The newspapers may not always report “the truth,” but they are a priceless source for historical information, 1864, Today, and Tomorrow.

The newspapers are someplace we should be looking at for other ways to look at Hawaiian history.

Newspapers, unlike books were relatively easy to come by (whether it was by subscription, or by sharing with a neighbor).

Most people could not afford to publish books, but many people had the means to purchase pen and paper and envelope and stamp, so that they could send in their thoughts to be printed. And many in fact did. They wanted the truth as they knew it to be known by all. And because newspapers were printed regularly, it was easy to immediately comment on errors appearing in the pages of the paper. There are often heated debates over everything and anything from genealogy, to mele, to why you should not lend money to that man or woman who left a marriage bed. These debates not only took place in a single newspaper title, but often ran in totally different newspapers and sometimes even in both Hawaiian and English publications.

The information given by S. W. B. Kaulainamoku appearing in the previous post for instance is contested a month later by P. S. Pakele. He says, “…it is for you all to see which one is true, with my thought that perhaps the one who published earlier is right, and perhaps not; the same with this, perhaps it is right, and perhaps not; my confidence is with you all.”

Many generations of Hawaiians contributed information to the newspapers, because they knew that the information they submitted was not only for them at the time but more importantly for Hawaiians of today and tomorrow.

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Another genealogy of Hawaiian rulers, 1864.

Genealogy of the Alii of Ancient Times From the South¹ of Hawaii nei Who Ruled.

Haloa the male, Hinamanouluae the female;
Waia the male, Huhune the female;
Hinanalo the male, Haunuu the female;
Nakehili the male, Haulele the female;
Wailoa the male, Hikokuanea the female;
Kio the male, Kamole the female;
Ole the male, Haii the female;
Pupue the male, Manaku the female;
Manaku the male,  Hikoheale the female;
Kahiko the male, Kaea the female;
Nuanuu the male, Kapokuleiula the female;
Mawi the male, Hinakealohaina the female;
Nanamaoa the male, Hinakapaikua the female;
Nanakuae the male, Keaukuhonua the female;
Nanakaoko the male, Kahihiokalani the female;
Heleipawa the male, Kookookumaikalani the female;
Hulumalailani the male, Hinamaikalani the female;
Aikanaka the male, Hinahanaikamalama the female;
Hema the male, Uliomaheha the female;
Kahai the male, Hinauluohia the female;
Waiholoa the male, Hoolaukahili the female;
Laka the male, Hikauilena the female;
Luanuu the male, Kapokuileiula the female;
Kamea the male, Hopomaili the female;
Hua the male, Kapoea the female;
Pao the male, Manokalililani the female;
Hoaho the male, Kauilaanapa the female;
Palena the male, Hikawainui the female;
Hana the male, Mahuia the female;
Lonokawai the male, Kalohialiiokawai the female;
Laau the male, Kukamolimolialoha the female;
Pili the male, Hinauapu the female;
Koa the male, Hinaaumai the female;
Loe the male, Hinakalili the female;
Kukehau the male, Hinakeuki the female;
Kaniuhi the male, Hiliamakani the female;
Kanipahu the male, Walaikauakoko the female;
Kalapana the male, Makeamalamaihana the female; Continue reading