100 years a hundred years ago! 1919.


Members of Kamehameha Centenary Commission

Initial Exercises of Observance Will Commence Tomorrow Morning in Kawaiahao Church


Sunday, June 8, 11 a. m.—Centenary services under auspices of Kamehameha lodge.

Tuesday, June 10, 7:30 p. m.—Centenary procession, Aala park to capitol via King street; tableau, music, Hawaiian hulas, at capitol after parade.

Wednesday, June 11, 9:30 a. m.—Centenary Kamehameha day procession, participated in by Hawaiian societies and individuals, Aala park to Kamehameha statue and capitol.

Wednesday, June 11, 8 p. m.—Historic Hawaiian pageant, floats, pa-u riders, etc., in Territorial fair grounds.


Director General—Senator Charles E. King.
Tableau—F. W. Beckley, Mrs. A. P. Taylor and Manuel Reis.
Capitol and Street Decoration—Rudolph Duncan.
Parades—Senator John Wise, Mrs. Elizabeth Booth and Ed Marino.
Floats—Senator John Wise, Judge William H. Heen, Mrs. A. P. Taylor.
Pa-u Riders—Captain Robert Waipa Parker.

Thousands of Hawaiians and haoles will take part during the first four days of the coming week in the commemoration ceremonies of the hundredth anniversary of the death of Kamehameha the Great, the first ruler of the Hawaiian islands.

The Kamehameha Centenary observance program will begin tomorrow morning in Kawaiahao church, where services in memory of the Hawaiian conqueror will be held in the old historic “stone church” at 11 o’clock, under the auspices of the Kamehameha lodge, of which Prince Kalanianaole is head. The Kamehameha lodge has invited all Hawaiian citizens in Honolulu to attend the services, with a request that all wear their full regalia.

Rev. Akaiko Akana, pastor of Kawaiahao church, will deliver the centenary address in Hawaiian.

Four Floats

Four historic floats, each illustrating an important incident in the life of Kamehameha, will unfold the career of the conqueror in the parade on the night of June 10 and on the morning of June 11. Each float is to be followed by a trailer designed to carry a princess of Hawaii, one for each of the larger islands, including Hawaii, Maui, Oahu and Kauai. In each trailer will be musicians who will sing and chant of the glories of the Kamehameha regime.

The floats will form a section within the Hawaiian portion of the parade. Each float with its trailer will be widely separated from the others so that the throngs along the street will have opportunity to study each one thoroughly and understand the story of each incident before having their eyes and minds diverted by the next one.

The historic floats will illustrate the following incidents:

“Mamala hoa kanawai” or Kamehameha’s great law of the high way.

“Meeting of Kamehameha and Captain Cook, royal navy, in 1778.”

“Kamehameha lifting the Na-ha stone.”

“Council of chiefs on Molokai preparatory to Kamehameha’s invasion of Oahu.”

The story of each float follows:

“Mamala hoa kanawai” as depicted in this float, which is being decorated by the Daughters and Sons of Hawaiian Warriors under the direction of Mrs. A. P. Taylor and executed by Twigg Smith, will show Kealiimaikai, Kamehameha’s brother, insisting on having the life of Kaoleioku taken. He was the younger brother of Keouakuahuula, the ruling chief of Kau, who had just been slain at Kawaihae, Hawaii. The float will show the incident just as Keaouakuahuula’s body was being burnt on the altar of Puukohola. Kaoleioku was in charge of the second division of peleleu conoes, which landed at the beach when he was captured. He was tied and taken before Kamehameha and Kealiimaikai demanded his life immediately, saying to Kamehameha, “You have killed my foster child—let your foster child also be slain” (“Malama laau”) which means the law of the spear—to kill. Kamehameha placing his hand on his brother’s mouth, spoke up, saying, “Mamala hoa kanawai, spare the child of my youth.” then he placed his foot on the young chief’s chest. The king’s person being sacre, no one could touch the youth. “Mamala hoa kanawai” means “Let the old and young sleep in peach by the highways—love one another.”

The Meeting

“Meeting of Kamehameha and Captain Cook, the discoverer of Hawaii.” This float will be decorated by the Chiefs of Hawaii society and will illustrate the moment when Captain Cook came ashore at Kealakekua bay, Hawaii, where he was met by Kamehameha, Kekuhaupio and other chiefs. The float will carry a number of people assuming the roles of Captain Cook and his officers wearing the uniform of the British navy of that period and will also show Kamehameha and his chiefs wearing the feather cloaks of their ranks. This will be a gorgeous float and depicting an incident which had a marked effect upon the history of the Hawaiian Islands, it will attract much attention. The decorating and designing of the float is…







…under the direction of Senator John Wise.

Council of Chieffs

“Council of Chiefs on Molokai”—The float will show Kamehameha, Kameeiamoku and Kamanawa (the latter two twin warrior chiefs who taught Kamehameha the arts of war)—Keaweaheulu, Keeaumoku, the father of Queen Kaahumanu, and Kekuhaupio, and Kaiana Kuahuula standing aside looking dejectedly out at sea because he had not been invited into this council. He was looked upon as a traitor. The chiefs were holding council concerning their voyage to Oahu, and presumably they were plotting the death of Kaiana. He had been away to the Far East and other foreign lands. He was ambitious and was therefore thought to be a traitor to Kamehameha. After the council Kamehameha ordered the fleet of canoes to sail for Oahu, Kaiana’s fleet being part of it. During the night, while in the channel, Kaiana’s fleet parted from Kamehameha’s. They landed on the Koolau side of Oahu and joined Kalanikupule’s army. Kamehameha landed at Waialae. Later was fought the battle of Nuuanu, in 1795, and Kaiana, like all, traitors, was killed.

Lifting the Stone.

“Kamehameha Lifting the Na-ha Stone.” This incident reveals a tradition among the ancient Hawaiians that whosoever was able to lift a certain monolith at Hilo as it lay upon the ground would be a conqueror. This was a stone, oblong in shape, and was supposed to have qualities of sacredness about it, particularly with reference to the birth of children of the highest lineage in the islands. Chiefs from all the districts were challenge to come to the stone’s location and raise it. Many attempted it, but all failed. Kamehameha is said to have had herculean strength and that when he gripped the huge stone, which now rests upon a pedestal near the public library of Hilo, he managed to uptilt the stone. Whether it was a tradition or not, Kamehameha achieved all that was said of the person who would move it.

As part of the commemoration ceremonies of the hundredth anniversary of the death of Kamehameha, there will be two parades. One of these will be held on Tuesday evening and the other Wednesday morning.

Senator Charles E. King announced yesterday the line of march for both parades. The Tuesday evening parade will form at 7 o’clock in the neighborhood of Aala park and start its march at 7:30 o’clock. The Wednesday morning parade will get ready at 8:30 o’clock at Aala park and start its march at 9 o’clock. The order of the march for the parades is as follows:

Tuesday Night

1.—Grand Marshal.
3.—17th Cavalry band.
4.—Order of Kamehameha.
5.—Float—Mamalahoa Kanawai.
6.—Trailer—Princess of Hawaii.
8.—Hui Kalama.
9.—U. S. marine band.
10.—Hui Oiwi.
111.—Float—Council on Molokai.
12.—Trailer—Princess of Maui.
13.—Hui Manawalea.
14.—U. S. navy band.
15.—Float—Hawaiian life.
16.—Courts. Lunalilo and Camoes.
17—Float—Kamehameha’s meeting with Captain Cook.
18.—Trailer—Princess of Oahu.
19.—Chief of Hawaii.
20.—Modern Order of Phoenix.
21.—Float—Kamehameha lifting the Naha Stone.
22.—Trailer—Princess of Kauai.
23.—Japanese section.
24.—St. Louis College band.
25.—Filipino section.
26.—Chinese section.
27.—Portuguese section.
28.—Korean section.

Wednesday Morning

1.—Pa-u riders.
3.—Order of Kamehameha.
4.—Hawaiian band.
5.—Hui Kaahumanu.
6.—Kamehameha cadets.
7.—Float—Kamehameha’s meeting with Captain Cook.
8.—Hui Kalama.
9.—Hui Oiwi.
10.—Float—Council on Molokai.
11.—Daughters and Sons of Warriors.
12.—Float—Mamalahoa Kanawai.
14.—Hale o Na ‘Lii.
15.—Float—Kamehameha lifting Naha Stone.
16.—Hui Manawalea.
17.—Kamehameha Alumni Association.
18.—Salvation Army band.
19.—School children.
20.—Float—Lunalilo Home.
22.—Pa-u riders.

(Star-Bulletin, 6/7/1919, Territorial Fair Edition, p. 16)


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XXVI, Number 8469, Territorial Fair Edition, Page 16. June 7, 1919.


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