Some of the battles of Kalaniopuu, 1866.

[Found under: “Ka Moolelo o Kamehameha I.”]

The battles between Kalaniopuu, the King of Hawaii, with Kahekili, the King of Maui.

The years 1775, 1776, 1777, 1778, and 1778. Kalaniopuu went to war at Kaupo on Maui, with his Alii, his war Officers, and his soldiers. Kalaniopuu first went to war at Kaupo, and he tortured the makaainana of Kaupo by clubbing their foreheads with his war club [newa]. This battle was called Kalaehohoa [“Clubbing-of-the-Forehead”]

When Kahekili, the King of Maui, heard that Kalaniopuu sailed to Kaupo and plundered the belongings of the makaainana, Kahekili sent the troops called Niuula and Kepoouahi. Kaneolaelae was the war leader [mamaka kaua]. The battlefields were Puumaneoneo and Kapukaauhuhu, but Kalaniopuu [Kalaiopuu] was not found on those battlegrounds; Kaneolaelae made his attack on the sweet potato fields on the makai side of there, straight at Kalaeokailio; the right flank of the attack covered Pahonu, and the left flank covered the eastern face of Waipu. Kaneolaelae’s attack turned directly at the furrows facing Kiei. And as the two sides were battling, Kaneolaelae was victorious over the Hawaii Island warriors; he slaughtered the Hawaii warriors being they went all the way up Kihapuhala at Paauhau extending the battle far. The sanctuary [puuhonua] of the Hawaii people was the canoe fleets, which were on the leeward side of Kalaeokailio. The famous warrior on the Hawaii side was named Kekuhaupio. He held back the attack as the Hawaii side fled in droves that day by standing in the sweet potato fields; he fell over but Kamehameha I saw Kekuhaupio fall and immediately attacked the rear guard; Kekuhaupio nearly died that day were it not for Kamehameha’s assistance; but Kalaniopuu fled and got on the canoe fleets. Kaneolaelae slaughtered the Hawaii side until Kalaeokailio. He brandished his war club displaying his victory over Kalaniopuu, the Alii of Hawaii. The name of that battle was called Kalaeokailio. This was the first battle where Kamehameha was famed as a warrior, rescuing his military instructor, the one who also taught him oration [kakaolelo] and the duties of a kahuna. The chiefs and warriors of Maui called Kamehameha [Paiea] a warrior companion [koa aikane] of Kalaniopuu.

Kalaniopuu saw that he was thwarted by the warriors of Kahekili, therefore, Kalaniopuu returned to Hawaii with hatred for Kahekili. Kalaniopuu took a full year to make ready what was necessary for war; Hawaii had six districts, six alii war leaders, and six groups of warriors. The warriors were called the I, the Ahu, the Mahi, the Palena, the Luahine, the Paia. The warring chiefs were those called Keawe; Kalaniopuu called his chiefly attendants, those who were the greatest fighters, he called them the Alapa and the Piipii. Kalaniopuu dedicated the houses to his gods, Kaili, they being Ohiamukumuku at Kahaluu and Keikipuipui [Keikepuipui] at Kailua; these were Haiau [aka Heiau] to bring vengeance and to cause the death to the King of Maui. Holoae was Kalaniopuu’s kahuna; Holoae was a kahuna of the priestly class of Paao, and the grandchildren of Holoae are Puou and Hewahewa. When Kahekili, the King of Maui, heard that Kalaniopuu was looking to take revenge upon him, he therefore fetched Kaleopuupuu, one of the kahuna of Peleioholani, Peleioholani being dead at that time. Kaleopuupuu was a kahuna from the priestly class of Kaekae and Maliu, and of Malela. Kahekili dedicated the house of his god at the direction of Kaleopuupuu. Kaluli was the Haiau which is at Puuohala, on the north side of Wailuku.

When the building was completed using ohia logs dragged from the uplands [ohiako] and with the tying of the sacred cord [aha] just right, Kaleopuupuu told Kahekili, the King, “This is the house of your god, break open the sluice gate and the fish will enter in the fish pond.”

In the year 1776. Kalaniopuu and the alii of Hawaii sailed to wage war at Wailuku with King Kahekili of Maui; it was war with all of the Hawaii Island chiefs joined together. When Kalaniopuu and the alii and the war advisors and warriors with the troops and war leaders sailed and landed at Keoneoio until Makena at Honuaula; there were a great many canoe fleets filled with warriors. As for the makaainana of Honuaula, their belongings were plundered, they were slaughtered, and they fled into the forests in distress. When Kahekili heard that the fighting reached Honuaula, Kahekili prepared his Alii, his warriors, left-handed ones who could use a sling [maa] and not miss a strand of hair or the flower of grasses.

[This beginning of the description of Kalaniopuu’s battles with Kahekili (and the continued columns) from S. M. Kamakau’s history can be found in “Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii” from page 84 on.]

(Kuokoa, 12/8/1866, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke V, Helu 49, Aoao 1. Dekemaba 8, 1866.


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