drown in the Sea

Amongst the Missing of This Tragedy are Millionaires

New York, April 16—When the steamship Titanic of the White Star Line went down in the sea, there were a thousand and two hundred people on board who drowned.

This is the true account from the crowd of newspaper writers as well as those on the ships what scurried to assist the vessel.

The story of this tragedy is the worse of all maritime disasters know in history; news keeps arriving daily adding to the horror and sadness.

Two hours after the ship collided with the piece of ice, it sank in a shallow part of the ocean between Sable Island and Cape Race.

It is now known that it ran on top of a solid mass of ice that was blanketed by the sea, and some hundreds of feet tall, while the steamship was travelling through dense fog. This chunk of ice which damaged the ship was a mile across, according to reports received, and it was like an island made of ice, and not a chunk of ice. There was no definitive word on the massiveness of this calamity from the people who were rescued. They all stated that they had no clue that they’d meet with tragedy in the dark, frigid waters of the North Atlantic, until the steamship collided. The hit was at an angle, but it was peeled off like the bark of a tree is shaved off by a plane.

When the ship ran in to the mass of ice, the boards in the bow of the ship snapped, and this snapping sounded like many cannons going off. The sea water rushed into the ship and washed over the deck passengers, who were all done for like rats dying in their holes, while they reached about and climbed to get to the top of the deck. The elevators that the ship was equipped with were filled with water and were not functional; and there were many who were trapped and drowned in them between floors of the ship.

In the first-class cabins, the horror was almost the same. The first-class passengers had a half billion dollars or more between them, and yet that wealth could not save any one of them. Benjamin Guggenheim, the fifth of the famous copper millionaires was on the ship. George Wideness [Widener], the son of Peter Wideness [Widener], the head of railroad track laying in Philadelphia, and partner of O’Brien and Thomas Fortune Ryan, deep in their money making schemes, was a passenger on the ship, and was headed home from Europe. Isidor Straus, a multimillionaire and a wealthy man famous for his philanthropy is one of the drowned; that is what is heard.

[This article appears to have been taken from the first page story of the Hawaiian Gazette on April 16, 1912. All three Hawaiian-Language Newspapers of the time were covering this tragic story.]

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 4/19/1912, p. 1)

1200 poe Oluna o ka Mokuahi Titania i Piholo iloko o ke Kai

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke X, Helu 16, Aoao 1. Aperila 19, 1912.