Pretty cool map of Honolulu, 1845.


In the picture above, clear are the yards and streets, and the layout of Honolulu, the great city of Hawaii. Here is where the King lives permanently, as well as the Prime Minister, and the Nation’s Legislature.

By the numbers on the picture, each place is clearly recognized, Thusly:

1. Residence of the King.

2. Fort, where the Governor lives.

3. Church of the King at Kawaiahao, where Armstrong preaches salvation.

4. Catholic Church, of Maigret them.

5. Smith’s Church at Kaumakapili.

6. Haole church at Polelewa, of Damon

7. School of the Young Chiefs

8. Hotel, “welcoming house”.

9. Government building at Honolulu.

10. Government printing house.

11. Haole school.

12. Store of Brewer them.

13. Store of Pele [Bell?] them.

14. Infirmary for the sailors from America.

15. Infirmary for the sailors from Britain.

16. Infirmary for the sailors from France.

17. British Consulate.

18. American Consulate.

19. French Consulate.

20. Building of the American diplomats.

21. House of Damon the pastor of the sailors.

22. Street going to Nuuanu.

23. Street going to Ewa.

24. Street going to Waikiki.

25. Inner Harbor.

26. French Hotel.

27. Place of the American missionaries.

This is the number of stores in Honolulu.

Clothiers, 11.

Small shops, 14.

Auction houses, 2.

Hotels, 5.

Establishments not selling liquor, 6

Saloons, 6.

(Elele, 10/7/1845, pp. 105–106.)


Ka Elele, Buke 1, Pepa 14, Aoao 105-106. Okatoba 7, 1845.

Early Thanksgiving in Hawaii, 1862

Thanksgiving Day.

In the month of Mei, 1862, at the Conference of American missionaries here in Honolulu, Rev. L. Smith, and Rev. S. C. Damon were chosen as the Committee to clarify the appropriate day for the churches of Hawaii to give thanks to God for his blessing the people of this Archipelago in this year which is coming to an end.

Therefore, we select the last Thursday of this November, that being the 27th, as the day to give thanks to God. Here are some reasons to encourage the gathering of pastors and church members to celebrate this day.

1. For this Nation’s peace, and lack of war with other Countries.

2. For the availability of food for the people of this Archipelago.

3. For the lack of trouble from pestilence.

4. For the spread of the Bible here in Hawaii; and for the ability of the people to worship the living God as they wish?

5. For the abundance of Schools, and Churches, and teachers to teach the people.

6. For the good health of the King, and the Queen. Yet we remember with aloha, their tragedy, and grief, for the passing of their beloved child, “Ka Haku o Hawaii”.

There are many other things to encourage us to glorify God in the open as one.

Therefore, God’s people should gather at their churches on the specified day, to give their appreciation, exaltation, and songs of praise.

L. Smith.

S. C. Damon.

(Nupepa Kuokoa, 11/22/1862, p. 3)

Ka La Hoomaikai.

Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke I, Helu 52, Aoao 3. Novemaba 22, 1862.

More on smallpox outbreak, 1881.

The Killer “Bumpy Disease” in Honolulu.

The scary killer disease of 1853 has appeared once again within this town, and has spread its roots throughout the Kona district in no time. We are in possession of the list of the sick, from the 4th of December 1880 up until yesterday, and the total reached 53. Seven of them are haole, 12 are Chinese, and the rest are all Hawaiians. One haole died of the illness, and one hung himself. Just one Hawaiian has died, Lilia Keawe, a hapa haole.

We strongly urge, in the case where one of you is afflicted, O People of Honolulu, to quickly make it known at the prison, and the government will treat you at no cost. Do not try to conceal it, or it will become an epidemic.

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 2/12/1881, p. 2)


Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke IV, Helu 7, Aoao 2. Feberuari 12, 1881.

Ice Cream in Honolulu, 1857?

Ice Cream Here in Honolulu—Perhaps ten years or more ago, we saw ice cream (hau paa) being made here in Honolulu, and on the night of this past Saturday, and on Monday night, we saw it again, and we tried it once more. When we put it in our mouths, it was the same as when we first had it, and it was gone in no time. The throat did not object, but yearned for more.

(Kuokoa, 9/28/1867, p. 2)

Hau Paa ma Honolulu nei

Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VI, Helu 39, Aoao 2. Sepatemaba 28, 1867.

Bullets stored on shore by men of the USS Boston during the overthrow?

Bullets Dug Up Hidden in Dirt.

After being hidden in dirt for many years, many bullets were uncovered: twenty, six, and three inches in length, behind 1319 Queen Emma Street. These are bullets thought to have been left by the rebels when Mr. Morgan was living there.

The hiding of these bullets were cloaked to Honolulu’s people, and it was not known that bullets were in that location until the land changed owners; while the dirt was being dug a little while ago to lay sewer pipes, a great number of bullets were dug up, and some were carried away by car for disposal because it was so heavy.

Amongst the old timers of Honolulu, Mr. W. G. Brash said, according to his recollection, all of those bullets were hidden underground twenty years ago.

He stated, according to what he remembered, those bullets were hidden where they were found, when the revolution in Honolulu was started, and when the warship Boston was in the harbor; and he believed that the bullets were transported from the warship and hidden in the dirt at the residence of Mr. W. J. Morgan, because he was one of the commissioners who oversaw safety [komisina kiai maluhia?].

He thinks the bullets were stored under the orders of Mr. Morgan, to save him should the soldiers of the queen stand in opposition.

However, when Mr. Brash was asked where the guns were to shoot the bullets, he explained that when an uprising broke out, it would be a very easy thing for the soldiers from the Boston to move to Mr. Morgan’s place, and being that the bullets were previously stored on shore, it would be short work to come down upon the troops of the queen encamped at Washington Place.

Some Hawaiians witnessed that Mr. Morgan’s place was being guarded, but the reason for this is only now clear; come to find out, there were bullets buried underground.

(Kuokoa, 4/30/1915, p. 3)


Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LIII, Helu 18, Aoao 3, Aperila 30, 1915.