Mataio Kekuanaoa, William French, the Chinese, and sugar, 1838.


Mataio Kekuanaoa rethatched the sugar mill building at Peleula, and it is complete. So too of the storehouse and the living quarters of the Chinese. This is how sugarcane is dealt with at this facility.

Mataio deals with the buildings, raw cane, firewood, and the horses used to pull loads; Mr. French [Mr. Farani] deals with the Chinese who clean the cane and process the cane and fill the bags; and then it is divided by weight, two thirds for Kekuanaoa and one third for Mr. French. Also, there are some of Kekuanaoa’s Hawaiian men who work with the Chinese, and as for the bags [? ekeeke laulau] for the sugar, that is to be provided by the person to whom the sugar belongs.

Listen, all you farmers, chiefs, and makaainana of Honolulu nei! Should you possess raw cane, bring it to be milled, and you will receive half of the sugar [ko maloo] produced from the raw cane that you bring. Two…

(Kumu Hawaii, 12/19/1838, p. 59)


Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 4, Pepa 15, Aoao 59. Dekemaba 19, 1938.

…sixths of the sugar will go to Mr. French [Mi. Farani] for the labor, and one sixth will go to Kekuanaoa for the building and facilities, and three sixths will go to you to whom belonged the raw cane.

It is good to plant sugarcane in Honolulu now, because it is clear who has the mill and will work it. Do plant, people with land and people with oo, so that no more will you be without the basics of life, and your meager way of life will be over.

(Kumu Hawaii, 12/19/1838, p. 60)

...hapaono o ke ko...

Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 4, Pepa 15, Aoao 60. Dekemaba 19, 1938.


Chinese population, 1901.


Washington, Oct. 8. There was a report received by Commissioner Yerkes pertaining to the number of Chinese who registered their names as residing in the Hawaiian Islands, which was done last June. The total of Chinese who registered were 28,925, and this was an increase of 6000 in the Chinese population from the last census. The number of Chinese on Oahu is 17,482, and 3,907 of them are living in the town of Honolulu, and being that there were many who travelled there to register their names, it is not possible to ascertain the correct number of Chinese residing in that town. For the other islands, these are the number of Chinese known:

Hawaii, 4,644; Kauai, 3,418; Maui, 3,348, and Molokai, 33.

(Aloha Aina, 10/26/1901, p. 6)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke VII, Helu 48, Aoao 6. Okatoba 26, 1901.