First birthday celebration of Keelikolani’s birthday, 1871.

Birthday of the Alii, the governess of Hawaii.

O Nupepa Kuokoa; Aloha oe:—

On the 9th of February past, a banquet was held on the estate of Hulihee by the person whose birthday it was, R. Keelikolani, assisted by her dear makaainana remaining, and her personal attendants; there was much food prepared by the one whose birthday it was, this being the very first celebration of her birthday; and it was appreciated for the calmness of the day. There were many gathered to celebrate her day of birth, with their gifts for that day, and at 2 o’clock, the feast began, followed by Hawaiian entertainment [lealea Hawaii] furnished by the one whose birthday it was. Here are is the main thing which I saw and all of us as well, that being the skill of the person who instructed the entertainment [o ke akamai o ka mea nana i ao i ka lealea], and this was followed by a joint choir of the sweet-voiced children of Holualoa; we and they give praise to the excellent leadership of Aalona; but this is what I did not like the most, along with my friends who stood with me, that being the guiding of some children to stand up and go astray [eia nae ka’u wahi hoahu loa, a me ko’u mau hoa e ku pu ana, o ke alakai ana i kekahi mau keiki liilii e ku iluna e lalau ai], and for that some women went and “kissed the nose” [honi i ka ihu] of the small children who were probably no more than ten years old.


Kailua, Kona Akau, Hawaii, Feb. 10, 1871.

[Many times people will be referred to by their position and not by their actual name. When doing searches for Keelikolani for instance, she is often referred to as the governor of the island of Hawaii, ke kiaaina o ka mokupuni o Hawaii (1855–1874).]

(Kuokoa, 2/25/1871, p. 2)

Ka la Hanau o Ke'lii kiaaina wahine o Hawaii.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke X, Helu 8, Aoao 2. Feberuari 25, 1871.

Champion follows the Iwalani, 1894.

The Champion [Kamepion] Leaves.

After remaining in the port of Kou for nine months, the warship Champion left at 4 in the late afternoon this past Saturday, and headed to Necker Island [Mokupuni Neka], and from there on to Esquimalt [Esekuimala] and then on home. At 3 o’clock in the dawn of the following Friday, the Pele began to fetch and scoop up coal for its long ocean voyage, and was through at 5:15, and it was filled with 45 tons. It left for Necker Island to map the proper route to lay the ocean telegraph cable [uweaolelo moana], and he took with them some coconut trees  and some other trees from the Government with some others to plant there.

(Makaainana, 8/27/1894, p. 1)

Haalele mai ke Kamepion.

Ka Makaainana, Buke II—-Ano Hou, Helu 9, Aoao 1. Augate 27, 1894.

Necker claimed for Hawaii, 1894.



The Islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago!

In the afternoon of May 25, this town was all astir at the news that the steamship Iwalani was headed on a long expedition. At 5:20 of that evening, the Iwalani sailed on its mystifying mission. On board was J. A. King, Minister of the Interior, and the crew was increased by ten more sailors. Ka Leo¹ newspaper was much alarmed thinking that the Provisional Government was looking for a place to keep all of the royalists [anee alii]. The royalists proved this worthless piece of news by Ka Leo printing a letter that they found in some dung, but the people…


…of proper thinking, they were not anxious. The wonder of the people was highly escalated because the British warship Champion followed half an hour after the Iwalani left. And as is usual in Honolulu nei, news soon spoke of the warship chasing after the Iwalani. These senseless ideas were let go when the Iwalani returned on Tuesday evening, May 29.

From what was said by Captain Freeman of the Iwalani, they passed Nihoa in the evening of Saturday, May 26, and at 11 o’clock on the following morning, May 27, the anchor of the Iwalani was let down on the leeward side of Necker [Neka] Island, 41 hours sailing from Honolulu. The skiff was let down and Captain King, Captain Freeman, engineer Norton, along with seven sailors went on.


This island is a heap of rocks, and is 260 feet tall. There is a steep cliff rising from the ground, and it was with great effort that they climbed up until a proper place to where Captain King stood a flagpole and the Hawaiian flag waved in the wind. This island was annexed to the Hawaiian nation, and this is the proclamation that Captain King read: Continue reading