Canoe Building, 1924.

The Art of Canoe Building is Being Revived in Hawaii

In the olden days of Hawaii nei, canoe building [kalaiwaa] was one of the occupations deftly done by Hawaiians, but during the years since, this work has gone down to but a fraction; but these days, it is being started up once again in Honaunau, South Kona, Hawaii.

Charley Apo along with his assistants are undertaking this endeavor of carving waa from large koa trees growing on the land of Paris and Company [Hoahana Parika ?].

The koa is fell in the high mountains, then it is roughly carved out into the form of a waa, and then dragged to sea by animals.

Twelve large waa are being carved by Charley Apo in a building prepared for this work, and he is able to fill all orders that he receives as per specifications wanted, from large to small.

In the picture on the far left, Davis Paris can be seen with two waa that are unfinished; to the right is Charley Apo ; to the right of that are many unfinished waa. Below on the left is a nearly finished waa; in the middle is an assistant of Charley Apo; to the right of that is a roughly completed waa for Alika Dowsett.

[I wish the newspapers were reshot clearly so not only the words are sharp and legible, but so that pictures and images are as clear as possible…]

(Kuokoa, 6/5/1924, p. 2)

Ke Hoalaia Mai Nei ka Oihana Kalaiwaa ma Hawaii

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXIII, Helu 23, Aoao 2. Iune 5, 1924.

Poisonous seaweed, 1877.


Dear Mr. Editor: Aloha oe:—

Please allow me to talk about some matters dealing with the poisonous limu of Muolea in Hana, East Maui.

In ancient times, it did not grow profusely like it does now, and the kamaaina living near those tide pools didn’t know this was poisonous, however, this is what is known; When the children went to those tide pools and gathered the small fish [ohua] and ate them, if they ate a lot of the ohua, they grew dizzy and lay unconscious by the tide pools, and after being given medicine, they revived.

Later, a man from Honaunau in Kona, Hawaii arrived, and it was he that found that this was poisonous. After all the sweet potato was eaten by the pigs, he fetched some of the limu and smeared it over sweet potato and when the pigs ate again, they died, and not one of them lived. If dogs came and licked the vomit of the dead pig, the dogs died as well; it is from this that the limu was known to be poisonous, for that limu grows in Honaunau, Hawaii as well.

If you grab the limu with your fingers, your fingers will rot and fall off.

The proper thing to do is to prod at it with a stick, and if it sticks to the stick, place it in ti leaves or taro leaves [?].

When that limu is touched, it shrinks and wilts, somewhat like sleeping grass [pua hilahila wale]. It is not long like the other limu, but when you look at it, it somewhat resembles the suckers of an octopus.

On some sacred nights of the year, a red light is seen from those places.

In the year 1841 perhaps, those tide pools were paved over with rocks, but these days, they are growing wild again and is spreading.

The fish that go around that place, they don’t die, but should you eat the fish from those tide pools, you will end up dying.

This is a strong poison taking effect immediately, similar to the powerful poisons of the haole, and perhaps even stronger.

For this reason, the locals of that place have restricted access to that place, not allowing anyone without authority to go there.

With appreciation to the typesetting boys of the press and to the Editor goes my aloha.

Abraham Kauhi.

Muolea, Hana, Aug. 11, 1877.

[The image of this article is very hard to read. The original newspapers need to be rescanned before it is too late!]

(Lahui Hawaii, 8/23/1877, p. 2)


Ka Lahui Hawaii, Buke III, Helu 34, Aoao 2. Augate 23, 1877.