Hugo Kawelo, sent to Glasgow to study, returns, 1886.


On the ship that brought the Portuguese laborers, Mr. Hugo Kawelo, one of the youths sent to Scotland [Sekotia] to seek education by working [unclear word] in an iron works factory. Because of sickness, he returned, but when he arrived back, he was the epitome of a robust and vigorous man. It was as if the air of the open ocean brought him back to health. He wishes to return to complete his education in the iron [unclear word] industry, should his health be good.

[Hugo Kawelo is one of the select Hawaiians sent abroad by Kalakaua to study and to bring back this knowledge to move Hawaii forward. For more on this program, see for instance: Agnes Quigg’s “Kalakaua’s Hawaiian Studies Abroad Program” from the Hawaiian Journal of History.

Here is one another example of a badly imaged newspaper. I guessed the meaning of some of the passage.

One of our readers, Lynda Fitzgerald, asked who can be contacted to get the original Hawaiian-Language Newspapers reshot clearly. I don’t have a specific name, but the more people that know how important this is, the more likely it will be done. So talk to your friends and coworkers and heads of boards and kumu hula and civic club officers and the aunty down the street. Why do you think seeing all of this information clearly is important…]

(Nupepa Elele, 3/6/1886, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Elele, Buke VII, Helu 36, Aoao 2. Maraki 6, 1886.

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