Letters from the Islands to August 5, furnish some additional particulars relating to the restoration of the native government.—The doings of Lord Paulet’s Provisional Government were outrageous, and compelled the retirement of Dr. Judd from all participation in it. The following letter is from the Boston Daily Advertiser:
U. S. Ship Constellation,
Off Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, Aug. 1843.
It is probably known in the United States that in February last, his Lordship Captain George Paulet, of Her Majesty’s ship Carysfort, visit these Islands; and after urging upon King Kamehameha III., in succession, various demands, with many of which it was found impossible to comply, an making preparations to fire upon the city of Honolulu, compelled a cession of the Sovereignty to the Queen of Great Britain, and appointed a Commission of four, of which his Majesty or his deputy were permitted to be a member, for the provisional government of the Island, until her Majesty’s pleasure should be made known; which time the “existing laws, and those made at the ensuing council of the King and chiefs” were to continue in full force so far as natives were concerned,” and to for the basis of the administration of justice by the Commission between foreigns residents on these Islands, and all existing engagements of the King were to be executed and performed as if the cession had never been made.”
The stipulations of this cession, however, unjustly compulsory as it was, were not respected; and on the 11th of May following, in consequence of their having been repeatedly violated by acts at variance with the obligations and laws of the Islands affecting the citizens of foreign nations, and the repeal of wholesome regulations affecting the native population, particularly the laws prohibiting fornication and lewd practices, Dr. G. P. Judd, deputy for the King, being convinced that the terms of the cession would continue to be disregarded, and having repeatedly protested, in order to absolve the King and chiefs, whom he represented from all further responsibility or participation in its doings, withdrew from the Commission.
The King arrived in the city on the 21st. ult., attended a party at the house of an American lady, and there met the American Commodore Kearney on the 22d, and received a friendly call from him on the 23d. On the 26th, H. B. M. ship Dublin arrived, having on board Richard Thomas, Read Admiral of the White, and Commander in Chief of her Majesty’s forces in the Pacific. On the 27th and several following days, the Admiral had interviews with his Majesty, and on the 21st, the King having given his assent to the articles of agreement proposed to him by Admiral Thomas—which, though onesided and partial, as the contracts of great powers with petty States are apt to be, may not do much real harm—was formally reinstated in his authority. The ceremonies on the occasion were deemed appropriate. The King’s royal standard was first unfurled on the Plain, in the presence of a vast concourse of native and foreigners, and there saluted by a detachment of marines, sailors and artillery, landed from her Majesty’s ships for that purpose. The British flag at the fort was then lowered by a British officer, and the Hawaiian hoisted in its stead by an officer of the King,and greeted by national salutes from each of her Majesty’s ships in the harbor; from Punch Bowl Hill, a mountain in the rear; and lastly, from the United States ship Constellation, whose salute was returned by the fort. A spirited address in native, preceeded by a short and appropriate speech by the King, and a reading of the deed of restoration, was delivered by Mr. Jonghee [John Papa Ii], Superintendent of Schools, and Guardian to the Royal Family, and a talented and truly eloquent man, in the afternoon—in which the various occurrences of the last few months, and prospects of the nation, were happily handled.—Among other things, I had the happiness to hear an appropriate allusion to the judicious Message of the President of the United States, and the policy of the American Government.
In the evening a social entertainment was given at the American Consulate, attended by the young Princess and Princesses, and an Ode sung composed for the occasion by an American gentleman. The time has since been occupied by festivities given by the King to his people—an expensive ball given by the officers and commander of the Constellation, and other appropriate manifestations of joy, of which I regret that my limits forbid a particular description at this time.
Commodore Kearney, on his arrival, issued a judicious protest against all the doings of the British commission in the premises, which has doubtless produced a favorable impression. The King has visited the Constellation since his restoration to authority, and received the appropriate salutes. It would have been well, perhaps had there been opportunity to have paid him kingly honors a few days earlier.
T. H. P.
(Northern Galaxy and Middlebury People’s Press, 11/29/1843, p. 2)