Newcomb and Cross, book bindery, 1867.

Papa Nukama (R. Newcomb)


Toma Kea (Thomas Cross)


Merchant Street Makai of the Sailors’ Home [Hale Luina]

(Kuokoa, 8/31/1867, p. 1)

Papa Nukama

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VI, Helu 35, Aoao 1. Augate 31, 1867.

“Mele Lahui Hawaii,” the National Anthem, 1867.

[Found under: “NU HOU KULOKO: Oahu.”]

The Hawaiian National Anthem—We just saw the first printings, drawn on and printed on stone [lithograph] by some haole of this town, they being Robert Newcomb [Papa Nukama] and Thomas Cross [Toma Kea]. The notes and lyrics were printed first on the stone by Robert W. Andrews [Robata W. Anaru], a haole boy born in Hawaii nei. The notes and lyrics were carved finely into the stone.

[I just saw a post by Nanea Armstrong-Wassel on the Hawaiian Historical Society’s Facebook page mentioning that among its many treasures is a copy of this sheet music! This is but just one of their countless links to the past! Priceless!!

For more of Nanea’s posts, see: here on Instagram, or on Facebook.]

(Kuokoa, 4/13/1867, p. 2)

Ke Mele Lahui Hawaii.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VI, Helu 15, Aoao 2. Aperila 13, 1867.