THE POWER OF THE GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN USURPED!
The Protest Proclamation of the Queen!
“My dear homeland,
It is for thee that I sing.”¹
This past Tuesday, the 17th of January, 1893, will seemingly be notorious forever in our land of birth, for it is the day that a new Nation in the form of a provisional government under thirteen haole was proclaimed.
On Monday night, was when many places in town were put under the watch of armed soldiers from the American warship Boston, and on the following Tuesday morning, they were seen going around, and the members of the Honolulu Rifles began to join in and surrounded several places with their weapons, and the appearance of town was terrifying.
NEWS OF THE OVERTHROW.
In the early morning, the rumor was spread on the sides of the streets of town, saying that there is craving to overthrow the kingdom and to make a new government. This news flew on the tips of the winds and reached the countryside, and because of that, the citizens of the Queen gathered in great numbers in the streets, and the greatest number was in the groups in and outside of the Palace Grounds; and right outside Kalakaua Hale there were thousands of people standing and waiting, prepared for orders, should there be orders.
At this time, the people were in a state of astonishment, going around the sides of the streets and standing here and there in crowds, discussing and responding. This conditions continue while the peaceful state is preserved, except for the seeing of the soldiers with their guns.
But between the hours of 2 and 3 in the afternoon, the people were shocked at the news spread that Leialoha, an government police officer, was shot and and hit by a haole, while he was carrying out his duties under the power of the law of the land. A disturbance soon started, and it was feared that there would be a riot, but as is our usual nature, we were patient, and held back our ire.
In a short time, Leialoha arrived at the Station [Halewai] held on this side and that with helping hands, and it was realized that he had actually been shot right in front of his chest below the joint of the collarbone. Immediately he was transported to the Queen’s Hospital.
The news is that he is in critical condition, but at 8:30 this morning, he fell into a peaceful sleep. Let us pray to God that this kin and own flesh of this land is saved from this calamity that he is faced with.
THE REASON FOR HIM BEING SHOT.
From what we have been told, this is it: There was a wagon standing outside the shop of Mr. Hall and Company filled with weapons, and when that car began to speed away, Leialoha chased after it, but he was shot, whereupon the wagon went all the way to the Armory [Halepaikau] at Manamana. The haole that shot the gun is named Mr. Good [John Good].
PERTAINING TO THE GOVERNMENT BUILDING.
At perhaps 4 o’clock, the haole began marching with their weapons from Manamana to the Government Building, and present was their Committee called the “Committee of Public Safety;” the Ministers of the Queen were asked for, but they were not there. Therefore, the Head Secretary of the Office of the Interior was ordered to surrender the Government Building, and he was given
THE PROCLAMATION OF A NEW NATION.
Immediately following this, the Provisional Government [Aupuni Kuikawa no ka Manawa] was proclaimed, and this is its main foundation.
“1. The Hawaiian Monarchial system of Government is hereby abrogated.
“2. A Provisional Government for the control and management of public affairs and the protection of the public peace is hereby established, to exist until terms of union with the United States of America have been negotiated and agreed upon.
“3. Such Provisional Government shall consist of an Executive Council of Four Members, who are hereby declared to be
S. B. Dole,
J. A. King,
P. C. Jones,
W. O. Smith,
Who shall administer the Executive Departments of the Government, the first named acting as President and Chairman of such Council and administering the Department of Foreign Affairs, and the others severally administering the Department of Interior, Finance and Attorney-General, respectively, in the order in which enumerated, according to existing Hawaiian Law as far as may be consistent with this Proclamation; and also of an Advisory Council which shall consist of the fourteen members who are hereby declared to be
S. M. Damon, A. Brown, L. A. Thurston, J. F. Morgan, J. Emmeluth, H. Waterhouse, J. A. McCandless, E. D. Tenney, F. W. McChesney, F. Wilhelm, W. R. Castle, W. G. Ashley, W. C. Wilder, C. Bolte,
Such Advisory Council shall also have general legislative authority.
Such Executive and Advisory Council shall, acting jointly, have power to remove any member of either Council and to fill such or any other vacancy.
“4. All officers under the existing Government are hereby requested to continue to exercise their functions and perform the duties of their respective offices, with the exceptions of the following named persons:
Charles B.Wilson, Marshal,
Samuel Parker, Minister of Foreign Affairs,
W. H. Cornwell, Minister of Finance,
John F. Colburn, Minister of the Interior,
Arthur P. Peterson, Attorney-General,
who are hereby removed from office.
“5. All Hawaiian Laws and Constitutional principles not inconsistent herewith shall continue in force until further order of the Executive and Advisory Councils.
Henry E. Cooper, J. A. McCandless, Andrew Brown, Theodore F. Lansing, John Emmeluth, C. Bolte, Ed. Suhr, Henry Waterhouse, W. C.Wilder, F. W. McChesney, Wm. O. Smith.”
After this was announced the first Order signed by the Members of the two Councils, and this is how it reads:
“Order Number 1.
“All persons favorable to the Provisional Government of the Hawaiian Islands are hereby requested to forthwith report to the Government at the Government Building and to furnish the Government such arms and ammunition as they may have in their possession or control as soon as possible, in order that efficient and complete protection of life and property and the public peace may immediately and efficiently be put into operation.”
Immediately following, Martial Law was proclaimed, and this is how it reads:
“Order Number 2.
“It is hereby ordered and decreed that until further ordered, the right of the writ of habeas corpus is hereby suspended, and martial law is hereby declared to exist throughout the Island of Oahu.”
After this all of the Ministers at the Police Station [Halewai] were sent for. They arrived at the Government Building, and they were ordered to surrender the Police Station. They asked for some time; the Ministers met to confer with the Queen and the result was the proclamation of the
PROTEST OF THE QUEEN.
“I, Liliuokalani, by the Grace of God and under the Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Queen, do hereby solemnly protest against any and all acts done against myself and the Constitutional Government of the Hawaiian Kingdom by certain persons claiming to have established a Provisional Government of and for this Kingdom.
“That I yield to the superior force of the United States of America whose Minister Plenipotentiary, His Excellency John L. Stevens, has caused United States troops to be landed at Honolulu and declared that he would support the said Provisional Government.
“Now to avoid any collision of armed forces, and perhaps the loss of life, I do under this protest and impelled by said force yield my authority until such time as the Government of the United States shall upon the facts being presented to it undo the action of its representative and reinstate me in the authority which I claim as the Constitutional Sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands.
“Done at Honolulu, this 17th day of January, A. D., 1893.”
Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Wm. H. Cornwell,
Minister of Finance,
Jno. F. Colburn,
Minister of the Interior,
A. P. Peterson,
To S. B. Dole, Esq., and others composing the Provisional Government of the Hawaiian Islands.”
THE MARSHAL OF THE NATION.
After news of this was made known to the Marshal [Charles B. Wilson], he gave his aloha before the Police Officers, ordering them to continue their keeping the peace in the land, and to tend to their jobs, and he surrendered his office.
¹It is interesting to note that these are the opening lines of “Kuu Aina Hanau E,” by Lorenzo Lyons, that was sung to the tune of “My Country ‘Tis of Thee.”
(Hawaii Holomua, 1/18/1893, p.2)